Jefferson County, Nebraska

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Jefferson County, Nebraska
Jefferson County, Nebraska courthouse from E.JPG
Jefferson County Courthouse in Fairbury
Map of Nebraska highlighting Jefferson County
Location in the state of Nebraska
Map of the United States highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location in the U.S.
Founded1864
Named forThomas Jefferson
SeatFairbury
Largest cityFairbury
Area
 • Total576 sq mi (1,492 km2)
 • Land570 sq mi (1,476 km2)
 • Water5.5 sq mi (14 km2), 1.0%
Population
 • (2010)7,547
 • Density13/sq mi (5/km²)
Congressional district3rd
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5
Websitewww.co.jefferson.ne.us
 
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Jefferson County, Nebraska
Jefferson County, Nebraska courthouse from E.JPG
Jefferson County Courthouse in Fairbury
Map of Nebraska highlighting Jefferson County
Location in the state of Nebraska
Map of the United States highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location in the U.S.
Founded1864
Named forThomas Jefferson
SeatFairbury
Largest cityFairbury
Area
 • Total576 sq mi (1,492 km2)
 • Land570 sq mi (1,476 km2)
 • Water5.5 sq mi (14 km2), 1.0%
Population
 • (2010)7,547
 • Density13/sq mi (5/km²)
Congressional district3rd
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5
Websitewww.co.jefferson.ne.us

Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,547.[1] Its county seat is Fairbury.[2] The county was named in honor of Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States of America.

In the Nebraska license plate system, Jefferson County is represented by the prefix 33 (it had the thirty-third-largest number of vehicles registered in the county when the license plate system was established in 1922).

History[edit]

Jefferson County was founded on January 26, 1856 and later organized in 1864.[3][4] It was named for Thomas Jefferson, third president of the United States.[5]

In 2010, the Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) was constructed south out of Jefferson County.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 576 square miles (1,490 km2), of which 570 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 5.5 square miles (14 km2) (1.0%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18702,440
18808,096231.8%
189014,85083.4%
190015,1962.3%
191016,85210.9%
192016,140−4.2%
193016,4091.7%
194015,532−5.3%
195013,623−12.3%
196011,620−14.7%
197010,436−10.2%
19809,817−5.9%
19908,759−10.8%
20008,333−4.9%
20107,547−9.4%
Est. 20137,5600.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 8,333 people, 3,527 households, and 2,352 families residing in the county. The population density was 14 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 3,942 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.42% White, 0.07% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, and 0.42% from two or more races. 1.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,527 households out of which 28.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 5.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.30% were non-families. 29.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.30% under the age of 18, 6.10% from 18 to 24, 23.70% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 22.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 95.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,629, and the median income for a family was $40,747. Males had a median income of $26,929 versus $18,594 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,380. About 8.00% of families and 8.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.20% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Fitzpatrick, Lilian Linder (1925). Nebraska Place-Names. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Studies in Language, Literature, and Criticism. p. 81. Retrieved December 18, 2014. 
  4. ^ Andreas, A. T. (1882). "Andreas' History of the State of Nebraska". The Kansas Collection. Retrieved December 18, 2014. 
  5. ^ http://nebraskahistory.org/lib-arch/research/public/county_finding_aids/jefferson.pdf
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved December 8, 2014. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 8, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Official website

Coordinates: 40°10′N 97°09′W / 40.17°N 97.15°W / 40.17; -97.15