Irapuato, Guanajuato

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Irapuato
Ciudad de Irapuato
Historic Downtown of Irapuato

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): Ciudad de las Fresas
Motto: Ad Augusta Per Angusta
Location of Irapuato in Mexico
Coordinates: 20°40′N 101°21′W / 20.667°N 101.350°W / 20.667; -101.350Coordinates: 20°40′N 101°21′W / 20.667°N 101.350°W / 20.667; -101.350
CountryFlag of Mexico.svg Mexico
StateGuanajuato Flag.png Guanajuato
CountyBandera Irapuato.pngIrapuato
Founded (officially)1547 (by Vasco de Quiroga[1])
Government
 • Municipal PresidentSixto Zetina Soto
Area
 • Total845.16 km2 (326.32 sq mi)
Elevation1,724 m (5 676 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total380,941 city; 529,440 municipality
 • Density626.44/km2 (1,622.5/sq mi)
DemonymIrapuatense, Fresero
Time zoneCentral Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
ZIP code36590 - 36899
Area code(s)462
WebsiteOfficial Website of the City of Irapuato
Average temperature 21°C
 
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Irapuato
Ciudad de Irapuato
Historic Downtown of Irapuato

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): Ciudad de las Fresas
Motto: Ad Augusta Per Angusta
Location of Irapuato in Mexico
Coordinates: 20°40′N 101°21′W / 20.667°N 101.350°W / 20.667; -101.350Coordinates: 20°40′N 101°21′W / 20.667°N 101.350°W / 20.667; -101.350
CountryFlag of Mexico.svg Mexico
StateGuanajuato Flag.png Guanajuato
CountyBandera Irapuato.pngIrapuato
Founded (officially)1547 (by Vasco de Quiroga[1])
Government
 • Municipal PresidentSixto Zetina Soto
Area
 • Total845.16 km2 (326.32 sq mi)
Elevation1,724 m (5 676 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total380,941 city; 529,440 municipality
 • Density626.44/km2 (1,622.5/sq mi)
DemonymIrapuatense, Fresero
Time zoneCentral Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
ZIP code36590 - 36899
Area code(s)462
WebsiteOfficial Website of the City of Irapuato
Average temperature 21°C

Irapuato is a Mexican city (and municipality) located at the foot of the Arandas mountain (in Spanish: cerro de Arandas), in the south central region of the state of Guanajuato. It lies between the Silao River and the Guanajuato River, a tributary of the Lerma River, at 1,724 m (5,656 ft) above sea level. It is located at 20°40′N 101°21′W / 20.667°N 101.350°W / 20.667; -101.350. The city is the second-largest in the state (only behind León), with a population of 342,561 according to the 2005 census, while its municipality has a population of 463,103.[2][3] The municipality has an area of 845.16 km² (326.32 sq mi) and includes numerous smaller outlying communities. The city's main industry is agriculture and it is famous for its strawberries and the raising of pigs and cattle. The fruits and flowers of Irapuato's luxurious gardens are well known throughout Mexico.[4]

History[edit]

Cathedral and zocalo, circa 1907. Photo courtesy SMU

Prehispanic era[edit]

In the pre-Hispanic era, the site was inhabited by the Chichimecas (c. 1200 AD), a group of semi-nomadic hunter-gatherers. Later on, the Tarascans (also known as the P'urhépecha) conquered the region and initiated the establishment of a permanent settlement. They constructed buildings in the tarascan architectural style, produced pottery, and practiced agriculture. They called the settlement Xiriquitzio (or Iriquitzio), which the Spanish conquerors pronounced "Jiricuato" (or Jiricuicho), which meant "the place with houses (or low dwellings)".[5] The initial growth period, however, was short lived. The downfall of the Purépecha empire led to the abandonment of the settlement, at which point it was once again inhabited by the Chichimecas.

Conquest[edit]

In the 16th century, vasts amounts of silver ore were discovered at the present day site of the capital city of Guanajuato. This discovery led to a massive migration of Spanish settlers to the area.[6]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Irapuato
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)31.0
(87.8)
35.0
(95)
35.0
(95)
38.0
(100.4)
42.1
(107.8)
38.0
(100.4)
35.0
(95)
32.0
(89.6)
34.0
(93.2)
33.5
(92.3)
33.0
(91.4)
32.0
(89.6)
42.1
(107.8)
Average high °C (°F)24.4
(75.9)
26.3
(79.3)
29.1
(84.4)
31.1
(88)
32.3
(90.1)
30.2
(86.4)
28.2
(82.8)
28.0
(82.4)
27.5
(81.5)
27.1
(80.8)
26.3
(79.3)
24.9
(76.8)
28.0
(82.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)15.2
(59.4)
16.7
(62.1)
19.4
(66.9)
21.8
(71.2)
23.7
(74.7)
23.2
(73.8)
21.6
(70.9)
21.4
(70.5)
20.9
(69.6)
19.5
(67.1)
17.5
(63.5)
15.9
(60.6)
19.7
(67.5)
Average low °C (°F)6.0
(42.8)
7.1
(44.8)
9.6
(49.3)
12.5
(54.5)
15.1
(59.2)
16.1
(61)
15.1
(59.2)
14.9
(58.8)
14.3
(57.7)
11.8
(53.2)
8.7
(47.7)
6.9
(44.4)
11.5
(52.7)
Record low °C (°F)−3.0
(26.6)
−2.5
(27.5)
0.0
(32)
4.0
(39.2)
5.0
(41)
10.0
(50)
6.5
(43.7)
9.0
(48.2)
4.8
(40.6)
2.0
(35.6)
0.0
(32)
−2.0
(28.4)
−3
(26.6)
Precipitation mm (inches)11.5
(0.453)
4.6
(0.181)
3.8
(0.15)
10.0
(0.394)
30.5
(1.201)
116.5
(4.587)
164.3
(6.469)
141.7
(5.579)
105.9
(4.169)
37.9
(1.492)
9.6
(0.378)
8.2
(0.323)
644.5
(25.374)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)1.61.21.12.04.810.815.314.110.14.31.51.868.6
Source: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional[7]

Transportation[edit]

Airport[edit]

Irapuato is a 2 or 3 hour flight from cities including Los Angeles, Houston, San Jose, Chicago, Dallas, Oakland, Mexico City, Monterrey, Guadalajara and Puerto Vallarta, among others. Located just 25 minutes from the city of Irapuato the Del Bajío International Airport (its correct name is Aeropuerto Internacional de Guanajuato (Guanajuato International Airport)) (IATA: BJX) is an international airport located in Silao, Guanajuato, close to Irapuato, Guanajuato, Mexico. It handles national and international air traffic of the area that includes the city of León, the city of Irapuato, and the state capital, Guanajuato. Guanajuato International Airport is an important connecting point for some flights from Mexico City to the United States.

Major highways[edit]

Major highways in Irapuato and their starting and ending points:

Attractions[edit]

Education[edit]

The city of Irapuato is home to some private universities, and a single public university:

The city is home to a research center of the Center for Advanced Research and Studies (CINVESTAV)specialized in plant biotechnology and genetics and the newly created National Center of Plant Genomics.

Some of the private universities include:

Sport[edit]

Irapuato's most Common Sport is Soccer.

Stadiums and Arenas[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Images[edit]

Mural depicting Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and the Mexican Independence movement.
Hospitalito Church
Mural depicting Irapuato's Tarascan and Spanish history
Aguas Danzarinas Fountain
Irapuato's Plaza Principal
Templo de la Soledad

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historia de Irapuato". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Retrieved 2007-03-22. 
  2. ^ "2005 Census". INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. Retrieved 2007-03-22. 
  3. ^ Guanajuato "Mexican Municipality Encyclopedia". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Retrieved 2007-03-22. 
  4. ^ "Irapuato". Questia Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2007-03-21. 
  5. ^ "Irapuato History". irapuato.gob.mx. Retrieved 2007-03-20. 
  6. ^ "Historia de la Conquista". irapuato.gob.mx. Retrieved 2007-03-20. 
  7. ^ NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1971-2000, National Meteorological Service of Mexico. Retrieved August 4, 2012 .
  8. ^ "Fuentes Danzarinas". irapuato.gob.mx. Retrieved 2007-03-20. 
  9. ^ "Parque Zoologico de Irapuato". zooira.org.mx. Retrieved 2007-03-20. 
  10. ^ "Quienes Somos". zooira.org.mx. Retrieved 2007-03-20. 
  11. ^ "Lugares Turisticos". irapuato.gob.mx. Retrieved 2007-03-22. 
  12. ^ "Catedral de Irapuato". irapuato.gob.mx. Retrieved 2007-03-22. 
  13. ^ "Hospitalito Church". Tour By Mexico. Retrieved 2007-03-24. 
  14. ^ "Fuente de los Delfines". irapuato.gob.mx. Retrieved 2007-03-22. 
  15. ^ "Dolphin Fountain". Tour By Mexico. Retrieved 2007-03-24. 
  16. ^ "Estadio Sergio Leon Chávez". irapuato.gob.mx. Retrieved 2007-03-22. 
  17. ^ "Reloj del Sol". irapuato.gob.mx. Retrieved 2007-03-22. 
  18. ^ Quintanar Hinajosa, Beatriz, ed. (August 2010). "Guanajuato". Mexico Desconocido (Descubre Guanajuato Ruta de la Independencia Guia Especial) (in Spanish) (Mexico City: Impresiones Aereas SA de CV): 18. ISSN 1870-9397. 

External links[edit]