Klebsiella oxytoca

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Klebsiella oxytoca
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Bacteria
Phylum:Proteobacteria
Class:Gamma Proteobacteria
Order:Enterobacteriales
Family:Enterobacteriaceae
Genus:Klebsiella
Species:K. oxytoca
Binomial name
Klebsiella oxytoca
(Flügge 1886)
Lautrop 1956
 
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Klebsiella oxytoca
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Bacteria
Phylum:Proteobacteria
Class:Gamma Proteobacteria
Order:Enterobacteriales
Family:Enterobacteriaceae
Genus:Klebsiella
Species:K. oxytoca
Binomial name
Klebsiella oxytoca
(Flügge 1886)
Lautrop 1956

Klebsiella oxytoca is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium that is closely related to K. pneumoniae, from which it is distinguished by being indole-positive; it also has slightly different growth characteristics in that it is able to grow on melezitose, but not 3-hydroxybutyrate.

K. oxytoca is characterized by negative methyl red, positive VP, positive citrate, urea and TSI gas production, is AA, and negative for TSI sulfide, DNAse, SIM motility and PAD.

Industrial uses[edit]

K. oxytoca has shown promise in industrial ethanol fuel production.[1]

K. oxytoca is referenced as being used to produce hydrogen in patents filed by Nanologix, Inc.

Clinical significance[edit]

It can cause colitis and sepsis.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dien B, Cotta M, Jeffries T (2003). "Bacteria engineered for fuel ethanol production: current status". Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 63 (3): 258–66. doi:10.1007/s00253-003-1444-y. PMID 13680206. 
  2. ^ Högenauer C, Langner C, Beubler E, et al (December 2006). "Klebsiella oxytoca as a causative organism of antibiotic-associated hemorrhagic colitis". N. Engl. J. Med. 355 (23): 2418–26. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa054765. PMID 17151365. 

External links[edit]