Julia (TV series)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Julia
Julia reply postcard.JPG
Diahann Carroll, Lloyd Nolan, and Marc Copage.
GenreSitcom
Created byHal Kanter
Directed byDon Ameche
Luther James
Fletcher Markle
Coby Ruskin
Barry Shear
Ezra Stone
Bernard Wiesen
StarringDiahann Carroll
Lloyd Nolan
Marc Copage
Michael Link
Betty Beaird
Lurene Tuttle
Theme music composerElmer Bernstein
Composer(s)Jeff Alexander
Elmer Bernstein
Country of originUnited States
Original language(s)English
No. of seasons3
No. of episodes86
Production
Executive producer(s)Hal Kanter
Producer(s)Hal Kanter
Running time24 mins.
Production company(s)Hancarr Productions
Savannah Productions
Distributor20th Century Fox Television
Fox Television Studios (current)
Broadcast
Original channelNBC
Audio formatMonaural
Original runSeptember 17, 1968 (1968-09-17) – March 23, 1971 (1971-03-23)
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Julia
Julia reply postcard.JPG
Diahann Carroll, Lloyd Nolan, and Marc Copage.
GenreSitcom
Created byHal Kanter
Directed byDon Ameche
Luther James
Fletcher Markle
Coby Ruskin
Barry Shear
Ezra Stone
Bernard Wiesen
StarringDiahann Carroll
Lloyd Nolan
Marc Copage
Michael Link
Betty Beaird
Lurene Tuttle
Theme music composerElmer Bernstein
Composer(s)Jeff Alexander
Elmer Bernstein
Country of originUnited States
Original language(s)English
No. of seasons3
No. of episodes86
Production
Executive producer(s)Hal Kanter
Producer(s)Hal Kanter
Running time24 mins.
Production company(s)Hancarr Productions
Savannah Productions
Distributor20th Century Fox Television
Fox Television Studios (current)
Broadcast
Original channelNBC
Audio formatMonaural
Original runSeptember 17, 1968 (1968-09-17) – March 23, 1971 (1971-03-23)

Julia is an American sitcom notable for being one of the first weekly series to depict an African American woman in a non-stereotypical role. Previous television series featured African American lead characters, but the characters were usually servants. The show stars actress and singer Diahann Carroll, and ran for 86 episodes on NBC from September 17, 1968 to March 23, 1971. The series was produced by Savannah Productions, Inc., Hanncar Productions, Inc., and 20th Century-Fox Television.

During pre-production, the proposed series title was Mama's Man.[1] The series was also unique in that it was among the few situation comedies in the late 1960s that did not use a laugh track; however, 20th Century-Fox Television added them when the series was reissued for syndication and cable rebroadcasts in the late 1980s.

Synopsis[edit]

Julia and Corey at home.

In Julia, Carroll played widowed single mother Julia Baker (her husband, Army Capt. Baker, an O-1 Bird Dog artillery spotter pilot had been shot down in Vietnam) who was a nurse in a doctor's office. The doctor, Morton Chegley, was played by Lloyd Nolan, and Julia's romantic interests by Paul Winfield and Fred Williamson. Julia's son, Corey (Marc Copage) was approximately six to nine years old during the series run. He had barely known his father before he died. Corey's best friend is Earl J. Waggedorn (called by that precise full name each and every time). The Waggedorns lived downstairs in the same apartment building, with Len (Hank Brandt), Marie (Betty Beaird), son Earl J. Waggedorn (Michael Link) and infant son.

The first two seasons included Nurse Hannah Yarby (Lurene Tuttle), who left to be married at the beginning of the third season, just as the clinic's manager, Brockmeyer, ordered downsizing — and removal of minorities from employment. (Chegley let Yarby go but kept Julia in defiance of the manager's edict.) The second and third season included Richard (Richard Steele) as a character some one or two years older than Corey. Chegley's father, Dr. Norton Chegley (also played by Lloyd Nolan) made two appearances.

Cast[edit]

Reception[edit]

Though Julia is now remembered as being groundbreaking, while on the air, it was derided by critics for being apolitical and unrealistic. Diahann Carroll remarked in 1968, "At the moment we're presenting the white Negro. And he has very little Negroness." [2] The Saturday Review's Robert Lewis Shayon wrote that Julia's "plush, suburban setting" was "a far, far cry from the bitter realities of Negro life in the urban ghetto, the pit of America's explosion potential." [3] Gil Scott-Heron's "The Revolution Will Not Be Televised" refers to Julia in the same breath as Bullwinkle, implying that the character was something of a cartoon. Ebony published a somewhat more supportive assessment of the program. "As a slice of Black America, Julia does not explode on the TV screen with the impact of a ghetto riot. It is not that kind of show. Since the networks have had a rash of shows dealing with the nation's racial problems, the light-hearted Julia provides welcome relief, if, indeed, relief is even acceptable in these troubled times." [4] The series also came under criticism from African-American viewers for its depiction of a fatherless Black family. Excluding a Black male lead, it was argued, "rendered the series safer" and "less likely to grapple with issues that might upset white viewers."[5] Julia was among the first acquisitions made by the Aspire Network for its first season in 2012[6]

Nielsen Ratings[edit]

NOTE: The highest average rating for the series is in bold text.

SeasonRankRating
1968–1969#724.6
1969–1970#2820.1
1970–1971Not in the Top 30

Cancellation[edit]

The series was canceled in 1971 reportedly because of Carroll's and series creator and executive producer Hal Kanter's desire to work on other projects[7] (Kanter created and produced The Jimmy Stewart Show for NBC the following season).

Awards and nominations[edit]

YearAwardResultCategoryRecipient
1969American Cinema EditorsNominatedBest Edited Television ProgramJohn Ehrin (For episode "Mama's Man")
Emmy AwardOutstanding Single Performance by an Actor in a Supporting RoleNed Glass (For episode "A Little Chicken Soup Never Hurt Anybody")
Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role in a Comedy SeriesDiahann Carroll; this nomination made Carroll the first African-American woman to earn an Emmy nomination in this category[8]
Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role in a Comedy SeriesLloyd Nolan
Outstanding Comedy SeriesHal Kanter
1970Outstanding Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in ComedyLurene Tuttle
1969Golden Globe AwardBest TV Show
-
WonBest TV Star - FemaleDiahann Carroll
1970NominatedBest TV Actress - Musical/ComedyDiahann Carroll
2003TV Land AwardsWonGroundbreaking ShowDiahann Carroll

References[edit]

  1. ^ Weiner, Ed; Editors of TV Guide (1992). The TV Guide TV Book: 40 Years of the All-Time Greatest Television Facts, Fads, Hits, and History. New York: Harper Collins. p. 174. ISBN 0-06-096914-8. 
  2. ^ Morreale, Joanne; Aniko Bodroghkozy (2003). Critiquing The Sitcom. Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press. p. 138. ISBN 0-8156-2983-4. 
  3. ^ Farber, David R.; Beth L. Bailey (2001). The Columbia Guide to America in the 1960s. New York: Columbia University Press. p. 400. ISBN 0-231-11372-2. 
  4. ^ Ebony (Johnson) (November 1968): 57. 1968 http://books.google.com/books?id=1OEDAAAAMBAJ&lpg=PA1&lr&rview=1&pg=PA1#v=onepage&q&f=false |url= missing title (help). 
  5. ^ Spigel, Lynn; Denise Mann (1992). Private Screenings: Television and the Female Consumer. Minneapolis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press. p. 161. ISBN 0-8166-2052-0. 
  6. ^ http://madamenoire.com/192564/magic-johnsons-multi-million-dollar-aspire-network-projected-to-see-great-success/
  7. ^ Acham, Christine (2004). Revolution Televised: Prime Time and the Struggle for Black Power. U of Minnesota Press. p. 126. ISBN 0-8166-4431-4. 
  8. ^ http://www.tvguide.com/news/diahann-carroll-emmys-behind-1071165.aspx

External links[edit]