Iron(II) oxide

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Iron(II) oxide
Identifiers
CAS number1345-25-1 YesY
PubChem14945
ChemSpider14237 YesY
UNIIG7036X8B5H YesY
ChEBICHEBI:50820 YesY
Jmol-3D imagesImage 1
Properties
Molecular formulaFeO
Molar mass71.844 g/mol
Appearanceblack crystals
Density5.745 g/cm3
Melting point

1377 °C, 1650 K, 2511 °F ([1])

Boiling point

3414 °C, 3687 K, 6177 °F

Solubility in waterInsoluble
Solubilityinsoluble in alkali, alcohol
dissolves in acid
Refractive index (nD)2.23
Hazards
MSDSICSC 0793
EU IndexNot listed
Main hazardscan be pyrophoric
Autoignition
temperature
variable
Related compounds
Other anionsiron(II) fluoride, iron(II) sulfide, iron(II) selenide, iron(II) telluride
Other cationsmanganese(II) oxide, cobalt(II) oxide
Related compoundsIron(III) oxide, Iron(II,III) oxide
 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references
 
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Iron(II) oxide
Identifiers
CAS number1345-25-1 YesY
PubChem14945
ChemSpider14237 YesY
UNIIG7036X8B5H YesY
ChEBICHEBI:50820 YesY
Jmol-3D imagesImage 1
Properties
Molecular formulaFeO
Molar mass71.844 g/mol
Appearanceblack crystals
Density5.745 g/cm3
Melting point

1377 °C, 1650 K, 2511 °F ([1])

Boiling point

3414 °C, 3687 K, 6177 °F

Solubility in waterInsoluble
Solubilityinsoluble in alkali, alcohol
dissolves in acid
Refractive index (nD)2.23
Hazards
MSDSICSC 0793
EU IndexNot listed
Main hazardscan be pyrophoric
Autoignition
temperature
variable
Related compounds
Other anionsiron(II) fluoride, iron(II) sulfide, iron(II) selenide, iron(II) telluride
Other cationsmanganese(II) oxide, cobalt(II) oxide
Related compoundsIron(III) oxide, Iron(II,III) oxide
 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Iron(II) oxide, also known as ferrous oxide or informally as iron monoxide, is one of the iron oxides. It is a black-colored powder with the chemical formula FeO. It consists of the chemical element iron in the oxidation state of 2 bonded to oxygen. Its mineral form is known as wüstite. Iron(II) oxide should not be confused with rust, which usually consists of hydrated iron(III) oxide (ferric oxide). The term may be used more loosely for a non-stoichiometric compound as the ratio of the elements iron and oxygen can vary; samples are typically iron deficient with compositions ranging from Fe0.84O to Fe0.95O.[2]

Contents

Preparation

FeO can be prepared by heating iron(II) oxalate in vacuo:[2]

FeC2O4 → FeO + CO + CO2


Stoichiometric FeO can be prepared by heating Fe0.95O with metallic iron at 770 °C and 36 kbar.[3]

Reactions

FeO is thermodynamically unstable below 575 °C, disproportionating to metal and Fe3O4:[2]

4FeO → Fe + Fe3O4

Structure

Iron(II) oxide adopts the cubic, rock salt structure, where iron atoms are octahedrally coordinated by oxygen atoms and the oxygen atoms octahedrally coordinated by iron atoms. The non-stoichiometry occurs because of the ease of oxidation of FeII to FeIII effectively replacing a small portion of FeII with two thirds their number of FeIII, which take up tetrahedral positions in the close packed oxide lattice.[3]

Below 200 K there is a minor change to the structure which changes the symmetry to rhombohedral and samples become antiferromagnetic.[3]

Occurrence in nature

Iron(II) oxide makes up approximately 9% of the Earth's mantle. Within the mantle, it may be electrically conductive, which is a possible explanation for perturbations in Earth's rotation not accounted for by accepted models of the mantle's properties.[4]

Uses

Iron(II) oxide is used as a pigment. It is FDA-approved for use in cosmetics and it is used in some tattoo inks.

References

  1. ^ Pradyot Patnaik. Handbook of Inorganic Chemicals. McGraw-Hill, 2002, ISBN 0-07-049439-8
  2. ^ a b c Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth–Heinemann. ISBN 0080379419. 
  3. ^ a b c Wells A.F. (1984) Structural Inorganic Chemistry 5th edition Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-855370-6
  4. ^ Science Jan 2012

External links