Kemmerer, Wyoming

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Kemmerer, Wyoming
—  City  —
Kemmerer, Wyoming
Motto: "The Fossil Fish Capital of the World" and "The Gateway to the West"
Location of Kemmerer, Wyoming
Coordinates: 41°47′22″N 110°32′47″W / 41.78944°N 110.54639°W / 41.78944; -110.54639Coordinates: 41°47′22″N 110°32′47″W / 41.78944°N 110.54639°W / 41.78944; -110.54639
CountryUnited States
StateWyoming
CountyLincoln
Area
 • Total7.8 sq mi (20 km2)
 • Land7.8 sq mi (20 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation6,949 ft (2,118 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total2,656
 • Density340/sq mi (130/km2)
Time zoneMountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code83101
Area code(s)307
FIPS code56-42005[2]
GNIS feature ID1590317[3]
WebsiteTown of Kemmerer, Wyoming
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Kemmerer, Wyoming
—  City  —
Kemmerer, Wyoming
Motto: "The Fossil Fish Capital of the World" and "The Gateway to the West"
Location of Kemmerer, Wyoming
Coordinates: 41°47′22″N 110°32′47″W / 41.78944°N 110.54639°W / 41.78944; -110.54639Coordinates: 41°47′22″N 110°32′47″W / 41.78944°N 110.54639°W / 41.78944; -110.54639
CountryUnited States
StateWyoming
CountyLincoln
Area
 • Total7.8 sq mi (20 km2)
 • Land7.8 sq mi (20 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation6,949 ft (2,118 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total2,656
 • Density340/sq mi (130/km2)
Time zoneMountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code83101
Area code(s)307
FIPS code56-42005[2]
GNIS feature ID1590317[3]
WebsiteTown of Kemmerer, Wyoming
A power plant just west of Kemmerer on U.S. Highway 30

Kemmerer is both the largest city and the county seat of Lincoln County, Wyoming, USA. The population was 2,656 at the 2010 census. As the county seat of Lincoln County,[4] Kemmerer is the location of the Lincoln County Courthouse.[5]


Contents

History

Explorer John C. Frémont discovered coal in the area during his second expedition in 1843. The Union Pacific Coal Company opened the first underground mine in 1881 after construction of the Oregon Short Line Railroad from Granger to Oregon.[6]

Patrick J. Quealy (1857–1930) founded Kemmerer as an "independent town" in 1897 when he was vice-president of the Kemmerer Coal Company, located 6 miles (9.7 km) south of the original townsite. He named the company and town after his financial backer, Pennsylvania coal magnate Mahlon S. Kemmerer (1843–1925). In 1950, the operation converted to strip mining and became the world's largest open pit coal mine. In 1980 the Kemmerer Coal Co. was sold to the Pittsburg & Midway Coal Company, now a subsidiary of the Chevron Corporation. The pit remains in operation today with an annual output of about 5 million tons.

Quealy sold lots in the townsite rather than lease them, which permitted the establishment of independent businesses. The company's subsidiary, Frontier Supply Company, provided electricity by utilizing a used $1,150.00 generator acquired in Utah. Quealy was originally from Ireland. In Wyoming, he and his wife became active in Democratic Party politics and in St. Patrick's Church, for which the company donated land.

Quealy was the founding president of the First National Bank, established in 1900. Kemmerer Savings Bank was founded in 1909. It's president Asbury D. Hoskins was manager of the Blyth-Fargo-Hoskins Company, and was later elected Wyoming state treasurer in 1919.

The J. C. Penney company store was founded in Kemmerer in 1902.[7]

Geography

Kemmerer is located at 41°47′22″N 110°32′47″W / 41.78944°N 110.54639°W / 41.78944; -110.54639 (41.789391, −110.546299)[8].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.8 square miles (20.2 km2), of which 7.8 square miles (20.2 km2) is land and 0.06% is water.[9]

Climate

Surrounded by high desert and the Rocky Mountains, Kemmerer experiences a continental climate (Köppen Dfb) with long, cold winters, short, warm summers and low precipitation year-round.

Climate data for Kemmerer
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)55
(13)
58
(14)
67
(19)
77
(25)
87
(31)
98
(37)
94
(34)
96
(36)
92
(33)
84
(29)
67
(19)
56
(13)
98
(37)
Average high °F (°C)28.5
(−1.9)
32.2
(0.1)
40.4
(4.7)
50.7
(10.4)
61.9
(16.6)
72.3
(22.4)
80.3
(26.8)
78.9
(26.1)
68.5
(20.3)
55.8
(13.2)
39.0
(3.9)
30.3
(−0.9)
53.23
(11.80)
Daily mean °F (°C)16.3
(−8.7)
19.0
(−7.2)
27.6
(−2.4)
37.0
(2.8)
47.1
(8.4)
55.6
(13.1)
62.3
(16.8)
61.0
(16.1)
51.5
(10.8)
40.4
(4.7)
26.5
(−3.1)
17.6
(−8.0)
38.49
(3.61)
Average low °F (°C)4.1
(−15.5)
5.8
(−14.6)
14.8
(−9.6)
23.2
(−4.9)
32.3
(0.2)
38.9
(3.8)
44.3
(6.8)
43.1
(6.2)
34.4
(1.3)
24.9
(−3.9)
13.9
(−10.1)
4.8
(−15.1)
23.71
(−4.61)
Record low °F (°C)−33
(−36)
−39
(−39)
−21
(−29)
−5
(−21)
7
(−14)
19
(−7)
28
(−2)
21
(−6)
5
(−15)
−2
(−19)
−27
(−33)
−39
(−39)
−39
(−39)
Precipitation inches (mm)0.76
(19.3)
0.60
(15.2)
0.71
(18)
0.97
(24.6)
1.18
(30)
1.05
(26.7)
0.87
(22.1)
1.09
(27.7)
1.17
(29.7)
0.90
(22.9)
0.90
(22.9)
0.68
(17.3)
10.88
(276.4)
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000)[10]
Source #2: The Weather Channel (Records)[11]

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 2,651 people, 1,034 households, and 695 families residing in the city. The population density was 359.7 people per square mile (138.9/km2). There were 1,208 housing units at an average density of 163.9 per square mile (63.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.72% White, 0.11% African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.17% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.36% of the population.

There were 1,034 households out of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 103.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $47,353, and the median income for a family was $55,529. Males had a median income of $45,921 versus $23,382 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,478. About 5.1% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under the age of 18 and 5.7% of those 65 and older.

Attractions

The JCPenney mother store, originally founded as The Golden Rule by owner J.C. Penney in 1902.

Kemmerer is the location of the J. C. Penney mother store. The Fossil Butte National Monument is located 15 miles west of Kemmerer, Wyoming on U.S. Highway 30.

Education

Kemmerer is located within Lincoln County School District #1,[12] which includes Kemmerer Elementary School, Kemmerer Middle School, Kemmerer Alternative School and Kemmerer High School. Teresa Chaulk is the Superintendent of Schools.[13]

Notable natives and residents

Popular culture references

Kemmerer, referred to as "Old Town," serves as the setting for Philip K. Dick's 1959 science fiction novel Time Out of Joint.

See also

References

  1. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_GCTPL2.ST13&prodType=table. Retrieved July 13, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  5. ^ Lincoln County Courthouse, Wyoming State Historic Preservation Office, 2008-09-03. Retrieved October 19, 2008.
  6. ^ "Historic Kemmerer". Wyoming Tales and Trails. http://www.wyomingtalesandtrails.com/kemmerer.html. Retrieved March 7, 2006. 
  7. ^ "JCPenney Store / Home". City of Kemerer Wyoming. http://www.kemmerer.org/jcpenney/. Retrieved July 19, 2012. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  9. ^ "2010 Wyoming Place Names". U.S. Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/files/Gaz_places_56.txt. Retrieved July 13, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Climatography of the United States NO.81". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. http://cdo.ncdc.noaa.gov/climatenormals/clim81/WYnorm.pdf. Retrieved January 13, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Monthly Averages for Kemmerer, WY". The Weather Channel. http://www.weather.com/outlook/travel/businesstraveler/wxclimatology/monthly/USWY0095. Retrieved January 13, 2011. 
  12. ^ Lincoln County School District Number 1
  13. ^ "Lincoln County School District #1". Lincoln County School District #1. http://www.lcsd1.k12.wy.us/. Retrieved July 19, 2012. 

External links