Kalama River

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Kalama River
Kalama River at Kalama - Washington.JPG
Near the mouth at Kalama
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountyCowlitz
SourceKalama Spring
 - locationMount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument
 - elevation2,890 ft (881 m) [1]
 - coordinates46°08′44″N 122°15′05″W / 46.14556°N 122.25139°W / 46.14556; -122.25139 [2]
MouthColumbia River
 - locationnear Kalama
 - elevation10 ft (3 m) [2]
 - coordinates46°02′01″N 122°52′13″W / 46.03361°N 122.87028°W / 46.03361; -122.87028 [2]
Length45 mi (72 km) [3]
Basin205 sq mi (531 km2) [4]
Discharge
 - average1,219 cu ft/s (35 m3/s) [4]
Location of the mouth of Kalama River in Washington
 
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Coordinates: 46°02′01″N 122°52′13″W / 46.03361°N 122.87028°W / 46.03361; -122.87028
Kalama River
Kalama River at Kalama - Washington.JPG
Near the mouth at Kalama
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountyCowlitz
SourceKalama Spring
 - locationMount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument
 - elevation2,890 ft (881 m) [1]
 - coordinates46°08′44″N 122°15′05″W / 46.14556°N 122.25139°W / 46.14556; -122.25139 [2]
MouthColumbia River
 - locationnear Kalama
 - elevation10 ft (3 m) [2]
 - coordinates46°02′01″N 122°52′13″W / 46.03361°N 122.87028°W / 46.03361; -122.87028 [2]
Length45 mi (72 km) [3]
Basin205 sq mi (531 km2) [4]
Discharge
 - average1,219 cu ft/s (35 m3/s) [4]
Location of the mouth of Kalama River in Washington

The Kalama River is a 45-mile (72 km) tributary of the Columbia River, in the U.S. state of Washington.[3] It flows entirely within Cowlitz County, Washington.[3] Calama River is an old variant name.[2]

The river is named for John Kalama, a Hawaiian employee of the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) and a Kanaka who made a living making containers for the salted salmon exported by the HBC. He drowned in the river.[5]

Course[edit]

The Kalama River originates in the Cascade Range just south of Mount St. Helens. It flows generally west, joining the Columbia River near Kalama, 73 miles (117 km) upstream of the larger river's mouth on the Pacific Ocean.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Source elevation derived from Google Earth search using GNIS source coordinates.
  2. ^ a b c d "Kalama River". Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). United States Geological Survey. September 10, 1979. Retrieved January 27, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d United States Geological Survey. "United States Topographic Map". TopoQuest. Retrieved January 27, 2013.  River miles are marked and numbered on the relevant map quadrangles.
  4. ^ a b Weinheimer, John, et al. (May 17, 2002). "Draft: Kalama River Subbasin Summary" (PDF). Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority. p. 4. Retrieved January 27, 2013. 
  5. ^ Jolotta, Pat. Naming Clark County. Vancouver: Fort Vancouver Historical Society, 1993. Print. p. 30.