King of Saudi Arabia

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  • King of Saudi Arabia
  • ملك المملكة العربية السعودية
Coat of arms of Saudi Arabia.svg

Abdullah of Saudi Arabia.jpg

StyleThe Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Heir apparentSalman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
First monarchIbn Saud
Formation22 September 1932
ResidenceKing’s Palace, Riyadh[1]
 
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  • King of Saudi Arabia
  • ملك المملكة العربية السعودية
Coat of arms of Saudi Arabia.svg

Abdullah of Saudi Arabia.jpg

StyleThe Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Heir apparentSalman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
First monarchIbn Saud
Formation22 September 1932
ResidenceKing’s Palace, Riyadh[1]
Coat of arms of Saudi Arabia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Saudi Arabia
Basic Law
Foreign relations

The King of Saudi Arabia is Saudi Arabia's head of state and absolute monarch (i.e. head of government). He serves as the head of the Saudi monarchy — House of Saud. The King is called the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques (خادم الحرمين الشريفين). The title, which signifies Saudi Arabia's jurisdiction over the mosques of Masjid al Haram in Mecca and Masjid al-Nabawi in Medina, replaced His Majesty (صاحب الجلالة) in 1986.

History[edit]

Further information: History of Saudi Arabia

King Abdul-Aziz (also known as Ibn Saud) began conquering today's Saudi Arabia in 1902, by restoring his family as emirs of Riyadh. He then proceeded to conquer first the Nejd (1922) and then the Hejaz (1925). He progressed from Sultan of Nejd, to King of Hejaz and Nejd, and finally to King of Saudi Arabia in 1932.

Succession[edit]

The kings since Ibn Saud's death have all been his sons, and all likely immediate successors to the reigning King Abdullah will be from his progeny. Sons of Ibn Saud are considered to have primary claim on the throne of Saudi Arabia. This makes the Saudi monarchy quite distinct from Western monarchies, which usually feature large, clearly defined royal families and orders of succession.

Legal position[edit]

Saudi Arabia is ruled by Islamic law and purports to be an Islamic state, but many Muslims see a hereditary monarchy as being a discouraged system of government in Islam.[2]

Other functions[edit]

The King of Saudi Arabia is also considered the Head of the House of Saud and Prime Minister. The Crown Prince is also the "Deputy Prime Minister." The kings after Faisal have named a "second Deputy Prime Minister" as the subsequent heir after the Crown Prince.

Kings of Saudi Arabia (1932–present)[edit]

Name
Lifespan
Reign start
Reign end
Notes
Family
Image
Abdul Aziz
عبد العزيز
(1876-11-26)26 November 1876 – 9 November 1953(1953-11-09) (aged 76)22 September 19329 November 1953SaudIbn Saud of Saudi Arabia
Saud
سعود
(1902-01-12)12 January 1902 – 23 February 1969(1969-02-23) (aged 67)9 November 19532 November 1964
(deposed)
Son of Ibn Saud and Wadhah bint Muhammad bin 'AqabSaudSaud of Saudi Arabia
Faisal
فيصل
April 1906 – 25 March 1975
(aged 68)
2 November 196425 March 1975
(assassinated)
Son of Ibn Saud and Tarfa bint Abduallah bin Abdulateef al SheekhSaudFaisal of Saudi Arabia
Khalid
خالد
(1913-02-13)13 February 1913 – 13 June 1982(1982-06-13) (aged 69)25 March 197513 June 1982Son of Ibn Saud and Al Jawhara bint Musaed bin JiluwiSaudKhalid of Saudi Arabia
Fahd
فهد
(1921-03-16)16 March 1921 – 1 August 2005(2005-08-01) (aged 84)13 June 19821 August 2005Son of Ibn Saud and Hassa bint Ahmed Al SudairiSaudFahd of Saudi Arabia
Abdullah
عبدالله
(1924-08-01) 1 August 1924 (age 90)1 August 2005IncumbentSon of Ibn Saud and Fahda bint Asi Al ShuraimSaudAbdullah of Saudi Arabia

Timeline[edit]

Abdullah of Saudi ArabiaFahd of Saudi ArabiaKhalid of Saudi ArabiaFaisal of Saudi ArabiaSaud of Saudi ArabiaIbn Saud of Saudi Arabia

Royal Standard[edit]

The Royal Standard consists of a green flag, with an Arabic inscription and a sword featured in white, and with the national emblem embroidered in gold in the lower right canton.

Royal Standard of the King

The script on the flag is written in the Thuluth script. It is the shahada or Islamic declaration of faith:

See also[edit]

References[edit]