Kuching International Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Kuching International Airport
Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Kuching
古晋国际机场
KIA Control Tower.jpg
IATA: KCHICAO: WBGG
KCH is located in East Malaysia
KCH
Location of airport in Borneo
Summary
Airport typePublic / Military
OwnerGovernment of Malaysia
OperatorMalaysia Airports Holdings Berhad
ServesKuching Division & Samarahan Division, Sarawak, East Malaysia
LocationMalaysia Kuching, Sarawak, East Malaysia
Hub forAirAsia
Hornbill Skyways
Malaysia Airlines
MASwings
Elevation AMSL89 ft / 27 m
Coordinates01°29′04″N 110°20′48″E / 1.48444°N 110.34667°E / 1.48444; 110.34667
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
07/253,78012,402Asphalt
Statistics (2012)
Passengers4,186,523
Passenger change 11-12Decrease2.3%
Aircraft movements46,727
Movements change 11-12Decrease12.1%
Source: official web site[1] and DAFIF[2][3]
 
Jump to: navigation, search

"RAF Kuching/RMAF Kuching" & "Kuching Airbase/Airfield" redirects here.

Kuching International Airport
Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Kuching
古晋国际机场
KIA Control Tower.jpg
IATA: KCHICAO: WBGG
KCH is located in East Malaysia
KCH
Location of airport in Borneo
Summary
Airport typePublic / Military
OwnerGovernment of Malaysia
OperatorMalaysia Airports Holdings Berhad
ServesKuching Division & Samarahan Division, Sarawak, East Malaysia
LocationMalaysia Kuching, Sarawak, East Malaysia
Hub forAirAsia
Hornbill Skyways
Malaysia Airlines
MASwings
Elevation AMSL89 ft / 27 m
Coordinates01°29′04″N 110°20′48″E / 1.48444°N 110.34667°E / 1.48444; 110.34667
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
07/253,78012,402Asphalt
Statistics (2012)
Passengers4,186,523
Passenger change 11-12Decrease2.3%
Aircraft movements46,727
Movements change 11-12Decrease12.1%
Source: official web site[1] and DAFIF[2][3]

Kuching International Airport (Initialized: KIA) (IATA: KCHICAO: WBGG) is an international airport serving the entire southwestern region of Sarawak, Malaysia. It is located 11 km (6NM) south of Kuching city centre. The airport also shares its runway with the RMAF Kuching Airbase, home to the No. 7 Squadron RMAF.[4]

The airport terminal is capable of handling five million passengers per annum and it is the fourth busiest airport in Malaysia. KIA has grown rapidly with an increasing number of passengers and aircraft movement. In 2010, KIA handled 3,684,000 passengers with a corresponding volume of 46,382 flights. In the same year, 26,977 metric tonnes of cargo were handled through this facility.

KIA is the secondary hub for Malaysia Airlines and has been growing rapidly to tackle the demand of the travellers in the East Malaysia region.

History[edit]

The airport was built by the British Government of Sarawak in the 1940s on the outskirts of Kuching town. It was opened for use on 26 September 1950. The airport consisted of a small "L" shaped single storey Terminal, Cargo, Fire Station. Air Traffic Control Tower, Meteorological Service and Maintenance building clustered in one area, a small apron of 4 parking bays and 1372 meter long with 46 meter width of a single runway. Navigational (Direction Finding Equipment) and Radio Aids were installed at the airport.

Kuching International Airport then became the gateway to Sarawak, Brunei and North Borneo (Sabah as it is called today) with the introduction of once weekly Dakota services originated from Singapore. By the end of 1954, scheduled air services into Kuching International Airport grew by leaps and bounds. This was depicted in the 1954 statistics which recorded 1550 aircraft movements, 13,564 passengers, 95,911 kilogram cargo and 25,984 mails. In 1959 the runway was extended to 1555 meter length to make way for Viscount aircraft operations.

Followed by another expansion in 1962 to make it 1921 meters in length to accommodate Comet 4 operations. The terminal was also enlarged in the same year. A Control Zone was established at Kuching in November as a part of the plan to provide an Air Traffic Control Service commensurate with the growth of air traffic. Malayan Airways Limited operated the Singapore / British Borneo Territories Regional Services with Viscount and DC3 aircraft, daily schedules linked Kuching and Sibu with Singapore on the other side, and Brunei and Borneo on the other.

In 1971 the Malaysian Government (as Sarawak joined the Federation of Malaysia on 16 November 1963) engaged a team of Canadian Consultants to make Master Plan study of Kuching International Airport.

In December 1972, the government accepted the Consultant's report. Among the recommendations were:

Work on the extension and strengthening of the runway was started in 1973 and was completed in 1976 ready to take Boeing 707 with the new runway measured of 2454 meter length.

In 1980, consistent with the advent of Airbus 300 operations it was imperative the runway pavement strength be upgraded to meet Airbus 300 requirement. Work on this undertaken and was completed in early 1982.

Construction of the terminal complex at the north site took a center stage at the end of 1978 and was completed in July 1983. This modern terminal replaced the previous terminal, was opened on 24 August 1983. The terminal complex covering a built-up area of 81 hectares with a floor space of 13,000 square meters, comprised the three-storey passenger terminal flanked by a neatly planned buildings of Air Traffic Control Tower and Operation Block, Cargo Building, Fire Station, Maintenance Building, VIP Building and ancillary services building.

As in 1999, two airlines companies from two neighboring countries operated schedule services into Kuching International Airport besides three of Malaysia's own airlines and as many as 8 private general aviation companies. Irregular charted flights were also operated by two foreign airlines into the airport.

The millennium takes another rapid development in aviation world. As a result, the new terminal with a new face was renovated and extended replacing the old shape. The new terminal complex was opened on Monday 16 January 2006 by the Chief Minister of Sarawak Pehin Sri Haji Abdul Taib Mahmud and the then Malaysian Minister of Transport Dato' Sri Chan Kong Choy. The full work on the terminal completed in April 2006. Consisting of 9 bays (3 bay for B747 & A380 widebody aircraft), and 4 remote bays (for turboprop aircraft). Plus 3 new bays at the General Aviation Apron.

Kuching International Airport at Night
The Terminal Building

Expansion, renovation and redevelopment[edit]

Kuching International Airport terminal was given a radical makeover, completed in 2008, which makes it one of the most modern in Malaysia.[5] The renovations borrowed a lot of design features from Kuala Lumpur's new airport, so the two have a similar look.[5]

The renovation increased terminal building floor space to 46,000sq.m. were completed 15 months ahead of schedule and the fully renovated terminal building was officially opened by the then Prime Minister of Malaysia Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi on Monday, 17 April 2006. The project was handled by Global Upline Sdn. Bhd. and it costed some MYR620 million. With this, the airport is now capable of handling Boeing B747 & Airbus A380 aircraft with no restriction.

The completed works involved AGL, earthworks and pavement extension of the existing runway length from 2454m to 3780m and shoulders from 46m to 60m, extension of existing parallel taxiway to a full parallel taxiway with interconnection/ rapid exit taxiways including widening of taxiway fillets and shoulders to 30m. The air side apron works includes the construction of a cargo apron, high-intensity lightings and markings. Existing visual and non-visual aids will be upgraded and/or relocated consistent with the upgrading plan to serve the extended runway. With total of 9 gates, the airport can handle 6 narrow body aircraft, 3 wide body aircraft and 4 turboprop aircraft at remote stand at any one time. Besides, there is gate (Gate 9) specially made for the world largest airliner A380.[6][7]

Malaysia Airlines Boeing 747 at the runway

Present and future[edit]

The Chief Minister of Sarawak, Pehin Sri Haji Abdul Taib Mahmud, wishes to attract more foreign airlines to KIA so as to develop the Sarawak Tourism Industry. Singapore's budget airline, Tiger Airways, has been given the green light to serve KIA.

Malaysia Airlines in KIA has achieved zero accident rate in 2006.[8]

AirAsia may introduce daily flights from Kuching to Bangkok, Jakarta, Macau (Hong Kong, Zhuhai, Guangzhou) & Clark (Manila). The other international routes that AirAsia hope to get soon would be Kuching - Brunei and Kuching - Singapore. Should the opportunity for Kuching-Perth flights arise AirAsia would have no problems operating them with A320 aircraft.[9]

The Sarawak Government is working closely with Malaysia Airlines (MAS) and AirAsia to rationalise long-haul flights. Sarawak hopes to use Brunei and Singapore as entry points to enhance the two prevailing gateways - Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) Kota Kinabalu International Airport (KKIA). This includes restoring (with higher frequency) all direct international & domestic flights previously suspended by Malaysia Airlines.[10]

Sarawak will make a formal proposal to Malaysia Airlines (MAS) for direct flights from Hong Kong, Taipei, Kaohsiung & Seoul to Kuching.[11]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

AirAsia Boeing 737 landing
KIA Arrival Hall
AirlinesDestinationsTerminal
AirAsiaBintulu, Johor Bahru, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Miri, Penang, SibuDomestic
AirAsiaSingaporeInternational
Express AirPontianakInternational
Malaysia AirlinesBintulu, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Miri, SibuDomestic
Malaysia AirlinesHong Kong, SingaporeInternational
Malaysia Airlines operated by MASwingsBandar Seri Begawan, PontianakInternational
Malaysia Airlines operated by MASwingsBintulu, Kota Kinabalu, Miri, Mukah, Mulu, Sibu, Tanjung ManisDomestic
Malindo AirKuala LumpurDomestic
SilkAirSingaporeInternational

Cargo airlines[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
DHL Aviation
operated by Transmile Air Services
Gading Sari Aviation Services
operated by Transmile Air Services
MASkargoHong Kong, Kuala Lumpur, Shanghai-Pudong
Neptune Air
Transmile Air ServicesKuala Lumpur-Subang, Kota Kinabalu, Miri, Singapore

Traffic and Statistics[edit]

Traffic[edit]

Annual passenger numbers and aircraft statistics[12]
Year
Passengers
handled
Passenger
% Change
Cargo
(tonnes)
Cargo
% Change
Aircraft
Movements
Aircraft
% Change
20032,923,633Steady26,278Steady42,138Steady
20043,317,879Increase 13.526,073Decrease 0.845,340Increase 7.6
20053,354,973Increase 1.128,407Increase 8.943,253Decrease 4.0
20063,196,352Decrease 4.729,716Increase 4.640,292Decrease 7.4
20073,236,468Increase 1.323,818Decrease 19.837,348Decrease 7.3
20083,238,614Increase 0.0719,166Decrease 19.539,188Increase 4.9
20093,574,632Increase 10.420,830Increase 8.744,761Increase 14.2
20103,684,517Increase 3.126,977Increase 29.546,382Increase 3.6
20114,286,722Increase 16.324,787Decrease 8.153,154Increase 14.6
20124,186,523Decrease 2.315,811Decrease 36.246,727Decrease 12.1

Statistics[edit]

Busiest Flights Out of Kuching International Airport by Frequency
RankDestinations (operated by)Frequency (Weekly)
1Flag of Kuala Lumpur Malaysia.svg Kuala Lumpur194
2Flag of Sarawak.svg Miri124
2Flag of Sarawak.svg Sibu124
4Flag of Sarawak.svg Bintulu31
5Flag of Sabah.svg Kota Kinabalu30
6Flag of Singapore.svg Singapore25
7Flag of Johor.svg Johor Bahru21
8Flag of Sarawak.svg Mukah21
9Flag of Penang (Malaysia).svg Penang10
10Flag of Indonesia.svg Pontianak9
11Flag of Sarawak.svg Tanjung Manis7
12Flag of Brunei.svg Bandar Seri Begawan4

Baggage handling system (BHS)[edit]

KIA conveyor belts
AirAsia Check In Counters

Kuching International Airport has two sides of baggage reclaim halls, one is for the domestic flights (within Sarawak) while the other one is for both international flights and flights outside Sarawak.

Immigration[edit]

As one of the two states in Malaysia which controls its own immigration autonomy, Sarawak exercises special regulation upon arriving and departing from all Sarawakian airports including Kuching. All passengers travelling with any flights from outside Sarawak (including all flights from Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Federal Territory of Labuan and outside Malaysia), must pass through the immigration control at the first entry airport.

Ground transportation[edit]

No city buses are available at the moment.

A taxi coupon ticket can be bought at the Taxi Coupon Counter.

Awards and recognition[edit]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]