Kizomba

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Kizomba
Stylistic originsSemba
Kilapanda
Angolan Merengue
Zouk
Cultural originsLate 80's, ANG
Mainstream popularityAngola, and other lusophone countries (Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde, Portugal, Mozambique, São Tomé and Príncipe, East Timor, Brazil and the territory of Macau)
Other topics
Music of Angola
 
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Kizomba
Stylistic originsSemba
Kilapanda
Angolan Merengue
Zouk
Cultural originsLate 80's, ANG
Mainstream popularityAngola, and other lusophone countries (Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde, Portugal, Mozambique, São Tomé and Príncipe, East Timor, Brazil and the territory of Macau)
Other topics
Music of Angola

Kizomba is one of the most popular genres of dance and music originating from Angola.[1] It is a derivative of semba, with a mix of Kilapanda and Angolan Merengue,[2] and sung generally in Portuguese. It is music with a romantic flow. It was the Kimbundu name for a dance in Angola as early as 1894. The Kizomba dancing style is also known to be very sensual. Actually as performed the kizomba is a meringue-konpa.[3]

Kizomba is often confounded with Zouk, the French Antilles konpa, because the pace is very similar.

Contents

Origin

Kizomba is a dance and music that was created in Angola in early 1980s.[2][4] It is also performed in other lusophone African countries, in Europe and in USA. It is known for having a slow, insistent, somewhat harsh, yet sensuous rhythm; the result of electronic percussion. It is ideally danced accompanied by a partner, very smoothly and slowly, though not too tightly. A rather large degree of flexibility in the knees is required, owing to the frequent requirement that dancers bob up and down.

Cultural influences

The influence of Angolan kizomba is felt in most Portuguese-speaking African countries, but also Portugal (especially in Lisbon and surrounding suburbs such as Amadora or Almada), where communities of immigrants have established clubs centered on the genre in a renewed kizomba style. Kizomba is now also quite popular among white people that come to these clubs in growing numbers. The São Tomean kizomba music is very similar to the Angolan, Juka is the most notable among the Sãotomeans, but it is also one of the most notable performers in the genre.

In Angola most clubs are based in Luanda. Famous Angolan kizomba musicians include Neide Van-Dúnem, Don Kikas, Calo Pascoal and Irmãos Verdades, among many others, but Bonga is probably the best known Angolan artist, having helped popularize the style both in Angola and Portugal during the 1970s and 1980s.

Kizomba dance

Kizomba is mentioned in 1894 in the Bulletin of the American Geographical Society of New York which said "the genuine Kimbundu name is Kizomba, that is, dance." [5] In Angola in the 1950s the expression Kizombadas referred to a party. There was no association of the word to a dance or musical genre. However, the dance known as "Semba", "Rebita", "Kabetula", "Maringa", already existed in the 50's and 60's. Other dances coming from Europe like Tango were practiced by the Portuguese colonials. The "Plena" from Puerto Rico and are thought to be brought by the Cuban influence in Angola during the war. The style of Kizomba is now emphasizes a very smooth way of dancing with influences of Tango steps, but one of the main differences is that the lower body, the hip, does forward/backwards and circle movements. People dance on the tempo, as well as playing on the off beat and only sometimes using syncopation steps.

Popularity

Countries where Kizomba is most popular include Angola, Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde, Portugal, Mozambique, Equatorial Guinea, São Tomé and Príncipe, East Timor, Martinique, Brazil and the territory of Macau.

Various individuals who feel involved with the Kizomba culture have been seriously promoting it in other countries, such as Belgium and surrounding nations, where an independent Kizombalove academy has been created by José N'dongala.[citation needed]

Kizomba in Belgium

Kizomba has been present in Belgium since 2006.[citation needed]

Kizomba in the UK

Kizomba has been present in the UK for about 20 years with Afro-Portuguese parties organized as early as 1991 in various venues around London. It only started crossing over to the public from 2005 when showcased in various Salsa clubs around the UK.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ Adebayo Oyebade. Culture and customs of Angola. p. 156. http://books.google.com/books?id=3i10eQQLU8QC&pg=PA156&dq=kizomba&hl=pt-PT&ei=bR6qTMGXNYqTswbsv9S2DA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6&ved=0CEEQ6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q=kizomba&f=false. 
  2. ^ a b "Eduardo Paim "Sou o precursor da Kizomba"". O País. http://www.opais.net/pt/dossier/?det=21059. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  3. ^ A review of kizomba discography shows a complete smilarity with konpa music that has been around years before this present kizomba style. Therefore kizomba is confounded with zouk, the Frendh Antillean konpa see Peter Manuel Musics of Non-western world...p74 The review of these CDs listed below shows a complete similarity with meringue-konpa: "Misteriosa hot new single 2012, ATM Dansa ma mi kizomba 2010, VA kizomba Brasil 2008 Bo a sorte, etc. the CD_ Kizomba, zouk, konpa 2012 Sushiraw Various artists_ includes songs like Sexual Healing SLan, Ameyatchi, cherie mon amour, Voce Vad ver, Heven, Pause, Real peu peu, Heaven, kizomba de roda, samara, Eu sei, Soho 2012, A Cabeca Doi, Louco, Oh Fala Bem, Mal acostumado, Sonho a Dois, Uelha...Flam Kim ta sta Sempre, Musiquarian...Kizomba Benefica: Neusa, Nha Joya.." these tunes are in their great majority konpa style.~~~~
  4. ^ "Artistas nacionais à conquista do mundo". O País Online. http://www.opais.net/pt/opais/?id=1787&det=17246&mid=. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  5. ^ American Bulletin of the Geographical Society of New York 26. https://www.google.co.uk/search?q=Kizomba+dance&hl=en&btnG=Google+Search&sourceid=Mozilla-search&start=0#q=Kizomba+dance&hl=en&tbm=bks&psj=1&ei=phbXT-TEIoyz8QPVzKCIAw&start=20&sa=N&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_cp.r_qf.,cf.osb&fp=1ed20774de0e1505&biw=840&bih=359. 

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