Kherson

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Kherson
Херсон
Херсон-коллаж1.jpg
Flag of Kherson
Flag
Coat of arms of Kherson
Coat of arms
Kherson is located in Ukraine
Kherson
Kherson
Location of Kherson
Coordinates: 46°38′0″N 32°35′0″E / 46.63333°N 32.58333°E / 46.63333; 32.58333Coordinates: 46°38′0″N 32°35′0″E / 46.63333°N 32.58333°E / 46.63333; 32.58333
Country
Oblast
Municipality
City Rayons
Ukraine
Kherson Oblast
Kherson City
Dneprovski rayon
Suvorovski rayon
Komsomolski rayon
FoundedJune 18, 1778
Government
 • MayorVolodymyr Mykolayenko (Batkivshchyna)[1]
Area
 • Total135.7 km2 (52.4 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total358,000
 • Density2,600/km2 (6,800/sq mi)
Postal code73000
Area code(s)+380 552
Sister citiesRzeszów
Websitewww.city.kherson.ua
 
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For the Greek colony, see Chersonesus (Crimea).
Kherson
Херсон
Херсон-коллаж1.jpg
Flag of Kherson
Flag
Coat of arms of Kherson
Coat of arms
Kherson is located in Ukraine
Kherson
Kherson
Location of Kherson
Coordinates: 46°38′0″N 32°35′0″E / 46.63333°N 32.58333°E / 46.63333; 32.58333Coordinates: 46°38′0″N 32°35′0″E / 46.63333°N 32.58333°E / 46.63333; 32.58333
Country
Oblast
Municipality
City Rayons
Ukraine
Kherson Oblast
Kherson City
Dneprovski rayon
Suvorovski rayon
Komsomolski rayon
FoundedJune 18, 1778
Government
 • MayorVolodymyr Mykolayenko (Batkivshchyna)[1]
Area
 • Total135.7 km2 (52.4 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total358,000
 • Density2,600/km2 (6,800/sq mi)
Postal code73000
Area code(s)+380 552
Sister citiesRzeszów
Websitewww.city.kherson.ua

Kherson (Ukrainian: Херсо́н; Russian: Херсо́н) is a city in southern Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Kherson Oblast (province), and is designated as its own separate raion (district) within the oblast. Kherson is an important port on the Black Sea and Dnieper River, and the home of a major ship-building industry. Estimated population as of 2007 was 329,000.

History[edit]

Until 1774, the region belonged to the Crimean Khanate. Kherson was founded in 1778 by Grigori Aleksandrovich Potemkin, on the orders of Catherine the Great. The city was built under the supervision of General Ivan Gannibal on the site of a small fortress called Aleksanderschanz. The name Kherson is a contraction of Chersonesos, an ancient Greek colony founded approximately 2500 years ago in the southwestern part of Crimea. One of the first buildings in the Kherson Fort was the Church of St. Catherine where Potemkin was eventually buried. The last tarpan was caught near Kherson in 1866.[citation needed] During World War II, Kherson was occupied by the German Army from August 21, 1941 to March 13, 1944.

Demographics[edit]

As of Ukrainian National Census (2001), the ethnic groups living within Kherson are:

The ethnic groups living within Kherson as of the 1926 Census:

Population[edit]

YearPopulation
179024,000
192658,000
193997,000
1959158,000
1981361,000
2004354,000
2007329,000

Administrative divisions[edit]

There are three city raions. Two of them still carry mark of a colonial city of Russia.[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Kherson
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)15.0
(59)
18.6
(65.5)
22.1
(71.8)
28.0
(82.4)
37.7
(99.9)
39.5
(103.1)
40.5
(104.9)
40.7
(105.3)
33.3
(91.9)
32.0
(89.6)
21.8
(71.2)
16.5
(61.7)
40.7
(105.3)
Average high °C (°F)1.4
(34.5)
2.2
(36)
7.7
(45.9)
15.7
(60.3)
22.3
(72.1)
26.4
(79.5)
29.3
(84.7)
28.9
(84)
22.8
(73)
15.6
(60.1)
7.8
(46)
2.8
(37)
15.3
(59.5)
Daily mean °C (°F)−1.7
(28.9)
−1.3
(29.7)
3.2
(37.8)
10.1
(50.2)
16.1
(61)
20.4
(68.7)
22.9
(73.2)
22.3
(72.1)
16.7
(62.1)
10.4
(50.7)
4.1
(39.4)
−0.2
(31.6)
10.3
(50.5)
Average low °C (°F)−4.5
(23.9)
−4.5
(23.9)
−0.5
(31.1)
5.0
(41)
10.1
(50.2)
14.6
(58.3)
16.8
(62.2)
16.0
(60.8)
11.3
(52.3)
5.9
(42.6)
1.0
(33.8)
−2.8
(27)
5.7
(42.3)
Record low °C (°F)−26.3
(−15.3)
−24.4
(−11.9)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−7.9
(17.8)
−1.5
(29.3)
5.8
(42.4)
9.2
(48.6)
6.6
(43.9)
−5.0
(23)
−7.6
(18.3)
−16.2
(2.8)
−22.2
(−8)
−26.3
(−15.3)
Precipitation mm (inches)29
(1.14)
30
(1.18)
29
(1.14)
32
(1.26)
39
(1.54)
52
(2.05)
44
(1.73)
35
(1.38)
42
(1.65)
32
(1.26)
38
(1.5)
33
(1.3)
435
(17.13)
Avg. precipitation days87912111196991110112
Source: Pogoda.ru.net[2]

Transport[edit]

Air[edit]

Kherson is served by Kherson International Airport providing both passport and customs control. It operates a 2,500 x 42-meter concrete runway, accommodating Boeing 737, Airbus 319/320 aircraft, and helicopters of all series.

The official airport website is http://www.airport.kherson.ua and additional info can be found at http://www.aisukraine.net. The tel no is +380 552 33-71-87.

Rail[edit]

Kherson has railroad connections to Kiev and Lviv.

Education[edit]

Main sights[edit]

Kherson synagogue

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]