Johnson Controls

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Johnson Controls, Inc.
TypePublic
Traded asNYSEJCI
S&P 500 Component
IndustryAutomotive Interiors
HVAC Equipment and Controls
battery Manufacturing
Founded1885
HeadquartersMilwaukee, Wisconsin
Key people

Stephen A. Roell, Chairman

Alex Molinaroli, CEO
ProductsAutomobile Interior Designs, Car Seats, Batteries, Climate Control, Facility Management
RevenueUS$ 401.955 billion (2012)
Net incomeUS$ 1.226 billion (2012)
Employees170,000 (As on Nov 30, 2012)
Websitewww.johnsoncontrols.com
 
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Johnson Controls, Inc.
TypePublic
Traded asNYSEJCI
S&P 500 Component
IndustryAutomotive Interiors
HVAC Equipment and Controls
battery Manufacturing
Founded1885
HeadquartersMilwaukee, Wisconsin
Key people

Stephen A. Roell, Chairman

Alex Molinaroli, CEO
ProductsAutomobile Interior Designs, Car Seats, Batteries, Climate Control, Facility Management
RevenueUS$ 401.955 billion (2012)
Net incomeUS$ 1.226 billion (2012)
Employees170,000 (As on Nov 30, 2012)
Websitewww.johnsoncontrols.com

Johnson Controls, Inc. is an American company globally offering products and services to optimize energy and operational efficiencies of buildings, automotive batteries, electronics and interior systems for automobiles.

It is a Fortune 500 Diversified, multi-industrial, multinational conglomerate with 170,000 employees in more than 1,300 locations across six continents. It is listed as 67th in the Fortune 500[1] and 251st in Global 500.[2]

History[edit]

In 1883, Warren S. Johnson, a professor at the State Normal School in Whitewater, Wisconsin, received a patent for the first electric room thermostat. His invention helped launch the building control industry and was the impetus for a new company.

Johnson and a group of Milwaukee investors incorporated the Johnson Electric Service Company in 1885 to manufacture, install and service automatic temperature regulation systems for buildings. The company was renamed Johnson Controls in 1974.

Between 1885 and 1911, Professor Johnson delved into many other areas, including electric storage batteries, steam and gas powered automobiles, huge pneumatic clock towers and wireless telegraph communication. But at his death in 1911, the company decided to focus solely on its temperature control business for nonresidential buildings.

Johnson Controls continued to develop new control technologies to help customers better manage their increasingly larger and more complex buildings. By the 1950s, for example, it was common for a large building to have hundreds of thermostats, valves, dampers and other temperature control devices installed throughout the facility, all of which had to be individually checked several times a day. To improve the efficiency of building operations staff, Johnson Controls introduced the Pneumatic Control Center, which allowed for monitoring and operating all the temperature control devices in a facility from a single point.

Johnson Controls has continued to develop new technologies. In 1972, it introduced the JC80, a minicomputer dedicated to building control. In the 1980s, Johnson Controls adopted digital control technology with its JC85, providing faster and more precise control of building systems. In the 1990s, the company pioneered open communication protocols to allow control devices from various manufacturers to share data directly. Its latest control system is the Metasys Facilities Management System.

Servicing management systems in commercial buildings is another business area for Johnson Controls. Beginning in the mid-1980s, the company expanded its services to cover mechanical and electrical equipment. The company created Integrated Facilities Management (IFM) to give customers a single source for operations and maintenance of all building systems and functions, and to ensure maximum building efficiency and reliability. Johnson Controls now provides full-time, on-site IFM staff for more than 600,000,000 square feet (56,000,000 m2) of building space around the world.

In 1978, Johnson Controls acquired Globe-Union, a Wisconsin-based manufacturer of automotive batteries for both the replacement and original equipment markets.

Johnson Controls entered the automotive seating and plastics machinery industries in 1985 with the acquisition of Michigan-based Hoover Universal, Inc. Hoover started making components for automotive seats in the mid-1960s. At the time, the seating business primarily manufactured individual components, like frames, tracks or cushions, according to the automakers' specifications.

Johnson Controls expanded its presence within cars and light trucks in the early 1990s by offering interior components such as headliners and door trim. It strengthened its position in interior systems through the 1996 acquisition of Prince Automotive. Prince introduced the first lighted vanity mirror in a car in 1972. With Prince, Johnson Controls can provide all aspects of a complete car interior, including overhead systems, floor consoles door systems, instrument panels and seat systems.

In 1982, Johnson Controls enacted a fetal protection policy. This policy denied women the right to work on the battery production line because of the potential harm to a fetus they may conceive. Women were only allowed to work on the production line if they could prove that "...their inability to bear children had been medically documented." In April 1984, the United Auto Workers sued Johnson Controls on behalf of three employees. These employees were Mary Craig, who had chosen to be sterilized to avoid losing her job, Elsie Nason, a 50-year-old divorcee, who had suffered a loss of compensation when she was transferred from a high paying job that exposed her to lead, and Donald Penney, who had been denied a request for a leave of absence for the purpose of lowering his blood lead levels because he intended to become a father. This case was argued before the Supreme Court on October 10, 1990 and was decided on March 20, 1991. Justice Blackmun wrote the opinion for the court and Justices Marshall, Stevens, O'Connor, and Souter joined. Justice White filed an opinion concurring in part and concurring in the judgment, in which Justices Rehnquist and Kennedy joined. Justice Scalia filed an opinion concurring in the judgment. The Court ruled in favor of the plaintiffs. This ruling was a landmark ruling because it affirmed that "...it is no more important for the courts than it is for individual employers to decide whether a woman's reproductive role is more important to herself and her family than her economic role."[3]

On November 21, 2005, Johnson Controls Inc. said it must restate financial results for fiscal years 2003 and 2004 and the first three quarters of fiscal 2005. The changes would have no impact on net income, earnings per share or the financial position as previously reported.[4]

It was confirmed on January 22, 2010, that the Johnson Controls plant in Lakeshore, Ontario would close in late March 2010 and the property sold.[5]

In July 2013 it was announced that Stephen Roell would retire from the company as of Dec 31, 2013 and that Alex Molinaroli would take his position as CEO and chairman of the board.[6]

Early years[edit]

1950s-1980s[edit]

1990s[edit]

2000s[edit]

The previous logo.

Acquisitions[edit]

Business Units[edit]

The operational structure of Johnson Controls has evolved over time as it has grown into new areas of business. As of 2013, the company’s operations are segmented into four business units: Building Efficiency, Global WorkPlace Solutions, Power Solutions and Automotive Experience.

Building Efficiency[edit]

The Building Efficiency business unit designs, produces, installs and services heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems, industrial refrigeration, building management systems, fire and security systems and mechanical equipment for commercial and residential buildings. The brands produced under this business unit are York, Metasys, Panoptix, Frick and Sabroe.[8] This business unit also works with organizations to reduce the energy consumption and operating costs of their buildings.[8][9] This includes retrofitting existing buildings such as the Empire State Building[10] and working on maximizing efficiency in new construction such as the Burj Khalifa in Dubai.[11] Building Efficiency is the company’s longest-running business unit, dating back to 1885 when Professor Warren Johnson founded the Johnson Electric Service Company[12] after patenting the electric thermostat in 1883.[13] As of 2012, the business unit operates from 700 branch offices in more than 150 countries.[8]

Global WorkPlace Solutions[edit]

The Global WorkPlace Solutions business unit provides outsourced facilities management services globally.[14] It also manages corporate real estate on behalf of its customers including acquiring and disposing of property, administering leases and managing building related projects such as equipment replacements.[15] As of 2012, the business unit operated in 75 countries worldwide.[8]

Power Solutions[edit]

The Power Solutions business unit designs and manufactures automotive batteries to passenger cars, heavy and light duty trucks, utility vehicles, motorcycles, golf carts and boats.[8][16][17][18][19] It supplies more than one third of the world’s lead-acid batteries[20] to automakers and aftermarket retailers including Wal-Mart, Sears and BMW.[21][22][23] Lead acid battery brands produced under this business unit include OPTIMA, Heliar, LTH, and VARTA automotive batteries.[8] This part of the company also manufactures Lithium-ion cells and complete battery systems to power hybrid and electric vehicles such as the Ford Fusion[24] and Daimler’s S-Class 400.[25] Additionally, it manufactures Absorbent Glass Matt (AGM) and Enhanced Flooded Batteries (EFB) batteries to power Start-Stop vehicles such as the Chevy Malibu and Ford Fusion.[8][20][26][27][28][29][30][31] As of 2012, the business unit operated from 60 locations worldwide.[8]

Automotive Experience[edit]

The Automotive Experience business unit supplies automotive seating, interiors and electronics to the world’s largest automakers.[8][20] It is one of the largest suppliers of car interiors in the world.[32] The seating division designs and manufactures complete automotive seats supplies them to its customers´ production lines on a just-in-time schedule. It also designs and manufactures seating components including mechanisms, tracks, structures foams, fabrics and trim, making Johnson Controls the largest automotive seat supplier in the world.[33] A separate interiors division produces overhead systems, headliners, door panels, instrument panels, and overhead and floor consoles for automotive interiors.[8] Additionally, an electronics division designs and manufactures analog and digital instrument clusters, infotainment systems and hands free electronics.[8][34] Brands produced under this business unit include RECARO automotive seats and Keiper.[32] As of 2012, the business unit operated from 240 locations worldwide.[8]

Joint ventures[edit]

Johnson Controls-Saft Advanced Power Solutions[edit]

Johnson Controls-Saft Advanced Power Solutions (JCS) was a joint venture between Johnson Controls and French battery company Saft Groupe S.A..[35] It was officially launched in January 2006.[36]

Varta established a JCS development centre at its German HQ, following the setting-up of Varta-SAFT joint venture.[36]

Johnson Controls is exhibiting a plug-in hybrid concept called the re3. Johnson Controls produced cells for lithium-ion hybrid vehicle batteries in France under the joint venture with Saft. Battery assemblies were developed and produced in Hannover(Germany) and Milwaukee(USA)[37]

Despite some signs of promise, Johnson Controls was increasingly dissatisfied with the restrictions of the agreement and also sought a more important ally.[38][39] In May 2011, the American company request the dissolution of Johnson Controls-Saft Advanced Power Solutions LLC to the Delaware Court of Chancery.[38][39] The two companies agreed the separation and Johnson Controls paid Saft 145 million dollars for its shares in the joint venture as well as for the right to use certain technology developed by it. Johnson Controls retained the Michigan facility built by the partnership. The French joint facility was transferred to Saft.[40][41][42]

Other[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Johnson Controls - Fortune 500 - JCI
  2. ^ Johnson Controls - JCI - Fortune Global 500 Top Companies
  3. ^ 499 U.S. 187, 111 S.Ct. 1196
  4. ^ "Johnson Controls to restate results". 
  5. ^ windsorstar.com
  6. ^ http://www.jsonline.com/business/molinaroli-named-ceo-of-johnson-controls-b9961558z1-216861091.html
  7. ^ http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0UDO/is_5_9/ai_65540594/
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Johnson Controls Form 10-K 2012". Johnson Controls Inc. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  9. ^ "Turn that light off!". The Economist. 28 May 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  10. ^ Ivanova, Irina (24 June 2013). "Empire State Bldg's energy savings beat forecast". Crains. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  11. ^ Hope, Gerhard (26 May 2010). "Johnson Controls secures Burj Khalifa contract". Arabian Industry. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  12. ^ Adler, Roger (18 June 2012). "In Control". The National Law Journal. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  13. ^ Zwaniecki, Andrzej. "Thermostat Maker Deploys Climate Control Against Climate Change - Johnson Controls persuades building owners to go energy-efficient". IIP Digital. US Embassy. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  14. ^ Content, Thomas (5 October 2010). "Johnson Controls to provide real estate services for Verizon". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  15. ^ "Brookfield Asset Management and Johnson Controls have agreed to merge their Australian and New Zealand property and FM operations.". FM World. 4 December 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  16. ^ "Club Car Awards Johnson Controls as a Top Supplier". Small Vehicle Resource. 3 June 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  17. ^ Content, Thomas (28 February 2013). "Johnson Controls' modified hybrid car batteries will power electric boat motor". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  18. ^ "Johnson Controls modifies automotive PHEV Li-ion batteries for marine application; Torqeedo Deep Blue". Green Car Congress. 28 February 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  19. ^ Houlahan, Mark (September 2013). "Optima's Digital 400 - Charge It Right". Mustang Monthly. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  20. ^ a b c Rosevear, John (20 November 2012). "Under the Hood of Johnson Controls". The Motley Fool. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  21. ^ Team, Trefis (14 June 2013). "Johnson Controls Shores Up Its Market Share As Exide Files For Bankruptcy". Forbes. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  22. ^ Content, Thomas (18 July 2013). "European automotive business rebounds; HomeLink business to be sold to Gentex Corp. for $700 million". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  23. ^ GOPWANI, JEWEL (10 April 2010). "Battery hub takes root in state". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  24. ^ Schwartz, Ariel (4 February 2009). "Johnson Controls Awarded Battery Contract for Ford's First Hybrid Plug-In Vehicle". Greenbiz. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  25. ^ Fareed, Zakaria (20 February 2009). "To Pack a Real Punch - Everything hangs on the race to build tomorrow's battery". Newsweek. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  26. ^ Engel, Jeff (14 January 2013). "Johnson Controls supplies start-stop battery for 2013 Ford Fusion". Milwaukee Business Journal. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  27. ^ Content, Thomas (19 April 2013). "Johnson Controls to supply start-stop batteries for Chery Jaguar Land Rovers". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  28. ^ Content, Thomas (14 January 2013). "Johnson Controls to supply batteries for Ford Fusion with better mileageJohnson Controls to supply batteries for Ford Fusion with better mileage". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  29. ^ Moran, Tim (15 January 2013). "Johnson Controls Offers Start-Stop Battery System". New York Times. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  30. ^ Motavalli, Jim (18 January 2010). "Detroit Auto Show: Johnson Controls is a Big Battery Player with a Low Profile". CBS News. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  31. ^ CHAVEZ, JON (7 August 2013). "Local Johnson Controls facility to make batteries for Chevy Eco". Toledo Blade. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  32. ^ a b CAMERON, DOUG (31 December 2010). "Johnson Controls in Big Parts Deal". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  33. ^ Marsh, Peter (28 December 2011). August 2013 "Car seat maker eyes new mattress spring". Financial Times. 
  34. ^ Clothier, Mark (11 August 2011). "Magna, Lear May Lead Global Consolidation of Automotive-Interior Suppliers". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  35. ^ Healey, James R. (March 23, 2008). "Mercedes sees electric-car progress". usatoday.com. 
  36. ^ a b fcinfo.jp
  37. ^ apps1.eere.energy.gov
  38. ^ a b Pentland, William (19 May 2011). "Battery Battle Brews for Johnson Controls, Saft". forbes.com. Forbes. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  39. ^ a b Fehrenbacher, Katie (19 May 2011). "Report: Johnson Controls Divorcing Saft Over Grid Battery Market". Gigaom.com. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  40. ^ King, Danny (7 September 2011). "Johnson Controls Buys Out Saft Joint Venture". Autoobserver.com. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  41. ^ Warburton, Simon (5 September 2011). "US: Johnson Controls and Saft finish battery joint venture". Just-auto.com. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  42. ^ Barrett, Rick (2 September 2011). "Johnson Controls, Saft agree to end joint venture". JSonline.com. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  43. ^ http://www.BrookfieldJohnsonControls.com
  44. ^ amararaja.co.in

External links[edit]