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Juf is a village in the municipality of Avers in the canton of Graubünden, Switzerland. At 2,126 metres (6,975 ft) above sea level, it is the highest village with permanent residents in Switzerland and in Europe. Juf has a population of about 24 inhabitants divided over 6 families in a concentrated settlement. They were 20 in 1991 and 30 in 2001. The first inhabitants were immigrant Walser who arrived in 1292.
Juf differs from settlements in lower valleys in having no trees. Wood was transported for building houses and stables, but dried manure from the inhabitant's animals was burned for a long time instead of wood. Some storages at the sun front[clarification needed] of their stables are still visible today. Dried manure contains a lot of energy, produces hardly any smoke and is used all around the globe in areas that lack wood.
Despite its remote location, Juf can be reached by public transport eight times a day all year round, as all post buses running to the high valley of Avers go on to the very end of the road at Juf. It is nevertheless a very remote valley, its infrastructure designed primarily to encourage tourism (two platter lifts for skiing in winter at nearby Juppa), and has been spared the technical installations, such as power lines or tourist resorts, which might otherwise ruin its "pristine beauty". In many ways, it still represents an example of alpine agricultural landscape as it existed in earlier times, even at this remarkable altitude.
Another source gives the title of Europe's highest village to Li Baita, a part of Trepalle, Italy — while the Italian Wikipedia gives Trepalle an undisputed number 2 after Juf, probably for its lack of a proper settlement centre. Just above Juf is an old farmhouse, the Platten-hof, birthplace of writer Johann Rudolf Stoffel. This is considered the highest farmhouse in Europe.
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