James H. Charlesworth (* 1940) is the George L. Collord Professor of New Testament Language and Literature and director of the Dead Sea Scrolls Project at Princeton Theological Seminary. He is noted for his research in Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Hebrew and Christian Bibles, the Dead Sea Scrolls, Josephus, the Historical Jesus, and the Gospel of John. He is a Founder and Veteran of the Enoch seminar and a member of the Advisory Board of the Journal Henoch. In 2001 he was interviewed on the BBC documentary series Son of God.
- (ed.). The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, 2 vols. (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1983-85)
- The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha and the New Testament: Prolegomena for the Study of Christian Origins (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985)
- Jesus within Judaism: New Light from Exciting Archaeological Discoveries (New York: Doubleday, 1988) ISBN 0-385-23610-7.
- (ed.). Jesus and the Dead Sea Scrolls (New York: Doubleday, 1992)
- (ed.). The Messiah: Developments in Earliest Judaism and Christianity (Minneapolis: Fortress, 1992)
- (ed.). The Bible and the Dead Sea Scrolls, 3 vols. (Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2006)
- (ed.). Jesus and Archaeology,Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2006, ISBN 0-8028-4880-X
- Origins Matter, CBAP Lectures 2009 (Quezon City: Catholic Biblical Association of the Philippines, 2009)
- The Good and Evil Serpent: How a Universal Symbol Became Christianized (The Anchor Yale Bible Reference Library) (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010) ISBN 0-300-14082-7