Iraq Campaign Medal

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Iraq Campaign Medal
Iraq Campaign Medal.png
The Iraq Campaign Medal, obverse (left), and reverse (right).
Awarded by United States Department of Defense
TypeCampaign medal
StatusInactive (31 December 2011)[1]
Statistics
EstablishedNovember 29, 2004[2]
Precedence
Next (higher)Afghanistan Campaign Medal
Next (lower)Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
RelatedGlobal War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
Iraq Campaign ribbon.svg

Streamer IQCS.PNG
Ribbon & Streamer
 
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Iraq Campaign Medal
Iraq Campaign Medal.png
The Iraq Campaign Medal, obverse (left), and reverse (right).
Awarded by United States Department of Defense
TypeCampaign medal
StatusInactive (31 December 2011)[1]
Statistics
EstablishedNovember 29, 2004[2]
Precedence
Next (higher)Afghanistan Campaign Medal
Next (lower)Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
RelatedGlobal War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
Iraq Campaign ribbon.svg

Streamer IQCS.PNG
Ribbon & Streamer

The Iraq Campaign Medal (ICM) is a military award of the United States Armed Forces which was created by Executive Order 13363 of U.S. President George W. Bush on 29 November 2004.[2] The Iraq Campaign Medal was designed by the U.S. Army Institute of Heraldry and was awarded from 29 November 2004 to 31 December 2011.[3]

Criteria[edit]

The Iraq Campaign Medal became available for general distribution in June 2005.[4] It was awarded to any member of the U.S. military who performed duty within the borders of Iraq (or its territorial waters) for a period of thirty consecutive days or sixty non-consecutive days. The medal was awarded retroactively from 19 March 2003 until the end of Operation New Dawn on 31 December 2011.[5] Personnel who engaged in combat with an enemy force, or personnel wounded in combat or wounded as a result of a terrorist attack within Iraq received the Iraq Campaign Medal regardless of the number of days spent within the country.

In addition, each day participating in aerial missions as a "regularly assigned air crewmember of an aircraft flying sorties into, out of, within or over Iraq and in direct support of the military operations" established a single day of eligibility, when the required minimum days of eligibility were accrued, the medal was then awarded.[6]

The medal was also awarded posthumously to any service member who died in the line of duty within Iraq, including from non-combat injuries such as accidents and mishaps.[7][8]

On 23 April 2012, an order terminating the award of the campaign medal was issued by the Department of Defense. The order is effective to 31 December 2011, the day Operation New Dawn ended.[1] U.S. military personnel serving inside the borders of Iraq after December 2011 will not be eligible to receive the Iraq Campaign Medal.[9]

Campaign phases and devices[edit]

The following are the established campaign phases for the Iraq Campaign Medal:[10][11]

Phase 1: Liberation of Iraq – 19 March – 1 May 2003
Phase 2: Transition of Iraq – 2 May 2003 to 28 June 2004
Phase 3: Iraqi Governance – 29 June 2004 to 15 December 2005
Phase 4: National Resolution – 16 December 2005 to 9 January 2007
Phase 5: Iraqi Surge – 10 January 2007 to 31 December 2008
Phase 6: Iraqi Sovereignty – 1 January 2009 to 31 August 2010
Phase 7: New Dawn – 1 September 2010 to 31 December 2011

For each campaign phase that an individual participates in, a bronze 3/16" service star is worn on the service ribbon, with a silver service star being worn in lieu of five bronze service stars:[12][13][9][14][15][16][17]

Any one of the seven phases
Bronze star
Two of the seven phases
Bronze star
Bronze star
Three of the seven phases
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Four of the seven phases
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Five of the seven phases
Silver star
Six of the seven phases
Silver star
Bronze star
All seven phases
Silver star
Bronze star
Bronze star

The Iraq Campaign Medal may also be awarded with the combat operation insignia for qualified sailors assigned to Marine Corps units, as well as the arrowhead device for qualified soldiers.

Appearance[edit]

The medal is bronze in appearance, 1.25 inches (32 mm) in diameter. The obverse depicts a relief of the map of Iraq, surmounted by two lines representing the Tigris and Euphrates rivers throughout, superimposed over a palm wreath. Above is the inscription "IRAQ CAMPAIGN." On the reverse, the Statue of Freedom surmounts a sunburst, encircled by two scimitars pointing down with the blades crossing at the tips. Below is the inscription "FOR SERVICE IN IRAQ." The medal is suspended from a ribbon 1.375 inches (34.9 mm) wide. The stripes of the ribbon are : 5/32 inch scarlet at the edges, followed by 1/16 inch white, 1/32 inch green and 1/16 inch white. The white is separated by a 5/32 inch black with a 7/16 inch stripe in chamois in the center.[3]

Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal[edit]

The award replaced the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal for service in Iraq from 19 March 2003, through 30 April 2005. Personnel who previously received the GWOTEM for Iraq service were given the option to exchange the medal for the Iraq Campaign Medal. Both medals were not authorized for the same period of service in Iraq and any Iraq service which followed the medal's creation was recognized only with the Iraq Campaign Medal.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]