Jubail

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Jubail
الجبيل
—  City  —
Jubail is located in Saudi Arabia
Jubail
Coordinates: 27°0′N 49°40′E / 27°N 49.667°E / 27; 49.667
Country Saudi Arabia
ProvinceEastern Province
Government
 • TypeMonarchy
 • Jubail town
Population (2012)
 • Total154,011
Time zoneAST (UTC+3)
 
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Jubail
الجبيل
—  City  —
Jubail is located in Saudi Arabia
Jubail
Coordinates: 27°0′N 49°40′E / 27°N 49.667°E / 27; 49.667
Country Saudi Arabia
ProvinceEastern Province
Government
 • TypeMonarchy
 • Jubail town
Population (2012)
 • Total154,011
Time zoneAST (UTC+3)

Jubail (Arabic: "الجبيل" Al Jubayl), is a city in the Eastern province on the Persian Gulf coast of Saudi Arabia. It comprises the Old Town of Al Jubail, which was a small fishing village until 1975, and the new industrial area.

In 1975, the Saudi government designated Jubail as the site for a new industrial city. Rapid expansion and industrialization ensued. The new industrial and residential areas were named Madīnat al Jubayl aṣ Ṣinā`īyah (Jubail Industrial City). The 2009 Census Report for Jubail Industrial City estimates the resident population at 150,367.

Contents

History

King Abdul-Aziz Naval Base
Jubail from space, June 1996
Factories in Jubail

The town of Al-Jubail on the Persian Gulf coast of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has ancient roots. Human habitation dates back at least 7,000 years when the people of Dilmun—whose civilization radiated up and down the Persian Gulf—established a settlement there.

In September 1933, Jubail gained a measure of fame as the landing site for the first team of geologists to explore for oil in Saudi Arabia.

Bechtel began work on the Jubail Industrial City project more than 30 years ago and is still working in Jubail now. It also stands as one of the greatest achievements of Bechtel, its employees, and families who worked and lived there. Bechtel has managed the Jubail project since it began in the mid-1970s, and in 2004, the Royal Commission for Jubail and Yanbu asked the company to manage Jubail II, a $3.8 billion expansion of the city’s industrial and residential areas.

Jubail is a complete city, with all the industry, infrastructure, housing, shopping, educational and medical facilities required to support its present population of around 150,000 people. Saudi Arabian Bechtel Company (SABCO) performs ongoing engineering, procurement and construction management. Jubail II will add a second industrial area to house up to 22 new primary industries. The project calls for the expansion of King Fahd Industrial Port, pipeline refurbishment, increasing capacity of the cooling system, and new desalination plants.

Transportation

Airport

Although Jubail has three small airports; Jubail Airport, Abu Ali Airport, and one in King Abdulaziz Naval Base, none of them are for public use. The city is being served by King Fahd International Airport in Dammam, the terminal is about 70 km (43 mi) driving distance from Jubail.

Highway

Jubail is directly connected with other cities by two major highways; Dhahran-Jubail Highway and Abu Hadriyah Highway.

Ongoing Project: Jubail-Qassim Expressway, Which is reduce the distance between Jubail to Madinah around 300 Km.

Four contracts worth $29.9m (SAR 112m) have been signed for the Eastern Province, while the Qassim Province will see two projects worth $117.6m (SAR 441m), including part of Jubail-Qassim Expressway.

Railway

A branch of the Saudi Landbridge Project railway is proposed to connect Jubail to Dammam.

Seaport

There are two seaports in Jubail; Jubail Commercial Seaport and King Fahd Industrial Seaport.

Main sights

Jubail is home to a 4th-century church, listed as one of the oldest surviving churches in the world.

Schools

References

Coordinates: 27°00′N 49°40′E / 27°N 49.667°E / 27; 49.667

External links