List of Navarrese monarchs

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Coat of Arms of the Kings of Navarre since 1212

This is a list of the kings and queens of Pamplona, later Navarre. Pamplona was the primary name of the kingdom until its union with Aragon (1076–1134). However, the territorial designation Navarre came into use as an alternative name in the late tenth century, and the name Pamplona was retained well into the twelfth century.

Escudo de España (mazonado).svg
Lists of monarchs of medieval Spain:
List of Aragonese monarchs
List of Asturian monarchs
List of Castilian monarchs
List of monarchs of al-Andalus
List of Galician monarchs
List of monarchs of Granada
List of Leonese monarchs
List of monarchs of Majorca
List of Navarrese monarchs
List of Valencian monarchs
List of Visigothic monarchs
List of Galician Suebic monarchs

House of Íñiguez, ? 824–905[edit]

The Íñiguez dynasty founded the Navarrese kingdom (of Pamplona) in or around 824 when they rebelled against nominal Frankish (Carolingian) authority.

NamePortraitBirthMarriagesDeath
Íñigo Arista
? 824–851/2
Íñigo Arista4 children851/2
García Íñiguez
851/2–882
son of Íñigo Arista5 children882
Fortún Garcés
882–905
son of García ÍñiguezOria
5 children
(deposed 905)

House of Jiménez, 905–1234[edit]

In 905, a coalition of neighbors forced Fortún Garcés to retire to a monastery, and enthroned in his place a scion of a new dynasty. Under their reign, the name Navarre began to supplant that of Pamplona.

NamePortraitBirthMarriagesDeath
Sancho I Garcés
905–925
son of García Jiménez and Dadildis de PallarsToda of Navarre
6 children
11 December 925
Resa
Jimeno Garcés
925–931
son of García Jiménez and Dadildis de PallarsSancha of Navarre
3 children
29 May 931
García Sánchez I
931–970
919
son of Sancho I Garcés and Toda of Navarre
Andregota Galíndez of Aragon
2 children
Teresa Ramírez of León
3 children
22 February 970
aged 51
Sancho II Garcés Abarca
970–994
Sancho II Garcés Abarcaafter 935
son of García Sánchez I and Andregota
Urraca Fernández
4 children
December 994
García Sánchez II
994–1000/1004
son of Sancho II Garcés Abarca and Urraca FernándezJimena Fernández of Cea
981
4 children
1000/1004
Sancho III the Great
1004–1035
Sancho III the Great985
son of García Sánchez II and Jimena Fernández of Cea
Muniadona Mayor
1010
4 children
18 October 1035
García Sánchez III
1035–1054
1016
son of Sancho III the Great and Muniadona Mayor
Estefanía of Barcelona
1038
9 children
15 September 1054
Atapuerca
Sancho IV Garcés
1054–1076
1039
son of García Sánchez III and Estefanía of Barcelona
Placencia
1068
3 children
4 June 1076
Peñalén

With the assassination of Sancho IV, Navarre was partitioned by his cousins Alfonso VI of Castile and Sancho Ramirez of Aragon, and the latter made king, leading to more than half-a-century of Aragonese control.

NamePortraitBirthMarriagesDeath
Sancho V Ramirez
1076–1094
Aragon1042
son of Ramiro I of Aragon and Ermesinde of Bigorre
Isabel of Urgel
1065
1 child
Felicia of Roucy
1076
3 children
4 June 1094
Huesca
aged c. 52
Peter
1094–1104
Aragon1068
son of Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragón and Navarre and Isabella of Urgel
Agnes of Aquitaine
1086
2 children
Bertha of Aragon
1097
No children
28 September 1104
Aran Valley
aged c. 36
Alfonso I the Battler
1104–1134
Aragon1073
son of Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragón and Navarre and Felicia of Roucy
Urraca of Castile
1109
No children
8 September 1134
Huesca
aged c. 61

The death of Alfonso led to a succession crisis in Aragon, and the nobles of Navarre took advantage to reestablish an independent monarchy, crowning a grandnephew (through an illegitimate brother) of the assassinated Sancho IV.

NamePortraitBirthMarriagesDeath
García Ramírez the Restorer
1134–1150
García Ramírez the Restorerson of Ramiro Sánchez of Monzón and Cristina Rodríguez Díaz de VivarMarguerite de l'Aigle
1130
4 children
Urraca of Castile
24 June 1144
2 children
21 November 1150
Lorca
Sancho VI the Wise
1150–1194
Sello de Sancho el Sabio.svg1133
son of García Ramírez and Marguerite de l'Aigle
Sancha of Castile
1157
6 children
27 June 1194
Pamplona
Sancho VII the Strong
1194–1234
García Ramírez the Restorer1157
Tudela
son of Sancho VI of Navarre and Sancha of Castile
Constance of Toulouse
1195
6 children
7 April 1234
Tudela

House of Champagne, 1234–1284[edit]

The death of Sancho VII, the last of the Jimenez kings, led to the crown of Navarre being inherited by the son of his sister Blanche, Countess of Champagne, she having been regent during much of her brother's reign.

NamePortraitBirthMarriagesDeath
Theobald I the Posthumous
1234–1253
House of Champagne30 May 1201
Troyes
son of Theobald III of Champagne and Blanche of Navarre
Gertrude of Dagsburg
1220
No children
Agnes of Beaujeu
1222
1 child
Margaret of Bourbon
1232
6 children
8 July 1253
Pamplona
aged 52
Theobald II the Young
1253–1270
House of Champagne1238
son of Theobald I of Navarre and Margaret of Bourbon
Isabelle of France
6 April 1255
No children
4 December 1270
Trapani
aged 32
Henry I the Fat
1270–1274
House of Champagne1244
son of Theobald I of Navarre and Margaret of Bourbon
Blanche of Artois
1269
2 children
22 July 1274
aged 30
Joan I
1274–1305
Joan14 January 1271
Bar-sur-Seine
daughter of Henry I of Navarre and Blanche of Artois
Philip IV of France
16 August 1284
7 children
4 April 1305
Château de Vincennes
aged 34

Capetian dynasty, 1284–1441[edit]

House of Capet, 1284–1349[edit]

Henry's unexpected death left his infant daughter Joan as the only heir to the throne, whose mother Blanche of Artois served as regent for the next ten years. In 1284 Joan was married to Philip IV, ending Blanche's regency, and Philip IV assumed the throne of France a year later as "King of France and Navarre".

NamePortraitBirthMarriagesDeath
Philip I the Fair
1284–1305
House of Capet1268
Fontainebleau
son of Philip III of France and Isabella of Aragon
Joan I of Navarre
16 August 1284
7 children
29 November 1314
Fontainebleau
aged 46
Louis I the Quarreller
1305–1316
House of Capet4 October 1289
Paris
son of Philip IV of France and Joan I of Navarre
Margaret of Burgundy
21 September 1305
1 child
Clementia of Hungary
19 August 1315
1 child
5 June 1316
Vincennes
aged 26
John I the Posthumous
1316
House of Capet15 November 1316
Paris
son of Louis X of France and Clementia of Hungary
never married20 November 1316
Paris
5 days
Philip II the Tall
1316–1322
House of Capet1292
Lyon
son of Philip IV of France and Joan I of Navarre
Joan II, Countess of Burgundy
1307
7 children
3 January 1322
Longchamp
aged 29
Charles I the Fair
1322–1328
House of Capet19 June 1294
Clermont
son of Philip IV of France and Joan I of Navarre
Blanche of Burgundy
1307
2 children
Marie of Luxembourg
1322
4 children
1 February 1328
Vincennes
aged 34
Joan II
1328–1349
House of Capet28 January 1312
Charenton-le-Pont
daughter of Louis X of France and Margaret of Burgundy
Philip III of Navarre
8 children
6 October 1349
Charenton-le-Pont
aged 37

House of Évreux, 1328–1441[edit]

NamePortraitBirthMarriagesDeath
Philip III the Wise
1328–1343
House of Évreux27 March 1306
son of Louis count of Evreux and Margaret of Artois
Joan II of Navarre
8 children
16 September 1343
Jerez de la Frontera
aged 37
Charles II the Bad
1349–1387
House of Évreux10 October 1332
Évreux
son of Philip III of Navarre and Joan II of Navarre
Joan of France
7 children
1 January 1387
Pamplona
aged 54
Charles III the Noble
1387–1425
House of Évreux22 July 1361
Nantes
son of Charles II of Navarre and Joan of France
Eleanor of Castile
1375
8 children
8 September 1425
Olite
aged 64
Blanche I
1425–1441
1385
Castile
daughter of Charles III of Navarre and Eleanor of Castile
Martin I of Sicily
26 December 1402
1 child
John II of Aragon
10 June 1420
4 children
3 April 1441
Santa María la Real de Nieva
aged 56

House of Trastámara, 1425–1479[edit]

NamePortraitBirthMarriagesDeath
John II the Great
1425–1479 (de facto)
1425–1441 (de jure)
John II29 June 1397
Medina del Campo
son of Ferdinand I and Eleanor of Alburquerque
Blanche I of Navarre
6 November 1419
4 children
Juana Enríquez
2 children
20 January 1479
Barcelona
aged 81
Eleanor
1479
2 February 1425
Olite
daughter of John II of Aragon and Blanche I of Navarre
Gaston IV, Count of Foix
11 children
12 February 1479
Tudela
aged 54

John II retained the Crown of Navarre after his wife's death, but his son and elder daughter were claimants and de jure monarchs.

NamePortraitBirthMarriagesDeath
Charles IV
1441–1461
Charles of Viana29 May 1421
Peñafiel
son of John II of Aragon and Blanche I of Navarre
Agnes of Cleves
No children
23 September 1461
Barcelona
aged 40
Blanche II
1461–1464
1424
Olite
daughter of John II of Aragon and Blanche I of Navarre
Henry IV of Castile
No children
2 December 1464
Orthez
aged 40

House of Foix, 1479–1518[edit]

NamePortraitBirthMarriagesDeath
Francis Phoebus
1479–1483
12 April 1467
son of Gaston of Foix, Prince of Viana, and Magdalena of Valois
never married12 February 1483
Pau
aged 16
Catherine
1483–1517
Navarre Foix1468
daughter of Gaston of Foix, Prince of Viana, and Magdalena of Valois
John III of Navarre
13 children
12 February 1517
Mont-de-Marsan
aged 49

House of Albret, 1518–1572[edit]

John III was defeated by Ferdinand II of Aragon in 1512, who then conquered southern Navarre for the Crown of Aragon and was crowned king. See the List of Aragonese and Spanish monarchs for this line. The monarchs of Navarre after 1512 thus only reigned over Lower Navarre, the part of Navarre north of the Pyrenees.

NamePortraitBirthMarriagesDeath
John III
1484–1516
Navarre-Albret1469
son of Alain I of Albret and Francoise of Châtillon-Limoges
Catherine of Navarre
13 children
14 June 1516
Pau
aged 47
Henry II
1517–1555
Navarre-Albret18 April 1503
Sangüesa
son of John III of Navarre and Catherine of Navarre
Margaret of Angoulême
1526
2 children
25 May 1555
Hagetmau
aged 52
Joan III
1555–1572
Joan III7 January 1528
Saint-Germain-en-Laye
daughter of Henry II of Navarre and Margaret of Angoulême
Antoine of Navarre
20 October 1548
5 children
9 June 1572
Paris
aged 44

Capetian dynasty, 1572–1620[edit]

House of Bourbon, 1572–1620[edit]

NamePortraitBirthMarriagesDeath
Antoine
1555–1562
King Anthony22 April 1518
La Fère, Picardy
son of Charles, Duke of Vendôme, and Françoise of Alençon
Joan III of Navarre
20 October 1548
5 children
17 November 1562
Les Andelys, Eure
aged 44
Henry III the Great
1572–1610
Navarre-Albret13 December 1553
Pau
son of Antoine of Navarre and Joan III of Navarre
(2) Margaret of Valois
18 August 1572
no issues
(2) Marie de' Medici
17 December 1600
6 children
14 May 1610
Paris
aged 57
Louis II the Just
1610–1620
Louis II27 September 1601
Château de Fontainebleau
son of Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici
Anne of Austria
24 November 1615
6 children
14 May 1643
Paris
aged 41

Henry III of Navarre became Henry IV of France and thereafter the crown of Navarre passed to the kings of France. In 1620, the Kingdom was merged into France; however, the French kings continued to use the title King of Navarre until 1791, and it was revived again from 1814 to 1830 during the Bourbon Restoration.

The Bourbon Carlist pretenders to the throne of Spain had Spanish Navarre as a stronghold during the Carlist Wars, but their claim was to all the Spanish royal titles in general.

Current claimants[edit]

References[edit]

See also[edit]