Jonesboro, Arkansas

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Jonesboro, Arkansas
City
Clockwise from top: Craighead County Courthouse, house in the West Washington Avenue Historic District, downtown Jonesboro, and Arkansas State University's Dean B. Ellis Library
Clockwise from top: Craighead County Courthouse, house in the West Washington Avenue Historic District, downtown Jonesboro, and Arkansas State University's Dean B. Ellis Library
Official seal of Jonesboro, Arkansas
Seal

Motto: People, Pride, Progress

Nicnames: JoBro, the Borough, J Town
Location in the state of Arkansas
Location in the state of Arkansas
Coordinates: 35°49′41″N 90°41′39″W / 35.82806°N 90.69417°W / 35.82806; -90.69417Coordinates: 35°49′41″N 90°41′39″W / 35.82806°N 90.69417°W / 35.82806; -90.69417
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountyCraighead
IncorporatedFebruary 19, 1859
Government
 • MayorHarold Perrin
Area
 • City80.5 sq mi (208.4 km2)
 • Land79.9 sq mi (206.9 km2)
 • Water0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)
Elevation259 ft (79 m)
Population (2012 United States Census Estimate)
 • City70,187
 • Density879/sq mi (339.3/km2)
 • Metro124,042
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes72401-72404
Area code(s)870
FIPS code05-35710
GNIS feature ID0077389
Websitewww.jonesboro.org
 
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Jonesboro, Arkansas
City
Clockwise from top: Craighead County Courthouse, house in the West Washington Avenue Historic District, downtown Jonesboro, and Arkansas State University's Dean B. Ellis Library
Clockwise from top: Craighead County Courthouse, house in the West Washington Avenue Historic District, downtown Jonesboro, and Arkansas State University's Dean B. Ellis Library
Official seal of Jonesboro, Arkansas
Seal

Motto: People, Pride, Progress

Nicnames: JoBro, the Borough, J Town
Location in the state of Arkansas
Location in the state of Arkansas
Coordinates: 35°49′41″N 90°41′39″W / 35.82806°N 90.69417°W / 35.82806; -90.69417Coordinates: 35°49′41″N 90°41′39″W / 35.82806°N 90.69417°W / 35.82806; -90.69417
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountyCraighead
IncorporatedFebruary 19, 1859
Government
 • MayorHarold Perrin
Area
 • City80.5 sq mi (208.4 km2)
 • Land79.9 sq mi (206.9 km2)
 • Water0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)
Elevation259 ft (79 m)
Population (2012 United States Census Estimate)
 • City70,187
 • Density879/sq mi (339.3/km2)
 • Metro124,042
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes72401-72404
Area code(s)870
FIPS code05-35710
GNIS feature ID0077389
Websitewww.jonesboro.org

Jonesboro is a city in Craighead County, Arkansas, United States. According to the 2010 Census, the population of the city was 67,263. [1] A college town, Jonesboro is the largest city in northeastern Arkansas and the fifth most populous city in the state. It is the principal city of and is included in the Jonesboro, Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 2010, the Jonesboro metropolitan area had a population of 121,026[2] and a population of 163,116 in the Jonesboro-Paragould Combined Statistical Area.[3]

Jonesboro is home to Arkansas State University and is a regional center for manufacturing, agriculture, medicine, education, and trade.

History[edit]

The history of Missouri begins with settlement of the region by indigenous peoples during the Paleo-Indian period beginning in about 12,000 BC. Subsequent periods of native life emerged until the 17th century. New France set up small settlements, and in 1803 Napoleonic France sold the area to the U.S. as part of the Louisiana Purchase. Statehood for Missouri came following a compromise in 1820 that allowed slavery. Settlement was rapid after 1820, aided by a network of rivers navigable by steamboats, centered in the dominant city St. Louis. The Civil War saw numerous small battles and control by the Union. After the war, its economy became more diverse, and railroads, centered in Kansas City, opened up new farmlands in the west. In the early 20th century Progressive reforms sought to modernize state and local government and minimize political corruption. During the 20th century, Missouri's economy diversified further, and it developed a balanced agricultural and economic sector. By the 21st century manufacturing was fading, as service industries grew, especially in medicine, education and tourism. Agriculture remained profitable, as the farms grew larger and fewer people lived on them.

Geography[edit]

Jonesboro is located at 35°49′41″N 90°41′39″W / 35.82806°N 90.69417°W / 35.82806; -90.69417 (35.828067, -90.694048)[4] atop Crowley's Ridge in northeastern Arkansas.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 80.5 square miles (208.4 km2), of which 79.9 square miles (206.9 km2) is land and 0.58 square miles (1.5 km2), or 0.72%, is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

Jonesboro has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa).

Climate data for Jonesboro
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)46
(8)
51
(11)
61
(16)
71
(22)
80
(27)
88
(31)
92
(33)
90
(32)
83
(28)
73
(23)
60
(16)
49
(9)
70.3
(21.3)
Average low °F (°C)26
(−3)
30
(−1)
38
(3)
48
(9)
57
(14)
66
(19)
70
(21)
68
(20)
60
(16)
48
(9)
38
(3)
29
(−2)
48.2
(9)
Precipitation inches (mm)3.29
(83.6)
3.57
(90.7)
4.45
(113)
4.99
(126.7)
4.92
(125)
3.29
(83.6)
2.73
(69.3)
2.67
(67.8)
3.12
(79.2)
3.89
(98.8)
5.02
(127.5)
4.25
(108)
46.18
(1,173)
Source: [5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18902,065
19004,508118.3%
19107,12358.0%
19209,38431.7%
193010,32610.0%
194011,72913.6%
195016,31039.1%
196021,41831.3%
197027,05026.3%
198031,53016.6%
199046,53447.6%
200055,51519.3%
201067,26321.2%
A flock of Canada geese at Craighead Forest Park

As of the census[6] of 2013, there were 71,551 people, 26,111 households, and 16,637 families residing in the city. The population density was 697.1 people per square mile (269.1/km²). There were 28,321 housing units at an average density of 304.7 per square mile (117.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.7% White, 18.4% Black, 0.4% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. 5.2% of the population were Hispanic.

There were 26,111 households out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. There are 878 unmarried partner households: 776 heterosexual, 50 same-sex male, and 52 same-sex female households. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 16.6% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,196, and the median income for a family was $42,082. Males had a median income of $21,633 versus $31,633 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,884. About 12.9% of families and 23.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.4% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

The region is served by Jonesboro Municipal Airport. Scheduled flights between Jonesboro and St. Louis, Missouri, are offered daily by Air Choice One.

Public transport[edit]

The area is served by the Jonesboro Economic Transit System (JETS). As of 2011, JETS operates three fixed routes, as well as para-transit service for disabled persons.

List of highways[edit]

Education[edit]

Elementary and secondary education[edit]

The Dean B. Ellis Library at Arkansas State University's main campus

There are four public school districts operating within the city limits of Jonesboro. They include:

Postsecondary education[edit]

Jonesboro is the main campus of the following Division I school:

In popular culture and trivia[edit]

Centennial Bank Stadium, home of Jonesboro's ASU Red Wolves

Notable people[edit]

Shopping[edit]

Entrance into The Mall at Turtle Creek

The Mall at Turtle Creek, opened in 2006, is the largest mall in northeast Arkansas. Before the opening of the mall, the Indian Mall was the primary shopping destination in northeast Arkansas. In 2012, Indian Mall, named for the former mascot of Arkansas State University, was demolished. The only store to remain in its original location was Sears.

In 2012, Kiplinger's Personal Finance ranked Jonesboro ninth of the "Ten Best Cities for Cheapskates".[13]

Local television and radio[edit]

Television:

Radio:

References[edit]

External links[edit]