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Kemetism (also Kemeticism, both from Egyptian kmt or Kemet, the native name of Ancient Egypt; another name is Neterism or Netjerism, from ntr (Coptic noute) "deity", "godhead") is Egyptian Neopaganism, the contemporary revival of Ancient Egyptian religion (which also spread throughout Europe in the Late Antiquity) emerging from the 1970s onwards. Followers call themselves Kemetic(s). The religion has an organised presence in the United States, France and the Czech Republic.
There are several main groups, each of which take a different approach to their beliefs, ranging from eclectic to reconstructionistic. However, all of these can be identified as belonging to three strains: traditional "Orthodox" Kemetism (adopting a philological approach, also Kemetic Orthodoxy), Black Kemetism (emerged amongst black people in the United States and France, and related to afrocentric ideologies), and Neo-Atenism.
Kemetism appeared in the 1970s with the rise of Neopaganism in the United States. The Church of the Eternal Source was founded in 1970; and the Ausar Auset Society, promoting pan-African and afrocentric approaches to Kemetism, was founded in 1973; Tamara Siuda's Kemetic Orthodoxy followed in the late 1980s. By the mid 2000s (decade), there have also been "Kemetic" movements outside the USA, with Ta Noutri arising in Podensac, France, in 2004; and Kamitik in Aulnay, France, since 2004. The black supremacist group in Paris, Tribu Ka, was described as having Kemetic views. Tameran Wicca is a kind of Wicca worshiping Kemetic gods, but it is not part of Kemetism.
The "Ausar Auset Society" is a Pan-African religious organization founded in the early 1970s by Ra Un Nefer Amen. It is based in Brooklyn, New York with chapters in several major cities in the United States. The organization was created for the purpose of providing members a societal framework through which the Kemetic spiritual way of life can be lived daily.
The organization provides afrocentric-based spiritual training to the African American community and to the African diaspora. The religion uses the "Kemetic" Tree of Life (Paut Neteru) as the basis of its cosmogony and philosophical underpinning. It seeks to reunite the traditions of the founders of civilization into a spiritually empowering way of life that aims at the awakening of the Ausar principle (the Divine Self) within each individual.
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