John Hagee

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John Hagee
Clean-shaven man in his 60s, with gray hair, wearing glasses, dressed in a dark suit and blue tie, speaking from behind a dark, varnished wooden lectern, with his right arm outstretched.  The front of the lectern is emblazoned with the Great Seal of the United States.
Pastor Hagee in Washington, D.C. in July 2007
BornJohn Charles Hagee
(1940-04-12) April 12, 1940 (age 74)
Goose Creek, Texas, U.S.
EducationBachelor of Science, History and Education; Master of Education Administration
Alma materTrinity University (1964)
OccupationPastor, Cornerstone Church
OrganizationJohn Hagee Ministries
TelevisionCornerstone
TitleCEO
ReligionChristianity (Evangelical-Charismatic)
DenominationNon-denominational
Spouse(s)
  • Martha (m. 1960–75)
  • Diana Castro (m. 1976)
Children5
Website
www.jhm.org
 
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John Hagee
Clean-shaven man in his 60s, with gray hair, wearing glasses, dressed in a dark suit and blue tie, speaking from behind a dark, varnished wooden lectern, with his right arm outstretched.  The front of the lectern is emblazoned with the Great Seal of the United States.
Pastor Hagee in Washington, D.C. in July 2007
BornJohn Charles Hagee
(1940-04-12) April 12, 1940 (age 74)
Goose Creek, Texas, U.S.
EducationBachelor of Science, History and Education; Master of Education Administration
Alma materTrinity University (1964)
OccupationPastor, Cornerstone Church
OrganizationJohn Hagee Ministries
TelevisionCornerstone
TitleCEO
ReligionChristianity (Evangelical-Charismatic)
DenominationNon-denominational
Spouse(s)
  • Martha (m. 1960–75)
  • Diana Castro (m. 1976)
Children5
Website
www.jhm.org
Cornerstone Church

John Charles Hagee (born April 12, 1940) is an American founder and senior pastor of Cornerstone Church in San Antonio, Texas, a non-denominational Charismatic megachurch with more than 20,000 active members.[not verified in body][not in citation given][1] Hagee is also the chief executive officer (CEO) of his non-profit corporation, Global Evangelism Television (GETV).

Hagee is the President and CEO of John Hagee Ministries, which telecasts his national radio and television ministry carried in the United States on ten television networks, including 62 high-power stations aired to more than 150 million households. He is shown on networks around the globe, including The Inspiration Network (INSP), Trinity Broadcasting Network (TBN), and Inspiration Now TV.[2] John Hagee Ministries is in Canada on the Miracle Channel and CTS and can be seen in places including Africa, Europe, Australia and New Zealand.[3] Hagee is the founder and National Chairman of the Christian-Zionist organization Christians United for Israel, incorporated on February 7, 2006.[4]

Hagee's support for Israel has brought him death threats.[5] He has also incurred controversy for his comments based on religious beliefs regarding Islam, Catholicism, and homosexuality.[6]

Life and career[edit]

John Hagee was born in Goose Creek, Texas, now part of Baytown, to the former Vada Mildred Swick and the Reverend William Bythel Hagee.[7] He graduated from Trinity University in San Antonio, with a Bachelor of Science in History and Education in 1964.[8] He was on a football scholarship and appeared on the Academic Dean's List.[9] Hagee received a Master's degree in Educational Administration from the University of North Texas in Denton in 1966 and completed his theological training at Southwestern Assemblies of God University with a Diploma in Theology in Waxahachie, south of Dallas. In 1989, he received an Honorary Doctorate from Oral Roberts University in Tulsa, Oklahoma.[10] In 2005, he received another Honorary Doctorate from Netanya Academic College in Israel.[11] Hagee served on the Oral Roberts University Board of Regents from 1989 to January 2008.[8]

John Hagee was the leader of the charismatic San Antonio mega-church Trinity Church in the 1970s and is the father of two children with his first wife, Martha Downing. In 1975, Hagee was involved in a personal scandal in which he admitted in a letter to his congregation that he had been guilty of "immorality."[12] He subsequently divorced his wife of 15 years and, one year later on April 12, 1976, married 24-year old Diana Castro, his current wife.[13] Castro was a member of the Trinity Church congregation at the time of Hagee's confession. As a result of the fallout from his divorce, Hagee resigned from his pastoral position at Trinity. Hagee and Castro have three children together.

Hagee founded The Church at Castle Hills, on Mother's Day, May 11, 1975. The church started with 25 members, but within two years, had to build a new sanctuary seating 1,600 people. The church continued to grow. On October 4, 1987, Hagee dedicated a 5,000+-seat sanctuary and named it Cornerstone Church. Dr. W. A. Criswell, pastor of the First Baptist Church of Dallas, anointed Hagee and Diana before the congregation.[14]

Hagee has written more than 30 best-selling books (several titles selling more than a million copies and hitting the New York Times Best Seller's list) and is a Southern Gospel recording artist.[15] He, Matthew, Christina, and Sandy often travel together as "The Hagees".

On his telecast of December 14, 2008, Hagee disclosed to the audience that he had recently undergone successful heart bypass surgery.

John Hagee has thirteen grandchildren.[1][16] Matthew Hagee, John's youngest son, is the executive pastor of Cornerstone Church.[17]

Personal beliefs[edit]

Hagee believes in Pentecostal practices such as the "baptism of the Holy Spirit." He also believes in the "absolute authority of the scripture," baptism by immersion, and evangelism.[18]

Hagee believes the Bible commands Christians to support the State of Israel and the Jewish people even though he has uttered remarks that some have interpreted as antisemitic.[19][20]

Because the land now known as Israel, Gaza, and the West Bank was ruled by the Ottoman Turks prior to World War I, then controlled by the British, and later partitioned under United Nations mandate, Hagee argues that the land does not belong to the Palestinian people, and that the name "Palestine" (deriving from that of the ancient Philistines) was imposed by the Roman Emperor Hadrian to punish the Jews for their revolt against the Roman Empire. Hagee has commented that there is no Palestinian language and no historic Palestinian nation.

In 2007, Hagee stated that he does not believe in global warming, and he also said that he sees the Kyoto Protocol as a conspiracy aimed at manipulating the U.S. economy.[21] Also, Hagee has condemned the Evangelical Climate Initiative, an initiative "signed by 86 evangelical leaders acknowledging the seriousness of global warming and pledging to press for legislation to limit carbon dioxide emissions."[22]

Hagee denounces abortion, and stopped giving money to Israel's Hadassah Medical Center when it began performing the procedure.[19]

He has spoken out against homosexuality, but says that his church is open to everyone.

In his 2005 book Jerusalem Countdown: A Warning to the World, Hagee interprets the Bible to predict that Russia and the Islamic states will invade Israel and will be destroyed by God. This will cause the antichrist, the head of the European Union, to create a confrontation over Israel between China and the West. The book echoes predictions made in The Late, Great Planet Earth, the best-selling 1970 book co-authored by Hal Lindsey and Carole C. Carlson.

The Christian Research Institute (among others) has strongly criticized Hagee's recent book, In Defense of Israel (2007), for apparently arguing that Jesus did not claim to be the Messiah for the Jews, only the Savior for the Christian Church, and therefore, that attempts should not be made to convert Jews.[23] Hagee issued a statement denying the first of these allegations and promises to revise one chapter in a new edition to make his views clearer.

Relationship with Israel[edit]

The San Antonio B'nai B'rith Council awarded Hagee with its "Humanitarian of the Year" award. It was the first time this award was given to a non-Jew.[24] Hagee was presented the Zionist Organization of America's Israel Award by U.N. Ambassador Jeane Kirkpatrick. This award was given by the Jewish Community of Dallas, Texas.[25] He was presented the ZOA Service Award by Texas Governor Mark White.

Hagee has been to Israel more than two dozen times and has met with every Prime Minister of Israel since Menachem Begin. John Hagee Ministries has given several million dollars to bring Soviet Jews from the former Soviet Union to Israel, as well as millions to support Jewish orphanages and other worthy causes for the Jewish people in Israel and around the globe. Hagee is the Founder and Executive Director of "A Night to Honor Israel", an event that expresses solidarity between Christians and Jews on behalf of Jerusalem, the State of Israel, and the United States.[26]

On February 7, 2006, Hagee and 400 leaders from the Christian and Jewish communities formed a new national organization called Christians United for Israel (CUFI).[27] This organization addresses members of the United States Congress, professing a Biblical justification for the defense of Israel. Around this time he received death threats for supporting Israel, and has since had bodyguards standing by while preaching at his church or at speaking engagements.[5]

Hagee was the primary early funding source for the Israeli Zionist group Im Tirtzu,[28] which has pressured Israeli academics it accuses of being anti-Zionist and lobbied to have their funding cut for their political views.[29]

Controversial views[edit]

Hagee has been criticized for his statements about Israel, the Roman Catholic Church, and Islam. One notable critic is journalist Bill Moyers, who claims that Hagee and other evangelicals are working toward supporting the religious right. He states, "Someone who didn't know better could imagine from the very name Christians United For Israel—CUFI—that pastor John Hagee speaks for all Christians. Well, he doesn't ... What these fellows have forged is a close connection between the [George W. Bush] White House and the religious right."[30]

Some Jewish leaders, such as Reform Rabbi Eric Yoffie, criticized Hagee for being an "extremist" on Israeli policy and for disparaging other faiths, including Islam and Roman Catholicism.[31]

Accusations of anti-Catholicism[edit]

After Hagee's 2008 endorsement of U.S. Presidential candidate John McCain, a furor arose over comments, broadcasts, and writings made by Hagee that were seen as anti-Catholic. After discussions with Catholic leaders, Hagee made an apology, which was publicly accepted by Catholic League President William Donohue.[32]

When Hagee made the endorsement, the Catholic League for Civil and Religious Rights president William A. Donohue issued the following remarks regarding Senator John McCain's ties to Hagee:

Now that he has secured the Republican nomination for president, and has received the endorsement of President Bush, McCain will now embark on a series of fundraising events.

When he meets with Catholics, he is going to be asked about his ties to Hagee. He should also be asked whether he approves of comments like this: "A Godless theology of hate that no one dared try to stop for a thousand years produced a harvest of hate."

That quote is proudly cited by David Brog in his recent book, Standing with Israel. Both Brog and Hagee clearly identify the Roman Catholic Church as spawning a "theology of hate".

This is nothing if not hate speech. There are so many good evangelical leaders in this country — Dr. James Dobson, Dr. Richard Land, Tony Perkins, Gary Bauer, Dr. Al Mohler, Chuck Colson — and none has ever insulted Catholicism.[33]

The "Godless theology" quotation is taken from Hagee's 1987 work Should Christians Support Israel? (p. 4)[34]

Hagee's attack against Christian antisemitism in his book Jerusalem Countdown claimed that Adolf Hitler's antisemitism derived especially from his Catholic background, and that the Catholic Church under Pope Pius XII encouraged Nazism instead of denouncing it. (pp. 79–81)[35] In his 1998 book he called Hitler "a spiritual leader in the Catholic Church",[36] despite there being no evidence Hitler even attended Mass after 1918.[37] He also states that the Roman Catholic Church "plunged the world into the Dark Ages," allowed for the Crusaders to rape and murder with impunity, and called for Jews to be treated as "Christ killers". (p. 73) Later in the book (pp. 81–2), however, he praises Pope John Paul II for repudiating past antisemitism in the Roman Catholic Church.

Hagee claimed in March 2008, "I've learned that some have accused me of referring to the Catholic Church as the 'great whore,' of Revelation. This is a serious misinterpretation of my words. When I refer to the 'great whore', I am referring to the apostate church, namely those Christians who embrace the false cult system of Jew-hatred and antisemitism."[38]

Donohue rejected Hagee's explanation as disingenuous: "Anti-Catholic Protestants have long labeled the Catholic Church 'The Great Whore', and no amount of spin can change that reality. No one who knows anything about the term would suggest otherwise."[38] Furthermore, Hagee did identify [the Great Whore of] Babylon as Rome in his book From Daniel to Doomsday (1999), in a way that it became inherent to the Roman Empire and the Roman Catholic Church: "The evidence would point to Rome ... It was Rome where Nero wrapped Christians in oily rags and hung them on lampposts, setting them ablaze to light his gardens. It was Rome that orchestrated the Crusades where Jews were slaughtered ... It was Rome that orchestrated the Inquisitions throughout the known world where "heretics" were burned at the stake or pulled in half on torture racks because they were not Roman Catholic." (pp. 10–11)

Hagee further responded to the charge in a videotaped statement and press release, categorically denying that he was anti-Catholic, on the grounds that his church runs a "social services center" that serves a largely Catholic constituency, that he supported a convent personally, that he had often denounced Martin Luther, not just the Catholic Church, for antisemitism, and that he did not interpret the "Whore of Babylon" as a reference to the Catholic Church.[39]

Letter of apology and reconciliation[edit]

On May 12, 2008, Hagee issued a letter of apology to William Donohue, the president of the Catholic League, expressing regret for "any comments that Catholics have found hurtful."[40] He apologized for condemning Catholics for what he viewed was their persecution of Jews, and outright stated that he did not believe that, and many other previously held views, any longer.[40] He also said that the "great whore" comments were taken out of context and were not directed at the Catholic Church.[40] He went on to explain that his comments about the Catholic Church were made "[i]n my zeal to oppose anti-Semitism and bigotry in all its ugly forms. I have often emphasized the darkest chapters in the history of Catholic and Protestant relations with the Jews."[41] Bill Donohue told Fox News, "I'm absolutely delighted ... I haven't seen such a quick turnaround in the 15 years that I have been president of the Catholic League ... The tone of Hagee's letter is sincere. He wants reconciliation and he has achieved it."[40] "Indeed, the Catholic League welcomes his apology," Donohue wrote in a press release. "What Hagee has done takes courage and quite frankly I never expected him to demonstrate such sensitivity to our concerns. But he has done just that. Now Catholics, along with Jews, can work with Pastor Hagee in making interfaith relations stronger than ever. Whatever problems we had before are now history."[40]

Islam[edit]

On the September 20, 2006, edition of National Public Radio's Fresh Air, Hagee discussed Islam, stating, "those who live by the Qur'an have a scriptural mandate to kill Christians and Jews ... it teaches that very clearly." He then proceeded to characterize the military threat posed by those who follow Islamic scripture: "There are 1.3 billion people who follow the Islamic faith, so if you're saying there's only 15 percent that want to come to America or invade Israel to crush it, you're only talking about 200 million people. That's far more than Hitler and Japan and Italy and all of the Axis powers in World War II had under arms."[42]

Judaism[edit]

Despite Hagee's professed "Christian Zionist" beliefs and public support for the state of Israel, Hagee has made statements that some have interpreted as antisemitic.

In his book Jerusalem Countdown, Hagee claims that Adolf Hitler was born from a lineage of "accursed, genocidally murderous half-breed Jews."[43] On page 149 in a chapter with the title 'Who Is a Jew?', Hagee writes:

"It was Esau's descendants who produced the half-breed Jews of history who have persecuted and murdered the Jews beyond human comprehension ... Adolf Hitler was a distant descendant of Esau."[43]

Hagee has attributed the persecution of Jews throughout history, implicitly including the Holocaust, to disobedience, thereby attracting accusations of antisemitism:[44]

"It was the disobedience and rebellion of the Jews, God's chosen people, to their covenantal responsibility to serve only the one true God, Jehovah, that gave rise to the opposition and persecution that they experienced beginning in Canaan and continuing to this very day ... Their own rebellion had birthed the seed of antisemitism that would arise and bring destruction to them for centuries to come ... it rises from the judgment of God upon his rebellious chosen people."[45]

In the book, Hagee cites material from the Jewish tradition (Jeremiah 9:13–16; 44:2–4, 15–17) to justify this view.

In 2008, in response to a question about this matter, he differentiated between his interpretation of the Bible and his understanding of modern history: "I learn from the Bible that the children of Israel were punished by God for their iniquities. But I do not presume to explain Jewish suffering in modern times. I only seek to alleviate it."[46]

Hagee's interpretation of the historical role of Hitler and the Holocaust in relation to the foundation of the state of Israel has also caused offense. Hagee interprets a reference in Jeremiah 16:16 to "fishers" and "hunters" as symbols of positive motivation (Herzl and Zionism) and negative motivation (Hitler and Nazism) respectively, both sent by God for the purpose of having Jews return to the land of Israel, even suggesting that the Holocaust was willed by God because most Jews ignored Herzl's Zionist call.[47] Following the broadcast of Hagee's remarks in late May 2008, some orthodox and conservative Jews have come forward to defend Hagee against charges of antisemitism, although other Jews have applauded McCain for distancing himself from Hagee.[48][49]

In another sermon, Hagee blamed American economic problems on the fact that the Federal Reserve System is controlled by "a group of Class A stockholders, including the Rothschilds." In the same series, Hagee further asserted that the Rothschilds, who are Jewish, were part of a wide-ranging conspiracy of "international power brokers based in Europe."[50]

Political activities[edit]

In 2002, Hagee endorsed the conservative State Representative John Shields in the latter's unsuccessful bid for the Republican primary for the District 25 seat in the Texas Senate. Hagee dubbed Shields's opponent, incumbent Jeff Wentworth, "the most pro-abortion" of 181 legislators in both houses of the Texas legislature.[51]

In 1996, Hagee spoke on behalf of Republican presidential primary candidate Alan Keyes, who in 2004 lost the U.S. Senate election in Illinois to Barack H. Obama. In 2008, Hagee endorsed Senator John McCain of Arizona in the presidential contest against Obama.[52]

See also[edit]

Books[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b About Pastor Hagee
  2. ^ http://www.livestream.com/inspirationnow
  3. ^ MinistryWatch Summary Report
  4. ^ Pastor John Hagee spearheads Christians United for Israel
  5. ^ a b "Hagee's Prosperity Gospel and Jews". http://www.talk2action.org. Talk to Action, LLC. 
  6. ^ Libby Quaid (AP),"McCain seeks distance from Pastor"
  7. ^ Texas. Texas Birth Index, 1903–1997. Texas: Texas Department of State Health Services. Microfiche.
  8. ^ a b John Hagee at NNDB. Accessed April 25, 2008.
  9. ^ John Hagee Family
  10. ^ Christians Aware - John Hagee
  11. ^ John Hagee at Political Base
  12. ^ [1] Reference.com
  13. ^ [2] SA Current
  14. ^ Cornerstone Church flyer from previous version of Hagee Web site at the Wayback Machine (archived July 15, 1997)
  15. ^ John Hagee at allmusic
  16. ^ Diana Hagee
  17. ^ Pastor Matthew Hagee
  18. ^ John Hagee Ministries beliefs.
  19. ^ a b Evangelicals seeing the error of 'replacement theology' | Jerusalem Post.
  20. ^ CBS: Hagee: Pro-Israel, Anti-Semitic?, May 23, 2008.
  21. ^ Glenn Beck Honest Questions with John Hagee.
  22. ^ Pastor John Hagee Spearheads Christians United for Israel.
  23. ^ CRI Statement DH005; cf. also Rick Joyner, Morning Star Ministries Bulletin #11.
  24. ^ John Hagee
  25. ^ Review of In Defense of Israel by John Hagee « Sola Dei Gloria
  26. ^ Night To Honor Israel
  27. ^ CUFI Website
  28. ^ http://www.jpost.com/JewishWorld/JewishNews/Article.aspx?id=185721
  29. ^ http://ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=52614
  30. ^ Bill Moyers Journal, transcript, November 30, 2007
  31. ^ Jewish leader calls Hagee an 'extremist.'
  32. ^ Washington Post: McCain Backer Apologizes For Anti-Catholic Remarks. May 14, 2008.
  33. ^ Catholic League: McCain's Next Move
  34. ^ Excerpts available online; the immediately preceding series of rhetorical questions is also striking in its tone: "Where are the Jews of Spain? They were murdered in cold blood by the Roman Church! Where are the Jews of Portugal? They were murdered in cold blood by the Roman Church! Where are the Jews of Italy and France? They were murdered in cold blood by the Roman Church! Where are the Jews of Austria and Hungary?" The same text later displays a critique of post-Constantinian Christianity in terms familiar from Protestant polemic: "Constantine ... 'Christianized' the Roman Empire. In one day, with one swing of the pen, he made Rome's version of Christianity the official state religion. That religion was and is full of idolatry!" (p. 6)
  35. ^ Hagee argued for exactly the same connections between the Roman Catholic Church and Hitler already in his 1987 Should Christians Support Israel? (pp. 20–30) — summarizing it in the sentence, "Roman Church policy shaped the policy of the Third Reich". (p. 20)
  36. ^ Hagee, John. Final Dawn Over Jerusalem. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson Inc. 1998. online
  37. ^ A Psychologial Profile of Adolph Hitler His Life and Legend. Office of Strategic Services Washington, D.C. 1943. online
  38. ^ a b Catholic League: Hagee goes off the Rails, McCain must Act — Catholic Online
  39. ^ Response from Pastor Hagee
  40. ^ a b c d e "Pastor Hagee Apologizes for anti-Catholic remarks". Fox News. May 13, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-23. 
  41. ^ "Minister Backing McCain Apologizes to Catholics" Goodstein, Laurie, New York Times, May 14, 2008
  42. ^ Fresh Air: Pastor John Hagee on Christian Zionism
  43. ^ a b Nationally Prominent Mega-Pastor Hagee Claims Hitler Was a "Half-Breed Jew" by Bruce Wilson, The Huffington Post, August 1, 2009
  44. ^ Matthew Yglesias, A Friend Indeed The Atlantic.com March 7, 2008; Max Blumenthal, AIPAC Cheers an Antisemitic Holocaust Revisionist (and Abe Foxman Approves) Huffington Post March 14, 2007; Bruce Wilson, "Pro Israel" Christian Leader Blames Jews For The Holocaust, Talk2Action, March 5, 2007
  45. ^ Hagee, John Jerusalem Countdown, pp. 92–93.
  46. ^ Ami Eden, "Q & A: John Hagee"
  47. ^ McCain Backer Hagee Said Hitler Was Fulfilling God's Will, by Sam Stein, Huffington Post 5/21/08
  48. ^ Jews defend Hagee's words, The Washington Times 5/24/08
  49. ^ Hagee's Jewish Endorsers
  50. ^ Hagee on American financial problems on YouTube
  51. ^ "Morgan Smith, "Primary Races Tend to Be Bloody," November 3, 2009". texastribune.org. Retrieved September 19, 2011. 
  52. ^ "Will Alan Keyes Be John McCain's Worst Nightmare?, April 24, 2008". talkwaction.org. Retrieved September 19, 2011. 

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