Joaquin Phoenix

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Joaquin Phoenix
Joaquin Phoenix NYFF 2013 (cropped).jpg
Phoenix at the 2013 New York Film Festival
BornJoaquín Rafael Bottom
(1974-10-28) October 28, 1974 (age 39)
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Other namesLeaf Phoenix
OccupationActor, music video director, film producer, musician, social activist
Years active1982–present
ParentsArlyn Phoenix
RelativesRiver Phoenix (brother)
Rain Phoenix (sister)
Summer Phoenix (sister)
 
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Joaquin Phoenix
Joaquin Phoenix NYFF 2013 (cropped).jpg
Phoenix at the 2013 New York Film Festival
BornJoaquín Rafael Bottom
(1974-10-28) October 28, 1974 (age 39)
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Other namesLeaf Phoenix
OccupationActor, music video director, film producer, musician, social activist
Years active1982–present
ParentsArlyn Phoenix
RelativesRiver Phoenix (brother)
Rain Phoenix (sister)
Summer Phoenix (sister)

Joaquin Rafael Phoenix (/hwɑːˈkn ˈfnɪks/; born October 28, 1974), formerly credited as Leaf Phoenix,[1] is an American actor, music video director, producer, musician, and social activist who started his career as a child actor and came to wide attention for his portrayal of Commodus in the 2000 historical epic film Gladiator, directed by Ridley Scott, which earned him a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor as well as nominations for the Golden Globe Award, Screen Actors Guild, Satellite Award, and BAFTA Award. He received wider recognition for his portrayal of musician Johnny Cash in the 2005 biographical film Walk the Line. His performance earned him several accolades and nominations, including the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy and nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actor and BAFTA Award. He received his third Academy Award nomination for his critically acclaimed performance in the 2012 film The Master as well as his third nomination for a Golden Globe Award and BAFTA Award. In 2013, he received his fourth nomination for the Golden Globe Award in the category Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy, for his role as Theodore in Spike Jonze's film Her.

Aside from his acting career, he has also ventured into directing music videos, as well as producing movies and television shows. He has recorded an album, the soundtrack to Walk the Line, for which he won a Grammy Award.

Early life[edit]

Phoenix was born Joaquín Rafael Bottom in Río Piedras, a sector of the city of San Juan, Puerto Rico, where he lived until he was six. He is the third of five children, including River (1970–1993), Rain (1972–), Liberty (1976–), and Summer (1978–). He also has a half-sister named Jodean (1964–) from a previous relationship of his father's.[2]

Phoenix's father, John Lee Bottom, was a lapsed Catholic,[3] originally from Fontana, California, and of English, as well as German and French, ancestry.[4][5] Phoenix's mother, Arlyn (née Dunetz), was born in The Bronx, New York, to Jewish parents whose families emigrated from Russia and Hungary.[3] In 1968, Arlyn left her family and moved to California, later meeting Phoenix's father while hitchhiking. They married in 1969, then later joined the religious group the Children of God and began travelling throughout South America.[4] His parents eventually became disenchanted with the Children of God; they made the decision to leave the cult and returned to the U.S. in 1978. They changed their last name to "Phoenix" to symbolize a new beginning. This was also around the time Joaquin had begun calling himself "Leaf," desiring to have a nature-related name like his siblings and inspired by spending time outdoors raking leaves with his father. (In a Jay Leno interview, Joaquin said he had originally called himself Antleaf as a child, it is unclear if he was being serious.)[6] Leaf became the name he would use as a child actor until at fifteen, he changed it back to Joaquin.[7]

In order to provide food and financial support for the family, the children performed on the streets and at various talent contests, singing and playing instruments.[8] In Los Angeles, his mother started working as a secretary for NBC, and his father worked as a landscaper. Phoenix and his siblings were eventually discovered by one of Hollywood's leading children's agents, Iris Burton, who got the five children acting work, mainly doing commercials and television show appearances.[9] Joaquin went on to establish himself as a child actor before deciding to withdraw from acting for a while and travel to Mexico and South America with his father.[8]

Phoenix came back into public view under tragic circumstances: on October 31, 1993, his brother, River Phoenix, suffered a drug overdose and died, outside the Hollywood nightclub The Viper Room, which was co-owned by Johnny Depp at the time. Joaquin's call to 911 to save his brother was recorded and repeatedly played over the airwaves and on television.[10] The sudden media intrusion into his life proved to be overwhelming; once again, he retreated from the public eye. A year later, at the insistence of his friends, Phoenix reluctantly re-entered the world of acting.

Career[edit]

Acting[edit]

Phoenix's first acting jobs were guest appearances on two television shows with his brother River in Seven Brides for Seven Brothers (1982), and Backwards: The Riddle of Dyslexia (1984) as well as an episode in the first season of Murder, She Wrote ("We're Off to Kill the Wizard") with his sister Summer Phoenix. In 1985, he appeared with JoBeth Williams in the CBS television movie Kids Don't Tell. After his film debut in SpaceCamp (1986) as Max and starring in an Alfred Hitchcock Presents episode "A Very Happy Ending" the same year, Phoenix first starring role was in Russkies (1987). He later co-starred in Ron Howard's Parenthood (1989), in which he was credited as Leaf Phoenix.

During the comeback portion of his career, Phoenix went back to his given name "Joaquin," and was often cast in supporting roles as conflicted, insecure characters with a dark side. He has earned positive reviews for his portrayals of various individuals: a troubled teen in Gus Van Sant's To Die For (1995) co-starring with Nicole Kidman, a small-town troublemaker in Oliver Stone's U Turn, Inventing the Abbotts (1997), the cruel Roman emperor Commodus in Ridley Scott's Gladiator (2000) (for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor), a conflicted priest in Quills (2000), a washed-up baseball player in M. Night Shyamalan's Signs (2002), the irresolute husband of a superstar-skater in the widely panned It's All About Love (2003), a lovestruck farmer in Shyamalan's The Village (2004), a disillusioned cameraman in Terry George's Hotel Rwanda (2004), and an heroic firefighter in Ladder 49 (2004).[11] He also voiced Kenai in the 2003 Disney animated film, Brother Bear.

Phoenix was cast in Walk the Line, a Johnny Cash biopic, after Cash himself approved of him. Reese Witherspoon, who portrayed June Carter Cash in the film and won an Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance,[12] stated during an interview that when they first performed in-character before a live audience, she was so impressed with his impersonation that she knew she "had to step it up a notch." All of Cash and Carter's vocal tracks in the movie and on the accompanying soundtrack are played and sung by Phoenix and Witherspoon. In 2005, he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor,[12] and won a Golden Globe in the same category. In 2006, Phoenix was invited to join the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.[13]

Phoenix's film I'm Still Here debuted at the Venice Film Festival and the Toronto International Film Festival in 2010. He subsequently took a self-imposed break from acting and returned in Paul Thomas Anderson's film The Master in 2012.[14] The film premiered at the Venice Film Festival. Phoenix won the Volpi Cup for Best Actor, shared with co-star Philip Seymour Hoffman[15] and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor.[16]

Directing[edit]

He has directed music videos for the following acts: Ringside,[17] She Wants Revenge,[18] People in Planes,[19] Arckid,[20] Albert Hammond Jr.,[21] and Silversun Pickups.[22]

Producing[edit]

Phoenix served as one of the executive producers of a television show called 4Real, a half-hour series which showcase celebrity guests on global adventures "in order to connect with young leaders who are creating social and economic change."[23] He is also listed as a producer on the movie We Own the Night. In music, he was said to have produced the opening track for Pusha T's My Name Is My Name album alongside Kanye West. The track is called "King Push". Phoenix then denied having produced the record saying “While it was widely reported that Pusha T used my beat and that I produced his song, I can’t take any credit,” Phoenix said in a statement to XXL. ”A friend’s son played me his music, and all I did was make an introduction to Kanye [West]’s camp.”.[24]

Personal life[edit]

Phoenix dated actress Liv Tyler for three years in 1990s[25] and has been dating DJ Allie Teilz in November 2013.[26]

In early April 2005, Phoenix checked into rehab to be treated for alcoholism.[27] On January 26, 2006, while driving down a winding canyon road in Hollywood, Phoenix ran off the road and rolled his car. The crash was reportedly caused by brake failure. Shaken and confused, Phoenix heard a tapping on his window and a voice say, "Just relax." Unable to see the man, Phoenix replied, "I'm fine. I am relaxed." The man replied, "No, you're not," and stopped Phoenix from lighting a cigarette while gas was leaking into the car cabin. Phoenix then realized that the man was famed German film director Werner Herzog. While Herzog helped Phoenix out of the wreckage by breaking the back window of the car, bystanders phoned for an ambulance. Phoenix approached Herzog to express gratitude, but Herzog downplayed his heroism and returned to his home nearby.[28][29]

Phoenix unexpectedly announced in late 2008 that he had retired from acting to pursue a rapping career, and that the forthcoming Two Lovers would be his last film. On February 11, 2009, Phoenix appeared on the Late Show with David Letterman to promote Two Lovers. He seemed incoherent and was largely unresponsive towards David Letterman's questions about the film and his career plans.[30][31][32] Phoenix appeared on Late Show again on September 22, 2010 and revealed that his "retirement" and eccentric behavior were for a mockumentary, I'm Still Here (2010), that he and Casey Affleck were filming.

In October 2012, Phoenix proclaimed the Academy Awards to be "bullshit". He later gave an interview amending his earlier comments and acknowledging that the Oscars provide an important platform for many deserving filmmakers.[33]

Social activism[edit]

Phoenix has long been a social activist, lending his support to a number of charities and humanitarian organizations, notably Amnesty International,[34] The Art of Elysium, HEART, and the Peace Alliance (which campaigns for a United States Department of Peace).[35] Phoenix is also on the board of directors for The Lunchbox Fund, a non-profit organization which provides daily meals to students of township schools in Soweto of South Africa.

He is a member of In Defense of Animals and PETA, both for which he has actively campaigned.[35] In 2013, he starred in a PETA short film that promoted veganism, showing Phoenix "drowning" as he narrates, "In water, humans drown just as fish suffocate on land. Put yourself in their place. Try to relate." ABC refused to air the film during the Academy Awards broadcast, citing the ad's controversial nature.[36] For Nation Earth he narrated Earthlings, a video about the investigation of animal abuse in factory farms, pet mills, in industry, and research. In 2005, he was awarded the "Humanitarian Award" at the San Diego Film Festival for his work and contribution to Earthlings.[37] He is a vegan.[38]

Filmography[edit]

Film
YearTitleRoleNotes
1986SpaceCampMax Graham
1987RusskiesDanny
1989ParenthoodGarry BuckmanNominated — Young Artist Award for Best Young Actor Starring in a Motion Picture
1995To Die ForJimmy EmmettNominated — Chlotrudis Award for Best Supporting Actor
1997U TurnToby N. Tucker
Inventing the AbbottsDoug Holt
1998Clay PigeonsClay Bidwell
Return to ParadiseLewis McBrideNominated — Csapnivalo Award for Best Male Performance
19998mmMax California
2000The YardsWillie GutierrezBroadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor
San Diego Film Critics Society - Body of Work Award
Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor (2nd place)
QuillsAbbé de CoulmierBroadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor
San Diego Film Critics Society - Body of Work Award
Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor (2nd place)
Nominated — Chlotrudis Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — Las Vegas Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actor
GladiatorCommodusBroadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Blockbuster Entertainment Award for Favorite Villain — Action
National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor
San Diego Film Critics Society - Body of Work Award
Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor (2nd place)
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
Nominated — Las Vegas Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — MTV Movie Award for Best Villain
Nominated — MTV Movie Award for Best Line from a Movie (For "It vexes me, I am terribly vexed!")
Nominated — Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture
Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role
2001Buffalo SoldiersRay ElwoodNominated— British Independent Film Award
2002SignsMerrill Hess
2003It's All About LoveJohn
Brother BearKenaiVoice
2004Ladder 49Jack MorrisonNominated — Movie Guide Award for Most Inspiring Movie Acting
Nominated — Teen Choice Award for Movie Actor: Drama
The VillageLucius Hunt
Hotel RwandaJack DaglishNominated— Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture
2005Walk the LineJohnny CashGolden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Grammy Award for Best Compilation Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media
Hollywood Film Festival Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated — Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated — MTV Movie Award for Best Performance
Nominated — Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Satellite Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated — St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
EarthlingsNarrator
2007We Own the NightBobby GreenPeople's Choice Award for Favorite Leading Man
Also producer
Reservation RoadEthan Learner
2008Two LoversLeonardNominated — Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
2010I'm Still HereHimself
2012The MasterFreddie Quell[39]Austin Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
London Film Critics Circle Award for Actor of the Year
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
San Francisco Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Vancouver Film Critics Award for Best Actor
Village Voice Film Poll - Best Actor
Venice Film Festival - Volpi Cup for Best Actor
Utah Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated — AACTA International Award for Best Actor
Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated — Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Detroit Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Nominated — Houston Film Critics Society for Best Actor
Nominated — National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
Nominated — New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Nominated — San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Satellite Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture
Nominated — St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Toronto Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
2013HerTheodore Twombly[40]Pending — International Cinephile Society Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Alliance of Women Film Journalists Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Central Ohio Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor (2nd Place)
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Nominated — Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Nominated — San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
The ImmigrantBruno WeissCompleted
2014UnityNarratorDocumentary
Inherent ViceDoc SportelloPost-Production
Television
YearTitleRoleNotes
1982Seven Brides for Seven BrothersTravisEpisode: Christmas Song
1983Mr. SmithN/AEpisode: Mr. Smith Goes Public
1984Murder, She WroteBilly DonovanEpisode: We're Off to Kill the Wizard
Backwards: The Riddle of DyslexiaRobby EllsworthNominated — Young Artist Award for Best Young Actor in a Family Film Made for Television (shared with River Phoenix)
TV film
The Fall GuyKidEpisode: Terror U
Hill Street BluesDaniel FlowersEpisode: The Rise and Fall of Paul the Wall
1985Kids Don't TellFrankieTV film
1986Alfred Hitchcock PresentsPagey FisherEpisode: A Very Happy Ending
1989Still the BeaverKyle CleaverEpisode: Still the New Leave It to Beaver
SuperboyBilly HerculesEpisode: Little Hercules

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Contemporary theatre, film, and television, Gale Research Co., 2002, p. 213, ISBN 978-0-7876-6360-5 
  2. ^ "The Phoenix Family". Sacred Loving Stream. Retrieved 2007-08-21. 
  3. ^ a b Naomi Pfefferman (2002-04-12). "The Days of Summer". Jewish Journal. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  4. ^ a b Roberta and David Ritz (October 1995). "Strange Days". Us Magazine. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  5. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0001618/bio
  6. ^ Phoenix, Joaquin. "Joaquin Phoenix Interview". Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  7. ^ Paul Fischer (2000). "Gladiator". Dark Horizons. Retrieved 2007-08-22. 
  8. ^ a b "Joaquin Phoenix- Biography". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved July 3, 2013. 
  9. ^ Mary Rourke (2008). "Iris Burton, 77; Hollywood agent represented child actors". LA Times. Archived from the original on April 14, 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  10. ^ "Joaquin Phoenix 911 Call - River Phoenix - Viper Room". Retrieved January 11, 2013. 
  11. ^ Joaquin Phoenix at the Internet Movie Database
  12. ^ a b "Oscars 2006 - Academy Award Winners, Nominees, Movies Released in 2005". Movies.about.com. Retrieved 2012-04-14. 
  13. ^ Academy Invites 120 to Membership[dead link]
  14. ^ Fleming, Mike (May 9, 2011). "Harvey Weinstein Buys World Rights To Paul Thomas Anderson's Untitled Next Film". Deadline. Mail.com Media Corporation. Retrieved June 2, 2011. 
  15. ^ Waxman, Sharon (September 8, 2012). "‘Pieta,’ ‘The Master’ Win Top Venice Prizes - Jury Shifts Votes". The Wrap. Retrieved September 9, 2012. 
  16. ^ "Oscar 2013: The nominations revealed...". Entertainment Weekly. January 10, 2013. Retrieved January 10, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Tired of Feeling Sorry". Ringside. Retrieved 2007-08-22. 
  18. ^ "Tear You Apart". She Wants Revenge. Retrieved 2007-08-22. 
  19. ^ "If you Talk Too Much (My Head Will Explode)". People In Planes. Retrieved 2007-08-22. 
  20. ^ "I'll Stick Around". Arckid. Retrieved 2007-08-22. 
  21. ^ "In Transit". Albert Hammond Jr. Retrieved 2007-08-22. 
  22. ^ "Little Lovers so Polite". Silversun Pickups. Retrieved 2008-03-10. 
  23. ^ "4 Real". Direct Current Media. Retrieved 2007-08-22. 
  24. ^ http://www.hiphopdx.com/index/news/id.25638/joaquin-phoenix-denies-producing-pusha-t-s-king-push-
  25. ^ "An Interview with Liv Tyler". IGN Movies. Retrieved 2012-03-19. 
  26. ^ "REVEALED: Hollywood star Joaquin Phoenix, 39, dating teenage DJ Allie Teilz, 19, as they go public with new romance in Rome". 
  27. ^ "Joaquin Phoenix Checks Into Rehab". CBS News. 2005-04-13. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  28. ^ "Joaquin Phoenix Rescued from Car Crash by Director Werner Herzog". Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  29. ^ Interview of Herzog about Phoenix incident[dead link]
  30. ^ Thomson, Katherine. (2009-2-11), Phoenix's Bizarre Letterman Appearance: (VIDEO), The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2009-2-11.
  31. ^ Ryan, Maureen. (2009-2-11),Weird star alert: Joaquin Phoenix mystifies David Letterman, Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2009-2-12.
  32. ^ Goodlett, Matt. (2009-2-13),Joaquin Phoenix and David Letterman Get Awkward, Paste Magazine. Retrieved 2009-2-15.
  33. ^ Husam Sam Asi (October 27, 2012). "Joaquin Phoenix: Actors don’t deserve credit for their performance". ukscreen.com. Retrieved July 3, 2013. 
  34. ^ "End The Crisis In Darfur". Amnesty International. Retrieved 2007-08-22. [dead link]
  35. ^ a b "Joaquin Phoenix's Charity Work". Look To The Stars. Retrieved 2007-08-22. 
  36. ^ Chidera Monde, "Joaquin Phoenix 'Drowns' in Provacative PETA Ad Supporting Veganism," New York Daily News, 14 February 2013.
  37. ^ "I Saw Earthlings.com Cast and Crew". Isawearthlings.com. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  38. ^ "Fake leather please!". Daily News and Analysis. 2006-11-14. Retrieved 2012-12-01. 
  39. ^ Cieply, Michael (2012-04-18). "Paul Thomas Anderson Film May Be About Scientology". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-05-21. 
  40. ^ Han, Angie (August 31). "Spike Jonze’s Movie With Joaquin Phoenix Gets New Title, Official Synopsis". slashfilm.com. Retrieved August 31. 

External links[edit]