Jeannette, Pennsylvania

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Jeannette, Pennsylvania
City
Jeannette's Business District (Clay Avenue)
Jeannette, Pennsylvania is located in Pennsylvania
Jeannette, Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 40°19′44″N 79°36′50″W / 40.32889°N 79.61389°W / 40.32889; -79.61389Coordinates: 40°19′44″N 79°36′50″W / 40.32889°N 79.61389°W / 40.32889; -79.61389
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyWestmoreland
Settled1888
Incorporated (borough)June 7, 1889
Incorporated (city)January 1, 1938
Government
 • TypeCity Council
Area
 • Total2.4 sq mi (6 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total9,654
 • Density4,414.3/sq mi (1,704.4/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code15644
WebsiteCity of Jeannette
 
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Jeannette, Pennsylvania
City
Jeannette's Business District (Clay Avenue)
Jeannette, Pennsylvania is located in Pennsylvania
Jeannette, Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 40°19′44″N 79°36′50″W / 40.32889°N 79.61389°W / 40.32889; -79.61389Coordinates: 40°19′44″N 79°36′50″W / 40.32889°N 79.61389°W / 40.32889; -79.61389
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyWestmoreland
Settled1888
Incorporated (borough)June 7, 1889
Incorporated (city)January 1, 1938
Government
 • TypeCity Council
Area
 • Total2.4 sq mi (6 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total9,654
 • Density4,414.3/sq mi (1,704.4/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code15644
WebsiteCity of Jeannette

Jeannette is a city in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, United States, and a suburb of Pittsburgh. The population was 9,654 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Jeannette is located at 40°19′44″N 79°36′50″W / 40.32889°N 79.61389°W / 40.32889; -79.61389 (40.328773, -79.613997)[1].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2).

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
CensusPop.
18903,296
19005,86577.9%
19108,07737.7%
192010,62731.6%
193015,12642.3%
194016,2207.2%
195016,172−0.3%
196016,5652.4%
197015,209−8.2%
198013,106−13.8%
199011,221−14.4%
200010,654−5.1%
20109,654−9.4%
Est. 20129,530−1.3%
Sources:[2][3][4][5]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 9,654 people, 4,630 households, and 2,949 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,414.3 people per square mile (1,706.9/km²). There were 5,139 housing units at an average density of 2,129.3 per square mile (823.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.81% white, 20.19% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.50% of the population.

There were 4,630 households out of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were non-families. 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 20.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,091, and the median income for a family was $37,038. Males had a median income of $32,413 versus $21,702 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,961. About 10.9% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.2% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Jeannette City School District includes McKee Elementary School, McKee Middle School and Jeannette Senior High School.[6]

History[edit]

Perhaps the oldest historical reference to the area that became Jeannette is the role the area played in the Pontiac War in 1763. The Bushy Run Battlefield marks the spot where Colonel Henry Boquet led the British and American troops to defeat the Indians in a battle on the 5th and 6 August that year. This victory is credited with helping to prevent the capture of Fort Pitt, and it served the purpose of reopening communication and supply lines. Today, this 200-acre (0.81 km2) historical landmark is the site of a museum, nature trails, picnic areas, and an annual reenactment of the Battle of Bushy Run.

First incorporated as a borough on June 7, 1889,[7] Jeannette earned the nickname as "the glass city" in recognition of the numerous glass plants founded in the area, with those factories contributing to the city's original stature as the first large manufacturing town in Westmoreland County. In fact, the impact of the glass industry was so significant that the city's name actually comes from Jeannette E. Hartupee McKee, the wife of H. Sellers McKee, a local industrialist who cofounded the Chambers and McKee Glass Works and was a member of the elite South Fork Fishing and Hunting Club of Johnstown Flood fame.[8] Mckee and his partner J.A. Chambers also have the distinction of naming Jeannette's main street, Clay Avenue after their financial backer, Richard W. Clay. On January 1, 1938, Jeannette became a third class city with Attorney John M. OConnell as the first mayor.[9]

At times, there were as many as 7 significant glass factories operating in the city of Jeannette including some of the most well known in the history of the glass industry. Names like Jeannette Glass; Fort Pitt Glass; the Pittsburgh Lamp, Brass and Glass Company; American-Saint Gobain, Westmoreland Glass; and others all supplied the country with everything from plate glass windows, to bottles, to milk glass, and much more for many decades. Some estimates over the years indicate that Jeannette once produced somewhere between 70-85% of the world's glass. Unfortunately, the Jeannette's glass industry was one of the early United States industry victims of cheap, foreign competition that made it less expensive to produce glass overseas and today only two glass factories remain in the city.

Jeannette's manufacturing history doesn't end with the glass industry. Today's Elliott Company represents an evolution dating back to 1914 when William Swan Elliott moved his company to Jeannette. The Elliott Company, owned by the Carrier Corporation from 1957 until 1979 and by United Technologies Corporation until a 1987 buyout that returned the company to a privately owned status, only to become an Ebara Corporation subsidiary in 2000, has always had a solid reputation in the dynamo, turbine, and large rotating equipment industry. In 1952, the company produced the first diesel-engine turbocharger used in a racecar and subsequently built more than 40,000 more of them for other diesel applications. Throughout the 1970s, local residents routinely witnessed a revolving door of trains hauling parts into the plant on North 4th Street and hauling the huge turbine engines back down the tracks.[10] Today, the Elliott Company is the city's largest employer.[11] Jeannette is also the manufacturing home of Jensen Steam Engine Mfg. Co., Inc., which produces small working models of steam engines and turbines. The Jensen shop is only a few blocks from the Elliott plant.

The Pennsylvania Rubber Works, which moved to Jeannette from Erie, Pennsylvania, around 1903, was yet another key part of the city's significant industrial base. Not only did this factory become a significant supplier of play balls (basketballs, footballs, tennis balls, etc.) and carpet underlay as part of General Tire in its later years; but the original Pennsylvania Rubber Works provided products for Jeeps and gas masks during World War II.[12]

In 1943, the city went before the Supreme Court to defend an ordinance that banned distributing religious materials door to door. Several members of the Jehovah's Witnesses challenged the constitutionality of the law but were defeated in Douglas v. City of Jeannette.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Pennsylvania". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  3. ^ "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  6. ^ http://www.jeannette.k12.pa.us
  7. ^ "Jeannette hopes to reclaim glory of manufacturing heyday", , Tribune Review, January 28, 2007
  8. ^ John N. Boucher, "History of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania", The Lewis Publishing Co., 1906. Pages 504-505, http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~mhender/jeanette.html
  9. ^ Great Towns in Westmoreland, "Jeannette A Great Town in Westmoreland County", http://www.inwestmoreland.com/wclocalinfo/towns/jeannette/index.aspx
  10. ^ A History of Accomplishments, Elliott Company Website
  11. ^ Great Towns in Westmoreland, "Jeannette A Great Town in Westmoreland County", http://www.inwestmoreland.com/wclocalinfo/towns/jeannette/index.aspx
  12. ^ "Jeannette hopes to reclaim glory of manufacturing heyday", , Tribune Review, January 28, 2007