Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam

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This article is about the religious umbrella organisation. For the main political faction, see JUI F.

Deobandi Movement
Jameah Darul Uloom Deoband.jpg

Key figures

Qasim Nanotvi · Rashid Gangohi
Husain Madani · Mahmud al-Hasan
Shabbir Usmani · Ashraf Ali Thanwi
Anwar Kashmiri · Ilyas Kandhlawi
Ubaidullah Sindhi · Taqi Usmani

Notable Institutions

Darul Uloom Deoband, India
Mazahir Uloom Saharanpur, India
Hathazari Madrassah, Bangladesh
Darul Uloom Nadwatul Ulama, India
Darul 'Uloom Karachi, Pakistan
Jamia Uloom ul Islamia, Pakistan
Jamiah Darul Uloom Zahedan, Iran
Darul Uloom London, England
Darul Uloom New York, United States
Darul Uloom Canada, Canada
Madrasah In'aamiyyah, South Africa
Darul Uloom Zakariyya, South Africa

Movements

Tablighi Jamaat
Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind
Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam
Taliban

State emblem of Pakistan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Pakistan
Constitution

The Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (Urdu: جمیعت علمائے اسلام‎; JUI; lit. Assembly of Islamic Clergy), is a religious conservative political bloc in Pakistan. The JUI refers to three different political parties. Its largest and influential bloc is known as "JUI(F)" which is led by powerful cleric Fazal-ur-Rehman. Its second bloc is known as JUI(S) led by Sami-ul-Haq and third bloc is known as Jamiat Ulama-e-Islam Nazryati (JUI(N)) led by Maulana Asmatullah Khan.

The bloc is described as an uncompromisingly rigid, insisting on strict enforcement of traditional Islamic law in the country. Its largest bloc JUI(F) has been traditionally strong proponent and ally of leftist PPP, and has been part of the leftist alliance led by PPP since 1988,

Background[edit]

JUI is a Deobandi organization, part of the Deobandi movement.[1] The JUI formed when members broke from the Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind in 1945 after that organization backed the Indian National Congress against the Muslim League's lobby for a separate Pakistan.[2] The first president of the JUI was Allamah Shabbir Ahmad Usmani.

Ideologically, JUI is described as uncompromisingly rigid, insisting on strict enforcement of traditional Islamic law.[3] JUI helped establish thousands of madrasahs in Pakistan, more than any other religious movement.[4]

Currently in Pakistan, it has three groups: that of Maulana Fazal-ur-Rehman (JUI-F), that of Maulana Sami-ul Haq (JUI-S) and that of Maulana Asmatullah Khan Jamiat Ulama-e-Islam Nazryati (JUI(N)). Maulana Fazal-ur-Rehman and Maulana Asmatullah Khan Both are members of the National Assembly of Pakistan .[5]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rashid, Haroon (2002-11-06). "Profile: Maulana Fazlur Rahman". BBC News. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  2. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/pakistan/jui.htm
  3. ^ Schmidle, Nicholas (2008-01-06). "Next-Gen Taliban". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  4. ^ Rashid, Haroon (2002-11-06). "Profile: Maulana Fazlur Rahman". BBC News. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  5. ^ Esposito, John L., Oxford Dictionary of Islam, OUP, (2008)