Iodosobenzene

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Iodosobenzene
Identifiers
CAS number536-80-1 YesY
PubChem92125
ChemSpider83171 YesY
Jmol-3D imagesImage 1
Properties
Molecular formulaC6H5IO
Molar mass220.01 g mol-1
Appearancecolourless solid
Density1.229 g cm-3
Melting point

210 ˚C

Solubility in waterpoor
 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references
 
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Iodosobenzene
Identifiers
CAS number536-80-1 YesY
PubChem92125
ChemSpider83171 YesY
Jmol-3D imagesImage 1
Properties
Molecular formulaC6H5IO
Molar mass220.01 g mol-1
Appearancecolourless solid
Density1.229 g cm-3
Melting point

210 ˚C

Solubility in waterpoor
 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Iodosobenzene or iodosylbenzene is an organoiodine compound with the empirical formula C6H5IO. This colourless solid compound is used as an oxo transfer reagent in research laboratories examining organic and coordination chemistry. It is related to the more popular reagent periodinane.

Preparation and structure[edit]

Iodosobenzene was first described by Conrad Willgerodt from iodobenzene.[1] It is prepared by first oxidizing iodobenzene to the diacetate followed by hydrolysis:[2]

C6H5I + CH3CO3H + CH3CO2H → C6H5I(O2CCH3)2 + H2O
C6H5I(O2CCH3)2 + H2O → C6H5IO + 2 CH3CO2H

The structure of iodosobenzene remains unverified crystallographically. Its low solubility in most solvents and vibrational spectroscopy indicate that it is not molecular, but is polymeric, consisting of I-O-I-O chains.[3] The related diacetate, C6H5I(O2CCH3)2, illustrates the ability of iodine(III) to adopt a T-shaped geometry without multiple bonds.[4]

Applications[edit]

Iodosobenzene has no commercial uses, but in the laboratory it is employed as an "oxo-transfer reagent." It epoxidizes certain alkenes and converts some metal complexes into the corresponding oxo derivatives. Although it is an oxidant, it is also mildly nucleophilic. The active agent in these oxo-transfer reactions is assumed to be monomeric PhI=O, but this aspect remains unverified.

Safety[edit]

This compound is explosive and should not be heated under vacuum.

References[edit]

  1. ^ C. Willgerodt (1892). "Zur Kenntniss aromatischer Jodidchloride, des Jodoso- und Jodobenzols". Ber. 25 (2): 3494–3502. doi:10.1002/cber.189202502221. 
  2. ^ H. Saltzman and J. G. Sharefkin (1973), "Iodosylbenzene", Org. Synth. ; Coll. Vol. 5: 658 
  3. ^ Hans Siebert, Monika Handrich (1976). "Schwingungsspektren und Struktur von Jodosyl- und Jodyl-Verbindungen". Z. anorg. allg. Chem. 426 (2): 173–183. doi:10.1002/zaac.19764260206. 
  4. ^ C. J. Carmalt, J. G. Crossley, J. G. Knight, P. Lightfoot, A. Martín, M. P. Muldowney, N. C. Norman, A. G. Orpen (1994). "An examination of the structures of iodosylbenzene (PhIO) and the related imido compound, PhINSO2-4-Me-C6H4, by X-ray powder diffraction and EXAFS (extended X-ray absorption fine structure) spectroscopy". J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. (20): 2367. doi:10.1039/C39940002367.