Johnson C. Smith University

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Johnson C. Smith University
Jcsublueseal.png
Seal of Johnson C. Smith University
MottoSit Lux
Motto in EnglishLet There Be Light
Established1867
TypePrivate, HBCU
Religious affiliationPresbyterian Church (USA)
UNCF
Endowment$51.1 million (Beneficiary of the Duke Endowment, 1924)[1]
PresidentRonald L. Carter
Academic staff159[2]
Students1,669[3]
LocationCharlotte, North Carolina,
United States

35°14′35″N 80°51′22″W / 35.243°N 80.856°W / 35.243; -80.856Coordinates: 35°14′35″N 80°51′22″W / 35.243°N 80.856°W / 35.243; -80.856
CampusUrban 105 acres
Former namesBiddle Memorial Institute
Biddle University
ColorsGold and Navy Blue
         
AthleticsNCAA, Division II
Sportsbasketball
bowling
cross-country
football
golf
softball
volleyball
tennis
track and field
NicknameGolden Bulls
MascotThe Golden Bull
AffiliationsCentral Intercollegiate Athletic Association
Websitewww.jcsu.edu
Johnson C. Smith University Logo
Biddle Memorial Hall, Johnson C. Smith University
Johnson C. Smith University is located in North Carolina
Johnson C. Smith University
LocationBeatties Ford Rd. and W. Trade St., Charlotte, North Carolina
Coordinates35°14′37″N 80°51′25″W / 35.2435°N 80.8569°W / 35.2435; -80.8569
Arealess than one acre
Built1883
Architectural styleRomanesque
Governing bodyPrivate
NRHP Reference #75001281[4]
Added to NRHPOctober 14, 1975
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Johnson C. Smith University
Jcsublueseal.png
Seal of Johnson C. Smith University
MottoSit Lux
Motto in EnglishLet There Be Light
Established1867
TypePrivate, HBCU
Religious affiliationPresbyterian Church (USA)
UNCF
Endowment$51.1 million (Beneficiary of the Duke Endowment, 1924)[1]
PresidentRonald L. Carter
Academic staff159[2]
Students1,669[3]
LocationCharlotte, North Carolina,
United States

35°14′35″N 80°51′22″W / 35.243°N 80.856°W / 35.243; -80.856Coordinates: 35°14′35″N 80°51′22″W / 35.243°N 80.856°W / 35.243; -80.856
CampusUrban 105 acres
Former namesBiddle Memorial Institute
Biddle University
ColorsGold and Navy Blue
         
AthleticsNCAA, Division II
Sportsbasketball
bowling
cross-country
football
golf
softball
volleyball
tennis
track and field
NicknameGolden Bulls
MascotThe Golden Bull
AffiliationsCentral Intercollegiate Athletic Association
Websitewww.jcsu.edu
Johnson C. Smith University Logo
Biddle Memorial Hall, Johnson C. Smith University
Johnson C. Smith University is located in North Carolina
Johnson C. Smith University
LocationBeatties Ford Rd. and W. Trade St., Charlotte, North Carolina
Coordinates35°14′37″N 80°51′25″W / 35.2435°N 80.8569°W / 35.2435; -80.8569
Arealess than one acre
Built1883
Architectural styleRomanesque
Governing bodyPrivate
NRHP Reference #75001281[4]
Added to NRHPOctober 14, 1975

Johnson C. Smith University (JCSU) is a private, co-ed, four-year research university of higher learning in the heart of Charlotte, North Carolina, United States. It is affiliated with the Presbyterian Church. JCSU is also a historically black college. JCSU offers an assortment of academic programs, aimed at ensuring that its graduates are prepared for success in the workforce. JCSU is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS), National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE), Association of Collegiate Business Schools and Programs (ACBSP), and Council on Social Work Accreditation (CSWE). The school awards Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Social Work degrees to its graduates. The school also presents many internship opportunities for its students.

History[edit]

Johnson C. Smith University was established on April 7, 1867 as the Biddle Memorial Institute at a meeting of the Catawba Presbytery in the old Charlotte Presbyterian Church. Mary D. Biddle, a churchwoman, donated $1,400 to the school. In appreciation of this first contribution, friends requested Mrs. Biddle to name the newly established school after her late husband, Henry Biddle. Two ministers, Samuel C. Alexander and Willis L. Miller, saw the need for a school in the south and after the birth of the school they were elected as some of the first teachers. Its coordinate women's school was Scotia Seminary (now Barber-Scotia College).[5]

In 1876, the charter was changed by the Legislature of the State of North Carolina and the name became Biddle University, under which name the institution operated until 1923.

In 1891, Biddle University elected Daniel J. Sanders as the first African-American as President of a four-year institute in the south.

Johnson Crayne Smith

From 1921 to 1922, Jane Berry Smith donated funds to build a theological dormitory, a science hall, a teachers' cottage and a memorial gate. She also provided an endowment for the institution in memory of her late husband, Johnson C. Smith. Up until her death she donated funds for five more buildings and a campus church. In recognition of these generous benefactions, the Board of Trustees voted to change the name of the institution to Johnson C. Smith University. The charter of the school, accordingly, was amended on March 1, 1923, by the Legislature of the State of North Carolina.

In 1924, James B. Duke established the Duke Endowment. While the largest share of that the Endowment's earnings are allocated to support Duke University, Duke's donation required that 4% of its earnings be given to the university.[6] Over the years, this share of the Endowment's distributions has exceeded $90 million.

In 1932, the university's charter was amended, providing for the admission of women. The 65-year-old institution for men then became partially coeducational. The first residence hall for women, named in memory of James B. Duke, was dedicated in 1940. In 1941, women were admitted to the freshman class. In 1942, the university was a fully coeducational institution.

JCSU joined the United Negro College Fund in 1944 as a founding member. This fund was organized primarily to help church-related schools of higher learning to revamp their training programs, to expand their plants, to promote faculty growth and to create new areas of service.[7]

In Fall 2000, JCSU launched the IBM Laptop Initiative becoming one of few colleges in the country and the first historically black college to provide an IBM laptop computer to every student. Known as "ThinkPad U", JCSU gives students and their computers complete access to the campus-wide network and the Internet. Since 1994, the ratio of computers to students improved from 1:10 to 1:1.1.[citation needed] With this new initiative and the commitment to integrate technology throughout the curriculum, JCSU gained national recognition. It also ranked #10 among Top HBCU's.

Biddle Memorial Hall is on the National Register of Historic Places.

Presidents
1870–1884Stephen Mattoon
1884–1885William Alexander Holliday
1886–1891William F. Johnson
1891–1907Daniel J. Sanders
1907–1947Henry Lawrence McCrorey
1947–1956Hardy Liston
1956–1957James W. Seabrook
1957–1968Rufus P. Perry
1968–1972Lionel Newsome
1973–1982Wilbert Greenfield
1983–1994Robert Albright
1994–2008Dorothy Cowser Yancy
2008–PresentRonald L. Carter

Academics[edit]

Johnson C. Smith University offers 23 degree options for undergraduates. Students earn their degree through one of three colleges – the College of Arts and Letters, the College of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) and the College of Professional Studies.

Metropolitan College offers undergraduate adult degree programs for adults that enhance their opportunities for career advancement and success. Metropolitan College provides adults with flexible, convenient schedules and a variety of course styles including on-campus and online courses, as well as our Flex-Option for courses that include both online and in-class instruction. Metropolitan College offers evening programs for adults in Criminology, Social Work and Business Administration.

Colleges[edit]

Biddle Memorial Hall

Subjects are arranged under the following Colleges:[8]

College of Arts and Letters
College of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
College of Professional Studies

Student activities[edit]

Due to its location near downtown Charlotte, NC, there are many social and cultural activities for JCSU students and faculty to enjoy, including professional sporting events, theater/movies, concerts, art exhibits, bands, chorale, poetry readings, and dance, among others.

Fraternities and sororities[edit]

All of the National Pan-Hellenic Council organizations currently have chapters at Johnson C. Smith University. These organizations are:

OrganizationSymbolChapterChapter Symbol
Alpha Phi AlphaΑΦΑAlpha OmicronAO
Kappa Alpha PsiΚΑΨAlpha EpsilonAE
Omega Psi PhiΩΨΦRhoP
Phi Beta SigmaΦΒΣAlpha EpsilonAE
Iota Phi ThetaIΦΘBeta Theta
Alpha Kappa AlphaΑΚΑGamma DeltaΓΔ
Delta Sigma ThetaΔΣΘGamma LambdaΓΛ
Zeta Phi BetaΖΦΒKappaK
Sigma Gamma RhoΣΓΡBeta Upsilon

Other organizations include:

OrganizationSymbolChapterChapter Symbol
Tau Beta SigmaΤΒΣEta OmicronHO
Kappa Kappa PsiKKΨTheta MuΘM
Alpha Phi OmegaΑΦΩDelta PhiΔΦ
Lambda Theta PhiΛΘΦNC Colony 2

Athletics[edit]

Championships
CIAA championships
Basketball (Men's)2001 • 2008 • 2009
Basketball (Women's)2009
Football1969
Tennis (Men's)1934-1936 • 1938-1944 • 1968 • 1999-2004
Track and Field (Men's)1969 • 1970 • 1971
Track and Field (Women's)2011 • 2013 • 2014

Student-athletes compete in intercollegiate and intramural athletics. Students can choose to be involved in various on-campus organizations, including fraternities, sororities, and intramural sports.

JCSU is a member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), Division II and the Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association (CIAA). Its intercollegiate sports programs include basketball, bowling, cross-country, football, golf, softball, volleyball, tennis, and track and field. Its teams are nicknamed the Golden Bulls.

In 2001 the men's basketball team won the CIAA Basketball Tournament and advanced to the Division II Elite Eight. In 2006 the men’s and women’s basketball teams were the CIAA Western Division Champions and the Tournament Runner-ups. In 2007 the men's basketball team were the 2007 CIAA Western Division Champions. In 2008 the men's basketball team won the 2008 CIAA Men's Basketball Championship. In 2009 the men's and women's basketball team won the 2009 CIAA basketball championship.

JCSU's on-campus stadium is called the Irwin Belk Complex which serves as home to the track and field and football teams, though homecoming games are played at the larger American Legion Memorial Stadium.

COMMEMORATIVE CLASSIC: "The Birth of Black College Football"[edit]

On December 27 of 1892, Livingstone College and Biddle College, (Johnson C. Smith) University played in the snows of Salisbury, North Carolina, just two days after Christmas. A writer of a story in the 1930 year-book of Livingstone College provided a glimpse of that December experience when the team from Biddle Institute traveled to Livingstone's Old Delta Grove campus in Salisbury to play while writers recorded the results of a historic moment in sports history.

According to historian T.M. Martin, the men of Biddle spent two years studying and practicing the sport of football. In 1892, they challenged the men of Livingstone, whose team was formally organized in the fall of that year.

It is doubtful that when Biddle University and Livingstone College teed it up on Dec. 27, 1892, in what was described as little more than a cow pasture, no less, if the contestants in this momentous occasion had the slightest inkling of the legacy they were about to give birth to. Games of monumental historical significance, coaches of legendary proportions and players of extraordinary brilliance ultimately emerged from the mother lode that was to become known as the historically Black colleges and universities.

The teams played two 45-minute halves on Livingstone's front lawn. W.J. Trent scored Livingstone's only touchdown on a fumble recovery. By then snow had covered the field's markings and Biddle argued that the fumble was recovered out of bounds. The official ruled in Biddle's favor, allowing them to keep the 5–0 lead that they had established early on and giving JCSU the historic 1st victory! And the rivalry continues. ...[9]

Bowl games[edit]

Johnson C. Smith has made 6 Bowl appearances, winning 4 and losing 2. After an initial appearance in a postseason contest in the 1942 Flower Bowl against Lane College in a shutout, 13-0.

DateBowlW/LOpponentPFPA
January 1, 1942Flower BowlWLane College130
January 1, 1946Cotton-Tobacco BowlWAllen University186
December 7, 1946Pecan BowlLSouth Carolina State University613
December 3, 1949Iodine BowlWAllen University2012
December 2, 2006Pioneer BowlLTuskegee University717
December 3, 2011Pioneer BowlWMiles College3533
Total6 bowl games4–29981

Notable alumni[edit]

NameClass yearNotabilityReference(s)
Frederick C. Branch1942first African American officer in the United States Marine Corps
Eva M. Clayton1955Clayton and Mel Watt were the first African Americans elected to the House of Representatives from North Carolina since 1898 (since Clayton won the special election, she took office before Watt).
Gregory Cliftonwas an NFL Player with the Washington Redskins and the Carolina Panthers
Dorothy Counts1964was one of the first black students admitted to the Harry Harding High School in the United States. After four days of harassment that threatened her safety, her parents forced her to withdraw from the school.
Grover Covingtonwas a Canadian Football League defensive end for the Hamilton Tiger-Cats. He often led the league in quarterback sacks and was a division All-Star seven times. He won the Schenley Award for Most Outstanding Defensive Player once and also led the Tiger-Cats to a Grey Cup victory in 1986. He finished his career with 157 sacks, a CFL record. He was inducted into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame in 2000.
Charlie S. Dannelly1962is a Democratic member of the North Carolina General Assembly representing the state's thirty-eighth Senate district since 1995.[10]
Bill Davis1963legendary college football coach.
De'Audra Dix20092008 Division II 1st Team All-American. He plays for the Montreal Alouettes in the Canadian Football League. He was the starting cornerback when the Alouettes won back-to-back Canadian Football League Grey Cup Championships in 2009 and 2010.
Edward R. Dudley1932from the Gainsboro neighborhood of Roanoke, Virginia, was the first African-American to hold the rank of Ambassador of the United States, serving as ambassador to Liberia (where he had been serving with the rank of minister) from 1949 through 1953.
Richard Erwin1947In 1980, President Jimmy Carter appointed Erwin as the first black federal judge in North Carolina.
Ferdinand Kwasi Fiawoo1933was a Ghanaian minister of religion, playwright and educator, founder of Zion College, the first secondary school in Ghana's Volta Region.
Leford Green2011Division II Collegiate Indoor and Outdoor Regional and National Track Athlete of the Year in 2010 and 2011. Green was a member of the 2012 Summer Olympics Jamaican National Olympic Track and Field team.
Chet Grimsley1978recognized as the first Euro-American to garner accolades as All-CIAA and All-American at JCSU and at an HBCU. Author of "White Golden Bull."
Larry D. Hall1978is an American politician from Durham, North Carolina. A Democrat, he has served in the North Carolina House of Representatives as the member from North Carolina’s 29th representative district since 2006. Hall was appointed to the position in 2006 by then Governor Mike Easley and won reelection in 2008.
Henry Hillthe first African American to become President of the American Chemical Society.[citation needed]
Cheris F. Hodges1999author of African American romance novels.
Earl "The Goat" Manigaulta Rucker Park legend. Attended JCSU for 1964–65 school year.
Vincent Matthews1970winner of two gold medals at the 1968 Summer Olympics and 1972 Summer Olympics.[citation needed]
Eddie McGirt1948a CIAA football coach legend.
Mildred Mitchell-Batemanwas the first African-American woman to be named to a high-ranking office in West Virginia state government. In 1962, she became director of the Department of Mental Health and served in that capacity for fifteen years.[citation needed]
Fred "Curly" Neal1962former member of the Harlem Globetrotters
Pettis Norman1962tight end with the NFL's Dallas Cowboys and San Diego Chargers. He is on the top-50 greatest Dallas Cowboys of All-Time. (the school's annual award given to the outstanding student-athlete is called the Pettis Norman Award.)
Obie Patterson1965former member, Maryland House of Delegates
Don Pullenjazz pianist and organist
Zilner Randolphjazz trumpeter and music educator
James "Twiggy" Sanders1974Harlem Globetrotters member
Gary Siplin1976politician, Member of the Florida Senate from the 19th district. Siplin sponsored a letter to Governor Rick Scott proposing a Special Prosecutor over the Trayvon Martin case. The governor ultimately decided it was in the best interest of the community to elect a Special Prosecutor to the case
Marvin Scott1966Republican candidate for U.S. Senate from Indiana in 2004
Chris Smith1992is a Democratic member of the Florida Senate, representing the 31st District, which includes eastern Broward County since 2012.
Richard Lewis Spencerattended JCSU in 1961. Grammy Award Winner Composer and performer 1969 R&B Song Of The Year "Color Him Father".[citation needed]
Clarence F. Stephens1938Ninth African American to receive a Ph.D. in mathematics
Steel Arm Johnny Taylorwas a pitcher and played in professional pre-league and Negro league baseball from 1903 to 1925
Sandra L. Townes1966District Judge for the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York
Skeets TolbertJazz clarinetist
Avon Williams1940Tennessee State Senator from 1972 to 1992
Robert F. WilliamsCivil Rights leader, author, and president of Monroe, NC, NAACP chapter. He wrote the notable book "Negroes with Guns", in 1962.[citation needed]
Shermaine Williams2011Jamaican track & field sprinter. First female from Johnson C. Smith University to go to Summer Olympics 2012
Dorothy Cowser Yancy1964Educator & Leader: First Woman President of Johnson C Smith University & Shaw University. First black to be promoted and tenured at Georgia Tech. In 1988 Newsweek on Campus selected her as "One of the Six Best Teachers in the U.S. First Female Board President of the Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association (CIAA). In 1981 she became the first black appointed Special Master for the Florida Public Employee Relations Commission. Led JCSU to become the nation's first "Laptop" university among the historically-black colleges and universities (HBCUs).[citation needed]

Notable faculty[edit]

NameDepartmentNotabilityReference
Henry A. HuntProfessorwinner of the Spingarn Medal award. In the 1930s Hunt was invited to participate in President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Black Cabinet.
Edward JacksonFootball Coachone of the greatest HBCU football coaches of all-time. His all-time coaching record is 141–62–12. His record at JCSU is 30–14–4.
Mike MinterFootball Assistant coachformer NFL safety for the Carolina Panthers
Donnie ShellUniversity ministerformer NFL safety for the Pittsburgh Steelers. He played for the fame Steel Curtain defense of the 1970s.[citation needed]
George L. WhiteProfessorfounder and music director of the Fisk Jubilee Singers[citation needed]
Daniel J. SandersPresidentfirst African American to become President of a four-year southern university.[citation needed]
Steve WilksFootball Assistant coachsecondary coach for the Carolina Panthers.

Footnotes[edit]

External links[edit]