Ise Grand Shrine

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Naikū, Ise Shrine.

Ise Grand Shrine (伊勢神宮 Ise Jingū?), located in the city of Ise in Mie prefecture, Japan, is a Shinto shrine dedicated to the goddess Amaterasu-ōmikami. Officially known simply as Jingū (神宮?), Ise Jingū is in fact a shrine complex composed of a large number of Shinto shrines centered on two main shrines, Naikū (内宮?) and Gekū (外宮?).

Aerial view of the Naikū (inner shrine) and its borders in relation to Mount Shimaji and Mount Kamiji

The Inner Shrine, Naikū (also officially known as "Kotai Jingū"), is located in the town of Uji-tachi, south of central Ise City, and is dedicated to the worship of Amaterasu-ōmikami. The Outer Shrine, Gekū (also officially known as "Toyouke Daijingu"), is located about six kilometers from Naikū and dedicated to Toyouke no ōmikami, the deity of agriculture and industry.[1] Besides Naikū and Gekū, there are an additional 123 Shinto shrines in Ise City and the surrounding areas, 91 of them connected to Naikū and 32 to Gekū.[2]

Bird's eye view of the area surrounding the Gekū shrine

Purportedly the home of the Sacred Mirror, the shrine is one of Shinto's holiest and most important sites. Access to both sites is strictly limited, with the common public allowed to see little more than the thatched roofs of the central structures, hidden behind four tall wooden fences. The chief priest or priestess of Ise Shrine must come from the Japanese imperial family and is responsible for watching over the Shrine.

The two main shrines of Ise are joined by a pilgrimage road that passes through the old entertainment district of Furuichi. The region around the shrines consists of the Ise-Shima National Park and numerous other holy and historic sites including the "wedded rocks" (Meoto Iwa), and the Saiku (the site of the Heian period imperial residence).[3]

The establishment of the Shrine[edit]

Free-range chicken the messenger of Amaterasu-ōmikami.

According to the Nihon Shoki, around 2,000 years ago the divine Yamatohime-no-mikoto, daughter of the Emperor Suinin, set out from Mt. Miwa in modern Nara Prefecture in search of a permanent location to worship the goddess Amaterasu-ōmikami, wandering for 20 years through the regions of Ohmi and Mino. Her search eventually brought her to Ise, in modern Mie Prefecture, where she is said to have established Naikū after hearing the voice of Amaterasu-ōmikami saying "(Ise) is a secluded and pleasant land. In this land I wish to dwell."[4] Before Yamatohime-no-mikoto's journey, Amaterasu-ōmikami had been worshiped at the imperial residence in Yamato, then briefly at Kasanui in the eastern Nara basin.

Besides the traditional establishment date of 4 B.C.E.,[5] other dates of the 3rd and 5th centuries have been put forward for the establishment of Naikū and Gekū respectively. The first shrine building at Naikū was erected by Emperor Temmu (678-686), with the first ceremonial rebuilding being carried out by his wife, Empress Jito, in 692.[6]

The shrine was foremost among a group of shrines which became objects of imperial patronage in the early Heian period.[7] In 965, Emperor Murakami ordered imperial messengers to be sent to report important events to the guardian kami of Japan. These heihaku were initially presented to 16 shrines including the Ise Shrine.[8]

Chief priestess / chief priest[edit]

Mishine-no-mikura.

From the late 7th century until the 14th century, the role of chief priestess of Ise Shrine was carried out by a female member of the Imperial House of Japan known as a saiō. According to the Man'yōshū, the first saiō to serve at the shrine was Princess Ōku, daughter of Emperor Tenmu, during the Asuka period. Mention of Ise Shrine's saiō is also made in the Aoi, Sakaki and Yugao chapters of The Tale of Genji as well as in the 69th chapter of The Tales of Ise. The saiō system ended during the turmoil of the Nanboku-chō period.

During the Empire of Japan and the establishment of State Shinto, the position of chief priest of the Ise Shrine was fulfilled by the reigning emperor and the Meiji, Taisho and Shōwa Emperors all played the role of chief priest during their reigns.

Since the disestablishment of State Shinto during the Occupation of Japan, the offices of chief priest and most sacred priestess have been held by former members of the imperial family or their descendants. The current chief priest of the shrine is Takatsukasa Naotake, adoptive son of Kazuko Takatsukasa. He succeeded Kazuko Takatsukasa, a great-grandson of the Meiji Emperor, in 2007. Kitashirakawa Michihisa succeeded his cousin Kuni Kuniaki, the eldest son of former Prince Kuni Asaakira (brother of Empress Kōjun), in 2001. Kitashirakawa's grandmother, Kitashirakawa Fusako, the seventh daughter of the Meiji Emperor, served as most sacred priestess of the Ise Shrine from 1947 until her death in 1974. She was succeeded in that post by Kazuko Takatsukasa, third daughter of the Hirohito|Shōwa Emperor, who held the post until ill health forced her retirement in 1988. Takatsukasa was succeeded by her younger sister, Atsuko Ikeda.

Shrine architecture[edit]

Main shrine building, Naiku.

The architectural style of the Ise shrine is known as shinmei-zukuri, characterized by extreme simplicity and antiquity: its basic principles date back to the Kofun period (250-538 C.E.). The shrine buildings use a special variant of this style called Yuitsu-shinmei-zukuri (唯一神明造?), which may not be used in the construction of any other shrine. The old shrines are dismantled and new ones built on an adjacent site to exacting specifications every 20 years at exorbitant expense, so that the buildings will be forever new and forever ancient and original. The present buildings, dating from 2013, are the 62nd iteration to date and are scheduled for rebuilding in 2033.

The shrine at Naikū is constructed of Japanese cypress. Built on pillars set directly in the ground, the shrine building measures 10.9 by 5.5 meters and includes a raised floor, verandahs all the way around the building and a staircase leading to a single central doorway. The roof is made of thatched reed with ten billets (katsuogi) located on the ridge of the roof, the bargeboards of which project beyond the roof to form the distinctive forked finials (chigi) at the ends of the ridge. The roof ridge is supported by two free-standing columns called the munamochi-bashira. The katsuogi, chigi and munamochi-bashira are stylised forms of older storehouse building techniques that pre-date the introduction of Buddhist architecture in Japan.[9]

The empty site beside the shrine building, the site where the previous shrine once stood and where the next will be built, is called the kodenchi. This area is strewn with large white pebbles and is left totally empty apart from the oi-ya, a small wooden hut containing a wooden pole a little over 2 metres in height called the shin-no-mihashira (new sacred central pole). When a new shrine is built, it is built around the sacred central pole before the removal of the oi-ya, so that the central pole is never seen. The central pole of the old shrine will then have a new oi-ya erected so that the shin-no-mihashira also remains unseen.[6]

The erection of a single post in the center of a sacred area strewn with stones represents the form taken by Japanese places of worship in very ancient times; the shin-no-mihashira would thus be the survival of a symbolism from a very primitive symbolism to the present day.[10]

Rebuilding the Shrine[edit]

Okihiki Festival in May 2007 exhibiting wood to build the next shrine.
Land Before Sengū ceremony.Photo at 2005.

The shrine buildings at Naikū and Gekū, as well as the Uji Bridge, are rebuilt every 20 years as a part of the Shinto belief of the death and renewal of nature and the impermanence of all things — wabi-sabi — and as a way of passing building techniques from one generation to the next. The twenty year renewal process is called the Sengu. In August, in a long-standing tradition the people who live in Ise are allowed to enter the area around the Inner Sanctum of the Naiku as well as the Geku. Some villages drag a wooden carriage laden with white stones up the Izuzu river onto the grounds of the Naiku. Each participant gets two white stones in a white handkerchief and these allow them to place the stones in the area around the Inner Sanctum. Other villages drag a huge wooden car or Noburi Kuruma laden with white stones to the Uji bridge at the entrance of the grounds of the Naiku. Participants receive two white stones which are also placed in the sacred space around the Inner Sanctum. The entire tradition is called Shiraisshiki and it is very colourful with every participant wearing a 'happi' coat representing a particular village. The rebuilding of the main shrine takes place on an adjacent site next to the old, and each rebuilding alternates between the two sites. The next scheduled rebuilding of Naikū is due in 2033 on the lower, northern site.

In the lead-up to the rebuilding of the shrines, a number of festivals are held to mark special events. The Okihiki Festival is held in the spring over two consecutive years and involves people from surrounding towns dragging huge wooden logs through the streets of Ise to Naikū and Gekū. In the lead-up to the 2013 rebuilding, the Okihiki festival was held in 2006 and 2007. A year after the completion of the Okihiki festival, carpenters begin preparing the wood for its eventual use in the Shrine.

Annual festivals[edit]

The Otaue ceremony.

From the late 7th century, when the festivals and offerings of Ise Shrine became more formalised, a number of annual events have been performed at both Naikū and Gekū. The Tsukinamisai, which was held in June and December, as well as the Kannamesai in September, were the only three offerings performed by the Saio, an imperial princess who served as high priestess of the shrine until the 14th century.[11] These offerings are based on the cycle of the agricultural year and are still performed today.

The hatadono.

The first important ceremony of the modern calendar year is the Kinensai, where prayers are offered for a bountiful harvest. Kannamesai, where prayers for fair weather and sufficient rains are made, is held twice a year in May and August at both Naikū and Gekū.

Autumn Kagura Festival.

The most important annual festival held at Ise Shrine is the Kannamesai Festival 神嘗祭. Held in October each year, this ritual makes offerings of the first harvest of crops for the season to Amaterasu-ōmikami.An imperial envoy carries the offering of rice harvested by the Emperor himself to Ise, as well as five-coloured silk cloth and other materials, called heihaku.[12]

Besides the agricultural ceremonies already mentioned, ceremonies and festivals are held throughout the year at both Naikū and Gekū to celebrate such things as the new year, the foundation of Japan, past emperors, purification rituals for priests and court musicians, good sake fermentation and for the Emperor's birthday. There are also daily food offerings to the shrine kami held both in the mornings and evenings.[13]

Naikū - the inner shrine[edit]

Isuzu River 2006

The official name of the main shrine of Naikū is Kotaijingu and is the place of worship of the goddess Amaterasu-omikami. The grounds of Naikū contain a number of structures, including the following:[14]

The Uji Bridge[edit]

The Uji Bridge 2012

This 100 meter wooden bridge, built in a traditional Japanese style, stretches across the Isuzu river at the entrance of Naikū. Like the shrine buildings of Naikū, it is rebuilt every 20 years as a part of the Shikinen Sengū ceremony. On crossing the bridge, the path turns to the right along the banks of the Isuzu river and passes through large landscaped gardens.

Temizusha[edit]

Temizusha for ritual purification.

After crossing a short, wide bridge, pilgrims to the shrine encounter the Temizusha, a small, roofed structure containing a pool of water for use in ritual purification. Visitors are encouraged to wash their hands and rinse their mouths at Temizusha as a symbolic act to clean the mind and body of impurity. The first of two large torii gates stands just beyond the Temizusha.

Saikan and Anzaisho[edit]

After passing the first large torii gate, the Purification Hall (Saikan), and the hall for visitors from the imperial household (Anzaisho) is located to the left. The Saikan is used by shrine priests to purify themselves before performing ceremonies at the shrine. They are required to spend one or two nights to free their minds of worldly issues, partaking in baths and eating meals cooked with the sacred fire.

Kaguraden[edit]

KaguraDen.Naikū.2009.

This hall for special prayer, located just after the second large torii gate, is open to the public for the offering of individual prayers to the kami, the giving of donations and the purchase of special talisman of protection, amulets and hanging scrolls of Amaterasu Omikami.

Charge field prayer,Toyouke Daijingū (Gekū).2005.

Imibiyaden[edit]

Imibiyaden 2007

This hall contains the sacred fire used to cook all of the food offerings to the kami of Ise Shrine. Rice and other offerings cooked on the sacred fire are stored in a box made of Japanese cypress, then purified at the Haraedo immediately in front of the Imibiyaden before being offered to the kami.

Kotaijingu - the main shrine[edit]

Steps leading to the main shrine, Naikū.2007.

The pilgrimage path then approaches the main shrine of Naikū by a set of large stone steps. Visitors are supposed to keep to the sides of the path as the middle is set aside for the goddess Amaterasu-ōmikami. Etiquette is the same as for most Shinto shrines. Though the actual shrine is hidden behind a large fence, pilgrims can approach the gate to offer their prayers. Photographs in this area are prohibited and this restriction is strictly policed.

Place of prayer of the main shrine, Naikū.2005.

Kotaijingu is said to hold the Sacred Mirror, one of three sacred items given to the first emperor by the gods. From a path that follows the line of the outer wall, the distinctive roof of the shrine building can be seen through the trees. In front of the walled shrine compound can be seen an open area which will be the location of the next rebuilding of the shrine in 2013.

Shrines and facilities[edit]

Shrines[edit]

There are 125 shrines within Ise Shrine.[15]

Shōgū
namekanjienshrinedkanjilocation
Kōtai Jingū (Naikū)皇大神宮Amaterasu Ōmikami
Ameno Tajikarao no kami
Yorozuhata-Toyoakitsuhime no mikoto
天照大御神
天手力男神
万幡豊秋津姫命[16]
Ujitachi, Ise city
Toyouke Daijingū (Gekū)豊受大神宮Toyouke no Ōmikami
3 Mitomo no kami
豊受大御神
御伴神3座[17]
Toyokawa, Ise city
Betsugū of Kōtai Jingū
namekanjienshrinedkanjilocation
1Aramatsuri no miya荒祭宮Amaterasu Ōmikami no Aramitama天照大御神荒御魂in Naikū
2Tsukiyomi no miya月讀宮Tsukiyomi no mikoto月讀尊Nakamura, Ise city
3Tsukiyomi no Aramitama no miya月讀荒御魂宮Tsukiyomi no mikoto no Aramitama月讀尊荒御魂in Tsukiyomi no miya
4Izanagi no miya伊佐奈岐宮Izanagi no mikoto伊佐奈岐尊in Tsukiyomi no miya
5Izanami no miya伊佐奈弥宮Izanami no miya伊佐奈弥尊in Tsukiyomi no miya
6Takihara no miya瀧原宮Amaterasu Ōmikami no Mitama天照大御神御魂Takihara, Taiki town,
Watarai district
7Takihara no narabi no miya瀧原竝宮Amaterasu Ōmikami no Mitama天照大御神御魂in Takihara no miya
8Izawa no miya伊雑宮Amaterasu Ōmikami no Mitama天照大御神御魂Isobe-chō-Kaminogō,
Shima city
9Yamatohime no miya倭姫宮Yamatohime no miya倭姫命Kusube, Ise city
10Kazahinomi no miya風日祈宮SInatsuhiko no mikoto
Shinatobe no mikoto
級長津彦命
級長戸辺命
in Naikū
Betsugū of Toyouke Daijingū
namekanjienshrinedkanjilocation
1Taka no miya多賀宮Toyouke no Ōmikami no Aramitama豊受大御神荒御魂in Gekū
2Tsuchi no miya土宮Ōtsuchi no mioya no kami大土御祖神in Gekū
3Tsukiyomi no miya月夜見宮Tsukiyomi no mikoto
Tsukiyomi no mikoto no Aramitama
月夜見尊
月夜見尊荒御魂
Miyajiri, Ise city
4Kaze no miya風宮SInatsuhiko no mikoto
Shinatobe no mikoto
級長津彦命
級長戸辺命
in Gekū
Sessha of Kōtai Jingū
namekanjienshrinedkanjilocation
1Asakuma jinja朝熊神社Ōtoshi no kami
Kokemushi no kami
Asakuma no mizu no kami
大歳神
苔虫神
朝熊水神
Asama, Ise city
2Asakuma mimae jinja朝熊御前神社Asakuma no mimae no kami朝熊御前神in Asakuma jinja
3Sonai (Sonō[18]) jinja園相神社Sonahihiko no mikoto
Mimae no kami
曾奈比比古命
御前神
Tsumura, Ise city
4Kamo jinja鴨神社Ishikorowake no mikoto
Mimae no kami
石己呂和居命
御前神
Yamagammi, Tamaki,
Watarai district
5Tanoe jinja田乃家神社Ōkami no samukawa no kami大神御滄川神Yano, Tamaki,
Watarai district
6Tanoe mimae jinja田乃家御前神社Mimae no kami御前神same as Tanoe jinja
7Kano jinja蚊野神社Ōkami no mikage no-
kawa no kami
大神御蔭川神Kano, Tamaki,
Watarai district
8Kano mimae jinja蚊野御前神社Mimae no kami御前神same as Kano jinja
9Yuta jinja湯田神社Ōtoshi no mioya no mikoto
Mimae no kami
大歳御祖命
御前神
Obata-chō-Yuta,
Ise city
10Ōtsuchi mioya jinja大土御祖神社Ōkunitama no mikoto
Mizusasarahiko no mikoto
Mizusasarahime no mikoto
大国玉命
水佐佐良比古命
水佐佐良比賣命
Kusube, Ise city
11Kunitsu mioya jinja国津御祖神社Ujihime no mikoto
Tamurahime no mikoto
宇治比賣命
田村比賣命
in Ōtoshi mioya jinja
12Kuchira jinja朽羅神社Chiyorihime no mikoto
Chiyorihiko no mikoto
千依比賣命
千依比古命
Hara, Tamaki,
Watarai district
13Ujiyōda jinja宇治山田神社Yamatahime no mikoto[19]山田姫命Nakamura, Ise city
14Tsunaga jinja津長神社Sunagahime no mikoto栖長比賣命Uji-Imazaike, Ise city
(in front of Kōtai Jingū)
15Katada jinja堅田神社Samitsuhime no mikoto佐見都比女命Futami-chō-Chaya,
Ise city[20]
16Ōmizu jinja大水神社Ōyamazumi no mioya no mikoto大山祇御祖命Uji-imazaike, Ise city
(in front of Kōtai Jingū)
17E jinja江神社Nagakuchime no mikoto
Ōtoshi no mioya no mikoto
Ukano mitama no mikoto
長口女命
大歳御祖命
宇加乃御玉命
Futami-chō-E, Ise city
18Kōzaki jinja神前神社Arasakihime no mikoto荒崎比賣命Futami-chō-Matsushita,
Ise city
19Awamiko jinja粟皇子神社Susanō no mikoto no Mitama no-
michinushi no mikoto
須佐乃乎命御玉道主命Futami-chō-Matsushita,
Ise city
20Kawara jinja川原神社Tsukiyomi no mikoto no Mitama月讀尊御魂Sōchi, Ise city
21Kugutsuhime jinja久具都比賣神社kugutsuhime no mikoto
kugutsuhiko no mikoto
MImae no kami
久具都比賣命
久具都比古命
御前神
Kamikugu, Watarai town,
Watarai district
22Narahara jinja奈良波良神社Naraharahime no mikoto那良原比女命Miyako, Tamaki town,
Watarai district
23Sugihara jinja棒原神社Ama no subarume no mikoto-
no Mitama
Mimae no kami
天須婆留女命御魂
御前神
Kami-Tanui, Tamaki town,
Watarai district
24Mifune jinja御船神社Ōkami no mikage no-
kawa no mikoto
大神御蔭川神Toba, Taki town,
Taki district
25Sakatekunari jinja坂手国生神社Takaminakami no mikoto
(Takaminakami no kami[21])
高水上命 (高水上神)Kami-Tanui, Tamaki town,
Watarai district
26Satakunari jinja狭田國生神社Hayakawahiko no mikoto
Hayakawahime no mikoto
Yamazue no Mitama
速川比古命
速川比女命
山末御魂
Sata, Tamaki town,
Watarai district
27Takihara jinja多岐原神社Manako no Kami真奈胡の神Misegawa, Taiki town,
Watarai district
Sessha of Toyouke Daijingū
namekanjienshrinedkanjilocation
1Kusanagi jinja草奈伎神社Mishirushi no tsurugi no kami御剣仗神 (標劔仗神[22])Tokiwa, Ise city
2Ōmakunari jinja大間国生神社Ōwakako no mikoto
Otowakako no mikoto
大若子命
乙若子命
Tokiwa, Ise city
3Watarai kuimii jinja度会国御神社Hikokunimigakitakeyotsuka no mikoto彦国見賀岐建與束命in Gekū
4Watarai ōkunitamahime jinja度会大国玉比賣神社Ōkunitama no mikoto
Mizusasarahime no mikoto
大国玉姫命
弥豆佐佐良比賣命
in Gekū
5Tanoe ōmizu jinja田上大水神社Ogoto kan-nushi小事神主Fujisato, Ise city
6Tanoe ōmizu mimae jinja田上大水御前神社Miyako宮子in Tanoe ōmizu jinja
7Shitomi jinja志等美神社Kukunochi no kami久久能智神Tsujikuru, Ise city
8Ōkōchi jinja大河内神社Ōyamazumi no kami大山祇神in Shitomi jinja
9Kiyonoiba jinja清野井庭神社Kayanohime no mikoto草野姫命Tokiwa, Ise city
10Takagawara jinja高河原神社Tsukiyomi no mikoto no Mitama月夜見尊御魂in Tsukiyomi no miya
(Gekū, 月夜見宮)
11Kawara jinja河原神社Kawa no kami[23]川神Misono-chō-Shingai,
Ise city
12Kawarabuchi jinja河原淵神社Sawahime no mikoto澤姫命Funae, Ise city
13Yamazue jinja山末神社Ōyamatsuhime no mikoto大山津姫命in Gekū
14Usunono jinja宇須乃野神社Usunome no mikoto宇須乃女命Misono-chō-Takabuku,
Ise city
15Mike jinja御食神社Minato no miketsu kami水戸御饗都Kamiyashiro, Ise city
16Obata jinja小俣神社Uka no Mitama no kami宇賀御魂神Obata-chō-motomachi,
Ise city
Massha of Kōtai Jingū
namekanjienshrinedkanjilocation
1Kamoshimo jinja鴨下神社Ishikorowake no mikoto
Kamohiko no mikoto
Kamohime no mikoto
石己呂和居命
鴨比古命
鴨比賣命
Katsuta, Tamaki,
Watarai district
2Tsubura jinja津布良神社Tsuburahiko no mikoto
Tsuburahime no mikoto
津布良比古命
津布良比賣命
Tsubura, Tamaki,
Watarai district
3Ashihara jinja葦原神社Sasatsuhiko no mikoto
Ukano Mitama no mioya no mikoto
Ikarihime no mikoto
佐佐津比古命
宇加乃御魂御祖命
伊加利比売命
in Tsukiyomi no miya
(Naikū, 月讀宮)
4Ogoso jinja小社神社Takaminakami mikoto[25])高水上命Ogoso-Sone, Tamaki,
Watarai district
5Komori jinja許母利神社Awashima no kami no mitama粟嶋神御魂same as Kōzaki jinja
6Niikawa jinja新川神社Niikawahime no mikoto新川比賣命same as Tsunaga jinja
7Iwai jinja石井神社Takaminakami no mikoto[26]高水上命same as Tsunaga jinja
8Uji no nuki jinja宇治乃奴鬼Takaminakami no mikoto[27]高水上命Ōtoshi mioya jinja
9Kanumi jinja加努弥神社Inayorihime no mikoto稲依比女命Kanome (Kanomi), Ise city
without building
10Kawaai jinja川相神社Hosokawa no mizu no kami細川水神same as Ōmizu jinja
11Kumabuchi jinja熊淵神社Takiōtoji no kami多支大刀自神same as Ōmizu jinja
12Arasaki jinja荒前神社Arasakihime no mikoto荒前比賣命same as Kōzaki jinja
13Najime jinja那自売神社Ōminakami no mioya no mikoto
Mimonosusohime no mikoto
大水上御祖命
御裳乃須蘇比賣命
same as Ujiyōda jinja
14Ashidate jinja葦立弖神社Tamayarahime no mikoto玉移良比女命same as Kunitsu mioya jinja
15Mumino jinja牟弥乃神社Samukawahiko no mikoto
Samukawahime no mikoto
寒川比古命
寒川比女命
same as Mifune jinja
16Kagaminomiya jinja鏡宮神社Iwanoue no futatsu no mikagami no mitama岩上二面神鏡霊Asama, Ise city
Massha of Toyouke Daijingū
namekanjienshrinedkanjilocation
1Igari jinja伊我理神社Igarihime no mikoto伊我理比女命in Gekū
2Agata jinja縣神社Agata no kami[28]縣神same as Usuno no jinja
3Inaka jinja井中神社Inaka no kami井中神same as Ikari jinja
4Uchikake jinja打縣神社Uchikake myōjin[29]打縣名神in Shitomi jinja
5Akasaki jinja赤崎神社Arasakihime no mikoto荒崎姫命Toba, Toba city
6Mori jinja毛理神社Ki no kami[30]木神same as Kawara jinja
(河原神社)
7Ōtsu jinja大津神社Ashihara kami
(Ashihara no kami[31])
葦原神in Gekū
8Shioya jinja志宝屋神社Shiotsuchi no oji塩土老翁Ōminato, Ise city
Shokansha of Kōtai Jingū
namekanjienshrinedkanjilocation
1Takimatsuri no kami瀧祭神Takimatsuri no Ōkami[32]瀧祭大神in Naikū
without building
2Okitama no Kami興玉神Okitama no Kami興玉神in Naikū Shogū
without building
3Miyabi no kami宮比神Miyabi no kami宮比神in Naikū Shogū
without building
4Yanohahiki no kami屋乃波比伎神Yanohahiki no kami屋乃波比伎神in Naikū Shogū
without building
5Misakadono御酒殿Misakadono no kami[33]御酒殿神in Naikū
6Mishine no mikura御稲御倉Mishine no mikura no kami御稲御倉神in Naikū
7Yuki no mikura由貴御倉Yuki no mikura no kami由貴御倉神inNaikū
8Miya no meguri no kami四至神Miya no meguri no kami四至神in Naikū
without building
9Kan-Hatori hatadono jinja神服織機殿神社Kan-hatori hatadono no-
mamori no kami[34]
神服織機殿神社鎮守神Ōgaito, Matsusaka city
10Massha of Kan-Hatori hatadono jinja; 8 shrines神服織機殿神社末社8所Kan-hatori hatadono no-
mamori no mimae no kami
神服織機殿神社鎮守御前神in Kan-Hatori hatadono jinja
11Kan-Omi hatadono jinja神麻績機殿神社Kan-Omi hatadono no-
mamori no kami[35]
神麻績機殿神社鎮守神Iguchinaka, Matsusaka city
12Massha of Kan-Omi hatadono jinja; 8 shrines神麻績機殿神社末社8所Kan-Omi hatadono no mamori no-
mimae no kami
神麻績機殿神社鎮守御前神in Kan-Omi hatadono jinja
13Mishiodono jinja御塩殿神社Mishiodono no mamori no kami御塩殿神社鎮守神[36]Futami-chō-Shō, Ise city
14Aedohashihime jinja饗土橋姫神社Ujibashi no mamori no kami[32]宇治橋鎮守神Uji-Imazaike, Ise city
(in front of Kōtai Jingū)
15Ōyamatsumi jinja大山祇神社Ōyamazumi no kami大山祇神in Naikū
16Koyasu jinja子安神社Konohanasakuyahime no mikoto木華開耶姫命in Naikū
(side of Ōyamatsumi jinja)
Shokansha of Toyouke Daijingū
namekanjienshrinedkanjilocation
1Misakadono御酒殿Misakadono no kami[31]御酒殿神in Gekū
2Miya no meguri no kami四至神Miya no meguri no kami四至神in Gekū
without building
3Kami no mii no jinja上御井神社Kami no mii no mamori no kami[31]上御井鎮守神in Gekū
4Shimo no mii no jinja下御井神社Shimo no mii no mamori no kami[31]下御井鎮守神in Gekū
Shokansha of Betsugū
namekanjienshrinedkanjilocation
1Wakamiya jinja若宮神社Wakamiya no kami[37]若宮神in Takihara no miya
2Nagayuke jinja長由介神社Nagayuke no kami[37]長由介神in Takihara no miya
3Kawashima jinja川島神社Kawashima no kami[37]川島神same as Nagayuke jinja
4Saminaga jinja佐美長神社Shimonomii no mamori no kami[38]大歳神Isobe-chō-Erihara, Shima city
5Saminaga mimae jinja; 4 shrines佐美長御前神社Saminaga mimae no kami[38]佐美長御前神in Saminaga jinja

Facilities[edit]

Facilities of Ise Shrine (not shrine)[39]
namekanjiarticleskanjilocation
1Yahirodono of Kan-Hatori hatadono jinja神服織機殿神社八尋殿Nigitae (silk)和妙in Kan-Hatori hatadono jinja
2Yahirodono of Kan-Omi hatadono jinja神服麻績殿神社八尋殿Aratae (hemp)荒妙in Kan-Omi hatadono jinja
3Jingu shinden
(30,000 m²)
神宮神田Goryō-mai (rice)御料米Kusube-chō, Ise city
4Izawa no miya no omita
(1,646 m²)
伊雑宮の御神田Goryō-mai (rice)御料米Isobe-chō-Erihara, Shima city
(side of Izawa no miya)
5Mishiohama
(6,609 m²)
御塩浜brine御塩Futami-chō-Nishi, Ise city
6Mishiodono
Mishio kumiiresho
Mishio yakisho
(27,785 m²)
御塩殿
御塩汲入所
御塩焼所
Mishio (salt)御塩in Mishiodono jinja
7Jingū misono
(19,751 m²)
神宮御園vegetables and fruits野菜・果物Futami-chō-Mizoguchi, Ise city
8Awabi chōseisho
(5,946 m²)
鰒調製所noshi awabi (dried abalone)熨斗鰒Kuzaki-chō, Toba city
9Hidai chōseisho
(11,242 m²)
干鯛調製所Hidai (dried sea bream)干鯛Shinojima, Minamichita town,
Chita District, Aichi Prefecture
10Doki chōseisho
(2,878 m²)
土器調製所earthenwares土器Minomura, Meiwa town,
Taki District

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ise Jingu official homepage, http://www.isejingu.or.jp/english/gegu/gegu.htm
  2. ^ Ise Jingu official homepage
  3. ^ Hoffman, Michael, "Symbols of heaven on Earth", Japan Times, March 14, 2010, p. 8.
  4. ^ Nihongi: Chronicles of Japan from the Earliest Times to A.D. 697, trans. W. G. Aston (Rutland, Vt.: Charles E. Tuttle, 1972), 176.
  5. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica - Ise Shrine http://www.britannica.com/ebc/article-9368233
  6. ^ a b Sacred Places - Ise Shrine http://witcombe.sbc.edu/sacredplaces/ise.html
  7. ^ Breen, John et al. (2000). Shinto in History: Ways of the Kami, pp. 74-75.
  8. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1962). Studies in Shinto and Shrines, pp. 116-117.
  9. ^ Sir Banister Fletcher, A History of Architecture (p724), Architectural Press (1996), ISBN 0-7506-2267-9
  10. ^ Kenzo Tange and Noboru Kawazoe, Ise: Prototype of Japanese Architecture (p 167), Cambridge, Massachusetts: M.I.T. Press, 1965.
  11. ^ Saikū Historical Museum information booklet, "A Town of Bamboo Illumined Once Again".
  12. ^ http://www.isejingu.or.jp/english/maturi/maturi5.htm - Annual Cycle of Ceremonies and Rice, Official Ise Jingu homepage.
  13. ^ http://www.isejingu.or.jp/english/maturi/maturi2.htm - Annual Cycle of Ceremonies, Official Ise Jingu homepage.
  14. ^ The official Ise Jingu homepage: Naiku, http://www.isejingu.or.jp/english/naigu/naigu.htm
  15. ^ "Oise mairi" (『お伊勢まいり』, Jingū-shichō, Ise-Jingū-sūkei-kai, July 1, 2006) p.105-118
  16. ^ "Oise mairi" p.72
  17. ^ "Oise mairi" p.9
  18. ^ "Jingū sessha massha junhai" (『神宮摂社末社順拝』, Sarutahiko jinja, March 31, 1989) The second volume (下巻) p.87
  19. ^ "Jingū sessha massha junhai", The second volume (下巻) p.31, No Hiragana in "Oise mairi" .
  20. ^ Katada jinja is written at "伊勢市二見町江 (Futami-chō-E, Ise city)" in "Oise mairi", but this shrine is in Futami-chō-Chaya. Futami-chō-Chaya was independent of Futami-chō-E on November 1st 2005, and Futami-chō-Chaya is often writeen Futami-chō-E by a mistake. Katada jinja is mapped "二見町茶屋 (Futami-chō-Chaya)" in these maps, not Futami-chō-E.
  21. ^ "Jingū sessha massha junhai", The second volume (下巻) p.69
  22. ^ "Jingū sessha massha junhai", The first volume (上巻) p.65
  23. ^ "Oisesan wo arukō (『お伊勢さんを歩こう』, Ise-Jingū-sūkei-kai, April 1, 2005) p.15, No Hiragana in "Oise mairi" and "Jingū sessha massha junhai".
  24. ^ "Oisesan wo arukō" p.21
  25. ^ "Jingū sessha massha junhai", The second volume (下巻) p.15
  26. ^ "Jingū sessha massha junhai", The second volume (下巻) p.4
  27. ^ "Jingū sessha massha junhai", The second volume (下巻) p.37
  28. ^ "Oisesan wo arukō" p.16
  29. ^ "Oisesan wo arukō" p.17
  30. ^ "Oisesan wo arukō" p.15
  31. ^ a b c d "Oisesan wo arukō" p.8
  32. ^ a b "Oisesan wo arukō" p.4
  33. ^ "Oisesan wo arukō" p.5
  34. ^ "Oisesan wo arukō" p.24
  35. ^ "Oisesan wo arukō" p.24
  36. ^ "Oisesan wo arukō" p.27
  37. ^ a b c "Oisesan wo arukō" p.31
  38. ^ a b "Oisesan wo arukō" p.29
  39. ^ "Oise mairi" p.98-103

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°27′18″N 136°43′33″E / 34.45500°N 136.72583°E / 34.45500; 136.72583