Jackson, Kentucky

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Jackson, Kentucky
City
Breathitt County Courthouse in Jackson
Breathitt County Courthouse in Jackson
Location of Jackson, Kentucky
Location of Jackson, Kentucky
Coordinates: 37°33′11″N 83°23′18″W / 37.55306°N 83.38833°W / 37.55306; -83.38833Coordinates: 37°33′11″N 83°23′18″W / 37.55306°N 83.38833°W / 37.55306; -83.38833
CountryUnited States
StateKentucky
CountyBreathitt
Established1839
Incorporated1845
Reïncorporated1890
Named forPres. Andrew Jackson
Area
 • Total2.7 sq mi (6.9 km2)
 • Land2.5 sq mi (6.5 km2)
 • Water0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Elevation774 ft (236 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total2,231
 • Density889/sq mi (343.4/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes41307, 41339
Area code(s)606
FIPS code21-39952
GNIS feature ID0495097
 
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For the former community of Jacksonville, see Jamestown, Kentucky.
Not to be confused with Jackson County, Kentucky.
Jackson, Kentucky
City
Breathitt County Courthouse in Jackson
Breathitt County Courthouse in Jackson
Location of Jackson, Kentucky
Location of Jackson, Kentucky
Coordinates: 37°33′11″N 83°23′18″W / 37.55306°N 83.38833°W / 37.55306; -83.38833Coordinates: 37°33′11″N 83°23′18″W / 37.55306°N 83.38833°W / 37.55306; -83.38833
CountryUnited States
StateKentucky
CountyBreathitt
Established1839
Incorporated1845
Reïncorporated1890
Named forPres. Andrew Jackson
Area
 • Total2.7 sq mi (6.9 km2)
 • Land2.5 sq mi (6.5 km2)
 • Water0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Elevation774 ft (236 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total2,231
 • Density889/sq mi (343.4/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes41307, 41339
Area code(s)606
FIPS code21-39952
GNIS feature ID0495097

Jackson is a 4th-class city in Breathitt County, Kentucky, in the United States. It is the seat of its county. The population was 2,231 according to the 2010 U.S. census.[1]

It was the home of the Jackson Academy, which became Lees College.

History[edit]

Upon the creation of Breathitt County in 1839, local landowner Simon Cockrell Sr. donated 10 acres (4.0 ha) to serve as its seat of government. The community was originally known as Breathitt, Breathitt Town, or Breathitt Court House after the county, but upon its incorporation as a city by the state legislature in 1845,[2] it was renamed Jackson to honor the recently deceased former president Andrew Jackson.[3][4]

Local feuds led the national press to publish stories about Jackson and "Bloody Breathitt": state troops were dispatched twice in the 1870s and again in 1903 – after the assassination of a U.S. commissioner – to restore order.[4]

The Kentucky Union Railroad reached the city in 1891, and Jackson boomed until the L&N continued the line on to Hazard in 1912. A fire on Halloween, 1913, burned down much of the town.[4]

Geography[edit]

Jackson is located at 37°33′11″N 83°23′18″W / 37.55306°N 83.38833°W / 37.55306; -83.38833 (37.553012, -83.388249).[5] The city is nestled in the heart of the Cumberland Plateau of the Appalachian Mountains, with the downtown located on the north bank of the North Fork of the Kentucky River. To limit flooding, the Kentucky River was redirected in 1963 by way of a small cut-through through the mountain, and its former channel, a river meander, was left behind as Panbowl Lake, now a prime attraction for fishermen.[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, Jackson has a total area of 2.7 square miles (6.9 km2), of which 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.4 km2), or 6.11%, is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen Climate System describes the weather as humid subtropical, and uses the abbreviation Cfa.[6] The highest recorded temperature was 104 °F (40 °C) on June 29, 2012, and the lowest recorded temperature was −18 °F (−28 °C) on January 19, 1994 and January 20 and 21, 1985.[7]

Climate data for Jackson, Kentucky (Julian Carroll Airport), 1981–2010 normals
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)78
(26)
79
(26)
87
(31)
92
(33)
91
(33)
104
(40)
101
(38)
101
(38)
96
(36)
89
(32)
82
(28)
79
(26)
104
(40)
Average high °F (°C)43.1
(6.2)
47.8
(8.8)
57.5
(14.2)
68.1
(20.1)
74.6
(23.7)
81.6
(27.6)
84.6
(29.2)
84.1
(28.9)
78.0
(25.6)
68.2
(20.1)
57.4
(14.1)
46.0
(7.8)
65.9
(18.8)
Average low °F (°C)26.8
(−2.9)
30.0
(−1.1)
37.4
(3)
46.7
(8.2)
54.7
(12.6)
62.6
(17)
66.1
(18.9)
65.0
(18.3)
58.3
(14.6)
48.0
(8.9)
39.4
(4.1)
30.2
(−1)
47.1
(8.4)
Record low °F (°C)−18
(−28)
−8
(−22)
7
(−14)
20
(−7)
32
(0)
44
(7)
52
(11)
45
(7)
34
(1)
26
(−3)
13
(−11)
−13
(−25)
−18
(−28)
Precipitation inches (mm)3.61
(91.7)
3.75
(95.3)
4.11
(104.4)
3.82
(97)
5.19
(131.8)
4.70
(119.4)
4.64
(117.9)
3.68
(93.5)
3.46
(87.9)
3.19
(81)
3.96
(100.6)
4.17
(105.9)
48.28
(1,226.3)
Snowfall inches (cm)7.3
(18.5)
6.8
(17.3)
2.9
(7.4)
1.0
(2.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
0.5
(1.3)
4.9
(12.4)
23.6
(59.9)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)14.113.114.012.413.812.312.49.68.48.811.514.0144.4
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)6.75.12.70.5000000.10.85.121
Source: NOAA (extremes 1981–present)[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
1900941
19101,34843.3%
19201,50311.5%
19302,29953.0%
19402,099−8.7%
19501,978−5.8%
19601,852−6.4%
19701,8871.9%
19802,65140.5%
19902,466−7.0%
20002,4901.0%
20102,231−10.4%
Source:[8]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 2,490 people, 1,005 households, and 661 families residing in the city. The population density was 935.4 people per square mile (361.4/km²). There were 1,111 housing units at an average density of 417.4 per square mile (161.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.19% White, 0.56% African American, 0.64% Asian, 0.12% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.48% of the population.

There were 1,005 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 18.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the city the population was spread out with 20.2% under the age of 18, 12.0% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 79.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,272, and the median income for a family was $33,036. Males had a median income of $33,523 versus $25,179 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,532. About 21.9% of families and 26.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.3% of those under age 18 and 18.8% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Kentucky Routes within the city[edit]

Airports[edit]

Railroads[edit]

Education[edit]

Jackson Independent Schools[edit]

Breathitt County Schools[edit]

Private schools[edit]

Vocational[edit]

Post-secondary[edit]

Festivals[edit]

The city of Jackson and Breathitt County are host to many local festivals.

In Jackson:

Other festivals that occur outside the city but in Breathitt County:

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Jackson city, Kentucky". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  2. ^ Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Jackson, Kentucky". Accessed 1 Aug 2013.
  3. ^ Rennick, Robert. Kentucky Place Names, p. 151. University Press of Kentucky (Lexington), 1987. Accessed 1 Aug 2013.
  4. ^ a b c d The Kentucky Encyclopedia, p. 459. "Jackson". University Press of Kentucky (Lexington), 1992. Accessed 1 Aug 2013.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ Climate Summary for Jackson, Kentucky
  7. ^ a b "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-01-26. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-03-01. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]