KBS Gayo Daechukje (English: KBS Song Festival; also known as KBS Gayo Daejun and KBS Music Festival) is a major annual end-of-the-year music program broadcast on the last Friday in December by Korean Broadcasting System (KBS). The program began in 1965 as TBC Music Awards, and the name was changed to KBS Music Awards in 1981 due to a merger. It has been broadcast under the current title since 2005.
The program was first broadcast in 1965, on the Tongyang Broadcasting Company (TBC), where it was known as TBC Broadcast Music Awards (Hangul: TBC 방송가요대상). In 1981, the South Korean government merged TBC with Korean Broadcasting System (KBS). Following the merger, the program's name was changed to KBS Music Awards (Hangul: KBS 가요대상; RR: KBS Gayo Daesang). It aired on KBS1 each year on 30 December until 1994, when the program moved to KBS2. Until 1986, there were separate awards for males and females, but in 1987 the format changed so they competed for the same award.
In 2005, the program's name was changed to KBS Song Festival (Hangul: KBS 가요대축제; RR: KBS Gayo Daechukje). Along with the name change, the format was also modified where individual artists received special awards. In 2009, another format change came about where viewers could select the top artists and their awards by way of a text-message vote, and the program continues with this practice.