Kyzyl

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Kyzyl (English)
Кызыл (Russian)
Кызыл (Tuvan)
-  City[1]  -
Tuva Kyzyl Center of Asia 200107260179.jpg
The "Center of Asia" monument in Kyzyl
Map of Russia - Tuva Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Tuva Republic in Russia
Kyzyl is located in Tuva Republic
Kyzyl
Location of Kyzyl in the Tuva Republic
Coordinates: 51°43′N 94°27′E / 51.717°N 94.450°E / 51.717; 94.450Coordinates: 51°43′N 94°27′E / 51.717°N 94.450°E / 51.717; 94.450
Blason de Kyzyl.png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of November 2007)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectTuva Republic[1]
Administratively subordinated tocity under republic jurisdiction (urban okrug) of Kyzyl[1]
Capital ofTuva Republic[1]
Administrative center ofcity under republic jurisdiction (urban okrug) of Kyzyl[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2010)
Urban okrugKyzyl Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center ofKyzyl Urban Okrug[2]
Mayor[citation needed]Vladislav Khovalyg[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census)109,918 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010146th
Time zoneKRAT (UTC+08:00)[4]
Founded1914[citation needed]
City status since1914[citation needed]
Previous namesBelotsarsk (until 1918),[citation needed]
Khem-Beldyr (until 1926)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5]667001-667011
Dialing code(s)+7 39422[citation needed]
Kyzyl on WikiCommons
 
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Kyzyl (English)
Кызыл (Russian)
Кызыл (Tuvan)
-  City[1]  -
Tuva Kyzyl Center of Asia 200107260179.jpg
The "Center of Asia" monument in Kyzyl
Map of Russia - Tuva Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Tuva Republic in Russia
Kyzyl is located in Tuva Republic
Kyzyl
Location of Kyzyl in the Tuva Republic
Coordinates: 51°43′N 94°27′E / 51.717°N 94.450°E / 51.717; 94.450Coordinates: 51°43′N 94°27′E / 51.717°N 94.450°E / 51.717; 94.450
Blason de Kyzyl.png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of November 2007)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectTuva Republic[1]
Administratively subordinated tocity under republic jurisdiction (urban okrug) of Kyzyl[1]
Capital ofTuva Republic[1]
Administrative center ofcity under republic jurisdiction (urban okrug) of Kyzyl[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2010)
Urban okrugKyzyl Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center ofKyzyl Urban Okrug[2]
Mayor[citation needed]Vladislav Khovalyg[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census)109,918 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010146th
Time zoneKRAT (UTC+08:00)[4]
Founded1914[citation needed]
City status since1914[citation needed]
Previous namesBelotsarsk (until 1918),[citation needed]
Khem-Beldyr (until 1926)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5]667001-667011
Dialing code(s)+7 39422[citation needed]
Kyzyl on WikiCommons

Kyzyl (Russian: Кызыл, IPA: [kɨˈzɨl]; Tuvan: Кызыл) is the capital city of the Tuva Republic, Russia. The name of the city means "red" in Tuvan (as well as in many other Turkic languages). Population: 109,918 (2010 Census);[3] 104,105 (2002 Census);[6] 84,641 (1989 Census).[7]

Geography[edit]

Kyzyl claims to be located exactly in the geographical center of Asia. Whether these coordinates are in fact the center of Asia is disputed (e.g., Ürümqi in China makes a similar claim). However, there is a monument labelled "Center of Asia" in English, Russian, and Tuvan which asserts this claim. Tos-Bulak is the area of open fields and mineral springs which lies immediately south of Kyzyl.

Kyzyl is located where the Yenisei River meets the Maly Yenisey River to form the Verkhny Yenisey.[8] Most development is south of the river and follow the curves of the river, with the highest development centered where the two headstreams of the Yenisei, the Bolshoy Yenisey, and the Maly Yenisey, meet. A monument was built in 1964 on the river bank to mark this.

History[edit]

Kok-Ool's Musical-Dramatic Theater
Shaman dancing near Kyzyl

It was founded in 1914 as Belotsarsk (Белоца́рск, lit. White Tsar's (town)).[citation needed] In 1918, it was renamed Khem-Beldyr (Хем-Белды́р), and in 1926 it was given its present name.[citation needed] In September 2004, Kyzyl celebrated its 90th anniversary as a city.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Kyzyl is the capital of the republic.[1] Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the city under republic jurisdiction (urban okrug) of Kyzyl—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts (kozhuuns).[1] As a municipal division, the city under republic jurisdiction (urban okrug) of Kyzyl is incorporated as Kyzyl Urban Okrug.[2]

Industry[edit]

Manufacturing plants include brickyards, sawmills, furniture manufacturing, and food-processing plants.[9]

Transportation[edit]

The city primarily provides motor transport services. The city is served by the Kyzyl Airport.

Architecture[edit]

Buildings of cultural and political importance in Kyzyl include the Tuvan Parliament building, the National Theater, and a Khoomei center (officially, the International Scientific Center "Khoomei") dedicated to studying and teaching khoomei, Tuvan throatsinging.

Climate[edit]

The climate of Kyzyl is semi-arid (Köppen climate classification BSk), with warm summers and severely cold winters.

Climate data for Kyzyl
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)−5.8
(21.6)
−0.1
(31.8)
19.6
(67.3)
30.6
(87.1)
35.6
(96.1)
39.1
(102.4)
40.7
(105.3)
38.3
(100.9)
33.0
(91.4)
23.0
(73.4)
13.0
(55.4)
−1.8
(28.8)
40.7
(105.3)
Average high °C (°F)−23.5
(−10.3)
−16.1
(3)
−2.8
(27)
12.4
(54.3)
20.9
(69.6)
25.8
(78.4)
27.6
(81.7)
24.9
(76.8)
18.0
(64.4)
8.3
(46.9)
−7.8
(18)
−20.5
(−4.9)
5.6
(42.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)−28.7
(−19.7)
−23.5
(−10.3)
−10.2
(13.6)
4.7
(40.5)
12.8
(55)
18.2
(64.8)
20.5
(68.9)
17.6
(63.7)
10.4
(50.7)
1.2
(34.2)
−12.9
(8.8)
−24.9
(−12.8)
−1.2
(29.8)
Average low °C (°F)−33.0
(−27.4)
−29.4
(−20.9)
−16.7
(1.9)
−2.0
(28.4)
5.1
(41.2)
11.2
(52.2)
14.2
(57.6)
11.3
(52.3)
4.2
(39.6)
−4.3
(24.3)
−17.2
(1)
−29.0
(−20.2)
−7.1
(19.2)
Record low °C (°F)−52.6
(−62.7)
−54.0
(−65.2)
−45.2
(−49.4)
−27.3
(−17.1)
−10.7
(12.7)
−1.8
(28.8)
2.8
(37)
−0.7
(30.7)
−10.1
(13.8)
−20.5
(−4.9)
−46.1
(−51)
−52.6
(−62.7)
−54.0
(−65.2)
Precipitation mm (inches)8.7
(0.343)
4.5
(0.177)
3.1
(0.122)
5.1
(0.201)
13.4
(0.528)
34.6
(1.362)
48.5
(1.909)
43.5
(1.713)
24.7
(0.972)
8.8
(0.346)
11.6
(0.457)
11.4
(0.449)
218.0
(8.583)
Avg. rainy days0006111516151261082
Avg. snowy days21179310000.24162394
 % humidity79787448435058626367818165
Mean monthly sunshine hours81.8127.8213.1247.8288.2295.9287.5274.7228.1167.483.957.32,353.4
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net[10]
Source #2: Weatherbase (precipitation and sun data)[11]
Kyzyl
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
9
 
−25
−35
 
 
4
 
−19
−32
 
 
3
 
−5
−19
 
 
5
 
11
−3
 
 
14
 
20
4
 
 
45
 
25
11
 
 
47
 
27
13
 
 
44
 
24
11
 
 
22
 
18
4
 
 
8
 
7
−6
 
 
10
 
−10
−20
 
 
12
 
−22
−31
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: World Meteorological Organization

In popular culture and trivia[edit]

In the late 1980s, Kyzyl was visited by Ralph Leighton, who had made it a quest to reach Tuva with his friend, the Nobel Prize-winning physicist Richard Feynman. Though Feynman died before they reached Tuva, the journey is chronicled in the book Tuva or Bust!.

The film Genghis Blues chronicles the pilgrimage of a blind blues performer, Paul Pena, who learned Tuvan throat singing by listening to his shortwave radio, to compete in the Tuvan throat singing competition.

Kyzyl is a City-State in the turn-based strategy game Civilization V.

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Resolution #1648 ZP-1
  2. ^ a b c Law #268 VKh-1
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Kyzyl". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2007-07-30. 
  9. ^ "Kyzyl". Bartleby.com. Retrieved 2007-07-30. 
  10. ^ "Weather and Climate - The Climate of Kyzyl" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Retrieved January 26, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Kyzyl, Russia". Weatherbase. Retrieved November 20, 2012. 
  12. ^ [1]

Sources[edit]