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The Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (Urdu: جمیعت علمائے اسلام; JUI; lit. Assembly of Islamic Clergy), is a religious conservative political bloc in Pakistan. The JUI refers to three different political parties. Its influential bloc is known as "JUI(F)" which is led by Fazal-ur-Rehman. Its second bloc is known as JUI(S) led by Sami-ul-Haq and third bloc is known as Jamiat Ulama-e-Islam Nazryati (JUI(N)) led by Maulana Asmatullah Khan.
The bloc is described as an uncompromisingly rigid, insisting on strict enforcement of traditional Islamic law in the country. Its largest bloc JUI(F) has been traditionally strong proponent and ally of leftist PPP, and has been part of the leftist alliance led by PPP since 1988,
JUI is a Deobandi organization, part of the Deobandi movement. The JUI formed when members broke from the Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind in 1945 after that organization backed the Indian National Congress against the Muslim League's lobby for a separate Pakistan. The first president of the JUI was Allamah Shabbir Ahmad Usmani.
Ideologically, JUI is described as uncompromisingly rigid, insisting on strict enforcement of traditional Islamic law. JUI helped establish thousands of madrasahs in Pakistan, more than any other religious movement.
Currently in Pakistan, it has three groups: that of Maulana Fazal-ur-Rehman (JUI-F), that of Maulana Sami-ul Haq (JUI-S) and that of Maulana Asmatullah Khan Jamiat Ulama-e-Islam Nazryati (JUI(N)). Maulana Fazal-ur-Rehman and Maulana Asmatullah Khan Both are members of the National Assembly of Pakistan .