Killer whale attacks on humans

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Killer whales (or orcas) are powerful predators capable of killing prey much larger than humans, such as leopard seals and great white sharks. They have also been recorded preying on usually terrestrial species such as moose swimming between islands.[1] However, wild orcas are not considered a real threat to humans, as there are few documented cases of wild orcas attacking people, and none of the recorded attacks have been fatal. There have been about two dozen cases of orcas attacking humans since the 1970s,[2] almost exclusively perpetrated by captive animals. Experts are divided as to whether the injuries and deaths caused by captive killer whales have been accidents or deliberate attempts to cause harm.[3]

Contents

Wild orca attacks

There are few recorded cases of wild orcas threatening humans; none of these have been fatal.[4][5]

Point Sur, seen from the north on Highway 1

Captive orca attacks

There have been several attacks on humans by captive killer whales, with some of them being fatal.

Tilikum, who has been involved in 3 deaths, swims in the Dine with Shamu exhibit in Orlando, Florida.

Incidents involving unidentified captive orcas

Notable orcas involved in incidents

While Tilikum has perhaps the most infamous reputation of all captive orcas, there have been several other orcas that have harmed people whether intentionally or unintentionally on more than one occasion.[59]

Two other orcas have killed a trainer.

See also

References

  1. ^ Baird, Robin W. (2002). Killer Whales of the World. Voyageur Press, Stillwater, MN.
  2. ^ a b c "ABC News: Killer Whale Attacks SeaWorld Trainer". ABC News. http://abcnews.com/GMA/story?id=2690153.
  3. ^ Husna Haq. Sea World tragedy: How common are 'killer whale' attacks?, Christian Science Monitor, February 25, 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-26.
  4. ^ a b c [1] Killer whale bumps but doesn't bite boy
  5. ^ "Orca shares the waves with local surfer". 3 News. September 12, 2008. http://www.3news.co.nz/Orca-shares-the-waves-with-local-surfer/tabid/423/articleID/71245/Default.aspx. Retrieved October 13, 2011.
  6. ^ a b Cherry-Garrard, Apsley (2004). The Worst Journey in the World:Antarctic 1910–1913. Globe Pequot. p. 92. ISBN 1-59228-212-1.
  7. ^ Lodi News-Sentinel - Sep 12, 1972
  8. ^ a b The Associated Press. "Boy survives bump from killer whale." The Seattle Times, 2005-08-18. Retrieved February 24, 2011.
  9. ^ a b Lodi News-Sentinel - Jan 17, 1996
  10. ^ Frozen Planet Photo Gallery
  11. ^ Discovery.com/Frozen Planet Video Gallery
  12. ^ Discovery.com/Frozen Planet Video Gallery
  13. ^ Edward R. Riciuti, , New York, Walker & Co., 1973, pp. 227-228.
  14. ^ Edward R. Riciuti, Killers of the Sea, New York, Walker & Co., 1973, pp. 227-228; Reading Eagle, August 15, 1971; Doug Cartlidge, personal communication, March 2010.
  15. ^ "Killer Whale / Show Girl". CBS News broadcast from the Vanderbilt Television News Archive. http://tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/program.pl?ID=216270.
  16. ^ Don C. Reed, Notes from an Underwater Zoo, Dial Press, 1981, p. 250.
  17. ^ Edward R. Riciuti, Killers of the Sea, New York, Walker & Co., 1973, pp. 232-233.
  18. ^ a b The Miami News - Google News Archive Search
  19. ^ Don C. Reed, Notes from an Underwater Zoo, Dial Press, 1981, p. 250.
  20. ^ Edward R. Riciuti, Killers of the Sea, New York, Walker & Co., 1973, pp. 228-229.
  21. ^ Cathleen Decker, Trainer Leaves Hospital, Isn't Angry with Whale, Los Angeles Times, May 1978.
  22. ^ Cranky killer whales put trainers through their paces, The Province, May 5, 1978.
  23. ^ Mike Lee, SeaWorld San Diego suspends Shamu show, San Diego Union-Tribune, February 24, 2010.
  24. ^ Enzo di Matto, "Mahem in Marineland", NOW Magazine, October 10–16, 1996, Vol. 16 No. 6.
  25. ^ Enzo di Matto, Mahem in Marineland, NOW Magazine, October 10–16, 1996, Vol. 16 No. 6.
  26. ^ [2] Sign On San Diego
  27. ^ [3] Erich Hoyt, The Performing Orca, WDCS, 1992, p. 32.
  28. ^ Ex-trainer suing Sea World for neck injury, San Diego Union-Tribune, June 15, 1988, p. B-3.
  29. ^ Barbara McLintock, Whale bit me - ex trainer, The Province, May 3, 1991.
  30. ^ Dirk Meissner, "Safety worries led to Sealand resignations", Times Colonist, February 22, 1991, p. A-1.
  31. ^ The Struggle of Nootka and Tilikum » Counterpunch: Tells the Facts, Names the Names
  32. ^ "A Whale of a Business" PBS, Reproduced from "The Performing Orca, Why the Show Must Stop" by Erich Hoyt. Retrieved 3 March 2010.
  33. ^ Pauline Repard, Killer whale bites trainer, takes him to tank bottom, San Diego Union-Tribune, November 30, 2006.
  34. ^ OSHA Investigates Trainer's Death, Separate Incident - Orlando News Story - WKMG Orlando
  35. ^ 1999 Darwin Award: Killer Whale Rodeo
  36. ^ Shanna McCord, San Diego Union-Tribune, August 8, 2002.
  37. ^ Killer Whale Attacks SeaWorld Trainer During Performance - News Story - WFTV Orlando
  38. ^ "Performing Killer Whale Attacks Trainer". msnbc.msn.com. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/5530108/.
  39. ^ "Killer whale turns on trainer". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 28 July 2004. http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/200407/s1163433.htm.
  40. ^ Christopher Sherman, Killer whale jolts trainer, Orlando Sentinel, April 4, 2005.
  41. ^ Terry Rodgers, "Marine park cited after whale attack", San Diego Union-Tribune, March 4, 2007.
  42. ^ "Trainer attacked by killer whale at Loro Parque theme park on Tenerife", Typically Spanish, October 7, 2007.
  43. ^ [4] Video account
  44. ^ Zimmerman, Tim "Blood in the Water". www.outsideonline.com, July 19, 2011
  45. ^ M. Á. Montero (4/10/2010) "La orca «Keto» sí atacó y causó la muerte de Alexis, el adiestrador del Loro Parque". ABC.es (Spanish)
  46. ^ [5] Original post and follow-up post.
  47. ^ "SeaWorld whale kills a trainer as visitors watch" Associated Press, Schneider, Mike (at HeraldTribune.com)
  48. ^ "Autopsy: Trainer Suffered Multiple Traumatic Injuries". msnbc.msn.com. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/35579727/ns/local_news-orlando_fl/.
  49. ^ "SeaWorld Will Fight $75k Fine in Trainer Dawn Brancheau's Death". www.cbsnews.com. http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-504083_162-20014463-504083.html.
  50. ^ SeaWorld-OSHA hearing in recess until mid-November
  51. ^ "SeaWorld fights fine over trainer's death". abclocal.go.com. http://abclocal.go.com/wls/story?section=news/local&id=8359521.
  52. ^ Orlando Sentinel: Judge Rules SeaWorld Trainers Must be Protected by Physical Barriers
  53. ^ Orlando Sentinel: Commission rejects SeaWorld's appeal
  54. ^ Karen Pryor, Lads Before the Wind, New York, Harper & Row, 1976, p. 220.
  55. ^ Mike Lee, SeaWorld San Diego suspends Shamu show, San Diego Union-Tribune, February 24, 2010.
  56. ^ Janny Scott, "Waves of trouble at Sea World", Los Angeles Times, December 20, 1987, p. 1.
  57. ^ [6] Sign On San Diego.
  58. ^ "Killer whale injures trainer", Daily Breeze, October 1, 1987; Mike Lee, "SeaWorld San Diego suspends Shamu show", San Diego Union-Tribune, February 24, 2010.
  59. ^ View topic - Captive orca aggression - The Plankton Forums: online community of marine life enthusiasts, students, and scientists
  60. ^ St. Petersburg Times - Google News Archive Search