La Calisto

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La Calisto is an opera by Francesco Cavalli from a libretto by Giovanni Faustini based on the mythological story of Callisto.

The opera received its first performance on 28 November 1651 at the Teatro Sant 'Apollinare, Venice, where it drew limited audiences for its run of eleven performances. In the twentieth century it was successfully revived.


The libretto was published in 1651 by Giuliani and Batti. The story combines two myths: Jupiter's seduction of Calisto, and Diana's adventure with Endymion. The plot is somewhat formulaic: Jane Glover has commented on how the librettist had to invent complications to meet audience expectations in the context of Venetian opera.[1]

Performance history[edit]

Faustini, who was an impresario as well as a librettist, rented the Sant 'Apollinare Theatre in 1650. He and Cavalli put on three operas there before his death in December 1651 during the run of La Calisto. The theatre was equipped with complex stage machinery intended to impress the opera audiences with spectacle. However, the eleven performances of La Calisto from 28 November to 31 December 1651 attracted only about 1,200 patrons to a theatre that housed 400.[2]

The manuscript score was preserved in the Biblioteca Marciana, Venice, allowing La Calisto to be revived in modern times. The first person to publish the score was the British conductor Raymond Leppard in 1975.[3] Leppard had arranged the opera for performance at Glyndebourne Festival Opera in 1970. This production included a number of then-prominent singers including Janet Baker as Diana. It was significant for creating new audiences for baroque opera. However, the way that Leppard had "realised" (as he termed his orchestrations) the opera was removed from the original work. The recording of the Glyndebourne version has been re-released on compact disc.

In 2008, Jennifer Williams Brown's edition of the score (A-R Editions, 2007) won the American Musicological Society's Claude V. Palisca award (recognizing outstanding scholarly editions or translations).[4]


RoleVoice typePremiere Cast, November 28, 1651

(Conductor: Francesco Cavalli )

La NaturaaltoTomaso Bovi?
L'EternitàsopranoMargarita da Costa?
Il DestinosopranoCatterina Giani
CalistosopranoMargarita da Costa
GiovebassGiulio Cesare Donati
DianasopranoCatterina Giani
EndimionealtoCristoforo Caresana?
GiunonesopranoNina dal Pavon
LinfeasopranoAntonia Padovano?
SatirinosopranoAndrea Caresana
MercurioBaritoneTenor di Carrara [sic]
PanealtoTomaso Bovi?
SylvanobassPellegrino Canner


The story is based on the myth of Callisto from Ovid's Metamorphoses.



  1. ^ Glover, Jane, "The Peak Period of Venetian Public Opera: The 1650s" (1975-1976). Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association, 102: pp. 67-82.
  2. ^ Glixon, Beth L. and Glixon, Jonathan E., "Marco Faustini and Venetian Opera Production in the 1650s: Recent Archival Discoveries", The Journal of Musicology,(Winter 1992),10 (1): pp. 48-73.
  3. ^ Cavalli, F., Leppard, R., Faustini, G., Marz, K. R., & Dunn, G. (1975). La Calisto: An Opera in Two Acts With a Prologue. London: Faber Music.
  4. ^ American Musicological Society. Claude V. Palisca Award Winners.

External links[edit]