La Prairie, Quebec

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La Prairie
City
Skyline of La Prairie
Motto: Victor Hostium et Sui
(Latin for "Master of our Enemies and Oneself")
Location within Roussillon RCM.
Location within Roussillon RCM.
La Prairie is located in Southern Quebec
La Prairie
La Prairie
Location in southern Quebec.
Coordinates: 45°25′N 73°30′W / 45.417°N 73.500°W / 45.417; -73.500Coordinates: 45°25′N 73°30′W / 45.417°N 73.500°W / 45.417; -73.500[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionMontérégie
RCMRoussillon
ConstitutedMarch 30, 1846
Government[3][4]
 • MayorLucie F. Roussel (deceased)[2]
 • Federal ridingBrossard—La Prairie
 • Prov. ridingLa Prairie
Area[3][5]
 • Total54.80 km2 (21.16 sq mi)
 • Land43.28 km2 (16.71 sq mi)
Population (2011)[5]
 • Total23,357
 • Density539.7/km2 (1,398/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011Increase 7.3%
 • Dwellings9,346
Time zoneEST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s)J5R
Area code(s)450 and 579
Highways
A-15
A-30

Route 104
Route 132
Route 134
Route 217
Websitewww.ville.laprairie.qc.ca
 
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La Prairie
City
Skyline of La Prairie
Motto: Victor Hostium et Sui
(Latin for "Master of our Enemies and Oneself")
Location within Roussillon RCM.
Location within Roussillon RCM.
La Prairie is located in Southern Quebec
La Prairie
La Prairie
Location in southern Quebec.
Coordinates: 45°25′N 73°30′W / 45.417°N 73.500°W / 45.417; -73.500Coordinates: 45°25′N 73°30′W / 45.417°N 73.500°W / 45.417; -73.500[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionMontérégie
RCMRoussillon
ConstitutedMarch 30, 1846
Government[3][4]
 • MayorLucie F. Roussel (deceased)[2]
 • Federal ridingBrossard—La Prairie
 • Prov. ridingLa Prairie
Area[3][5]
 • Total54.80 km2 (21.16 sq mi)
 • Land43.28 km2 (16.71 sq mi)
Population (2011)[5]
 • Total23,357
 • Density539.7/km2 (1,398/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011Increase 7.3%
 • Dwellings9,346
Time zoneEST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s)J5R
Area code(s)450 and 579
Highways
A-15
A-30

Route 104
Route 132
Route 134
Route 217
Websitewww.ville.laprairie.qc.ca

La Prairie is an off-island suburb (south shore) of Montreal, in southwestern Quebec, Canada at the confluence of the Saint-Jacques River and the Saint Lawrence River in the Regional County Municipality of Roussillon. The population as of the Canada 2011 Census was 23,357.

History[edit]

The old post office of La Prairie.

French Jesuits were the first Europeans to occupy the area, which was named La Prairie de la Magdelaine but was also called François-Xavier-des-Prés. The land was given to the Jesuits by Jacques de La Ferté and the Company of One Hundred Associates in 1647. It is in La Prairie that the story Kateri Tekakwitha took place.

In 1668, the site was named Kentaké, the Iroquois name for "at the prairie". In the beginning of modern Quebec history, the territory of La Prairie would be visited on numerous occasions by Iroquois and English settlers from New York, among others at the time of the Anglo-Iroquois expedition of Pieter Schuyler in 1691, who commanded two battles on August 11, 1691.

A monument in La Prairie marking the location of the first railway in Canada.

In 1845, the village of La Prairie was established. One year later, La Prairie-de-la-Magdelaine was established. In 1909, La Prairie obtained official city status.

Historically, the city has been an important transportation hub. The first railway line in British North America, the Champlain and St. Lawrence Railroad, connected it with Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu on July 21, 1836; the railway has 16 miles (26 km). The construction of a rail line between La Prairie and Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu would greatly accelerate the commercial development of the village. Sea transport equally played an important role in La Prairie's history.

Geography and climate[edit]

Like the rest of southwestern Quebec, La Prairie has hot summers and cold winters, for a generally temperate climate. Winters are cold and sometimes long (snow is usually present from mid-November to mid-April), with temperatures occasionally dipping below -30°C, not counting the windchill. During snowstorms, snowfall frequently surpasses 40 centimeters. In the summer, temperatures sometimes exceed 30°C.

Demographics[edit]

Population

Historical Census Data - La Prairie, Quebec[8]
YearPop.±%
199115,237—    
199617,128+12.4%
YearPop.±%
200118,896+10.3%
200621,763+15.2%
YearPop.±%
201123,357+7.3%
Canada Census Mother Tongue - La Prairie, Quebec[8]
Mother tongue language
CensusTotal
French
English
French & English
Other
YearResponsesCountTrendPop %CountTrendPop %CountTrendPop %CountTrendPop %
2011
22,895
19,780Increase 4.1%86.39%925Increase 25.0%4.04%245Increase 113.0%1.07%1,945Increase 17.5%8.50%
2006
21,520
19,010Increase 13.5%88.34%740Increase 2.1%3.44%115Decrease 25.8%0.53%1,655Increase 89.1%7.69%
2001
18,500
16,745Increase 12.6%90.51%725Increase 26.1%3.92%155Decrease 13.9%0.84%875Decrease 18.6%4.73%
1996
16,700
14,870n/a89.04%575n/a3.44%180n/a1.08%1,075n/a6.44%

Transportation[edit]

Quebec Route 132 in La Prairie.

The CIT Le Richelain provides commuter and local bus services.

Environment[edit]

In 2013, Grand Boisé conservation park is planned to be created and orchestrated by Nature-Action. The park would include Smithers' swamp, as well as, Hydro-Quebec's servitude area in which the western chorus frog, a vulnerable specie in Quebec, is found in greatest numbers. There is a controversy involving the city housing development in that area which was supposed to be conserved integrally with high priority according to RCM of Roussillon 1990s' maps. Local environmental organisms, such as Vigile verte and Projet Rescousse, are denouncing the choice of that land for housing development. The debate is ongoing.

Education[edit]

The town has three secondary schools, l'école secondaire Magdeleine, a public French school with P.E.I., the Collège Jean de la Mennais, a private mixed French school and Saint-François-Xavier, a public French school.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 34269 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ Perreaux, Les (July 21, 2014). "Quebec mayor, stung by wasps, dies". Globe and Mail. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire: La Prairie". Mamrot.gouv.qc.ca. 1909-05-07. Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  4. ^ "Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: BROSSARD-LA PRAIRIE (Quebec)". .parl.gc.ca. Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  5. ^ a b c "2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: La Prairie, Quebec". 2.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  6. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-02-21. 
  7. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2014-02-21. 
  8. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census

External links[edit]