Johnson County, Illinois

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Johnson County, Illinois
Johnson County Courthouse in Vienna.jpg
Johnson County Courthouse in Vienna
Map of Illinois highlighting Johnson County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded1812
Named forRichard Mentor Johnson
SeatVienna
Largest cityVienna
Area
 • Total349 sq mi (904 km2)
 • Land344 sq mi (891 km2)
 • Water4.9 sq mi (13 km2), 1.4%
Population
 • (2010)12,582
 • Density37/sq mi (14/km²)
Congressional district15th
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5
 
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Johnson County, Illinois
Johnson County Courthouse in Vienna.jpg
Johnson County Courthouse in Vienna
Map of Illinois highlighting Johnson County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded1812
Named forRichard Mentor Johnson
SeatVienna
Largest cityVienna
Area
 • Total349 sq mi (904 km2)
 • Land344 sq mi (891 km2)
 • Water4.9 sq mi (13 km2), 1.4%
Population
 • (2010)12,582
 • Density37/sq mi (14/km²)
Congressional district15th
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5

Johnson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 12,582.[1] Its county seat is Vienna.[2] It is located in the southern portion of Illinois known locally as "Little Egypt".

History[edit]

Richard M. Johnson

Johnson County was organized in 1812 out of Randolph County. It was named for Richard M. Johnson, who was then a U.S. Congressman from Kentucky.[3] In 1813, Johnson commanded a Kentucky regiment at the Battle of the Thames, after which he claimed to have killed Tecumseh in hand-to-hand combat. Johnson went on to be Vice President of the United States.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 349 square miles (900 km2), of which 344 square miles (890 km2) is land and 4.9 square miles (13 km2) (1.4%) is water.[4]

Climate and weather[edit]

Vienna, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
3.4
 
43
25
 
 
3.4
 
50
29
 
 
4.6
 
60
38
 
 
4.7
 
71
46
 
 
5.2
 
79
55
 
 
4.1
 
87
63
 
 
3.8
 
90
67
 
 
3.6
 
90
65
 
 
3.3
 
84
58
 
 
3.2
 
73
47
 
 
4.7
 
59
39
 
 
4.4
 
47
29
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Vienna have ranged from a low of 25 °F (−4 °C) in January to a high of 90 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −20 °F (−29 °C) was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in August 2007. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.16 inches (80 mm) in October to 5.16 inches (131 mm) in May.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Johnson County, skewed toward male because of the Vienna Correctional Center, an Illinois State Prison for men.[6]
Historical population
CensusPop.
1820843
18301,59689.3%
18403,626127.2%
18504,11413.5%
18609,342127.1%
187011,24820.4%
188013,07816.3%
189015,01314.8%
190015,6674.4%
191014,331−8.5%
192012,022−16.1%
193010,203−15.1%
194010,7275.1%
19508,729−18.6%
19606,928−20.6%
19707,5509.0%
19809,62427.5%
199011,34717.9%
200012,87813.5%
201012,582−2.3%
Est. 201312,6770.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

2010[edit]

Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:

2000[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 12,878 people, 4,183 households, and 3,053 families residing in the county. The population density was 37 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 5,046 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 83.52% White, 14.17% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.07% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 2.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 27.3% were of American, 18.3% German, 13.3% English and 13.1% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 97.8% spoke English and 1.8% Spanish as their first language.

There were 4,183 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.30% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.00% were non-families. 24.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county the population was spread out with 18.30% under the age of 18, 11.40% from 18 to 24, 34.00% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 149.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 160.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,326, and the median income for a family was $40,275. Males had a median income of $29,415 versus $22,844 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,990. About 8.10% of families and 11.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.30% of those under age 18 and 11.50% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 169. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Vienna, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  6. ^ State website
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

Coordinates: 37°28′N 88°52′W / 37.46°N 88.87°W / 37.46; -88.87