Ontario International Airport

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LA/Ontario International Airport
Los Angeles - Ontario International Airport (logo).svg
Ontariointlairport1.jpg
IATA: ONTICAO: KONTFAA LID: ONT
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerLos Angeles World Airports
OperatorLos Angeles World Airports
ServesOntario, California / Inland Empire, California
LocationOntario, California
Hub forUPS Airlines
Elevation AMSL944 ft / 288 m
Coordinates34°03′22″N 117°36′04″W / 34.05611°N 117.60111°W / 34.05611; -117.60111Coordinates: 34°03′22″N 117°36′04″W / 34.05611°N 117.60111°W / 34.05611; -117.60111
Websitewww.lawa.org/ont
Map
ONT is located in Los Angeles Metropolitan Area
ONT
ONT
Location within the Los Angeles metropolitan area
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
ftm
8L/26R12,1973,718Concrete
8R/26L10,2003,109Concrete
Statistics (2006, 2010)
Aircraft operations (2006)136,410
Based aircraft (2006)25
Passengers (2010)4,812,006
Source: Federal Aviation Administration[1]
 
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This article is about an airport in California, United States. For airports in Ontario, Canada, see List of airports in Ontario.
LA/Ontario International Airport
Los Angeles - Ontario International Airport (logo).svg
Ontariointlairport1.jpg
IATA: ONTICAO: KONTFAA LID: ONT
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerLos Angeles World Airports
OperatorLos Angeles World Airports
ServesOntario, California / Inland Empire, California
LocationOntario, California
Hub forUPS Airlines
Elevation AMSL944 ft / 288 m
Coordinates34°03′22″N 117°36′04″W / 34.05611°N 117.60111°W / 34.05611; -117.60111Coordinates: 34°03′22″N 117°36′04″W / 34.05611°N 117.60111°W / 34.05611; -117.60111
Websitewww.lawa.org/ont
Map
ONT is located in Los Angeles Metropolitan Area
ONT
ONT
Location within the Los Angeles metropolitan area
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
ftm
8L/26R12,1973,718Concrete
8R/26L10,2003,109Concrete
Statistics (2006, 2010)
Aircraft operations (2006)136,410
Based aircraft (2006)25
Passengers (2010)4,812,006
Source: Federal Aviation Administration[1]

LA/Ontario International Airport (IATA: ONTICAO: KONTFAA LID: ONT), formerly and still commonly known as Ontario International Airport, is a public airport two miles east of downtown Ontario, a city in San Bernardino County, California, US, and about 38 miles east of Downtown Los Angeles. It is owned and operated by the Los Angeles World Airports (LAWA), an agency of the city of Los Angeles. In 2008, 6.2 million passengers used the airport, 13.5% less than 2007.[2] The April 2011 passenger volume was down 4.6% than the year previous.[3]

In early 2011 Southwest Airlines carried 54% of the passengers.[3]

For a number of years, the airport operated alongside Ontario Air National Guard Station, which was closed as a result of the 1995 Base Realignment and Closure Commission.

History[edit]

In 1923, a landing field was established east of Central Avenue (3 miles (4.8 km) west of the current airport) on land leased from the Union Pacific Railroad. The airfield was named Latimer Field after an orange-packing company next to the airstrip. An airport was built there by one of the first flying clubs in southern California, the Friends of Ontario Airport. In 1929, the city of Ontario purchased 30 acres (12 ha), now in the southwest corner of the airport, for $12,000, and established the Ontario Municipal Airport.

In 1941, the city bought 470 acres (190 ha) around the airport and approved construction of new runways, which were completed by 1942, with funds from the Works Progress Administration. The 6,200-foot (1,900 m) east/west runway and the 4,700-foot (1,400 m) northeast/southwest runway cost $350,000.[4] On February 27, 1942, an Army Air Corps plane made the first landing at the new airport. By 1943, the airport was an Army Air Corps P-38 training base and P-51 operating base.

In 1946, the Ontario Municipal Airport was renamed the "Ontario International Airport" because of the transpacific cargo flights originating from the facility. In 1949, Western Airlines began scheduled flights. In 1955, Bonanza Air Lines flights started. Western and Bonanza nonstop flights did not reach beyond Las Vegas. In 1962, Western began nonstop flights to San Francisco (one Electra daily). In 1967, Bonanza began nonstop F27 fights to Phoenix. Ontario and Los Angeles entered into a joint powers agreement, making Ontario International Airport part of the Los Angeles regional airports system. In 1968, the airport saw its first scheduled jet fights. In 1969, Continental Airlines started 720B nonstops to Denver and Chicago; Air California started 737 flights to San Jose; Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA) started San Francisco flights; and Western began 737 nonstops to Sacramento and Salt Lake City. In 1970, United Airlines started a nonstop to Chicago and American started flights to Dallas (and Chicago, for a short time). In October 1974, Ontario hosted the Concorde supersonic airliner during a promotional round-the-world flight.

In 1981, a second east-west runway, 26L/8R, was built, necessitating the removal of the old NE-SW runway 4/22. Remnants of the 4/22 runway are visible in the present-day taxiways. With the completion of the new runway, the existing runway 25/7 became 26R/8L. In 1985, the city of Los Angeles acquired Ontario International Airport outright from the city of Ontario. In 1987, Runway 26R/8L was extended to the east to bring the two runway thresholds side by side, so aircraft would be higher over neighborhoods. 26R/8L became the main departing runway and 26L/8R the main arrival runway. In 1998, a new terminal designed by DMJM Aviation opened.[5] In 2005–2006: Runway 26R/8L was repaved, strengthened, and received storm drains and better runway lighting, including centerline lights, were added. Taxiways D, S, R, U, and W were widened, and better taxiways and runway outlines[clarification needed] were added. Aeroméxico started seasonal flights to Guadalajara and Mexico City, the only international flights from/to Ontario. In 2006, Ontario International Airport became LA/Ontario International Airport. The "LA" portion was added to remind fliers of Los Angeles and to avoid confusion with the province of Ontario in Canada.[6] In 2007, Southwest Airlines carried 49.38% of the airport's passengers. Also in the top five were United Airlines/United Express (8.64%); Delta Air Lines (7.93%); US Airways (7.08%); and American Airlines (6.18%).[needs update]

Present-day operations[edit]

Runway layout at ONT

The airport covers 1,700 acres (690 ha) and has two runways. It is the third major airport in the area after Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) and John Wayne Airport (SNA). LA/Ontario International Airport is less crowded than LAX. It is the West Coast air and truck hub for UPS and is a major distribution point for FedEx Express. LA/Ontario International Airport was a hub for ExpressJet, which began service to 14 destinations in April 2007. This service ended on September 2, 2008.[7]

Thanks to Ontario's long runways (runway 8L/26R is longer than any at LAX), it is often an alternate landing site for large aircraft destined for LAX. Due to Ontario's small customs facilities and limited connecting flights, such flights typically do not disembark passengers at Ontario. The aircraft typically are refueled and departs to LAX.

The airport is about 38 miles (61 km) east of downtown Los Angeles, 18 miles (29 km) west of downtown San Bernardino and 14 miles (23 km) northwest of downtown Riverside. Motorists can use the San Bernardino Freeway (Interstate 10), Ontario Freeway (Interstate 15), or the Pomona Freeway (State Route 60). It is served by Omnitrans bus route 61 and by private shuttles.

ONT currently has more than 64 daily departures and arrivals.

LA/Ontario Airport is owned by the city of Los Angeles (LA World Airports). Ownership and control of the airport became an issue in late 2010 when the city of Ontario, supported by the Southern California Association of Governments, criticized and questioned LAWA's operation of the airport.[8][9][10]

In 2013, LAWA offered to return the airport to local control for a purchase price of $474mm, which was rejected.[11] Local groups then sued, a suit that was suspended when both sides agreed to work together.[12]

Noise restrictions[edit]

LA/Ontario has few noise restrictions/abatement rules, unlike other Southern California airports such as John Wayne Airport, Bob Hope Airport, Long Beach Airport, and San Diego International Airport, which all have very strict policies. The airport is allowed to operate 24/7, but during the hours of 10pm to 7am all aircraft must arrive from the east on runway 26L or 26R and take-off to the east on runway 8R or 8L, depending on ATC instruction. This procedure is known as "Contra-Flow" operations and applies to turbo-jet or turbo-fan aircraft. This procedure is similar to the one employed by LAX, where all landings are conducted from the west and all takeoffs are to the west (known as "over-ocean" operations) between midnight and 6:30 a.m. Both of these procedures are employed as long as weather and/or construction activity permits. This is done in an effort to be better neighbors and minimize the noise impact to the surrounding communities as much as possible. As of August 6, 2012, the FAA has suspended all airports from opposite end take-offs and landings.[clarification needed] Because of this, Ontario's 10pm to 7am operations now take off and land in the same direction.

Terminals[edit]

LA/Ontario International Airport has three terminals. The terminal numbering scheme is designed to accommodate future growth. The airport's master plan calls for five terminals to be spaced adjacent to and in between the existing Terminals 2 and 4. The "international terminal" (which is a small building designed primarily to segregate arriving international passengers to clear customs) would be razed and be part of the new Terminal 1. One terminal would be dedicated exclusively to Southwest Airlines and the other to United Airlines, while the other airlines would share the remaining terminals.

Terminal 2 has 265,000 square feet (24,600 m2) and 12 gates (201–212). Terminal 4 has 265,000 square feet (24,600 m2) and 14 gates (401–414). The International terminal has 2 gates.

Ontario Airport formerly had two other terminals: the main terminal and a small terminal for Delta Air Lines and SkyWest Airlines. The old terminals are west of the current terminals. The old control tower is still used as an auxiliary tower. The previous design was of the traditional walk-up type with only one jetway gate; the new terminals use the modern jetway system. The old terminals currently house the administration and the USO. The old terminals will be demolished when the new Terminal 1 is constructed.

Remote parking is located on the east end of the airport (moved from its former location at the west end). On the east end is a ground transportation center that consolidates the rental car companies in one central location. A circulator bus circles the airport and provides connections to each of the terminals, rental car and remote parking lots, and public transit stops.

General aviation is located at the south side of the airport, although most general aviation pilots tend to use a number of nearby airports: Redlands Airport, Chino Airport, Brackett Airport in La Verne, Cable Airport in Upland, or Rialto Municipal Airport.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

AirlinesDestinationsTerminal
AeromexicoGuadalajara2
Alaska AirlinesPortland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma2
American AirlinesDallas/Fort Worth4
Delta Air LinesSalt Lake City
Seasonal: Atlanta
2
Delta ConnectionSalt Lake City2
Southwest AirlinesChicago-Midway, Denver, Las Vegas, Oakland, Phoenix, Sacramento, San Jose (CA)4
United ExpressDenver, Houston-Intercontinental, San Francisco2
US AirwaysPhoenix4
US Airways ExpressPhoenix4
VolarisGuadalajara2

Statistics[edit]

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from Ontario (February 2013 – January 2014)[13]
RankAirportPassengersCarriers
1.Phoenix, Arizona364,000Southwest, US Airways
2.Oakland, California225,000Southwest
3.Sacramento, California212,000Southwest
4.Las Vegas, Nevada186,000Southwest
5.Dallas, Texas (DFW)174,000American
6.San Jose, California134,000Southwest
7Seattle, Washington133,000Alaska
8Denver, Colorado117,000Southwest, United
9Salt Lake City, Utah86,000Delta
10Houston, Texas (IAH)72,000United
Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned) at Ontario Airport, 1992 thru 2013[14]
YearPassengers
20133,969,974
20124,318,994
20114,551,875
20104,808,241
20094,886,695
20086,232,761
20077,207,150
20067,049,904
20057,213,528
20046,937,337
20036,547,877
20026,516,858
20016,702,400
20006,756,086
19996,578,005
19986,434,858
19976,300,862
19966,252,838
19956,405,097
19946,386,000
19936,192,035
19926,121,623

Cargo operations[edit]

Ontario is a major southwestern gateway hub for UPS. Over 200 pilots are based at the Ontario hub. LA/ONT is the UPS Western Region hub for both air and trucking operations within a 13-state region. In addition to serving intra-regional traffic, the hub links to UPS's global hub in Louisville. The Ontario hub processes inbound UPS Next Day Air and UPS 2nd Day Air packages destined for Los Angeles, San Bernardino, Orange, San Diego, Riverside and Ventura counties. It provides outbound package delivery service from homes and businesses in the Inland Valley for delivery to destinations around the world. ONT serves as gateway for UPS' cargo flights to and from China. The Ontario facility sorts and distributes a majority of UPS international packages bound for delivery to the Pacific Rim. Four of the six direct weekly flights flown by UPS to China originate at the Ontario hub.

Popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

External links[edit]