Kurukshetra

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Kurukshetra
City
Kurukshetra is located in Haryana
Kurukshetra
Kurukshetra
Coordinates: 29°57′57″N 76°50′13″E / 29.965717°N 76.837006°E / 29.965717; 76.837006Coordinates: 29°57′57″N 76°50′13″E / 29.965717°N 76.837006°E / 29.965717; 76.837006
CountryIndia
StateHaryana
DistrictKurukshetra
Area
 • Total1,530 km2 (590 sq mi)
Population
 • Total19,65,781
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
PIN136118
Telephone code911744
Vehicle registrationHR 07X XXXX
Websitekurukshetra.nic.in
[1]
 
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Kurukshetra
City
Kurukshetra is located in Haryana
Kurukshetra
Kurukshetra
Coordinates: 29°57′57″N 76°50′13″E / 29.965717°N 76.837006°E / 29.965717; 76.837006Coordinates: 29°57′57″N 76°50′13″E / 29.965717°N 76.837006°E / 29.965717; 76.837006
CountryIndia
StateHaryana
DistrictKurukshetra
Area
 • Total1,530 km2 (590 sq mi)
Population
 • Total19,65,781
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
PIN136118
Telephone code911744
Vehicle registrationHR 07X XXXX
Websitekurukshetra.nic.in
[1]

Kurukshetra About this sound pronunciation  (Hindi: कुरुक्षेत्र) is a land of historical and religious Importance. Kurukshetra is located in Haryana state of India. It is a holy place and is also known as Dharmakshetra ("Holy Place"). According to the Puranas, Kurukshetra is a region named after King Kuru, the ancestor of Kauravas and Pandavas, as depicted in epic Mahabharata. The importance of the place is attributed to the fact that the Kurukshetra War of the Mahabharata was fought on this land and the Bhagavad Gita was preached on this land during the war when Lord Krishna found Arjuna in a terrible dilemma.[1]

Prior to the establishment of a refugee camp named Kurukshetra in 1947, Thanesar was the name of the tehsil headquarters and the town. Thanesar or Sthaneswar is a historical town located adjacent to what is now the newly created Kurukshetra city. Thanesar derives its name from the word "Sthaneshwar", which means "Place of God". The Sthaneshwar Mahadev Temple, whose presiding deity is Lord Shiva, is believed to be the oldest temple in the vicinity. Local hearsay identifies the legendary "Kurukshetra" with a place near Thanesar. A few kilometers from Kurukshetra is the village known as Amin, where there are remnants of a fort which is believed to be Abhimanyu's fort.

In most ancient Hindu texts, Kurukshetra is not a city but a region "kshetra" meaning "region" in Sanskrit and the boundaries of Kurukshetra correspond roughly to the central and western parts of state of Haryana and southern Punjab. Thus according to the Taittiriya Aranyaka 5.1.1., the Kurukshetra region is south of Turghna (Srughna/Sugh in Sirhind, Punjab), north of Khandava (Delhi and Mewat region), east of Maru (desert) and west of Parin.[2]

Early July 2013 the Haryana Department of Archaeology and Museums announced that the earlier excavated remains of a Buddhist Stupa in Kurukshetra were ready to be displayed for the public.

History of Kurukshetra[edit]

A manuscript of Mahabharata depicting the war at Kurukshetra

It is written in Puranas that Kurukshetra is named after King Kuru of the Bharata Dynasty, ancestor of Pandavas and Kauravas.

The Vamana Purana tells how King Kuru came to settle on this land. He chose this land at the banks of Sarasvati River(since dried up before 1900BCE[3]) for embedding spirituality with 8 virtues: austerity (tapas), truth (satya), forgiveness (kshama), kindness (daya), purity (suchee[disambiguation needed]), charity (daan), yagya and brahmacharya. Lord Vishnu was impressed with the act of King Kuru and blessed him. God gave him two boons, one that this land forever will be known as a Holy Land after his name as Kurukshetra (the land of Kuru) and the other that anyone dying on this land will be going to heaven. The land of Kurukshetra was situated between two rivers — the Sarasvati and the Drishadvati.

Bronze Chariot with Lord Krishna and Arjuna

This land has been known as Uttravedi, Brahmavedi, Dharamkshetra and Kurukshetra at different periods. When King Kuru came on this land it was called Uttarvedi. Over the period this land has been ruled by many empires. The Bharata Dynasty came and settled on this land.

Later the Battle of Mahabharata(3102 BCE) was fought on this land, during which Lord Krishna preached Bhagavad Gita to Arjuna.

It reached the zenith of its progress during the reign of King Harsha, during which Chinese scholar Hieun Tsang visited this land at Thanesar. By the archaeological grounds it has been proved that Ashoka the Great made Kurukshetra a centre of learning for people from all over the world.

Geography[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

Braham Sarovar

This temple is reconstructed as on Akshya Tritiya 30 April 2006 by direction of Dr. Suresh Mishra,Peethadish.It was made in only 101 days with devotee's of whole world. Sai Baba Temple is founded by Devotees of Sai Baba with direction of Peethadish- Dr.Suresh Mishra as on 9 June 2011. The Devotees of Shri Durga Devi Maa celebrating Navratri festival in a year two times as on Chaitra & Aashwin Month's Tryodashi & Chaudash Navratri. http://shridurgadevimandir.com/, http://shivastrovastu.com/

Hospitals[edit]

District administration[edit]

Cities, towns and villages[edit]

Other Villages : Kirmach,Barna, Mathana, Kaulapur, Umri, Amin, Dayalpur (Bhan Ganga, NIT, KUK), Mirzapur, Aalampur, Sunheri Khalsa,Ishakpur, Ratgal, Devi das pura, Sunderpur, Ahamad Pur, Bibipur, Barout, Jainpur,buhawi, Khairi, Tatki, Chanarthal, Dhantori, Kanipla, Kaserla, Kharindwam, Deeg, Masana, Khanpur, Tyoda, Shareef Garh, Babain, Mehra bakali, Rawa, Damli, Padlu, Slempur, Jogi Majra, Dangli, Yaara, Yaari, Deeg, Kharindwa etc.

Dhoda Kheri,Dhirpur, Dhola Majra Shahabad Markanda & Mohri are the Railway stations between Kurukshetra to Ambala of Indian railway rout. Haripur village very famous for all festival like Guga Navmi there are a Big temple located in north west of the village the land suitable for agriculture.

Communities[edit]

Kurukshetra is dominated by the Rajputs, Jaat, Saini, Ror Maratha and Khatri people. Local people of Kurukshetra mainly speak the Hindi language and standard Hindi and Punjabi are also spoken in many areas.

General information[edit]

Climate - Climate of the district is very hot in summer (up to 47°C) and cold in winter (down to 1°C) with rains in July and August.

Access - Kurukshetra is well connected with NH1 and has much access by Road, Rail and Air. The journey is comfortable with various facilities provided en route.

By Road: Buses of Haryana Roadways and other State Corporations ply through Kurukshetra and connect it to Delhi, Chandigarh and other important places.

By Air: The Airports close to Kurukshetra are at Delhi and Chandigarh, which are well connected by road and rail. Taxi service is also available.

By Rail: Kurukshetra is a railway junction, well connected with all important towns and cities of the country. The Shatabadi Express halts here.

Rashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh 'Dinkar' has written an epic poem by the title of Kurukshetra. It is a narrative poem based on the Santi Parva of the Mahabharata.[6] It was written at a time when the memories of the Second World War were fresh on the mind of the poet.[6]

Vegetarian Status[edit]

In 2012, Kurukshetra banned the sale, possession and consumption of meat within the limits of the Municipal Corporation owing to its religious significance.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ History of Kurukhsetra
  2. ^ Agarwal, Vishal: Is There Vedic Evidence for the Indo-Aryan Immigration to India? (PDF)
  3. ^ The Lost River, by Michel Danino. Penguin India 2010
  4. ^ Lahore Gazetteer, 1887, p.203
  5. ^ Dr A. Rasul Jilani, Suifiya i Hind, 1969, pp. 112-119
  6. ^ a b Das, Sisir Kumar (1995). A History of Indian literature. Sahitya Akademi. p. 908. ISBN 978-81-7201-798-9. 
  7. ^ "Haryana bans meat in holy towns of Kurukshetra, Pehowa". The Indian Express. Retrieved 31 March 2013. 

Shalihotra tirtha, Sarsa

External links[edit]