Japan Karate Association

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Japan Karate Association
Japan Karate Association Logo.png
AbbreviationJKA
MottoKeepers of Karate's Highest Tradition
FormationMay 27, 1949
TypeSports federation
Headquarters2-23-15 Koraku, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo JAPAN 112-0004
MembershipJapan Karate Federation, World Karate Federation[1]
Official language
Japanese, English
Shihan
Masaaki Ueki, 9th Dan <JKA website,2011>
Websitewww.jka.or.jp
 
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"JKA" redirects here. For Star Wars Jedi Knight: Jedi Academy, see JK:JA.
For the airport in Alabama, United States with the FAA code JKA, see Jack Edwards Airport. For the regulating body of keirin and auto race competitions in Japan, see JKA Foundation.
Japan Karate Association
Japan Karate Association Logo.png
AbbreviationJKA
MottoKeepers of Karate's Highest Tradition
FormationMay 27, 1949
TypeSports federation
Headquarters2-23-15 Koraku, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo JAPAN 112-0004
MembershipJapan Karate Federation, World Karate Federation[1]
Official language
Japanese, English
Shihan
Masaaki Ueki, 9th Dan <JKA website,2011>
Websitewww.jka.or.jp

Japan Karate Association (日本 空手 協会; Nihon Karate Kyokai; JKA; sometimes referred to simply as Kyokai 協会 in Japan) is one of the most influential Shotokan karate organizations in the world. It is also one of the oldest karate organizations continuously in operation until the present.

Origins[edit]

Gichin Funakoshi played a major role in introducing karate from Okinawa to Japan, adjusted to reduce injury and merged with approaches for athletic training. On May 27, 1949, some of his senior students, such as Isao Obata, Masatoshi Nakayama, and Hidetaka Nishiyama, formed a karate organization dedicated to research, promotion, events management, and education: the Japan Karate Association.[2][3][4] Funakoshi, then around 80 years old, held a position equivalent to emeritus chief instructor. Nakayama designated as the chief instructor.

The JKA emerged from karate clubs at Japanese universities located in the Tokyo region. Most of these universities, however, distanced themselves from the JKA during the 1950s. Takushoku University always kept strong ties with the JKA, being the alma mater of many of the senior JKA instructors, such as Nakayama, Nishiyama, Okazaki, Asai, Kanazawa, and Enoeda, who were responsible for the JKA's consolidation during the 1960s and 1970s.[3][5]

General uneasiness on how karate was taught by the JKA instructors and disagreements on Funakoshi's funeral arrangements in 1957 motivated some of the senior karateka connected with Funakoshi, but not associated with the JKA, such as Shigeru Egami, Genshin Hironishi, and Tsutomu Ohshima, to form their own organizations, such as Shotokai and Shotokan Karate of America). They claimed to practice Shotokan karate closer to what Funakoshi taught, as compared to the JKA style. The JKA Shotokan approach is also based on Funakoshi's karate, but with significant adaptations introduced mostly by Nakayama, who was JKA chief instructor until his death in 1987.[3][6][7] Under Nakayama's leadership, a generation of respected instructors spread karate worldwide, guided from the JKA's headquarters in Tokyo.[3][4]

Nakayama's books, which include Dynamic Karate and the Best Karate series,[8][9] are fundamental references on Shotokan karate as practiced under the JKA. Clive Nicol, in his classic book Moving Zen, describes the karate practice at the JKA's honbu dojo (headquarters training hall) in Tokyo during the early 1960s, from his unique perspective as a western karate student going from white to black belt in a few years.[10]

Splinter groups[edit]

The JKA experienced several divisions from the 1970s onwards. Notable splinter groups formed as follows:

Due to these divisions, there is today the notion of a JKA karate style—that is, karate that follows the JKA tradition to a large extent, but is taught by instructors who are not officially affiliated with JKA (though some of them are former JKA instructors).

Kenshusei (instructor intern) training program[edit]

In 1956, the JKA started its kenshusei instructor intern training program at the JKA honbu dojo, in Yotsuya, Tokyo, which had been built in 1955. This program was instituted by Masatoshi Nakayama. The training program has promoted the consistency and quality control of JKA training practices over the years, graduating some of the world's most well known karateka (practitioners of karate), as listed below.

Graduates[edit]

The following table lists JKA kenshusei training program graduates in order of year of graduation. The reported rank of graduates no longer with the JKA is that from their current organization. Such rank is not necessarily recognized by the JKA.

NameYear of GraduationRankPosition
Mikami Takayuki19579th danUSA JKA/AF Southern
Takaura Eiji1957
Kanazawa Hirokazu195710th danFounder SKIF
Tsushima Toshio1958
Yaguchi Yutaka19589th danUSA ISKF Mountain States
Ouchi Kyo1959
Sato Masaki1959
*Saito Shigeru1959
Inaba Mitsue1960
Kano Masahiko1960
Watanabe Gunji1960
*Ogata Kyoji1960
Kisaka Katsuharu1961USA
Nakaya Ken1961
Ogawa Eiko1961
Ueki Masaaki19619th dan(2011)HQ Shihan Chief Instructor Worldwide
Keinosuke Enoeda19619th dan"Deceased 29th March 2003". 
*Miyazaki Satoshi19618th dan"Deceased 31st May 1993". 
*Mori Osamu1961
*Takahashi Yoshimasa1961
*Majima Kenshiro1962
Sakai Ryusuke19628th dan
Jitsuhara Shoji1963
Ochi Hideo19638th danDJKB ("JKA Germany")
Takahashi Yasuoki1963
*Itaya Michihisa1963
Abe Keigo19659th danJapan JSKA [2]
Oishi Takeshi1965
*Tabata Yukichi1965
Takashina Shigeru19668th danUSA JKA/WFA South Atlantic Deceased September 3, 2013
Kawazoe Masao19678th Dan (Also Chief Instructor ITKF)
Higashi Kunio1967
Iida Norihiko1967
Okamoto Hideki19678th danEgypt - "Deceased 2009".
Takahashi Shunsuke19678th danChief Instructor TSKF Australia [3]
Yano Kenji1967
Okuda Taketo19678th dan"Butoku-kan (Brazil)". 
Baba Isamu1970
Horie Teruo1971
Nishino Shuhei1971
*Hayakawa Norimasa1971
Kanegae Kenji1972
Osaka Yoshiharu19728th danHQ Full-Time Instructor
Sato Teruo1974
Mori Toshihiro1975
Imura Takenori19777th danHQ Full-Time Instructor
Kurasako Kenro19777th danHQ Full-Time Instructor
Kawawada Minoru19787th danHQ Full-Time Instructor
Komaki Masaki1978
Omura Fujikiyo19787th dan"JKA Thailand". 
Fukami Akira1979
Kaneko Taneaki1979
Sakata Masashi1979
Abe Miwako1980
Tsuchii Takayuki1980
Yamamoto Hideo1980
Ohta YoshinobuAttendee7th Dan"Head JKA England". 
Ogura Yasunori19827th danHQ Full-Time Instructor
Imamura Tomio19837th danHQ Full-Time Instructor
Kashiwagi Nobuyuki1984
Koike Tsuyoshi1984
Yokomichi Masaaki1984
Izumiya Seizo19866th danHQ Full-Time Instructor
Shiina Katsutoshi19866th danHQ Full-Time Instructor
Hanzaki Yasuo19876th danHQ Full-Time Instructor
Nakamura Yoko1987
Naka Tatsuya19897th dan (2012)HQ Full-Time Instructor
Noda Kenichi1990
Taniyama Takuya19906th danHQ Full-Time Instructor
*Imai Hiromitsu1991
Takahashi Satoshi19925th danHQ Full-Time Instructor
Kobayashi Kunio19935th danHQ Full-Time Instructor
Ogata Koji19945th danHQ Full-Time Instructor
Walter Crockford19965th dan"JKA Canada". 
Ikenaga Atsushi1996
Hirayama Yuko19986th dan (as of 2012)HQ Secretariat
Okuma Koichiro19986th dan [13]HQ Full-Time Instructor
Iwasawa Mayumi19983rd danHQ Secretariat
Aragaki Misako20033rd danHQ Secretariat
Ubukata Koji2003
Yamada Satomi2004
Nemoto Keisuke2004
Okuie Satomi2004
Kurihara Kazuaki2004
Shimizu Ryosuke2004
Kumeta Riki2008

Note[edit]

This list is incomplete. For instance, it does not include some members who were expelled or resigned from the JKA see below:

associated with IJKA (International Japan Martial Arts Karatedokai- Mrs Asai's IJKA)

The list at the JKA's website, which includes most members who left or were expelled, may also be incomplete. The JKA has not included some former members who have completed the course and are not currently affiliated with JKA. In addition, during the troubled period between 1990 and 1999 each JKA faction held its own instructors' course. Currently, the JKA does not recognize graduates from the instructors' courses led by the JKS (Japan Karate Shoto Renmei, which also held the name JKA between 1990 and 1999).

Karateka such as Ennio Vezzuli (Brazil), Nigel Jackson (South Africa), Peté Pacheco (Portugal), Malcolm Fisher (Canada), Leon Montoya (Colombia), Richard Amos (UK, US), Pascal Lesage (France) and others, are mentioned in karate forums as having completed the JKA instructors' course (or having had substantial participation in it) but do not appear on the list of graduates as published in 2008 on the JKA's website.[14]

In addition, the list does not include graduate instructors from the instructor programmes of splinter groups such as JKS and KWF, examples being Norio Kawasaki (KWF - Japan) Masamichi Otsuka (KWF - Japan) Yutaka Koike (JKS - Japan) Yasuhisa Inada (JKS - Japan) Scott Langley (JKS - Ireland) Kyle Kamal Helou (JKS - Lebanon) Takeo Matsui (JKS- Japan) Takuya Makita (JKS - Japan)

Competition[edit]

Although Gichin Funakoshi wrote that there are no contests in Karate, Nakayama Masatoshi teachings led to more scientific and competitive approach to the training and in 1957 the first All Japan Karate Championship was held, and has been held annually since.


World championships[edit]

In addition, the JKA has organised a number of international tournaments amongst which the following have been considered to be the JKA's World Championships:


YearTournament nameLocation
19751st IAKF World ChampionshipsUnited States Los Angeles, USA
19772nd IAKF World ChampionshipsJapan Tokyo, Japan
19803rd IAKF World ChampionshipsGermany Bremen, West Germany
19834th IAKF World ChampionshipsEgypt Cairo, Egypt
19851st ShotoCupJapan Tokyo, Japan
19872nd ShotoCupAustralia Brisbane, Australia
19903rd ShotoCupEngland Sunderland, England
19924th ShotoCupJapan Tokyo, Japan
19945th ShotoCupUnited States Philadelphia, USA
19966th ShotoCupJapan Ohsaka, Japan
19987th ShotoCupFrance Paris, France
20008th ShotoCupJapan Tokyo, Japan
20049th ShotoCupJapan Tokyo, Japan
200610th Funakoshi Gichin Cup World Karate-do ChampionshipAustralia Sydney Olympic Park Sports Centre, Sydney, Australia
200911th Funakoshi Gichin Cup World Karate-do Championship CANCELLED[15]Japan Nihon Budo-kan, Tokyo, Japan
201112th Funakoshi Gichin Cup World Karate-do ChampionshipThailand Pattaya, Thailand


Male Kumite[edit]

YearChampionRunner-Up3rd Place
1975[16]Japan Masahiko TanakaJapan Takashi OishiUnited Kingdom Billy Higgins
1977[16]Japan Masahiko TanakaItaly De MichelisEast Germany Willrodt
1980[16]Japan Toshihiro MoriSocialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia DacicEast Germany Hoffman
1983[16]Japan Hideo YamamotoItaly GuazzaroniEgypt Sarie
1985[16]Japan Minoru KawawadaJapan Masaaki YokomichiJapan Takayuki Tsuchii/JapanMasao Kagawa
1987[16]Japan Tomio ImamuraUnited Kingdom Frank BrennanUnited Kingdom George Best/ItalyMarco Barone
1990[16]Japan Masao KagawaUnited Kingdom Ronnie ChristopherBelgium Fillipo Allata / Sweden Jensen
1992[16]Japan Tomio ImamuraUnited Kingdom Frank BrennanJapan Kunio Kobayashi / Japan Tatsuya Naka
1994[16]South Africa Pavlo ProtopapaBelgium Jeannot MuloloSouth Africa Colin Smith / Japan Katsutoshi Shiina
1996[16]Canada Don SharpJapan Toshihito KokubunJapan Kunio Kobayashi / Japan Takuya Taniyama
1998[16]Japan Toshihito KokubunJapan Koji OgataSwitzerland Pierre Toudjip / Belgium Jeannot Mulolo
2000[16]Japan Toshihito KokubunSouth Africa Johan LaGrangeJapan Takuya Taniyama /Japan Koji Ogata
2004[17]Japan Koji OgataSweden Miroslav FemicJapan Ohkuma Kouichiro / South Africa Johan LaGrange
2006[18]Japan Koji OgataBrazil Machida ShinzoJapan Nemoto Keisuke / Japan Ohkuma Kouichiro
2011[19]Japan Rikiya IimuraJapanKoji ChubachiJapan Nemoto Keisuke / Venezuela Josmaira Quiroz

Male Kata[edit]

YearChampionRunner-Up3rd Place
1975[16]Japan Yoshiharu OsakaItaly FugazzaEast Germany Strauff
1977[16]Japan Yoshiharu OsakaJapan Mikio YaharaItaly Fugazza
1980[16]Japan Yoshiharu OsakaJapan Mikio YaharaGreece Karamitsos
1983[16]Japan Yoshiharu OsakaJapan Mikio YaharaEgypt Saedd El Herem
1985[16]Japan Minoru KawawadaJapan Masao KagawaiJapanAkira Fukami
1987[16]Japan Takenori ImuraJapan Masao KagawaJapan Okazaki Hiroyoshi
1990[16]Japan Tomoyuki AiharaJapan Masao KagawaUnited Kingdom Frank Brennan
1992[16]Japan Tomoyuki AiharaJapan Imura TakenoriJapan Yuji Hashiguchi
1994[16]Japan Imura TakenoriJapan Okazaki HiroyoshiJapan Tomoyuki Aihara
1996[16]Japan Imura TakenoriJapan Yuji HashiguchiJapan Tomoyuki Aihara
1998[16]Japan Yuji HashiguchiJapan Seizo IzumiyaJapan Takuya Taniyama
2000[16]Japan Takuya TaniyamaJapan Seizo IzumiyaJapan Katsutoshi Shiina
2004[17]Japan Katsutoshi ShiinaJapan Takuya TaniyamaJapan Kobayashi Kunio
2006[18]Japan Kurihara KazuakiJapan Kobayashi KunioJapan Saitoh Yuki
2011[19]Japan Kurihara KazuakiJapan Naoto MaruokaJapan Hideki Hukuhara


Female Kumite[edit]

YearChampionRunner-Up3rd Place
1975[16]NANANA
1977[16]NANANA
1980[16]NANANA
1983[16]NANANA
1985[16]NANANA
1987[16]NANANA
1990[16]Japan Yuko HasamaTBCTBC
1992[16]Japan Yukiko YonedaJapan Yoshimi NaokoJapan Sakurako Sasaki / Japan Keiko Kono
1994[16]Japan Hiromi HasamaJapan Mayumi BabaJapan Kimiyo Nakamura / Daud NilawatiIndonesia
1996[16]Japan Hiromi HasamaJapan Mayumi BabaJapan Shoko Sakuragi / Japan Yuko Okuda
1998[16]Japan Mayumi BabaUnited Kingdom Caroline QuansumUnited Kingdom Colette Glynn / Japan Hiromi Hasama
2000[16]Japan Hiromi HasamaJapan Yuko OkudaSouth Africa Christy Cauvin / Japan Mayumi Baba
2004[17]Japan Okuie SatomiJapan Takahashi YukoSocialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Tatjana Nikolic / Hungary Krisztina Zsigmond
2006[18]Japan Yuko TakahashiJapan Okuda YukoAustralia Tracy Pearce / Australia Storm Wheatley
2011[19]Japan Asumi IsidukaSweden Glusa AkdagRussia Sergeeva Alla / Venezuela Josmaira Quiroz

Female Kata[edit]

YearChampionRunner-Up3rd Place
1975[16]NANANA
1977[16]Japan Hiromi KawashimaJapan Keiki HayakawaUnited States R Senior
1980[16]Japan Hiromi KawashimaJapan Hiroko MoriyaEast Germany Schweiber
1983[16]Japan Hiroko MoriyaJapan Yuko SakadaJapan Yoko Nakamura
1985[16]Japan Yoko NakamuraJapan Kikue YamamotoJapan Yurika Yoshida
1987[16]Japan Yuki MimuraJapan Yoko NakamuraJapan Hiroe Sekimori
1990[16]Japan Yuki MimuraJapan Yoko NakamuraJapan Maiko Asano
1992[16]Japan Yoko NakamuraJapan Miyo GunjiJapan Miwa Akiyama
1994[16]Japan Yoko NakamuraJapan Ompi OmitaJapan Haruna Ikutake
1996[16]Japan Yoko NakamuraJapan Miyo GunjiJapan Nakata Terumi
1998[16]Japan Miyoko FujiwaraJapan Miyo GunjiSouth Africa Karin Prinsloo
2000[16]Japan Nakata TerumiJapan Miyo GunjiJapan Chiharu Azuma
2004[17]Japan Nakata TerumiJapan Misako AragakiJapan Oshima Nozomi
2006[18]Japan Misako AragakiJapan Nozomi OshimaJapan Shirota Takaki
2011[19]Japan Nozomi OshimaJapan Miki NakamachiJapan Serino Fukasaku

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ British Traditional Karate Association: Shotokai – The true heir of Funakoshi? (June 11, 2006). Retrieved on April 23, 2010.
  3. ^ a b c d Cook, Harry (2001). Shotokan Karate: A Precise History. England: Cook. 
  4. ^ a b JKA Early Years - JKA site (retrieved January 5, 2008)
  5. ^ Evans, Jon. The Battle for Olympic Karate Recognition Black Belt, Feb 1988 (retrieved January 10, 2008)
  6. ^ Noble, Graham. Master Funakoshi's Karate Dragon Times (retrieved on January 8th, 2008).
  7. ^ Hironishi, Genshin. The Darkest Moments of Karate-do Karate-do Shotokai Encyclopedia (retrieved January 10, 2008)
  8. ^ Nakayama, Masatoshi (1997). Dynamic Karate. Japan: Kodansha International. 
  9. ^ Nakayama, Masatoshi (1997). Best Karate Vol 1 to Vol 11. Japan: Kodansha International. 
  10. ^ Nicol, Clive; Kanazawa, Hirokazu (2001). Moving Zen: One Man's Journey to the Heart of Karate (Bushido - The Way of the Warrior). Tokyo & New York: Kodansha International. ISBN 978-4-7700-2755-9. 
  11. ^ JKA - Overcoming Challenges (1990-1999) (retrieved January 5, 2008)
  12. ^ JKA website (2009)
  13. ^ JKA ENGLAND International Spring Course 2014
  14. ^ Discussion on JKA instructor's course graduates Forum Karateca.net (retrieved January 6, 2008, in Portuguese)
  15. ^ TOKYO, Feb. 16, 2009: JKA Chairman Nakahara announced today that in view of rapidly deteriorating worldwide economic conditions, JKA HQ has decided to postpone the 11th Funakoshi Gichin Cup World Karate-Do Championships scheduled for September this year (2009) in Tokyo. When firm signs of solid economic recovery start to be seen, he said, a new schedule for the event will be announced, http://www.jka.or.jp/english/news/2009_2_16.html
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av [JKA official website - Past International Tournaments http://www.jka.or.jp/english/news/pdf/past_intrntnl.pdf]
  17. ^ a b c d [JKA official website - 9th Shoto World Cup Karate Championship Tournament Match Results http://www.jka.or.jp/english/news/shoto_9.html]
  18. ^ a b c d [JKA official website - The 10th Funakoshi Gichin Cup World Karate-do Championship Tournament Match Results http://www.jka.or.jp/english/news/funakoshi_10.html]
  19. ^ a b c d [JKA official website - The 12th Funakoshi Gichin Cup World Karate-do Championship Tournament Match Results http://www.jka.or.jp/english/news/funakoshi_12.html]

External links[edit]