John Paul Holdren (born March 1, 1944) is the senior advisor to President Barack Obama on science and technology issues through his roles as Assistant to the President for Science and Technology, Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, and Co-Chair of the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST)
Holdren was previously the Teresa and John Heinz Professor of Environmental Policy at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, director of the Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program at the School's Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, and Director of the Woods Hole Research Center.
Holdren was born in Sewickley, Pennsylvania, and grew up in San Mateo, California. He trained in aeronautics, astronautics and plasma physics and earned a bachelor's degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1965 and a Ph.D. from Stanford University in 1970. He taught at Harvard for 13 years and at the University of California, Berkeley for more than two decades. His work has focused on the causes and consequences of global environmental change, energy technologies and policies, ways to reduce the dangers from nuclear weapons and materials, and science and technology policy. He has also taken measures to contextualize the U.S.'s current energy challenge, noting the role that nuclear energy could play. In 2008, he lived in Falmouth, Massachusetts, with his wife, biologist Cheryl E. Holdren, with whom he has two children and five grandchildren.
Holdren was involved in the famous Simon–Ehrlich wager in 1980. He, along with two other scientists helped Paul R. Ehrlich establish the bet with Julian Simon, in which they bet that the price of five key metals would be higher in 1990. The bet was centred around a disagreement concerning the future scarcity of resources in an increasingly polluted and heavily populated world. Ehrlich and Holdren lost the bet, when the price of metals had decreased by 1990.
Holdren was chair of the Executive Committee of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs from 1987 until 1997 and delivered the Nobel Peace Prize acceptance lecture on behalf of Pugwash Conferences in December 1995. From 1993 until 2003, he was chair of the Committee on International Security and Arms Control of the National Academy of Sciences, and Co-Chairman of the bipartisan National Committee on Energy Policy from 2002 until 2007. Holdren was elected President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) (2006–2007), and served as board Chairman (2007–2008). He was the founding chair of the advisory board for Innovations, a quarterly journal about entrepreneurial solutions to global challenges published by MIT Press, and has written and lectured extensively on the topic of global warming.
Holdren served as one of President Bill Clinton's science advisors (PCAST) from 1994 to 2001. Eight years later, President Barack Obama nominated Holdren for his current position as science advisor and Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy in December 2008, and he was confirmed on March 19, 2009, by a unanimous vote in the Senate. He testified to the nomination committee that he does not believe that government should have a role in determining optimal population size and that he never endorsed forced sterilization.
Holdren is the author of over 200 articles and papers, and he has co-authored and co-edited some 20 books and book-length reports, including:
- Science in the White House. Science Magazine, May 2009, 567.
- Policy for Energy Technology Innovation. Acting in Time on Energy Policy, (with Laura Diaz Anadon, Max H. Bazerman, David T. Ellwood, Kelly Sims Gallagher, William H. Hogan, Henry Lee, and Daniel Schrag), Brookings Institution Press, 2009.
- The Future of Climate Change Policy: The U.S.'s Last Chance to Lead. Scientific American 2008 Earth 3.0 Supplement. October 13, 2008, 20-21.
- Convincing the Climate Change Skeptics. Boston Globe, August 4, 2008.
- Ending the Energy Stalemate: A Bipartisan Strategy To Meet America's Energy Challenges. Presentation at the National Academies 2008 Energy Summit, Washington, D.C., March 14, 2008.
- Global Climatic Disruption: Risks and Opportunities. Presentation at Investor Summit on Climate Risk, New York, February 14, 2008.
- Meeting the Climate-Change Challenge. The John H. Chafee Memorial Lecture, National Council for Science and the Environment, Washington, D.C., January 17, 2008.
Overpopulation was an early concern and interest. In a 1969 article, Holdren and co-author Paul R. Ehrlich argued, "if the population control measures are not initiated immediately, and effectively, all the technology man can bring to bear will not fend off the misery to come." In 1973, Holdren encouraged a decline in fertility to well below replacement in the United States, because "210 million now is too many and 280 million in 2040 is likely to be much too many." In 1977, Paul R. Ehrlich, Anne H. Ehrlich, and Holdren co-authored the textbook Ecoscience: Population, Resources, Environment; they discussed the possible role of a wide variety of solutions to overpopulation, from voluntary family planning to enforced population controls, including compulsory abortion, adding sterilants to drinking water or staple foods, forced sterilization for women after they gave birth to a designated number of children, and discussed "the use of milder methods of influencing family size preferences" such as access to birth control and abortion.
Other early publications include Energy (1971), Human Ecology (1973), Energy in Transition (1980), Earth and the Human Future (1986), Strategic Defenses and the Future of the Arms Race (1987), Building Global Security Through Cooperation (1990), and Conversion of Military R&D (1998).
- ^ a b c d Profile: John Holdren "Why He Matters","WhoRunsGov.com", A Washington Post Co Pub. accessed July 24, 2009.
- ^ a b c News release. "Obama to Name John P. Holdren as Science Adviser" AAAS, December 18, 2008.
- ^ a b Wilke, Sharon; Sasha Talcott (20 December 2008). "Harvard Kennedy School's John P. Holdren Named Obama's Science Advisor". Press release. Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. Retrieved 2009-10-20.
- ^ http://alum.mit.edu/pages/sliceofmit/2010/10/26/science-advisor-john-holdren-%e2%80%9965-sm-%e2%80%9966-contextualizes-energy-challenge/
- ^ Dan Gardner (2010). Future Babble: Why Expert Predictions Fail – and Why We Believe Them Anyway. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart. p. 232.
- ^ Staff and news service reports. "Obama's science adviser starts job", "msnbc.com", March 20, 2009.
- ^ Library of Congress , Nomination PN65-07-111, confirmed by Senate voice vote.
- ^ Nominations considered and confirmed en bloc, Congressional Record, March 19, 2009 S3577-S3578.
- ^ Koenig, Robert. "President Barack Obama's Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy Faces Limited Criticism at Confirmation Hearings", Seed Magazine, February 13, 2009.
- ^ Video. Senate Confirmation Hearing, February 12, 2009.
- ^ Pratt, Andrew Plemmons "Right-wing Attacks on Science Adviser Continue", Science Progress, July 21, 2009
- ^ a b Mooney, Chris."Hold off on Holdren (again)", "Science Progress", July 2009.
- ^ Goldberg, Michelle. "Holdren's Controversial Population Control Past", The American Prospect, July 21, 2009, accessed July 30, 2009.
- ^ a b "John P. Holdren's CV", The Woods Hole Research Center.
- ^ Holdren, John P. "Science in the White House", Science Magazine, Abstract, May 2009.
- ^ Holdren, John P."The Future of Climate Change Policy: The U.S.'s Last Chance to Lead", "The Scientific American"
- ^ Holdren, John P. "Convincing the Climate Change Skeptics", the Boston Globe, August 4, 2008.
- ^ "Faculty page-Harvard University".
- ^ Holdren, John P."Global Climatic Disruption: Risks and Opportunities", Presentation at Investor Summit on Climate Risk, New York, February 14, 2008.
- ^ Holdren, John P. "Meeting the Climate-Change Challenge.", The John H. Chafee Memorial Lecture, National Council for Science and the Environment, Washington, D.C., January 17, 2008.
- ^ Paul R. Erlich and John P. Holdren. "Population and Panaceas A Technological Perspective", Bioscience, Vol 19, pages 1065-1071, 1969.
- ^ Holdren, John P. (1973). "Population and the American Predicament: The Case Against Complacency". Daedalus, the No-Growth Society: 31–44. ISBN 978-0-7130-0136-5.
- ^ Ehrlich, Paul R.; Anne H. Ehrlich and John P. Holdren (1977). Ecoscience: population, resources, environment. San Francisco: Freeman. ISBN 0-7167-0567-2.
- ^ PolitiFact
- ^ "Fellows List: H". MacArthur Foundation. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- ^ "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter H". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- ^ "Holdren, John P.". United States National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- ^ "Dr. John P. Holdren". National Academy of Engineering. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- ^ The Heinz Awards, John Holdren profile
- Biography at the Office of Science and Technology Policy
- John Holdren collected news and commentary at The Washington Post
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- John Holdren collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Works by or about John Holdren in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- John Holdren at Harvard Kennedy School's Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs
- Holdren's Faculty page at Harvard University
- Holdren's CV at Woods Hole Research Center
- Presidential Address: Science and Technology for Sustainable Well-Being in Science (journal) 25.January.2008 Vol. 319. no. 5862, pp. 424 – 434
- "Interview on Late Night with David Letterman", "CBS.com", April 17, 2008.
- "Nominations Hearing for Director OSTP", Washington DC, February 12, 2009.
- The New Team: John P. Holdren, profile at The New York Times
- John Holdren Speech at the Harvard Kennedy School Forum "Global Climate Disruption: What do we know? What should we do?"
- Nobel Prize, Pugwash Online, Arms Limitation and Peace Building in the Post-Cold-War World presented by Professor John P. Holdren, Chairman, Pugwash Executive Committee, 10 December 1995, Oslo, Norway
- Lead essay for Innovations journal (Vol. 1, No. 2) "The Energy Innovation Imperative: Addressing Oil Dependence, Climate Change, and Other 21st Century Energy Challenges"
- John Holdren speaking at The American Response to Climate Change Conference, held at The Wild Center.
- Holdren Urged a ‘World of Zero Net Physical Growth’ in 1995 World Bank Publication.
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