KOIN

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KOIN-TV
KOIN logo 2014.png
Portland, Oregon
United States
BrandingKOIN 6 (general)
KOIN 6 News (newscasts)
(Pronounced as "Coin 6")
SloganWatching out for you
ChannelsDigital: 40 (UHF)
Virtual: 6 (PSIP)
Subchannels6.1 CBS
Translatorssee list below
AffiliationsCBS
OwnerLIN Media
(sale to Media General pending)
(LIN License Company, LLC)
First air dateOctober 15, 1953
Call letters' meaningKnow
Oregon's
Independent
Newspaper
(from The Portland News. Later purchased by The Oregon Journal)
Former channel number(s)Analog:
6 (VHF, 1953–2009)
Transmitter power1000 kW
Height523.3 m
Facility ID35380
Transmitter coordinates45°30′58″N 122°43′58″W / 45.51611°N 122.73278°W / 45.51611; -122.73278
Websitewww.koin.com
 
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For the radio station formerly known as KOIN, see KUFO (AM). For the radio station formerly known as KOIN-FM, see KXL-FM.
KOIN-TV
KOIN logo 2014.png
Portland, Oregon
United States
BrandingKOIN 6 (general)
KOIN 6 News (newscasts)
(Pronounced as "Coin 6")
SloganWatching out for you
ChannelsDigital: 40 (UHF)
Virtual: 6 (PSIP)
Subchannels6.1 CBS
Translatorssee list below
AffiliationsCBS
OwnerLIN Media
(sale to Media General pending)
(LIN License Company, LLC)
First air dateOctober 15, 1953
Call letters' meaningKnow
Oregon's
Independent
Newspaper
(from The Portland News. Later purchased by The Oregon Journal)
Former channel number(s)Analog:
6 (VHF, 1953–2009)
Transmitter power1000 kW
Height523.3 m
Facility ID35380
Transmitter coordinates45°30′58″N 122°43′58″W / 45.51611°N 122.73278°W / 45.51611; -122.73278
Websitewww.koin.com

KOIN, virtual channel 6 (UHF digital channel 40), is a CBS-affiliated television station located in Portland, Oregon, United States. The station is owned by LIN Media. KOIN's studios are located in the basement of the KOIN Center skyscraper on Southwest Columbia Street in downtown Portland, and its transmitter is located in the Sylvan-Highlands section of Portland.

History[edit]

Radio origins[edit]

KOIN's history traces back to a radio station at 970 AM that launched on November 9, 1925 as KQP; the station changed its call sign to KOIN on April 12, 1926.[1] It became an affiliate of the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS), now known as the CBS Radio Network, on September 1, 1929.[1] During the golden years of radio, KOIN was one of Portland's major radio stations, with an extensive array of local programming, including live music from its own studio orchestra.

As a CBS radio affiliate, KOIN was the local home for CBS radio programs such as the CBS World News Roundup, Lux Radio Theater and Suspense. An FM station, KOIN-FM (at 101.1 Mc.), was launched in 1948. Both stations were owned by Field Enterprises, Inc. from 1947 until sold in 1952 to the Mount Hood Radio and Television Broadcasting Corporation.[2]

KOIN and KOIN-FM were sold on May 1, 1977 to the Gaylord Broadcasting Company, and effective May 12, 1977 their call signs changed to KYTE (both AM and FM).[3] Its affiliation with CBS ended, and the CBS Radio Network's programming in the Portland market moved to KYXI at that time.[4] The stations using the former KOIN frequencies currently are KUFO (AM) and KXL-FM.

Television station[edit]

KOIN-TV began broadcasting on October 15, 1953, as Portland's first VHF television station.[1][5] At the time, it was jointly owned by Mount Hood Radio and Television Broadcasting Corporation; Newhouse Broadcasting Corporation (now Advance Publications), owner and publisher of The (Portland) Oregonian (both companies owned a 50 percent interest in the station); local investors and Marshall Field's department stores.[citation needed] Newhouse and Mount Hood also shared ownedship of KOIN radio (AM 970 and 101.1 FM). Eventually, Marshall Field sold its stake to Newhouse. Lee Enterprises purchased KOIN-TV in April 1977 from Mt. Hood Broadcasting Corporation and Newhouse Broadcasting.[6]

On February 27, 1971, both transmitter towers used by KOIN-FM and KOIN-TV – the 1,000-foot main tower and the 700-foot auxiliary tower – collapsed during an ice and wind storm.[7] The two KOIN (AM) towers, located on the same property, were not damaged. Nine days later, on March 9, 1971, KOIN-FM and KOIN-TV returned to the air when a temporary tower was erected on the site of the collapsed auxiliary tower. During those nine days off the air, CBS programming was provided to the Portland market (and, by extension, most of Oregon) by independent station KVDO-TV in Salem (Oregon Public Broadcasting later purchased KVDO and moved the station to Bend as KOAB-TV). In 1978, a production company MIRA Mobile Television was founded.

During the 1970s, KOIN had a few locally-produced programs on the air, including the cooking show KOIN Kitchen, and public affairs programs such as News Conference Six and Northwest Illustrated.[citation needed] In 1976, KOIN-TV became the second television station in the Portland market (after KPTV, channel 12) to broadcast Portland Trail Blazers basketball games. Selected Trail Blazer games aired on KOIN-TV until 1996. KOIN was the first flagship station of the Trail Blazers' radio network, beginning in the inaugural 1970-71 season, and ending when the station was sold shortly before the Trail Blazers won the 1976-77 NBA championship.

By the 1980s, one of KOIN's past general managers – Richard M. "Mick" Schafbuch – served one term in 1981 as President of the CBS Network Affiliates Group. During KOIN-TV's 30th anniversary week in 1983, the station aired classic CBS programming from the 1950s and 1960s. By this time, the station had moved into its new location at KOIN Center. In 1984, the station aired the Japanese program From Oregon With Love. In 1982, C. Stephen Currie, KOIN's program operations manager, was elected to serve as the president of the National Association of Television Program Executives.[8]

In October 2000, the Lee Enterprises television group, including KOIN, was purchased by Emmis Communications. On January 27, 2006, Emmis sold KOIN (along with KHON-TV/Honolulu, KSNT/Topeka, and KSNW/Wichita) to Montecito Broadcast Group for $259 million.

The KOIN Center is the third-tallest skyscraper in Portland.

Due to a dispute over fees, Comcast did not offer KOIN's high definition feed for over two years after it started offering other Portland area stations in HD.[citation needed] After Montecito took ownership, Comcast started carrying KOIN in high definition on February 28, 2006. KOIN was also in a dispute with DirecTV over transmission of its HD feed, as both sides claimed the other to be the problem.[citation needed] In August 2008, KOIN's HD feed began to be carried on DirecTV.

KOIN updated its website in September 2006[9] as part of a partnership with WorldNow.[10] KOIN expected the switch to lead to over $1 million in revenue during its first year; it was characterized by KOIN general sales manager Bob Singer as a "creative new way" to boost revenue for a station with a "somewhat average ratings position."[11]

On July 24, 2007, Montecito announced the sale of all of its stations (KOIN, plus KHON-TV in Honolulu and its satellites, KSNW in Wichita and its satellites, and KSNT in Topeka) to New Vision Television. The sale closed on November 1, 2007.[12] In March 2008, KOIN relaunched its website through Newport Television subsidiary Inergize Digital, replacing the old WorldNow-powered site. The websites of several of its sister stations in other markets also switched to the Inergize platform in late December 2008 and early January 2009. In October 2008, KOIN converted its central Oregon translators into a locally-focused semi-satellite, KBNZ, which was sold off in 2010.

On December 30, 2008, one of the 15 guy wires on the main transmitter tower snapped, putting the tower in danger of collapsing (as with the 1971 tower collapse, this incident followed a prolonged snow and ice storm). The Portland Police Bureau evacuated about 500 local residents and closed several roads around the tower, including a portion of Skyline Boulevard, the main north-south road through the West Hills of Portland. At first, officials feared that the wire itself – which is over 1,000 feet long and weighs several tons – had snapped, which would have taken several weeks to manufacture and install a replacement. Upon inspection, it was revealed that one of the high frequency insulators incorporated into the guy wire assembly had shattered. Repair crews replaced the insulator by 4:00 p.m. the next day and the surrounding neighborhood was reopened to residents and car traffic. KOIN had to pay $1,500 to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).

On May 7, 2012, LIN Media announced that it would acquire KOIN and the other New Vision stations for $330.4 million and the assumption of $12 million in debt.[13] The FCC approved the sale on October 2,[14] and it was completed ten days later on October 12, 2012. The group deal reunited KOIN, KHON, KSNW and KSNT with several former Emmis-owned stations which had been purchased by LIN seven years earlier, such as KRQE in Albuquerque, New Mexico, WALA-TV in Mobile, Alabama and WLUK-TV in Green Bay, Wisconsin (KOIN, KRQE, KSNW, and KSNT had also been sister stations under Lee Enterprises). LIN later migrated the websites of the New Vision stations to a WordPress-based platform – the remaining LIN stations were later migrated to a port of the template on their existing EndPlay platform.

On March 21, 2014, Media General announced that it would purchase LIN Media and its stations, including KOIN, in a $1.6 billion merger.[15]

Digital television[edit]

Digital channel[edit]

ChannelVideoAspectPSIP Short NameProgramming[16]
6.11080i16:9KOIN-HDMain KOIN programming / CBS

Analog-to-digital conversion[edit]

KOIN shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 6, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 40,[17][18][19] using PSIP to display the station's virtual channel as its former VHF analog channel 6.

As part of the SAFER Act,[20] KOIN kept its analog signal (which was also heard at 87.7 FM) on the air from 7:28 a.m. on June 12 until June 27 to inform viewers of the digital television transition through a loop of public service announcements in English and Spanish from the National Association of Broadcasters. On June 27, 2009, at 7:06 a.m., KOIN broke from the nightlight PSA loop to air the station's 25th anniversary special (originally broadcast in 1978) for the station's final 24 minutes of analog broadcasting; the analog signal permanently shut down at 7:30 a.m. that morning. As a result of the digital transition, those in the market lost access to KOIN's audio feed that was transmitted over the 87.7 FM frequency.

News operation[edit]

former KOIN newscast title card seen nightly at 11.

KOIN presently broadcasts 32 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with six hours on weekdays and one hour each on Saturdays and Sundays). On February 1, 2007, KOIN became the first television station in the Portland market to being broadcasting its local newscasts in 16:9 widescreen standard definition.[21] According to Oregon Media Insiders, during Montecito's ownership of KOIN, its local news ratings declined in all time periods; among the four news-producing stations in the Portland market, KOIN had the greatest loss in audience share.[22]

For the first time in ten years, KOIN finished in first position in the 11 p.m. news in the May 2008 NSI sweeps.[citation needed] KOIN News 6 at 11 – unlike a year earlier when it lost over 20 percent of its CBS lead-in share – held its prime time share throughout its 11 p.m. newscast in the May 2008 NSI sweeps.[citation needed] In January 2008, KOIN's then-owners, New Vision Television, fired news director Jeff Alan and replaced him with Lynn Heider. Afterwards, KOIN was dropped its slogan "Bringing News Home" as Jeff Alan had trademarked it under his name in 2000 before he worked at KOIN.

Under new news director Heider and long-time creative services director Rodger O'Connor, KOIN's 11 p.m. newscast increased its household ratings from May 2007 to May 2008 by 12 percent and its household share by 19 percent. It increased its household ratings by 30% from February 2008 to May 2008 and its household share by 33%.[citation needed] According to general manager Christopher Sehring, "The defining moment for KOIN News came in the third week of the sweeps. Up until then, we were having a strong ratings run against some terrific competition. Unfortunately, we then lost two straight nights – and I was worried that these losses might shake our new-found confidence. Fortunately, our team roared back on Thursday night, delivering an 8 household rating by increasing Without A Trace’s 19 share lead-in to a 21 share. This type of comeback is indeed the sign of a station that refuses to toss in the towel – and will go a long way to helping us continue New Vision's plan to reenergize this great operation."[citation needed] This was the first time in a decade that KOIN's newscasts has won any timeslots.

On September 9, 2009, KOIN launched a new local program airing weekdays at 4 p.m., called Keep It Local. The show explored local neighborhoods and highlighted events taking place in Portland. The program was hosted by Priya David, with Mike Donahue and Araksya Karapetyan serving as its reporters. In 2010, Keep It Local was reformatted into Studio 6, a product and lifestyles magazine, hosted by Jenny Hansson, Anne Jeager, Hayley Platt and Jake Byron.

On July 26, 2010, KOIN became the third television station in the Portland market to being broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition. It is also the first in the market to broadcast all aspects of its news programming, including field reporting, studio and weather segments completely in the format. Two other stations, KGW and KATU, broadcast studio segments within their newscasts in high definition but continue to present live field stories in widescreen standard definition. KPTV was the only station remaining in the market that broadcast its local newscasts in 16:9 widescreen standard definition until it upgraded to HD on August 26, 2013. On June 6, 2011, KOIN switched to the same graphics and music ("The CBS Enforcer Music Collection" by Gari Media Group) used by CBS's owned-and-operated stations. On April 21, 2014, KOIN launched new graphics, music ("The Unexpected" by 615 Music) and branding, Watching out for you, after it was announced that Media General would buy the station.

Notable current on-air staff[edit]

Notable former on-air staff[edit]

Translators[edit]

KOIN is rebroadcast on the following network of translator stations.

Low-power translators in Florence, Heppner, Monument, Seaside, Sisters, and Trout Lake, Washington have been discontinued.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c KOIN History from the station's website
  2. ^ "KOIN Radio Sold by Field". The Oregonian, July 5, 1952, p. 1.
  3. ^ Murphy, Francis (May 3, 1977). "Behind the mike: Concert Hall stays on air". The Oregonian, p. C7.
  4. ^ Murphy, Francis (April 29, 1977). "KYXI radio set to carry CBS network". The Oregonian, p. F11.
  5. ^ "KOIN-TV Goes on Air; Reception Found Good". The Oregonian, October 16, 1953, p. 1.
  6. ^ "Lee Enterprises buys rest of KOIN-TV stock". The Oregonian, April 29, 1977, p. 1.
  7. ^ Miller, Joel. "KOIN Transmission Towers Collapse - 1971". rockininquad.com. Retrieved 2011-10-26. 
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ ...Here comes KOIN.com, from the Oregon Media Insiders blog
  10. ^ Nine Station Groups Sign New Partnership Agreements from the WorldNow website
  11. ^ Broadcasters Learn the Secrets to Making Online Millions..., from the PR Newswire website
  12. ^ Michael Malone (July 24, 2007). "New Vision Buys Montecito Stations". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved 2008-05-30. 
  13. ^ Malone, Michael (May 7, 2012). "LIN Acquiring New Vision Stations for $330 Million". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved May 7, 2012. 
  14. ^ http://licensing.fcc.gov/prod/cdbs/pubacc/Auth_Files/1499212.pdf
  15. ^ Reid Blackwell, John (March 21, 2014). "MG will combine with LIN TV chain". Richmond Times-Dispatch. Retrieved March 22, 2014. 
  16. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for KOIN
  17. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-24. 
  18. ^ "Portland TV stations backtrack, delay digital transition". The Oregonian. February 6, 2009. 
  19. ^ CDBS Print
  20. ^ "UPDATED List of Participants in the Analog Nightlight Program" (PDF). Federal Communications Commission. June 12, 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2012. 
  21. ^ KOIN goes widescreen from the Oregon Media Insiders blog
  22. ^ February 2007 Ratings from the Oregon Media Insiders blog

External links[edit]