Jefferson City, Missouri

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Jefferson City, Missouri
City
City of Jefferson City
Jefferson City.jpg
Flag of Jefferson City, Missouri
Flag
Official seal of Jefferson City, Missouri
Seal
Nickname(s): Jeff City, JC, or Jeff
Cole County Missouri Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Jefferson City Highlighted.svg
U.S. Census Map
U.S. Census Map
Coordinates: 38°34′36″N 92°10′25″W / 38.57667°N 92.17361°W / 38.57667; -92.17361Coordinates: 38°34′36″N 92°10′25″W / 38.57667°N 92.17361°W / 38.57667; -92.17361
CountryUnited States
StateMissouri
CountiesCallaway, Cole
Government
 • MayorEric J. Struemph[1]
Area[2]
 • City37.58 sq mi (97.33 km2)
 • Land35.95 sq mi (93.11 km2)
 • Water1.63 sq mi (4.22 km2)
Elevation630 ft (192 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • City43,079
 • Estimate (2012[4])43,183
 • Density1,198.3/sq mi (462.7/km2)
 • Metro149,807
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes65101-65109
Area code(s)573
FIPS code29-37000[5]
GNIS feature ID0758233[6]
Websitehttp://www.jeffcitymo.org
 
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Jefferson City, Missouri
City
City of Jefferson City
Jefferson City.jpg
Flag of Jefferson City, Missouri
Flag
Official seal of Jefferson City, Missouri
Seal
Nickname(s): Jeff City, JC, or Jeff
Cole County Missouri Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Jefferson City Highlighted.svg
U.S. Census Map
U.S. Census Map
Coordinates: 38°34′36″N 92°10′25″W / 38.57667°N 92.17361°W / 38.57667; -92.17361Coordinates: 38°34′36″N 92°10′25″W / 38.57667°N 92.17361°W / 38.57667; -92.17361
CountryUnited States
StateMissouri
CountiesCallaway, Cole
Government
 • MayorEric J. Struemph[1]
Area[2]
 • City37.58 sq mi (97.33 km2)
 • Land35.95 sq mi (93.11 km2)
 • Water1.63 sq mi (4.22 km2)
Elevation630 ft (192 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • City43,079
 • Estimate (2012[4])43,183
 • Density1,198.3/sq mi (462.7/km2)
 • Metro149,807
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes65101-65109
Area code(s)573
FIPS code29-37000[5]
GNIS feature ID0758233[6]
Websitehttp://www.jeffcitymo.org

Jefferson City is the capital of the U.S. state of Missouri and the county seat of Cole County. A small portion of the city extends into Callaway County. It is the principal city of the Jefferson City metropolitan area, which encompasses the entirety of both counties. As of the 2010 census, the population was 43,079 making it the 15th largest city in Missouri.[7] Jefferson City was named after Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States.

In 2013, Jefferson City was named America's "Most Beautiful" Small Town by Rand McNally.[8]

Jefferson City is on the northern edge of the Ozark Plateau on the southern side of the Missouri River near the geographic center of the state, in a region known as Mid-Missouri. It is at the western edge of the Missouri Rhineland, one of the major wine-producing regions of the Midwest. The city is dominated by the domed Capitol that rises from a bluff overlooking the Missouri River to the north. Lewis and Clark passed beneath that bluff on their historic expedition upriver before Europeans established any settlement there.

History[edit]

Sketch of Jefferson City from the 1860s
Missouri State Penitentiary

In pre-Columbian times, this region was home of an ancient people known only as the Mound Builders. By the time European settlers began arriving, the Mound Builders had vanished. The contemporary indigenous peoples were called the Osage Indians. When the Missouri Territory was organized in 1812, St. Louis was the seat of government. St. Charles next served as the capital.

In the middle of the state, Jefferson City was chosen as the new capital in 1821 while Thomas Jefferson was actually still alive. The village was first called Lohman's Landing. When the legislature decided to relocate there, they proposed the name "Missouriopolis" but later settled on Jefferson City.[9] For years, the village was little more than a trading post located in the wilderness about midway between St. Louis and Kansas City. In 1825 the settlement was incorporated as a city and the next year the Missouri legislature first met there.

Jefferson City was selected as the site for a state prison and in 1836 the Missouri State Penitentiary was opened. The prison was home to a number of infamous Americans, including former heavyweight champion Sonny Liston, assassin James Earl Ray, and bank robber Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd. During the American Civil War Jefferson City was occupied by Union troops. Many of the people in the state supported the Union, although Missouri's Little Dixie section was strongly pro-Confederate along the Missouri river between Jefferson City and Kansas City.

German immigrants created vineyards in small towns on either side of the Missouri River, especially on the north from Jefferson City east to Marthasville, outside St. Louis. Known as the Missouri Rhineland for its vineyards, first established by German immigrants in the mid-19th century, this area has become a part of the agricultural and tourist economy.

Geography[edit]

Jefferson City is located at 38°38′58″N 92°12′52″W / 38.64944°N 92.21444°W / 38.64944; -92.21444 (38.572954, -92.189283).[10] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.58 square miles (97.33 km2), of which, 35.95 square miles (93.11 km2) is land and 1.63 square miles (4.22 km2) is water.[2]

Climate[edit]

Jefferson City has a humid continental climate with hot, rainy summers and cold winters. Thunderstorms are common in the spring and summer. Light snow is common during winter, though about half of wintertime precipitation falls as rain.[11]

Climate data for Jefferson City, Missouri, 1981–2010 normals
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)39.9
(4.4)
45.4
(7.4)
55.5
(13.1)
66.7
(19.3)
75.1
(23.9)
83.5
(28.6)
88.3
(31.3)
87.8
(31)
79.8
(26.6)
68.5
(20.3)
55.8
(13.2)
42.5
(5.8)
65.7
(18.7)
Average low °F (°C)19.9
(−6.7)
23.6
(−4.7)
32.2
(0.1)
43.1
(6.2)
53.1
(11.7)
62.8
(17.1)
67.2
(19.6)
65.4
(18.6)
56.0
(13.3)
44.0
(6.7)
33.9
(1.1)
23.0
(−5)
43.7
(6.5)
Precipitation inches (mm)1.93
(49)
2.29
(58.2)
3.00
(76.2)
4.16
(105.7)
5.18
(131.6)
4.39
(111.5)
4.31
(109.5)
3.99
(101.3)
4.15
(105.4)
3.35
(85.1)
3.61
(91.7)
2.67
(67.8)
43.03
(1,093)
Snowfall inches (cm)4.8
(12.2)
3.4
(8.6)
1.4
(3.6)
.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
.3
(0.8)
3.8
(9.7)
13.8
(35.2)
Source: NOAA

[12][13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18603,082
18704,42043.4%
18805,27119.3%
18906,74227.9%
19009,66443.3%
191011,85022.6%
192014,49022.3%
193021,59649.0%
194024,26812.4%
195025,0993.4%
196028,22812.5%
197032,40714.8%
198033,6193.7%
199035,4815.5%
200039,63611.7%
201043,0798.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 43,079 people, 17,278 households, and 9,969 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,198.3 inhabitants per square mile (462.7 /km2). There were 18,852 housing units at an average density of 524.4 per square mile (202.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 78.0% White, 16.9% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population.

There were 17,278 households of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.6% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.3% were non-families. 36.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.89.

The median age in the city was 37.5 years. 20.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.6% were from 25 to 44; 26.8% were from 45 to 64; and 13.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.2% male and 48.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 39,636 people, 15,794 households, and 9,207 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,454.4 people per square mile (561.6/km²). There were 16,987 housing units at an average density of 623.3 per square mile (240.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.50% White, 14.70% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 1.23% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, and 1.52% from two or more races. 1.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 15,794 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.7% were non-families. 36.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city the population was spread out with 20.9% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 105.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,628, and the median income for a family was $52,627. Males had a median income of $35,050 versus $25,521 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,268. About 7.3% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.1% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The city uses a mayor-council system. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote. The city council has ten members. Two are elected from each of the city's five wards.

The Missouri Department of Corrections (MDOC) operates the Jefferson City Correctional Center in Jefferson City.[14][15]

MDOC operated the Missouri State Penitentiary (later named the Jefferson City Correctional Center) in Jefferson City.[16] Before its closure it was the oldest operating penal facility west of the Mississippi River. It served as the State of Missouri's primary maximum security institution[17] and housed male death row prisoners until April 1989, when they were moved to the Potosi Correctional Center.[18] The current JCCC was opened on September 15, 2004, replacing the Missouri State Penitentiary.[14]

The United States Postal Service operates several postal facilities, including the Jefferson City Main Post Office.[19]

Economy[edit]

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[20] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1State of Missouri18,203
2Scholastic1,500
3Capital Region Medical Center1,450
4St. Mary's Health Center1,200
5Jefferson City Public School District1,106
6Wal-Mart783
7Central Bank750
8ABB Inc.750
9Jefferson City Medical Group564
10RR Donnelley525

Media[edit]

The major daily English-language newspaper in the area is the Jefferson City News-Tribune.

Education[edit]

Jefferson City is served by the Jefferson City Public School District, which operates Jefferson City High School, Simonsen 9th Grade Center, Lewis and Clark Middle School and Thomas Jefferson Middle School, and eleven elementary schools. The district is currently considering building a second high school. There are 4 private elementary schools: St. Joseph's Cathedral, St. Peter, Immaculate Conception, and Trinity Lutheran. Calvary Lutheran, Helias Catholic, and Lighthouse Preparatory Academy are Jefferson City's private high schools.

Lincoln University is a public historically black university with open enrollment and certificate, associate, bachelor, and graduate programs. Columbia College, Linn State Technical College, William Woods University, Metro Business College and Merrell University also have locations in Jefferson City with varying degree levels and options.

Transportation[edit]

Jefftran operates a public bus system year-round.[21] Jefferson City is one of the four state capitals not served by an Interstate highway.[22] Interstate 70 passes by the city 30 miles (48 km) to the north, in Columbia. U.S. Highways in the city include U.S. Route 50, U.S. Route 54, and U.S. Route 63. Also Route 179 and Route 94 run through the city, giving it four highways that intersect with I-70. Jefferson City is also home to an Amtrak station.

Notable people[edit]

The Missouri State Capitol in Jefferson City
Photograph of Jefferson City from the International Space Station

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contact the Mayor." at the Wayback Machine (archived May 7, 2006) City of Jefferson. Retrieved on May 21, 2010.
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ http://www.census.gov/popest/data/cities/totals/2011/tables/SUB-EST2011-03-29.csv
  8. ^ http://www.bestoftheroad.com/
  9. ^ McMillen, Margot Ford & Murphy, Dennis. A to Z: The Dictionary of Missouri Place Names. Columbia, MO. Pebble Publishing, 1996. ISBN 0-9646625-4-X.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ http://weatherspark.com/averages/30636/Jefferson-City-Missouri-United-States
  12. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-12-08. 
  13. ^ "Kansas City Daily Climate Records/Normals". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 8, 2013. 
  14. ^ a b "Jefferson City Correctional Center." at the Wayback Machine (archived May 7, 2006) Missouri Department of Corrections. May 7, 2006. Retrieved on September 18, 2010.
  15. ^ "MidMoGIS Mapping Website." City of Jefferson. Retrieved on September 18, 2010.
  16. ^ "Jefferson City Correctional Center." at the Wayback Machine (archived August 14, 2003) Missouri Department of Corrections. August 14, 2003. Retrieved on September 18, 2010.
  17. ^ Lombardi, George, Richard D. Sluder, and Donald Wallace. "The Management of Death-Sentenced Inmates: Issues, Realities, and Innovative Strategies." Missouri Department of Corrections. 8. Retrieved on September 18, 2010.
  18. ^ Lombardi, George, Richard D. Sluder, and Donald Wallace. "The Management of Death-Sentenced Inmates: Issues, Realities, and Innovative Strategies." Missouri Department of Corrections. 9. Retrieved on September 18, 2010.
  19. ^ "Post Office Location - JEFFERSON CITY." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on September 18, 2010.
  20. ^ City of Jefferson CAFR
  21. ^ http://www.jeffcitymo.org/cd/transit/documents/routescheduleweb.pdf,
  22. ^ Staff. "Interstate Highway Fact Sheet" (PDF). American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. Archived from the original on October 10, 2008. Retrieved February 22, 2012. 
  23. ^ "James T. Blair, Jr.". Notable Names Data Base. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  24. ^ "Lorenzo Greene". The University of Houston,. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]