Jefferson, Iowa

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Jefferson, Iowa
—  City  —
Location of Jefferson, Iowa
Coordinates: 42°1′0″N 94°22′36″W / 42.016667°N 94.37667°W / 42.016667; -94.37667Coordinates: 42°1′0″N 94°22′36″W / 42.016667°N 94.37667°W / 42.016667; -94.37667
Country United States
State Iowa
CountyGreene
Area
 • Total6.01 sq mi (15.56 km2)
 • Land5.97 sq mi (15.46 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation1,066 ft (325 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total4,345
 • Density728/sq mi (281.1/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code50129
Area code(s)515
FIPS code19-39450
GNIS feature ID0457919
WebsiteCity of Jefferson
 
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Jefferson, Iowa
—  City  —
Location of Jefferson, Iowa
Coordinates: 42°1′0″N 94°22′36″W / 42.016667°N 94.37667°W / 42.016667; -94.37667Coordinates: 42°1′0″N 94°22′36″W / 42.016667°N 94.37667°W / 42.016667; -94.37667
Country United States
State Iowa
CountyGreene
Area
 • Total6.01 sq mi (15.56 km2)
 • Land5.97 sq mi (15.46 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation1,066 ft (325 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total4,345
 • Density728/sq mi (281.1/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code50129
Area code(s)515
FIPS code19-39450
GNIS feature ID0457919
WebsiteCity of Jefferson

Jefferson is a city in Greene County, Iowa, United States, along the North Raccoon River. The population was 4,345 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Greene County[1]. It is the home of the Mahanay Memorial Bell Tower, 168 feet (51 m) tall, located on the town square, and visible for miles. The tower is named for Floyd Mahanay, a philanthropist and former resident. Jefferson is bisected east to west by the old Lincoln Highway (formerly U.S. 30). A new U.S. 30 is located about one mile to the north.

Contents

History

While platted and settled a few years earlier, "New Jefferson" was organized in the winter of 1855-56 and officially incorporated in January 1872. It began as a farming community and remains so today. The first settlers of the new city were the family of George S. Walton who built there in 1855.[2] During the Civil War, Jefferson as well as Greene County contributed its sons to raising Company H, 10th Iowa Infantry (1861) and Company E, 39th Iowa Infantry (1862). The railway came to Jefferson in the decades after the Civil War. Jefferson's first mayor was Mahlon Head, elected in 1872. Jefferson's library was completed in 1904 through the generosity of the Carnegie library fund. The stretch of Lincoln Highway that runs through Jefferson was completed circa 1924.

Geography

Jefferson is located at 42°1′0″N 94°22′36″W / 42.016667°N 94.37667°W / 42.016667; -94.37667 (42.016749, -94.376753)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.01 square miles (15.56 km²), of which, 5.97 square miles (15.46 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) is water.

Demographics

Jefferson Historical Population
YearPop.±%
1870779
18801,444+85.4%
18901,875+29.8%
19002,601+38.7%
19102,477−4.8%
19203,416+37.9%
19303,431+0.4%
19404,088+19.1%
19504,326+5.8%
19604,570+5.6%
19704,735+3.6%
19804,854+2.5%
19904,292−11.6%
20004,626+7.8%
20104,345−6.1%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. 

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 4,345 people, 1,900 households, and 1,172 families residing in the town. The population density was 728 people per square mile (281.1/km²). There were 2,156 housing units at an average density of 361.3 per square mile (139.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.9% White, 0.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 1.0% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% of the population.

There were 1,900 households out of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.3% were non-families. 34.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 19.3% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, and 24.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.3 years. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,818, and the median income for a family was $42,754. Males had a median income of $32,206 versus $21,359 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,441. About 3.3% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.6% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture

Popular Culture

Jefferson, Iowa, was featured in the television series, "24" (season four, episode 18). In the episode, nuclear warheads are being moved from Illinois to Jefferson, but are intercepted during transit by Marwan's associates.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ Stillman, B.B., Past and Present of Greene County, Iowa, Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1907 (1979 reprint), 38.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml. Retrieved 2012-5-11. 

Further reading

External links