LPGA

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Ladies Professional Golf Association
Current season or competition:
2012 LPGA Tour
Ladies Professional Golf Association.svg
Logo introduced in October 2007 [1][2]
SportGolf
Founded1950
CommissionerMichael Whan
Inaugural season1950
Country(ies) United States, with events
in Asia, Australia, and Europe
Most titlesUnited States Kathy Whitworth (88)
TV partner(s)Golf Channel
Founder13 original LPGA players [3]
Official websiteLPGA.com
 
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Ladies Professional Golf Association
Current season or competition:
2012 LPGA Tour
Ladies Professional Golf Association.svg
Logo introduced in October 2007 [1][2]
SportGolf
Founded1950
CommissionerMichael Whan
Inaugural season1950
Country(ies) United States, with events
in Asia, Australia, and Europe
Most titlesUnited States Kathy Whitworth (88)
TV partner(s)Golf Channel
Founder13 original LPGA players [3]
Official websiteLPGA.com

The LPGA, in full the Ladies Professional Golf Association, is an American organization for female professional golfers. The organization is headquartered in Daytona Beach, Florida, and is best known for running the LPGA Tour, a series of weekly golf tournaments for elite female golfers from around the world from February to December each year.

Contents

Organization and history

Other "LPGA"s exist in other countries, each with a geographical designation in its name, but the U.S. organization is the first, largest, and best known. The LPGA is also an organization for female club and teaching professionals. This is different from the PGA Tour, which runs the main professional tours in the U.S. and, since 1968, has been independent of the club and teaching professionals' organization, the PGA of America.

The LPGA also administers an annual qualifying school similar to that conducted by the PGA Tour. Depending on a golfer's finish in the final qualifying tournament, she may receive full or partial playing privileges on the LPGA Tour. In addition to the main LPGA Tour, the LPGA also owns and operates the Symetra Tour, formerly the Futures Tour, the official developmental tour of the LPGA. Top finishers at the end of each season on that tour receive playing privileges on the main LPGA Tour for the following year.

In its 63rd season in 2012, The LPGA is the oldest continuing women's professional sports organization in the United States.[4][5] It was founded in 1950 by a group of 13 golfers: Alice Bauer, Patty Berg, Bettye Danoff, Helen Dettweiler, Marlene Bauer Hagge, Helen Hicks, Opal Hill, Betty Jameson, Sally Sessions, Marilynn Smith, Shirley Spork, Louise Suggs, and Babe Zaharias.[3] The LPGA succeeded the WPGA (Women's Professional Golf Association), which was founded in 1944 but stopped its limited tour after the 1948 season and officially ceased operations in December 1949.[6]

In 2001, Jane Blalock's JBC Marketing established the Women's Senior Golf Tour, now called The Legends Tour, for women professionals aged 45 and older. This is affiliated with the LPGA, but is not owned by the LPGA.

Michael Whan became the eighth commissioner of the LPGA in October 2009, succeeding the ousted Carolyn Bivens.[7][8] Whan is a former marketing executive in the sporting goods industry.[9]

Prize money and tournaments

In 2010, total official prize money on the LPGA Tour was $41.4 million, a decrease of over $6 million from 2009. In 2010 there were 24 official tournaments, down from 28 in 2009 and 34 in 2008. Despite the loss in total tournaments, the number of tournaments hosted outside of the United States in 2010 stayed the same, as all four lost tournaments had been hosted in the United States.

International presence

In its first four decades, the LPGA Tour was dominated by American players. Sandra Post of Canada became the first player living outside the United States to gain an LPGA tour card in 1968. The non-U.S. contingent is now very large. The last time an American player topped the money list was in 1993, the last time an American led the tour in tournaments won was in 1996, and from 2000 through 2009, non-Americans won 31 of 40 major championships.

Particularly, one of the notable trends seen in the early 21st century in the LPGA is the rise and dominance of Korean golfers.[10] Se Ri Pak's early success in the LPGA sparked the boom in Korean women golfers on the LPGA Tour.[11] In 2009, there were 122 non-Americans from 27 countries on the tour, including 47 from South Korea, 14 from Sweden, 10 from Australia, eight from the United Kingdom (four from England, three from Scotland and one from Wales), seven from Canada, five from Taiwan, and four from Japan.[12] Of the 33 events in 2006, a total of 11were won by Koreans and only seven were won by Americans. (See 2006 LPGA Tour for more details on the 2006 season.) In 2007, Americans saw a relative resurgence, winning 12 events. For the first time since 2000, two Americans won majors (See 2007 LPGA Tour for more details on the 2007 season.) In 2008, Americans grew in dominance, winning 9 of 34 events, tied with Koreans, but no majors, one of which was won by a Mexican player, one by Taiwanese, and the other two by teenage Korean players (See 2008 LPGA Tour for more details on the 2008 season.) In 2009, Americans won 5 of 28 official events, including one major, the Kraft Nabisco Championship while Koreans won 11 events (See 2009 LPGA Tour for more details on the 2009 season.)

LPGA Tour tournaments

Kristy McPherson during her practice round before the 2009 LPGA Championship
at Bulle Rock Golf Course in Maryland.

Most of the LPGA Tour's events are held in the United States. In 2010, two tournaments were played in Mexico and one each in Singapore, Canada, France, England, Malaysia, South Korea, Thailand, and Japan. Unofficial events were also held in Brazil and Jamaica. In 2011, the unofficial Jamaica event was dropped and a tournament in Mexico was canceled months in advance over security concerns. The Women's British Open rotated from England to Scotland and all other countries retained their tournaments. In addition, events were added in China and Taiwan, while the biennial USA–Europe team competition, the Solheim Cup was played in Ireland. (The new event in China was postponed and ultimately canceled.)

Four of the tournaments held outside North America are co-sanctioned with other professional tours. The Ladies European Tour co-sanctions the Evian Masters in France and the Women's British Open, held the following week. The other two co-sanctioned events—the LPGA Hana Bank Championship (LPGA of Korea Tour) and Mizuno Classic (LPGA of Japan Tour)—are held during the tour's autumn swing to Asia.

The LPGA's annual major championships are:

LPGA Playoffs

Since 2006, the LPGA has played a season-ending championship tournament. Through the 2008 season, it was known as the LPGA Playoffs at The ADT; in 2009 and 2010, it was known as the LPGA Tour Championship; and in 2011, the event became the CME Group Titleholders, held in November.

From 2006 through 2008 the LPGA schedule was divided into two halves, with 15 players from each half qualifying for the Championship based on their performance. Two wild-card selections were also included for a final field of 21 players. The winner of the LPGA Tour Championship, which features three days of "playoffs" plus the final championship round, earns $1 million.

In 2009, the Tour Championship field was increased to 120 players, with entry open to all Tour members in the top 120 on the money list as of three weeks prior to the start of the tournament. The total purse was $1.5 million with $225,000 going to the winner.

The CME Group Titleholders, which resurrects the name of a former LPGA major championship (the Titleholders Championship), was first played in 2011. Its field is made up of three qualifiers from each official tour event during the season, specifically the top three finishers not previously qualified.

2012 LPGA Tour

The number in parentheses indicates the number of career wins in official money individual events on the LPGA Tour, including that event.

DatesTournamentLocationWinner
Feby 9–12ISPS Handa Women's Australian Open AustraliaUnited States Jessica Korda (1)
Feb 16–19Honda LPGA Thailand ThailandTaiwan Yani Tseng (13)
Feb 23–26HSBC Women's Champions SingaporeUnited States Angela Stanford (5)
Mar 15–18RR Donnelley LPGA Founders CupUnited States ArizonaTaiwan Yani Tseng (14)
Mar 22–25Kia ClassicUnited States CaliforniaTaiwan Yani Tseng (15)
Mar 29 – Apr 1Kraft Nabisco ChampionshipUnited States CaliforniaSouth Korea Sun-Young Yoo (2)
Apr 18–21LPGA Lotte ChampionshipUnited States HawaiiJapan Ai Miyazato (8)
Apr 26–29Mobile Bay LPGA ClassicUnited States AlabamaUnited States Stacy Lewis (2)
May 5–6HSBC LPGA Brasil Cup1 BrazilThailand Pornanong Phatlum (n/a)
May 17–20Sybase Match Play ChampionshipUnited States New JerseySpain Azahara Muñoz (1)
Jun 1–3ShopRite LPGA ClassicUnited States New JerseyUnited States Stacy Lewis (3)
Jun 7–10Wegmans LPGA ChampionshipUnited States New YorkChina Shanshan Feng (1)
Jun 21–24Manulife Financial LPGA ClassicCanada OntarioUnited States Brittany Lang (1)
Jun 29 – Jul 1Walmart NW Arkansas ChampionshipUnited States ArkansasJapan Ai Miyazato (9)
Jul 5–8U.S. Women's OpenUnited States WisconsinSouth Korea Na Yeon Choi (6)
Jul 26–29Evian Masters FranceSouth Korea Inbee Park (2)
Aug 9–12Jamie Farr Toledo ClassicUnited States OhioSouth Korea So Yeon Ryu (2)
Aug 17–19Safeway ClassicUnited States OregonJapan Mika Miyazato (1)
Aug 23–26CN Canadian Women's OpenCanada British ColumbiaNew Zealand Lydia Ko (n/a)*
Sep 6–10[13]Kingsmill ChampionshipUnited States VirginiaSouth Korea Jiyai Shin (9)
Sep 13–16Ricoh Women's British Open EnglandSouth Korea Jiyai Shin (10)
Sep 20–23Navistar LPGA ClassicUnited States AlabamaUnited States Stacy Lewis (4)
Oct 11–14Sime Darby LPGA Malaysia Malaysia
Oct 19–21LPGA Hana Bank Championship South Korea
Oct 25–28Sunrise LPGA Taiwan Championship Taiwan
Nov 2–4Mizuno Classic Japan
Nov 8–11Lorena Ochoa Invitational Mexico
Nov 13Wendy's 3-Tour Challenge1United States Nevada
Nov 15–18CME Group TitleholdersUnited States Florida

Tournaments in bold are majors.
1 Unofficial events
*Lydia Ko was an amateur when she won the CN Canadian Women's Open; winner's share went to the runner-up.

2012 money leaders

Top ten official money leaders
Through the completion of the Navistar LPGA Classic on September 23, 2012

RankChangePlayerCountryEventsPrize
money($)
1SteadyInbee Park South Korea181,669,608
2SteadyStacy Lewis United States211,598,596
3SteadyNa Yeon Choi South Korea171,209,229
4SteadyAi Miyazato Japan181,174,289
5SteadyJiyai Shin South Korea141,168,932
6SteadyYani Tseng Taiwan181,085,135
7SteadyAzahara Muñoz Spain211,072,557
8SteadyMika Miyazato Japan171,042,785
9SteadyShanshan Feng China151,032,429
10SteadySo Yeon Ryu South Korea19936,202

Change = change from previous ranking.
Source and complete list: LPGA official website.

Historical tour schedules and results

YearNumber of
official tournaments
Countries hosting
tournaments
Tournaments in
United States
Tournaments in
other countries
Total prize
money ($)
20112311131041,500,000
20102410141041,400,000
2009289181047,600,000
2008348241060,300,000
200731823854,285,000
200633825850,275,000
200532725745,100,000
200432627542,875,000

Hall of Fame

The LPGA established the Hall of Fame of Women's Golf in 1951, with four charter members: Patty Berg, Betty Jameson, Louise Suggs, and Babe Zaharias. After being inactive for several years, the Hall of Fame moved in 1967 to its first physical premises, in Augusta, Georgia, and was renamed the LPGA Tour Hall of Fame. In 1998 it merged into the World Golf Hall of Fame.

LPGA Tour awards

The LPGA Tour presents several annual awards. Three are awarded in competitive contests, based on scoring over the course of the year.

YearPlayer of the YearVare TrophyRookie of the Year
2011Taiwan Yani TsengTaiwan Yani TsengSouth Korea Hee Kyung Seo
2010Taiwan Yani TsengSouth Korea Na Yeon ChoiSpain Azahara Muñoz
2009Mexico Lorena OchoaMexico Lorena OchoaSouth Korea Jiyai Shin
2008Mexico Lorena OchoaMexico Lorena OchoaTaiwan Yani Tseng
2007Mexico Lorena OchoaMexico Lorena OchoaBrazil Angela Park
2006Mexico Lorena OchoaMexico Lorena OchoaSouth Korea Seon Hwa Lee
2005Sweden Annika SörenstamSweden Annika SörenstamUnited States Paula Creamer
2004Sweden Annika SörenstamSouth Korea Grace ParkSouth Korea Shi Hyun Ahn
2003Sweden Annika SörenstamSouth Korea Se Ri PakMexico Lorena Ochoa
2002Sweden Annika SörenstamSweden Annika SörenstamUnited States Beth Bauer
2001Sweden Annika SörenstamSweden Annika SörenstamSouth Korea Hee-Won Han
2000Australia Karrie WebbAustralia Karrie WebbUnited States Dorothy Delasin
1999Australia Karrie WebbAustralia Karrie WebbSouth Korea Mi Hyun Kim
1998Sweden Annika SörenstamSweden Annika SörenstamSouth Korea Se Ri Pak
1997Sweden Annika SörenstamAustralia Karrie WebbEngland Lisa Hackney
1996England Laura DaviesSweden Annika SörenstamAustralia Karrie Webb
1995Sweden Annika SörenstamSweden Annika SörenstamUnited States Pat Hurst
1994United States Beth DanielUnited States Beth DanielSweden Annika Sörenstam
1993United States Betsy KingUnited States Betsy KingEngland Suzanne Strudwick
1992United States Dottie MochrieUnited States Dottie MochrieSweden Helen Alfredsson
1991United States Pat BradleyUnited States Pat BradleyUnited States Brandie Burton
1990United States Beth DanielUnited States Beth DanielJapan Hiromi Kobayashi
1989United States Betsy KingUnited States Beth DanielScotland Pamela Wright
1988United States Nancy LopezUnited States Colleen WalkerSweden Liselotte Neumann
1987Japan Ayako OkamotoUnited States Betsy KingUnited States Tammie Green
1986United States Pat BradleyUnited States Pat BradleyUnited States Jody Rosenthal
1985United States Nancy LopezUnited States Nancy LopezUnited States Penny Hammel
1984United States Betsy KingUnited States Patty SheehanUnited States Juli Inkster
1983United States Patty SheehanUnited States JoAnne CarnerUnited States Stephanie Farwig
1982United States JoAnne CarnerUnited States JoAnne CarnerUnited States Patti Rizzo
1981United States JoAnne CarnerUnited States JoAnne CarnerUnited States Patty Sheehan
1980United States Beth DanielUnited States Amy AlcottUnited States Myra Blackwelder
1979United States Nancy LopezUnited States Nancy LopezUnited States Beth Daniel
1978United States Nancy LopezUnited States Nancy LopezUnited States Nancy Lopez
1977United States Judy RankinUnited States Judy RankinUnited States Debbie Massey
1976United States Judy RankinUnited States Judy RankinUnited States Bonnie Lauer
1975United States Sandra PalmerUnited States JoAnne CarnerUnited States Amy Alcott
1974United States JoAnne CarnerUnited States JoAnne CarnerAustralia Jan Stephenson
1973United States Kathy WhitworthUnited States Judy RankinUnited States Laura Baugh
1972United States Kathy WhitworthUnited States Kathy WhitworthCanada Jocelyne Bourassa
1971United States Kathy WhitworthUnited States Kathy WhitworthSouth Africa Sally Little
1970United States Sandra HaynieUnited States Kathy WhitworthUnited States JoAnne Carner
1969United States Kathy WhitworthUnited States Kathy WhitworthUnited States Jane Blalock
1968United States Kathy WhitworthUnited States Carol MannCanada Sandra Post
1967United States Kathy WhitworthUnited States Kathy WhitworthUnited States Sharron Moran
1966United States Kathy WhitworthUnited States Kathy WhitworthUnited States Jan Ferraris
1965United States Kathy WhitworthAustralia Margie Masters
1964United States Mickey WrightUnited States Susie Maxwell
1963United States Mickey WrightUnited States Clifford Ann Creed
1962United States Mickey WrightUnited States Mary Mills
1961United States Mickey Wright
1960United States Mickey Wright
1959United States Betsy Rawls
1958United States Beverly Hanson
1957United States Louise Suggs
1956United States Patty Berg
1955United States Patty Berg
1954United States Babe Zaharias
1953United States Patty Berg

Leading money winners by year

YearPlayerCountryEarnings ($)Most wins
2011Yani Tseng Taiwan2,921,7137 – Yani Tseng
2010Na Yeon Choi South Korea1,871,1665 – Ai Miyazato
2009Jiyai Shin South Korea1,807,3343 – Jiyai Shin, Lorena Ochoa
2008Lorena Ochoa Mexico2,754,6607 – Lorena Ochoa
2007Lorena Ochoa Mexico4,364,9948 – Lorena Ochoa
2006Lorena Ochoa Mexico2,592,8726 – Lorena Ochoa
2005Annika Sörenstam Sweden2,588,24010 – Annika Sörenstam
2004Annika Sörenstam Sweden2,544,7078 – Annika Sörenstam
2003Annika Sörenstam Sweden2,029,5066 – Annika Sörenstam
2002Annika Sörenstam Sweden2,863,90411 – Annika Sörenstam
2001Annika Sörenstam Sweden2,105,8688 – Annika Sörenstam
2000Karrie Webb Australia1,876,8537 – Karrie Webb
1999Karrie Webb Australia1,591,9596 – Karrie Webb
1998Annika Sörenstam Sweden1,092,7484 – Annika Sörenstam, Se Ri Pak
1997Annika Sörenstam Sweden1,236,7896 – Annika Sörenstam
1996Karrie Webb Australia1,002,0004 – Laura Davies, Dottie Pepper, Karrie Webb
1995Annika Sörenstam Sweden666,5333 – Annika Sörenstam
1994Laura Davies England687,2014 – Beth Daniel
1993Betsy King United States595,9923 – Brandie Burton
1992Dottie Mochrie United States693,3354 – Dottie Mochrie
1991Pat Bradley United States763,1184 – Pat Bradley, Meg Mallon
1990Beth Daniel United States863,5787 – Beth Daniel
1989Betsy King United States654,1326 – Betsy King
1988Sherri Turner United States350,8513 – 5 players (see 1)
1987Ayako Okamoto Japan466,0345 – Jane Geddes
1986Pat Bradley United States492,0215 – Pat Bradley
1985Nancy Lopez United States416,4725 – Nancy Lopez
1984Betsy King United States266,7714 – Patty Sheehan, Amy Alcott
1983JoAnne Carner United States291,4044 – Pat Bradley, Patty Sheehan
1982JoAnne Carner United States310,4005 – JoAnne Carner, Beth Daniel
1981Beth Daniel United States206,9985 – Donna Caponi
1980Beth Daniel United States231,0005 – Donna Caponi, JoAnne Carner
1979Nancy Lopez United States197,4898 – Nancy Lopez
1978Nancy Lopez United States189,8149 – Nancy Lopez
1977Judy Rankin United States122,8905 – Judy Rankin, Debbie Austin
1976Judy Rankin United States150,7346 – Judy Rankin
1975Sandra Palmer United States76,3744 – Carol Mann, Sandra Haynie
1974JoAnne Carner United States87,0946 – JoAnne Carner, Sandra Haynie
1973Kathy Whitworth United States82,8647 – Kathy Whitworth
1972Kathy Whitworth United States65,0635 – Kathy Whitworth, Jane Blalock
1971Kathy Whitworth United States41,1815 – Kathy Whitworth
1970Kathy Whitworth United States30,2354 – Shirley Englehorn
1969Carol Mann United States49,1528 – Carol Mann
1968Kathy Whitworth United States48,37910 – Carol Mann, Kathy Whitworth
1967Kathy Whitworth United States32,9378 – Kathy Whitworth
1966Kathy Whitworth United States33,5179 – Kathy Whitworth
1965Kathy Whitworth United States28,6588 – Kathy Whitworth
1964Mickey Wright United States29,80011 – Mickey Wright
1963Mickey Wright United States31,26913 – Mickey Wright
1962Mickey Wright United States21,64110 – Mickey Wright
1961Mickey Wright United States22,23610 – Mickey Wright
1960Louise Suggs United States16,8926 – Mickey Wright
1959Betsy Rawls United States26,77410 – Betsy Rawls
1958Beverly Hanson United States12,6395 – Mickey Wright
1957Patty Berg United States16,2725 – Betsy Rawls, Patty Berg
1956Marlene Hagge United States20,2358 – Marlene Hagge
1955Patty Berg United States16,4926 – Patty Berg
1954Patty Berg United States16,0115 – Louise Suggs, Babe Zaharias
1953Louise Suggs United States19,8168 – Louise Suggs
1952Betsy Rawls United States14,5058 – Betsy Rawls
1951Babe Zaharias United States15,0877 – Babe Zaharias
1950Babe Zaharias United States14,8006 – Babe Zaharias

1 The five players with who won three titles in 1988 were Juli Inkster, Rosie Jones, Betsy King, Nancy Lopez, and Ayako Okamoto.

Leading career money winners

The table below shows the top 20 career money leaders on the LPGA Tour at the end of the 2011 season. There is a more complete list, updated weekly during the Tour season, on the LPGA's official site.

PositionPlayerCountryEarnedEarnings ($)
1Annika Sörenstam Sweden1993–200822,573,192
2Karrie Webb Australia1995–201116,517,245
3Lorena Ochoa Mexico2003–201014,863,331
4Cristie Kerr United States1997–201113,531,143
5Juli Inkster United States1983–201113,394,110
6Se Ri Pak South Korea1997–201111,385,189
7Meg Mallon United States1987–20099,044,059
8Beth Daniel United States1979–20108,786,563
9Paula Creamer United States2005–20118,778,805
10Laura Davies England1986–20118,734,041
11Mi Hyun Kim South Korea1999–20118,620,511
12Rosie Jones United States1982–20068,355,068
13Suzann Pettersen Norway2000–20118,185,481
14Betsy King United States1977–20057,637,622
15Yani Tseng Taiwan2009–20117,541,083
16Catriona Matthew Scotland1995–20116,932,284
17Pat Hurst United States1991–20116,886,292
18Lorie Kane Canada1996–20116,835,539
19Dottie Pepper United States1988–20046,827,284
20Hee-Won Han South Korea2001–20116,590,006

Total prize money awarded in past years

SeasonTotal
purse ($)
201041,400,000
200038,500,000
199017,100,000
19805,150,000
1970435,040
1960186,700
195050,000

See also

References

  1. ^ LPGA.com - new logo - press release - 2007-10-03 - accessed 2011-07-16
  2. ^ famouslogos.us - LPGA logo - accessed 2011-07-16
  3. ^ a b "Learn more about the 13 LPGA founders". LPGA. http://www.lpga.com/golf/blogs/2011/3/learn-more-about-the-13-lpga-founders.aspx. Retrieved June 4, 2012. 
  4. ^ The Golf Channel (2000). "LPGA Tour: History". Thegolfchannel.com. http://www.thegolfchannel.com/core.aspx?page=17104&dv=3092752&select=2069. Retrieved April 8, 2007. 
  5. ^ LPGA (2007). "About the LPGA". lpga.com. http://www.lpga.com/content_1.aspx?mid=0&pid=52. Retrieved April 8, 2007. 
  6. ^ Mallon, Bill. Historical Dictionary of Golf. p. 330. http://books.google.com/books?id=5d71iha1Q-YC&pg=PA330&lpg=PA330#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  7. ^ "LPGA Names Michael Whan as its Commissioner". LPGA.com. October 28, 2009. http://lpga.com/content_1.aspx?pid=22245&mid=4. Retrieved October 30, 2009. 
  8. ^ LPGA, About the LPGA Retrieved 2011-04-03.
  9. ^ "LPGA Tour names Whan commissioner". ESPN.com. October 28, 2009. http://sports.espn.go.com/golf/news/story?id=4601515. Retrieved May 22, 2012. 
  10. ^ LPGA – South Korean women dominate women's golf in 2008
  11. ^ Why Korean golfers are dominating LPGA Tour
  12. ^ "LPGA Information: 2009 International Players" (PDF) (Press release). LPGA. http://www.lpga.com/content/2009InternationalPlayers.pdf. Retrieved January 24, 2009. 
  13. ^ The tournament was scheduled to end on September 9, but Jiyai Shin and Paula Creamer remained tied after eight holes of a sudden-death playoff when play was suspended due to darkness. The playoff resumed the following day, with Shin winning on the next hole. "Jiyai Shin's par wins playoff". ESPN. Associated Press. September 10, 2012. http://espn.go.com/golf/story/_/id/8361690/jiyai-shin-par-beats-paula-creamer-9th-hole-lpga-playoff. Retrieved September 10, 2012. 

External links