Kingman, Arizona

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Kingman, Arizona
City
Mohave County Courthouse in Kingman
Mohave County Courthouse in Kingman
Official seal of Kingman, Arizona
Seal
Motto: "The Heart of Historic Route 66"
Location in Mohave County and the State of Arizona
Location in Mohave County and the State of Arizona
U.S. Census Map
U.S. Census Map
Coordinates: 35°12′30″N 114°1′33″W / 35.20833°N 114.02583°W / 35.20833; -114.02583Coordinates: 35°12′30″N 114°1′33″W / 35.20833°N 114.02583°W / 35.20833; -114.02583
CountryUnited States
StateArizona
CountyMohave
Incorporated1952
Government
 • MayorRichard Anderson
Area
 • Total30 sq mi (77.7 km2)
 • Land30.0 sq mi (77.6 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation3,333 ft (1,016 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total28,068
 • Estimate (2013[2])28,393
 • Density669.7/sq mi (258.6/km2)
Time zoneMST (UTC-7)
ZIP codes86401, 86402, 86409
Area code(s)928
FIPS code04-37620
Websitewww.cityofkingman.gov
 
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Kingman, Arizona
City
Mohave County Courthouse in Kingman
Mohave County Courthouse in Kingman
Official seal of Kingman, Arizona
Seal
Motto: "The Heart of Historic Route 66"
Location in Mohave County and the State of Arizona
Location in Mohave County and the State of Arizona
U.S. Census Map
U.S. Census Map
Coordinates: 35°12′30″N 114°1′33″W / 35.20833°N 114.02583°W / 35.20833; -114.02583Coordinates: 35°12′30″N 114°1′33″W / 35.20833°N 114.02583°W / 35.20833; -114.02583
CountryUnited States
StateArizona
CountyMohave
Incorporated1952
Government
 • MayorRichard Anderson
Area
 • Total30 sq mi (77.7 km2)
 • Land30.0 sq mi (77.6 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation3,333 ft (1,016 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total28,068
 • Estimate (2013[2])28,393
 • Density669.7/sq mi (258.6/km2)
Time zoneMST (UTC-7)
ZIP codes86401, 86402, 86409
Area code(s)928
FIPS code04-37620
Websitewww.cityofkingman.gov

Kingman (Huwaalyapay Nyava[3] in the Mojave language) is a city in Mohave County, Arizona, and is also the county seat. According to the 2010 census, the population of the city is 28,068.[1] The nearby communities of Butler and Golden Valley bring the Kingman area total population to over 66,000. Kingman is located 33 miles (53 km) east of Bullhead City, Arizona, 85 miles (137 km) southeast of Las Vegas, Nevada, about 150 miles (240 km) west of Flagstaff, Arizona, about 60 miles (97 km) northeast of Needles, California, about 165 miles (266 km) northwest of Phoenix, Arizona, about 205 miles (330 km) east of Barstow, California and about 250 miles (400 km) northeast of Los Angeles, California.[4]

History[edit]

Lewis kingman.gif

Lt. Edward Fitzgerald Beale, a U.S. Navy officer in the service of the U.S. Army Corps of Topographical Engineers, was ordered by the U.S. War Department to build a federal wagon road across the 35th Parallel. His secondary orders were to test the feasibility of the use of camels as pack animals in the southwestern desert. Beale traveled through the present day Kingman in 1857 surveying the road and in 1859 to build the road. The road became part of Highway 66 and Interstate Highway 40. Remnants of the wagon road can still be seen in White Cliffs Canyon in Kingman.

Kingman, Arizona, was founded in 1882, when Arizona was only Arizona Territory. Situated in the Hualapai Valley between the Cerbat and Hualapai mountain ranges, Kingman is known for its very modest beginnings as a simple railroad siding near Beale’s Springs in the Middleton Section along the newly constructed route of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad. The city of Kingman was named for Lewis Kingman, who surveyed along the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad's right-of-way between Needles, Calif., and Albuquerque, N.M. Lewis Kingman supervised the building of the railroad from Winslow, Ariz. to Beale's Springs, which is near the present location of the town of Kingman.

The Mohave County seat originally was located in Mineral Park, in the settlement of Callville. This portion of Arizona Territory was transferred to Nevada in 1865 after Nevada's statehood, and became part of Clark County, Nevada. With the loss of this territory, the Mohave County seat was moved to Mohave City in 1866, and then to Hardyville (which became Bullhead City) in 1867. The county seat transferred to the mining town of Cerbat in 1871, then to Mineral Park near Chloride in 1872. In 1887, the county seat was moved to Kingman after some period of time without a permanent county seat, the instruments and records of Mohave County government were taken clandestinely from Chloride and moved to Kingman in the middle of the night during this final transfer of the county seat.

During World War II, Kingman was the site of a U.S. Army Air Force (USAAF) airfield. The Kingman Army Airfield was founded at the beginning of WW II as an aerial gunnery training base. It became one of the USAAF's largest, training some 35,000 soldiers and airmen. The airfield and Kingman played a significant role in this important era of America's history. Following the war, the Kingman Airfield served as one of the largest and best-known reclamation sites for obsolete military aircraft.

Postwar, Kingman experienced growth as several major employers moved into the vicinity. In 1953 Kingman was used to detain those men accused of practicing polygamy in the Short Creek raid,[5] which was at the time one of the largest arrests in American history.[6] In 1955, Ford Motor Company established a proving ground (now one of the Chrysler Proving Grounds) in nearby Yucca, Arizona at the former Yucca Army Airfield. Several major new neighborhoods in Kingman were developed to house the skilled workers and professionals employed at the proving ground, as Kingman was the only sizable, developed town within a convenient distance. Likewise, the development of the Duval copper mine near adjacent Chloride, Arizona, and construction of the Mohave Generating Station in nearby Laughlin, Nevada, in 1971 contributed to Kingman's population growth. The location of a General Cable plant at what was to become the Kingman Airport Industrial Park provided a steady employment base as well.

Geography[edit]

Kingman is located at 35°12′30″N 114°1′33″W / 35.20833°N 114.02583°W / 35.20833; -114.02583 (35.208449, -114.025730),[7] at 3,333 feet (1,016 m) in elevation.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 30.0 square miles (78 km2), all of it land.

Climate[edit]

Kingman sits on the eastern edge of the Mojave Desert, but is located in a "cold semi-arid climate" (Köppen BSk) instead of the desert. The BSk climate type receives slightly more precipitation than the BWh hot desert climate found to the south and west, and the wintertime low temperatures are significantly colder. Kingman's higher elevation and location between the Colorado Plateau and the Lower Colorado River Valley keeps summer high temperatures away from the extremes (115 °F (46 °C) or more) experienced by Phoenix and the Colorado River Valley. The higher elevation also contributes to winter cold and occasional snowfall. Summer daytime highs reach above 90 °F (32 °C) frequently, but rarely exceed 107 °F (42 °C). Summertime lows usually remain between 60 to 70 °F (16 to 21 °C). Winter highs are generally mild, ranging from around 50 to 65 °F (10 to 18 °C), but winter nighttime lows often fall to freezing, with significantly lower temperatures possible. Kingman occasionally receives a dusting of snow in the winter, though it rarely remains on the ground for longer than the mid-to-late morning.

The record low temperature in Kingman was set on January 9, 1937 at 6 °F (−14 °C), and the record high temperature occurred on August 19, 1915, July 16, 1917, and July 3, 1967, at 111 °F (44 °C). The wettest year was 1919 with 21.22 inches (539 mm) and the driest year was 1947 with 3.58 inches (91 mm). The most rainfall in one month was 9.85 inches (250 mm) in September 1939. The most rainfall in 24 hours was 6.03 inches (153 mm) on November 28, 1919. The snowiest year was 1949 with 18.2 inches (0.46 m). The most snowfall in one month was 14.0 inches (0.36 m) in December 1932.[8]

Climate data for Kingman, Arizona
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)78
(26)
82
(28)
90
(32)
97
(36)
106
(41)
110
(43)
111
(44)
111
(44)
108
(42)
99
(37)
90
(32)
77
(25)
111
(44)
Average high °F (°C)55.9
(13.3)
60.0
(15.6)
65.8
(18.8)
74.2
(23.4)
82.7
(28.2)
92.7
(33.7)
97.8
(36.6)
95.3
(35.2)
90.3
(32.4)
79.0
(26.1)
66.5
(19.2)
56.7
(13.7)
76.41
(24.68)
Average low °F (°C)31.1
(−0.5)
33.6
(0.9)
36.8
(2.7)
43.2
(6.2)
49.7
(9.8)
58.1
(14.5)
67.2
(19.6)
65.5
(18.6)
58.0
(14.4)
47.6
(8.7)
37.8
(3.2)
32.1
(0.1)
46.73
(8.18)
Record low °F (°C)6
(−14)
9
(−13)
16
(−9)
20
(−7)
29
(−2)
34
(1)
45
(7)
43
(6)
31
(−1)
27
(−3)
13
(−11)
10
(−12)
6
(−14)
Precipitation inches (mm)1.09
(27.7)
1.30
(33)
1.05
(26.7)
0.66
(16.8)
0.25
(6.4)
0.15
(3.8)
0.90
(22.9)
1.42
(36.1)
0.98
(24.9)
0.66
(16.8)
0.71
(18)
1.17
(29.7)
10.34
(262.8)
Snowfall inches (cm)1.3
(3.3)
0.3
(0.8)
0.7
(1.8)
0.1
(0.3)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.3
(0.8)
1.0
(2.5)
3.7
(9.5)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch)44431145322437
Source: Western Regional Climate Center[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890322
1910900
19201,27641.8%
19302,27578.3%
19503,342
19604,52535.4%
19707,31261.6%
19809,25726.6%
199012,72237.4%
200020,06957.8%
201028,06839.9%
Est. 201328,3931.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
2013 Estimate[2][11]

As of the census of 2000, there were 20,069 people in all with 7,854 households, and 5,427 families residing in the city. The population density was 669.7 people per square mile (258.5/km²). There were 8,604 housing units at an average density of 287.1 per square mile (110.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 82.2% White, .04% Black or African American, 1% Native American, .09% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 3.41% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. 12.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,854 households out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,086, and the median income for a family was $41,327. Males had a median income of $32,036 versus $21,134 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,181. About 8.2% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Kingman's city administration consists of the Mayor, Vice-mayor, the City Council, and the City Manager. The current Mayor and Vice-mayor are Richard Anderson and Carole Young. The City Council consists of 5 elected officials - Jen Miles, Mark Wimpee Sr., Larry Carver, Stuart Yocum and Mark Abram. The City Manager is John Dougherty.

The city government also includes boards and commissions that assist the City Council in decision making. They are the:

Arizona State Prison – Kingman, a privately run prison of the Arizona Department of Corrections, is located in unincorporated Mohave County, Arizona, near Kingman.[12][13]

The United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management has a field office located in Kingman.

Transportation[edit]

The Amtrak station in downtown Kingman.

Major highways[edit]

Airport[edit]

The Kingman Airport is located nine miles northeast of Kingman on Arizona State Route 66. The airport was originally built as Kingman Army Air Field during World War II, and was home to the Kingman Aerial Gunnery School. After the war, large numbers of USAAF aircraft were stored and dismantled at Kingman. The airport was turned over to Mohave County for civilian use in 1949. Today, the airport has air ambulance and air charter services, and daily scheduled regional airline services to Las Vegas and Farmington. The airport continues to be used as a location for long-term aircraft storage due to its suitable large ramp space and a long decommissioned runway. Kingman is a non-towered airport.

Rail[edit]

Kingman has passenger rail service at its train station. It is served by the Amtrak Southwest Chief route, with daily service between Los Angeles and Chicago. The small Amtrak station in downtown Kingman is a historically significant building, constructed in Mission Revival Style architecture; however, prior to the establishment of Amtrak in 1971, the structure had fallen into disrepair with the decline of passenger rail service in the U.S. A total renovation of the building was completed in 2010. While still serving as a railroad station, the building is also now home to a model railroad museum.

Kingman also is located on the Southern Transcon route of the BNSF Railway. This is the main transcontinental route between Los Angeles and Chicago, and carries 100 to 150 freight trains per day.

In August 2012 the Kingman Terminal Railroad ( KGTR ) opened at the Kingman Airport Authority and Industrial Park. The KGTR is a short line railroad owned by Patriot Rail. Patriot Rail owns and operates 13 railroads in 13 states across the U.S. The KGTR interchanges with BNSF and delivers to the customers that populate the industrial park.

Education[edit]

Kingman has one public school district, one charter school district, and one Christian school. All primary education is split between the public and charter school districts: Kingman Unified School District and Kingman Academy of Learning.

Public schools[edit]

Kingman Unified School District (KUSD) consists of 12 schools. These are divided between elementary, middle, and high schools, plus one K-12.[14]

Elementary Schools

Middle Schools

High Schools

K-12

Other schools[edit]

Postsecondary education[edit]

Kingman Explosion/Doxol Disaster[edit]

Main article: Kingman Explosion

The Kingman Explosion, also known as the Doxol Disaster or Kingman BLEVE, was a catastrophic boiling liquid expanding vapor explosion (BLEVE) that occurred on July 5, 1973 in Kingman. The explosion occurred during a propane transfer from a Doxol railroad car to a storage tank on the Getz rail siding near Andy Devine Avenue/Route 66

Firefighters Memorial Park in Kingman is dedicated to those 11 firefighters who died in the BLEVE.

Famous residents[edit]

Motels along Andy Devine Avenue in Kingman in 2004

In popular culture[edit]

A "Welcome to Kingman" sign on a water tower, marking its connection with Route 66

Celebrities[edit]

Onscreen[edit]

Kingman has been featured as a filming location for several movies and television shows.

In films[edit]

In television[edit]

In literature and publications[edit]

In music[edit]

Points of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-19. 
  2. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-19. 
  3. ^ Munro, P et al. A Mojave Dictionary Los Angeles: UCLA, 1992
  4. ^ "Mohave County - Home". Co.mohave.az.us. Retrieved 2012-01-06. 
  5. ^ Zoellner, Tom (June 28, 1998), "Polygamy: Throughout its history, Colorado City has been home for those who believe in virtues of plural marriage", The Salt Lake Tribune: J1, Archive Article ID: 100F28A4D3D36BEC (NewsBank), archived from the original on 2000-05-05 
  6. ^ C.R. Waters, Mohave Miner, 1953-08-30.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?az4639; http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?az4645
  9. ^ "KINGMAN, ARIZONA (024639)". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  10. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  11. ^ 1950 census figure enumerated prior to incorporation.
  12. ^ "Arizona State Prison – Kingman (MTC)". 
  13. ^ "Golden Valley CDP, Arizona." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on August 13, 2010.
  14. ^ "Kingman Unified School District #20". Kingman Unified School District. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  15. ^ Steele, Kim (April 30, 2013). "Palo Christi Elementary marks 85 years as repairs commence". www.kdminer.com. Kingman Daily Miner. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  16. ^ Bartel, Pauline (2014). The Complete Gone With the Wind Trivia Book: The Movie and More (2 ed.). Lanham, Maryland: Taylor Trade Publishing. p. 80. ISBN 9781589798212. Retrieved 22 October 2014. 
  17. ^ Universal Soldier (1992) - Filming locations
  18. ^ Kingsolver, Barbara (1993). Pigs in Heaven (Paperback). Harper Perennial. 

External links[edit]