Janet Napolitano

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Janet Napolitano
Janet Napolitano official portrait.jpg
President of the University of California
Incumbent
Assumed office
September 30, 2013
Preceded byMark Yudof
3rd United States Secretary of Homeland Security
In office
January 21, 2009 – September 6, 2013
PresidentBarack Obama
DeputyJane Lute
Rand Beers (Acting)
Preceded byMichael Chertoff
Succeeded byRand Beers (Acting)
21st Governor of Arizona
In office
January 6, 2003 – January 21, 2009
Preceded byJane Dee Hull
Succeeded byJan Brewer
23rd Attorney General of Arizona
In office
January 4, 1999 – January 6, 2003
GovernorJane Dee Hull
Preceded byGrant Woods
Succeeded byTerry Goddard
Personal details
Born(1957-11-29) November 29, 1957 (age 56)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Alma materSanta Clara University
University of Virginia
ReligionMethodism
 
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Janet Napolitano
Janet Napolitano official portrait.jpg
President of the University of California
Incumbent
Assumed office
September 30, 2013
Preceded byMark Yudof
3rd United States Secretary of Homeland Security
In office
January 21, 2009 – September 6, 2013
PresidentBarack Obama
DeputyJane Lute
Rand Beers (Acting)
Preceded byMichael Chertoff
Succeeded byRand Beers (Acting)
21st Governor of Arizona
In office
January 6, 2003 – January 21, 2009
Preceded byJane Dee Hull
Succeeded byJan Brewer
23rd Attorney General of Arizona
In office
January 4, 1999 – January 6, 2003
GovernorJane Dee Hull
Preceded byGrant Woods
Succeeded byTerry Goddard
Personal details
Born(1957-11-29) November 29, 1957 (age 56)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Alma materSanta Clara University
University of Virginia
ReligionMethodism

Janet Napolitano (/nəpɒlɨˈtæn/;[1] born November 29, 1957) is an American politician and lawyer who is the 20th and current president of the University of California system.[2] Napolitano is the first woman to serve as the United States Secretary of Homeland Security, in office from 2009 to 2013. Napolitano, a member of the Democratic Party, served in the administration of President Barack Obama. Previously, she was the 21st Governor of Arizona from 2003 to 2009. She was Arizona's third female governor, and the first woman to win re-election. Prior to her election as Governor, she served as Attorney General of Arizona from 1999 to 2002. She was the first woman and the 23rd person to serve in that office. Napolitano is the 1977 Truman Scholar from New Mexico.

Napolitano is the fourth person (including an acting Secretary) to serve as Secretary of Homeland Security, a post that was created after the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Forbes ranked her as the world's ninth most powerful woman in 2012.[3] In 2008, she was cited by The New York Times to be among the women most likely to become the first female President of the United States.[4] Napolitano resigned at the end of August 2013 to become the first woman to be President of the University of California system.[5][6]

Early life[edit]

Janet Napolitano was born on November 29, 1957, in New York City, the daughter of Jane Marie (née Winer) and Leonard Michael Napolitano, who was the dean of the University of New Mexico School of Medicine.[7] Her father was of Italian descent and her mother had German and Austrian ancestry.[7][8] Napolitano is a Methodist.[9] She was the eldest of three children; she has a younger brother and sister. She was raised in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and Albuquerque, New Mexico, where she graduated from Sandia High School in Albuquerque in 1975 and was voted Most Likely to Succeed. She graduated from Santa Clara University in Santa Clara, California, where she won a Truman Scholarship, and was valedictorian. In 1978, she studied for a term at the London School of Economics as part of Santa Clara's exchange programme through IES Abroad. She then received her Juris Doctor (J.D.) from the University of Virginia School of Law. After law school she served as a law clerk for Judge Mary M. Schroeder of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, and then joined Schroeder's former firm, Lewis and Roca located in Phoenix.[10]

Early political career[edit]

In 1991, while a partner at Lewis and Roca LLP, Napolitano served as an attorney for Anita Hill.[10][11] Anita Hill testified in the U.S. Senate that then U.S. Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas had sexually harassed her ten years earlier when she was his subordinate at the federal EEOC.[12]

In 1993, Napolitano was appointed by President Bill Clinton as United States Attorney for the District of Arizona.[10] As U.S. Attorney, she was involved in the investigation of Michael Fortier of Kingman, Arizona, in connection with the Oklahoma City bombing. She ran for and won the position of Arizona Attorney General in 1998. During her tenure as attorney general, she focused on consumer protection issues and improving general law enforcement.

While still serving as attorney general, she spoke at the 2000 Democratic National Convention just three weeks after having a mastectomy. Napolitano recalls that the pain was so unbearable that she couldn't stand up. "Work and family helped me focus on other things while I battled the cancer," says Napolitano. "I am very grateful for all the support I had from family, friends and Arizonans."[13]

In March 2009, Napolitano received the Council on Litigation Management's[14] Professionalism Award, which recognizes and commemorates an individual who has demonstrated the unique ability to lead others by example in the highest standard of their profession.

Governor of Arizona[edit]

Napolitano speaks during the second day of the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado.

She narrowly won the Arizona gubernatorial election of 2002 with 46 percent of the vote, succeeding Republican Jane Dee Hull and defeating her Republican opponent, former congressman Matt Salmon, who received 45 percent of the vote. She was Arizona's third female governor and the first woman in the United States to be elected governor to succeed another elected female governor.[15] She was also the first Democrat popularly elected to the governorship since Bruce Babbitt left office in 1987.

She spoke at the 2004 Democratic Convention,[16] after some initially considered her to be a possible running mate for presidential candidate Sen. John Kerry in the 2004 presidential election but Kerry selected Sen. John Edwards instead. In November 2005, Time magazine named her one of the five best governors in the U.S.[17]

As Governor, Napolitano set records for total number of vetoes issued. In 2005, she set a single session record of 58 vetoes, breaking Jane Dee Hull's 2001 record of 28.[18][19] This was followed in June 2006, less than four years into her term, when she issued her 115th veto and set the all-time record for vetoes by an Arizona governor. The previous record of 114 vetoes was set by Bruce Babbitt during his nine years in office.[19][20] By the time she left office, the governor had issued 180 vetoes.[21]

In November 2006, Napolitano won the gubernatorial election of 2006, defeating the Republican challenger, Len Munsil, by a nearly 2–1 ratio and becoming the first woman to be re-elected to that office. Arizona's constitution provides a two-consecutive-term term limit for its governors,[22] meaning Napolitano would have been barred from seeking a third term in office in 2010.

In January 2006, she won the Woodrow Wilson Award for Public Service. She was a member of the Democratic Governors Association Executive Committee. Furthermore, she has also served previously as Chair of the Western Governors Association, and the National Governors Association. She served as NGA Chair from 2006 to 2007,[23] and was the first female governor and first governor of Arizona ever to serve in that position.

Secretary of Homeland Security[edit]

Official portrait as Secretary of Homeland Security.
Napolitano announcing a border security task force.

In February 2006, Napolitano was named by The White House Project as one of "8 in '08", a group of eight female politicians who could possibly run for president in 2008.[24] On January 11, 2008, Napolitano endorsed then Illinois Senator Barack Obama as the Democratic nominee for president.[25] On November 5, 2008, Napolitano was named to the advisory board of the Obama-Biden Transition Project.[26] On December 1, 2008, Barack Obama introduced Napolitano as his nominee for United States Secretary of Homeland Security.[27][28] On January 20, 2009, Napolitano was confirmed, becoming the first woman appointed Secretary in the relatively new department. Arizona Secretary of State Jan Brewer became the governor of Arizona, as the state does not have a lieutenant governor.

Napolitano discussing security at a Super Bowl XLIV press conference. The Super Bowl is designated as a National Special Security Event by Homeland Security.

In March 2009, Napolitano told the German news site "Spiegel Online" that while she presumes there is always a threat from terrorism: "I referred to 'man-caused' disasters. That is perhaps only a nuance, but it demonstrates that we want to move away from the politics of fear toward a policy of being prepared for all risks that can occur."[29] In April 2009 Napolitano, trying to defend her plans to thicken U.S.-Canadian border security, claimed incorrectly that September 11 attack perpetrators entered the United States from Canada. Her comments provoked an angry response from the Canadian ambassador, media, and public.[30]

In response to criticism, she later said, "Nonetheless, to the extent that terrorists have come into our country or suspected or known terrorists have entered our country across a border, it's been across the Canadian border. There are real issues there." Though there has only been one case, that of Ahmed Ressam an Algerian citizen who was in Canada illegally.[31]

Napolitano was a leading contender for appointment to the U.S. Supreme Court when vacancies occurred in 2009 and 2010[32] but was passed over by President Obama in favor of Judge Sonia Sotomayor and then-Solicitor General Elena Kagan, respectively.

Right-wing extremism memo controversy[edit]

Napolitano was the subject of controversy after the release of a Department of Homeland Security threat assessment report that was seen as derogatory towards armed forces veterans. The report focused on potential threats from the radical right. (A second, contemporaneous report on left-wing extremism did not raise any controversy.)[33] "Rightwing [sic] Extremism: Current Economic and Political Climate Fueling Resurgence in Radicalization and Recruitment",[34] was made public in April 2009. The report suggested several factors, including the election of the first black or mixed race President in the person of Barack Obama, perceived future gun control measures, illegal immigration, the economic downturn beginning in 2008, the abortion controversy, and disgruntled military veterans' possible vulnerability to recruitment efforts by extremist groups as potential risk factors regarding right-wing extremism recruitment.[35]

Napolitano made multiple apologies for any offense veterans groups had taken at the reference to veterans in the assessment, and promised to meet with those groups to discuss the issue.[34] The Department of Homeland Security admitted a "breakdown in an internal process" by ignoring objections by the Office of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties to an unnamed portion of the document.[36]

While the American Legion reportedly criticized the assessment, Glen M. Gardner Jr., the national commander of the 2.2 million-member Veterans of Foreign Wars, defended it generally, saying it "should have been worded differently" but served a vital purpose. "A government that does not assess internal and external security threats would be negligent of a critical public responsibility", he said in a statement.[33]

"The system worked" controversy[edit]

Napolitano was criticized[37] for stating in an interview with CNN's Candy Crowley that, "the system worked" with regard to an attempted terrorist attack on Northwest Airlines Flight 253 approaching Detroit on Christmas Day 2009. She later went on NBC's Today Show with host Matt Lauer and admitted that the security system had indeed failed.[38]

The statement by Napolitano to Crowley that received criticism was as follows:

What we are focused on is making sure that the air environment remains safe, that people are confident when they travel. And one thing I'd like to point out is that the system worked. Everybody played an important role here. The passengers and crew of the flight took appropriate action. Within literally an hour to 90 minutes of the incident occurring, all 128 flights in the air had been notified to take some special measures in light of what had occurred on the Northwest Airlines flight. We instituted new measures on the ground and at screening areas, both here in the United States and in Europe, where this flight originated. So the whole process of making sure that we respond properly, correctly and effectively went very smoothly.[39]

In her interview with Lauer, Napolitano said that her earlier statement was "taken out of context" and maintained "air travel is safe", but admitted, "our system did not work in this instance" and no one "is happy or satisfied with that".[38] Lauer asked her whether the system failed up until the moment the bomber tried to blow up the plane, and Napolitano answered, "It did [fail]."[38]

Secure Communities[edit]

Napolitano being sworn in, January 21, 2009

Secure Communities is a deportation program managed by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, a subdivision of Homeland Security. Napolitano came under scrutiny for contradicting herself publicly on whether the program is voluntary or mandatory for local jurisdictions to join. On September 7, 2010, Napolitano said in a letter to Congresswoman Zoe Lofgren that jurisdictions that wished to withdraw from the program could do so. Yet an October 2010 Washington Post article quoted an anonymous senior ICE official asserting: “Secure Communities is not based on state or local cooperation in federal law enforcement…State and local law enforcement agencies are going to continue to fingerprint people and those fingerprints are forwarded to FBI for criminal checks. ICE will take immigration action appropriately.”[40]

At a press conference days later, Napolitano modified her position: “What my letter said was that we would work with them on the implementation in terms of timing and the like…But we do not view this as an opt-in, opt-out program.”[41] She did not provide legal justification. Meanwhile, in Arlington, Virginia, the Board of Supervisors unanimously passed a resolution to opt out of SComm.[42] A subordinate DHS employee David Venturella stated at a policy conference: "Have we created some of the confusion out there? Absolutely we have."[43]

Printer bomb attempt[edit]

Janet Napolitano has issued a ban for toner & ink cartridges weighing more than one pound on passenger flights, in response to the October 2010 Yemen bomb plot.[44][45] In response to the printer bomb attempt and the "underwear" bomb attempt of 2009, Napolitano has instituted "enhanced pat downs". These pat downs may include the touching of sensitive areas such as breasts and genitals.[46][47][48][49][50][51][52][53]

Walmart–DHS partnership[edit]

On December 6, 2010, it was announced that Napolitano was again expanding her reach by creating a "partnership" with Walmart.[54] This is a video message from Napolitano on TV screens in Wal-Mart stores playing a "public service announcement" to ask customers to report suspicious activity to a Wal-Mart manager. The rationale is that national security begins at home. Napolitano "compares the undertaking to the Cold War fight against communists."[55]

Tucson memorial[edit]

Napolitano stands next to Mark Kelly, husband of shooting survivor Gabrielle Giffords, at the memorial event.

On January 12, 2011, along with President Barack Obama, Napolitano was one of many speakers selected to express sympathies to the community of Tucson, the State of Arizona, and the Nation in a televised memorial for the 2011 Tucson shooting.

Discrimination lawsuit[edit]

In July 2012, Napolitano was accused of allowing discrimination against male staffers within the Department of Homeland Security.[56][57] The federal discrimination lawsuit, filed in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia, was filled by James Hayes Jr. who is presently a special agent of Immigrations and Customs Enforcement in New York City.[58] The suit alleges that Dora Schriro and Suzanne Barr mistreated male staffers and promotions were given to women who were friends of Napolitano, and when the abuse was reported to the Equal Employment Opportunity office, that Napolitano launched a series of misconduct investigations against the reporting party, Hayes.[59] The Immigrations and Customs Enforcement's spokesperson stated that he would not comment on "unfounded claims".[60]

Suzanne Barr, who was one of Napolitano's first appointments after she became secretary in 2009, went on leave after Hayes filed his lawsuit and then resigned on September 1, 2012. She called the allegations in the lawsuit, "unfounded."[61]

Napolitano was sued by an Immigration and Customs Enforcement agent who claims he was pulled from his post interviewing suspicious travelers at JFK Airport after making a series of employment-discrimination complaints.[62] In November 2012, Hayes' attorney in Maryland, Morris Fischer, said the "parties have come to an agreement in principal" to settle the case for $175,000. In addition to the money, "a formal settlement agreement will be executed within the next several days" that will include other conditions, including Hayes keeping his job.[63]

University of California[edit]

Napolitano announced she would leave her post as Secretary of Homeland Security at the end of August 2013 to become president of the University of California system.[5][6] She was appointed the 20th president of the University of California by the UC Board of Regents on July 18, 2013 and began her tenure as president on September 30, 2013.[64]

Personal life[edit]

Napolitano is an avid basketball fan and regularly plays tennis and softball.[65] Whitewater rafting and hiking are among Napolitano's hobbies. She has hiked in Arizona's Superstition Mountains, New Mexico's Sandia Mountains, the Himalayas, and has climbed Mount Kilimanjaro.[66]

Napolitano has never married or had children; as a result, there has been speculation about her sexual orientation. This included some campaign activity in 2002 when "vote gay" fliers were posted next to her campaign signs. She is not gay, she has said, "just a straight-up, single workaholic".[67]

Electoral history[edit]

Arizona Gubernatorial Election 2002
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
DemocraticJanet Napolitano499,28446.2+0.9
RepublicanMatt Salmon478,93545.3
IndependentRichard Mahoney84,9476.9
LibertarianBarry Hess20,3561.7
Democratic gain from RepublicanSwing
Arizona Gubernatorial Election 2006
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
DemocraticJanet Napolitano (Incumbent)959,83062.6+16.4
RepublicanLen Munsil543,52835.4
LibertarianBarry Hess30,2682.0
Democratic holdSwing

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Playbook 24/7". Politico.Com. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Regents appoint UC's first woman president". UC Newsroom. Regents of the University of California. 2013-07-18. Retrieved 2013-09-14. 
  3. ^ "The 100 Most Powerful Women". Forbes. September 2012. 
  4. ^ Zernike, Kate (May 18, 2008). "She Just Might Be President Someday". New York Times. 
  5. ^ a b "Janet Napolitano quits Homeland Security post". Washington Times. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "Napolitano to head University of California". NBC News. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Reitwiesner, William Addams. "Ancestry of Janet Napolitano". WARGS.com. 
  8. ^ Radzischewski, Andre F. (December 7, 2008). "Napolitano's Heritage, Border Strategies Fascinate Italy". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved March 4, 2009. 
  9. ^ "Elections: Janet Napolitano (Dem)". Washington Times. August 26, 2007. Retrieved March 4, 2009. [dead link]
  10. ^ a b c Goldstein, Dana (July 7, 2008). "Janet Napolitano and the New Third Way". The American Prospect. 
  11. ^ David Brock, "The Real Anita Hill"
  12. ^ "Opening Statement: Sexual Harassment Hearings Concerning Judge Clarence Thomas", Women's Speeches from Around the World
  13. ^ Danielle D'Adamo, "Janet Napolitano: Getting to Know AZ's Governor"
  14. ^ "Claims and Litigation Management Alliance". Litmgmt.org. Retrieved 2013-01-12. 
  15. ^ Tom Squitieri, "Democrat attorney general finally wins in 'ugliest race'", USA Today, November 11, 2002.
  16. ^ Janet Napolitano CBS News, July 23, 2004
  17. ^ Ripley, Amanda; Tumulty, Karen (November 13, 2005). "America's 5 Best Governors". Time Magazine. Retrieved March 6, 2008. 
  18. ^ "With 42, Napolitano is State's Veto Queen". The Arizona Daily Star. May 5, 2005. p. A4. 
  19. ^ a b Archibold, Randal C. (June 5, 2006). "Ariz. Governor Is Close To Record for Vetoes". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  20. ^ Archibold, Randal C. (June 7, 2006). "Arizona Governor Vetoes Bill Aimed at Illegal Immigration". New York Times. p. =A5. 
  21. ^ Benson, Matthew; Pitzl, Mary Jo (November 21, 2008). "Napolitano Exit Would Clear Way for GOP to Define State Agenda". The Arizona Republic. 
  22. ^ "Term limits on executive department and state officers; term lengths; election; residence and office at seat of government; duties". Arizona State Legislature. 1992. Retrieved November 27, 2008. 
  23. ^ "National Governors Association". Nga.org. August 20, 2008. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  24. ^ "8 for ’08 : The White House Project and Parade Announce Eight Female Candidates for 2008 Presidency" (Press release). The White House Project. February 16, 2006. Retrieved March 6, 2008. 
  25. ^ Davenport, Paul (January 11, 2008). "Napolitano endorses Obama". Tucson Citizen. Retrieved October 27, 2008. 
  26. ^ Sweet, Lynn Jarrett, Podesta, Rouse to lead Obama transition; Bill Daley co-chair Chicago Sun-Times, November 5, 2008
  27. ^ change.gov (December 1, 2008). "Key members of Obama-Biden national security team announced" (Press release). Newsroom. Office of the President-elect. Retrieved December 1, 2008. 
  28. ^ "Obama names Napolitano to Cabinet post". Tucson Citizen. December 1, 2008. Retrieved December 1, 2008. 
  29. ^ Meyer, Cordula (March 16, 2009). "Away From the Politics of Fear". Der Spiegel. 
  30. ^ Alberts, Sheldon (April 21, 2009). "Homeland Security boss rebuked by Canada for erroneous 9/11 statement". Canada.com. 
  31. ^ News, CBC (April 21, 2009). "Canada more lax than U.S. about whom it lets in, Napolitano says". Canada.com. 
  32. ^ Graham, Tim (December 15, 2009). "Chuck Todd’s SCOTUS Scuttlebutt". National Review Online. 
  33. ^ a b "Homeland security chief apologizes to veterans groups". CNN. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  34. ^ a b "After Obama's Election, Right-Wing Extremists 'May Be Gaining New Recruits'". Think Progress. Retrieved June 27, 2011. 
  35. ^ "Homeland Security Report Warns Of Rising Right-Wing Extremism", Huffington Post.
  36. ^ "Homeland Security admits error with extremism report" Newsday.com
  37. ^ "Richard Grenell: You're Doing a Heck of a Job, Janet". Huffingtonpost.com. December 29, 2009. Retrieved February 21, 2010. 
  38. ^ a b c Hanrahan, Tim. "Napolitano Reverses Course, Says Air Security Did NOT Work." The Wall Street Journal, 12-28-2009. Retrieved 08-18-2010.
  39. ^ "CNN.com - Transcripts". Transcripts.cnn.com. December 27, 2009. Retrieved February 21, 2010. 
  40. ^ Shankar Vedantam. “No opt-out for immigration enforcement.” Washington Post. October 1, 2010.
  41. ^ Renee Feltz. “ICE Attributes Record Deportation Levels to Secure Communities.” DeportationNation. October 6, 2010.
  42. ^ Shankar Vedantam. “Reversals by Imm Officials Are Sewing Mistrust.” Washington Post. November 22, 2010.
  43. ^ Comments of panelist David Venturella, Executive Director of the Immigration Customs Enforcement Secure Communities program on YouTube at the roundtable entitled: “Assessing the ‘Secure Communities’ Program and the Impact of the 287(g) Agreements.” Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Washington D.C. November 18, 2010.
  44. ^ Thompson, Paul (November 10, 2010). "U.S. bans toner and ink cartridges from passenger planes after failed Al Qaeda bomb attack". Daily Mail (London). 
  45. ^ "U.S. Bans All Cargo Shipments From Somalia". Fox News. November 8, 2010. 
  46. ^ "TSA: TSA Statement on New Pat-down Procedures". Tsa.gov. October 28, 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  47. ^ Tell Me More (November 23, 2010). "Travelers Prep For TSA Frisks". NPR. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  48. ^ "San Mateo County DA vows to prosecute too touchy SFO security pat downs | abc7news.com". Abclocal.go.com. November 16, 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  49. ^ "Janet Napolitano Says TSA Screenings Unlikely to Change". ThirdAge. November 24, 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  50. ^ "Napolitano: TSA may see 'changes' | POLITICO 44". Politico.com. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  51. ^ "Homeland Head: I've Had Pat Down". Myfoxphilly.com. November 22, 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  52. ^ Jones, Charisse (November 16, 2010). "Napolitano 'open' to fliers' gripes over screening". USA Today. 
  53. ^ "The most important news and commentary to read right now. - The Slatest - Slate Magazine". Slatest.slate.com. November 22, 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  54. ^ "Walmart Partners with U.S. Department of Homeland Security in "If You See Something, Say Something"". Walmartstores.com. December 6, 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  55. ^ Priest, Dana and Arkin, William (December 2010) Monitoring America, Washington Post
  56. ^ "Case 1:12-cv-00825-ABJ". jameshayesvnapolitanosuitwm.pdf. Debbie Schlussel. May 21, 2012. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
  57. ^ Raf Sanchez (August 10, 2012). "Janet Napolitano's aides 'sexually humiliated' male agents". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
  58. ^ Meghan Casserly (August 10, 2012). "Janet Napolitano's Office: Sexual Discrimination Claims Are 'Unfounded'". Forbes. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
  59. ^ Joseph Straw; Reuven Blau; Rich Schapiro (August 9, 2012). "Janet Napolitano-run Homeland Security treated male staffers like lapdogs, federal discrimination lawsuit charges". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
  60. ^ Eyder Peralta (August 10, 2012). "Top New York ICE Officer Sues Napolitano For Discrimination Against Men". National Public Radio. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
  61. ^ Alicia Caldwell (September 2, 2012). "Janet Napolitano's aide, ICE chief of staff, resigns amid misconduct claims". Newsday. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  62. ^ Golding, Bruce (September 4, 2012). "JFK terror griller: ICE froze me out of job". The New York Post. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  63. ^ Alicia A. Coldwell (November 15, 2012). "Ice Agent Settles Harassment Suite with Gov't". AP Big Story. 
  64. ^ "President-Designate Napolitano". UCOP. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  65. ^ "Ariz. governor picked for Homeland Security post". The Guardian. Retrieved December 4, 2008.
  66. ^ "10 Things You Didn't Know About Janet Napolitano", US News and World Report. Retrieved December 4, 2008.
  67. ^ Crawford, Amanda J. (September 24, 2006). "Marriage debate divides Arizona". azcentral.com. Retrieved 2013-01-12. 

External links[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
Grant Woods
Attorney General of Arizona
1999–2003
Succeeded by
Terry Goddard
Party political offices
Preceded by
Paul Johnson
Democratic nominee for Governor of Arizona
2002, 2006
Succeeded by
Terry Goddard
Political offices
Preceded by
Jane Dee Hull
Governor of Arizona
2003–2009
Succeeded by
Jan Brewer
Preceded by
Mike Huckabee
Chairperson of National Governors Association
2006–2007
Succeeded by
Tim Pawlenty
Preceded by
Michael Chertoff
United States Secretary of Homeland Security
2009–2013
Succeeded by
Rand Beers
Acting
Academic offices
Preceded by
Mark Yudof
President of the University of California
2013–present
Incumbent