Kamil is a Polish, Czech, and Slovak given name, equivalent to the Italian Camillo, Spanish Camilo and French Camille, deriving from Camillus, a Roman family name, which is sometimes claimed to mean "attendant at a religious service" in Latin, but may actually be of unknown Etruscan origin. The female version is Kamila, equivalent to English Camilla.
It is also a Turkish name, with the female version of Kamile, which were common during Ottoman Empire and not as common in Turkey today.
Kamil (كامل) is also an Arabic name and some time used as adjective, more usually transliterated as Kamel which can be translated as "perfect" or "the Perfect One". It is also used in Urdu, Persian and Sindhi meaning "complete".
In Islamic theology, al-Insān al-Kāmil (اَلإِنْسَانِ الكَامِلْ, also rendered as İnsan-ı Kâmil انسانِ كامل - in Persian. Turkish, and Urdu), is a term used as an honorific title to describe Muhammad. It is an Arabic phrase meaning "the person who has reached perfection."
- Krzysztof Kamil Baczyński, Polish poet
- Kamil Bednář, Czech poet
- Kamil Čontofalský, Slovak footballer
- Kamil Ahmet Çörekçi, Turkish footballer
- Kamil al-Dajani, Palestinian leader of Palestine Arab Party and member of Arab Higher Committee
- Kamil Damašek, Czech decathlete
- Kamil Hornoch, Czech astronomer
- Kamil Al-Khulai, Arab musician who performed at the Cairo Congress of Arab Music
- Kamil Kopúnek, Slovak footballer
- Kamil Kosowski, Polish footballer
- Kamil Krofta, Czech politician and historian
- Cyprian Kamil Norwid, Polish poet
- Kamil Özerk, Norwegian-Turkish Cypriot educator and professor
- Kâmil Pasha (1833–1913), Turkish Cypriot statesman and grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire
- Kamil Rustam, French musician
- Kamil Stoch, Polish ski jumper
- Kamil Zeman, Czech writer, journalist and translator of German prose
- Kamil Zvelebil, Czech linguist specializing in South Asia
- Al-Kamil Kurdish Ayyubid sultan, he was nephew of Great Saladin and son of al-Adil.
- Kamil Yusuf Al-Bahtimi, Egyptian quranic reciter
- Kamil, the main protagonist of the 13th century Arabic novel, The Treatise of Kamil, also known as Theologus Autodidactus.