Interstate 71

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Interstate 71 marker

Interstate 71
Route information
Maintained by Kentucky Transportation Cabinet and Ohio DOT
Length:343.78 mi[1][2] (553.26 km)
Major junctions
South end: I-64 / I-65 in Louisville, KY
  I-75 from Walton, KY to Cincinnati, OH
I-70 in Columbus, OH
I-76 in Seville, OH
I-80 / Ohio Tpk. in Strongsville, OH
North end: I-90 / I-490 in Cleveland, OH
Highway system
KY 70KYKY 72
I-70OHSR 72
 
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Interstate 71 marker

Interstate 71
Route information
Maintained by Kentucky Transportation Cabinet and Ohio DOT
Length:343.78 mi[1][2] (553.26 km)
Major junctions
South end: I-64 / I-65 in Louisville, KY
  I-75 from Walton, KY to Cincinnati, OH
I-70 in Columbus, OH
I-76 in Seville, OH
I-80 / Ohio Tpk. in Strongsville, OH
North end: I-90 / I-490 in Cleveland, OH
Highway system
KY 70KYKY 72
I-70OHSR 72

Interstate 71 (I-71) is an Interstate Highway in the Great Lakes/Midwestern and Southeastern region of the United States. Its southern terminus is at an interchange with Interstate 64 and Interstate 65 (the Kennedy Interchange) in Louisville, Kentucky. Its northern terminus is at an interchange with Interstate 90 in Cleveland, Ohio. I-71 runs concurrently with Interstate 75 from a point about twenty miles (30 km) south of Cincinnati, Ohio into downtown Cincinnati. Almost three quarters of the route lies east of I-75, thereby putting it out of its proper place in the Interstate grid.

While I-71 is designated a north–south highway, it is a major east–west route for cross-country traffic. It links I-80 and I-90 to I-70, and ultimately (via I-65) links to I-40.

Route description[edit]

Lengths
 mi[3]km
KY97.42156.78
OH248.15399.36
Total345.57556.14

Kentucky[edit]

In Kentucky, I-71 begins east of Downtown Louisville at the Kennedy Interchange, where it meets I-64 and I-65. This interchange is sometimes called the "Spaghetti Junction". From Louisville, it roughly follows the Ohio River in a diagonal path toward Northern Kentucky. Between Louisville and Cincinnati, I-71 is largely a two-lane highway, except for a couple of miles in Sparta in which it runs three lanes each way.

Near the town of Carrollton, there are signs marking the location of a tragic accident that occurred on May 14, 1988, when a drunk driver crossed the median and struck a church bus full of children and teenagers, causing the bus' fuel tank to ignite into flames and killing 27 people on board. It is one of the worst bus accidents in state and national history.

I-71 merges with Interstate 75 near Walton and intersects Interstate 275, the Cincinnati beltway. After passing through Covington, the freeway crosses the Ohio River via the lower level of the Brent Spence Bridge and continues into Cincinnati.

Ohio[edit]

A section of the Fort Washington Way in Cincinnati

In Cincinnati, I-71 splits immediately from I-75 and heads due east onto Fort Washington Way, where it continues through downtown Cincinnati concurrently with US-50 for less than a mile. Just east of downtown, US-50 splits from I-71 and continues east; I-71 bends north and receives Interstate 471, a spur from southeast of the city. I-71 then heads in a general northeast direction through urban Cincinnati and into its surrounding suburbs. After another interchange with the Interstate 275 beltway, the freeway leaves the metropolitan area and heads towards Columbus. It continues northeast until it reaches South Lebanon, Ohio, where it begins cutting east across the flat plains of southwest Ohio. The freeway crosses the Little Miami River on the Jeremiah Morrow Bridge, which is a continuous truss bridge and the tallest bridge in Ohio at 239 feet above the river. I-71 heads towards Columbus then intersects with the bypass I-270 before heading north into urban Columbus, where it junctions I-70. About a mile north of the I-70 junction, it intersects with I-670. After another interchange with the I-270 bypass, the highway exits out of Columbus and continues north until near Delaware, where it again turns northeast. Beginning its path to Cleveland, I-71 enters the rolling farm country on the edges of the Allegheny Plateau. It continues in this fashion to Lodi/Westfield Center and its junction with I-76. Heading north to Medina, it meets the terminus of I-271. The highway then continues north into urban Cuyahoga County and Cleveland's suburbs, intersecting the Ohio Turnpike/I-80. Passing Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, I-71 meets I-480 and enters Cleveland's west side, continuing on to downtown. It junctions with State Route 176 and terminates at Interstate 90 on the Innerbelt.

History[edit]

Kentucky[edit]

Heading northbound into Columbus from the south
Intersection of I-70 and I-71 in Columbus, Ohio.

The first section of I-71 in Louisville opened in December 1966 between its terminus at Spaghetti Junction and Zorn Avenue, its first exit. Its junction with I-264 opened in July 1968, and the complete Kentucky portion of the interstate was opened to the public in July 1969. At that point, it replaced U.S. Route 42 as the primary link between Cincinnati and Louisville.[4]

Ohio[edit]

Much of Interstate 71 in Ohio was intended to be State Route 1. State Route 1 was originally planned in the 1950s as a second Ohio Turnpike extending southwest to northeast across the state. It was planned to run from Cincinnati to Conneaut and connect with an extension built across the panhandle of Pennsylvania to the New York State Thruway. As the highway was being planned, the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956 was enacted, and the project was converted from a toll road to a freeway. It was designated as State Route 1, since the Interstate Highway numbering system had not yet been implemented. Portions of the freeway began to be completed and opened in 1959 with the new Interstate Highway funding, and they were marked as State Route 1 as well as with their new Interstate Highway number. Since large gaps existed along the corridor where no freeway had yet been completed, existing two-lane or four-lane highways were also designated as State Route 1 in order to complete the route. The State Route 1 signage was removed in 1966 as the Interstate Highway numbers adequately marked the route by then and the state highway numbering was superfluous.

In Columbus, the portion of Interstate 71 that bounds Worthington's eastern edge was originally called the North Freeway. Costing US$13.8 million, it was constructed south from Route 161, arriving at 11th Avenue by August 1961. It took another year to construct the portion between 11th Avenue and 5th Avenue, mainly due to the need to construct a massive underpass under the Pennsylvania Railroad's Grogan Yard. Today, only two tracks cross the viaduct, and the rest of the structure supports a large, weedy field. By August 1962, the freeway had reached Fifth Avenue, and it reached downtown in November 1962.

Interstate 71 was originally planned to follow the Innerbelt Freeway northward from its current northern terminus to the Cleveland Memorial Shoreway at Dead Man's Curve when Interstate 90 was planned to continue westward from there along the Shoreway.[5]

Upon its completion, I-71 replaced State Route 3 as the primary highway link between Cincinnati, Columbus, and Cleveland.

Recently,[when?] the interchange at milepost 121 north of Columbus was reconstructed to allow access to the eastern extension of Gemini Place. Before that, it was a simple diamond interchange with Polaris Parkway (Ohio State Route 750).

Exit list[edit]

StateCountyLocationMile[1][2]kmExitDestinationsNotes
KentuckyJefferson
Louisville0.0000.0001 I-65 – Nashville, Indianapolis
I-64 – St. Louis, Lexington
1.7242.7752Zorn Avenue
Indian Hills4.9667.9925 I-264 (Watterson Expressway)
Louisville9.06314.5859 I-265 south (Gene Snyder Freeway) / KY 841 to US 42
Oldham
 14.48823.31614 KY 329 – Crestwood, Pewee Valley
 17.47828.12817 KY 146 – Buckner, Crestwood, Pewee Valley
 18.50729.78418 KY 393 – Buckner
La Grange21.86935.19522 KY 53 – La Grange, Ballardsville
Henry
Pendleton27.84044.80428 KY 153 to KY 146 – Sligo, New Castle
Campbellsburg33.50553.92134 US 421 – Campbellsburg, New Castle, Bedford
Carroll
 42.80268.88343 KY 389 to KY 55 – Prestonville, English
 44.31271.31344 KY 227 – Worthville, Carrollton
Gallatin
 54.98088.48255 KY 1039 to KY 465 – VevayServes Kentucky Speedway
 56.67391.20657 KY 35 – Sparta, WarsawServes Kentucky Speedway
Glencoe61.77499.41662 US 127 – Glencoe, Owenton
Boone
 72.195116.18772 KY 14 – Verona
 77.724125.08577 I-75 south – LexingtonSouth end of I-75 overlap; exit numbers switch to follow I-75's mileposts
 79.556128.033175 KY 338 – Richwood
Florence82.275132.409178 KY 536 (Mt. Zion Road)
84.298135.664180 US 42 / US 127 – Union, Florence
84.694136.302180AMall Road (KY 3157)Southbound exit and northbound entrance; serves Florence Mall
85.449137.517181 KY 18 – Florence, Burlington
86.652139.453182 KY 1017 (Turfway Road)
Kenton
Erlanger87.967141.569184 KY 236 – ErlangerSigned as exits 184A (east) and 184B (west) southbound
88.900143.071185 I-275 to I-471 – Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport
Fort Mitchell90.539145.708186 KY 371 (Buttermilk Pike)
91.913147.920188 US 25 / US 42 / US 127 (Dixie Highway) – Fort Mitchell
Fort Wright92.870149.460189 KY 1072 (Kyles Lane) – Fort Wright, Park Hills
Covington94.707–
94.858
152.416–
152.659
19112th Street (KY 1120), Pike Street (US 25 / US 42 / US 127) – Covington
95.414–
95.507
153.554–
153.704
1925th Street (KY 8) – Covington, Newport
Ohio River
0.00

0.00
Brent Spence Bridge
Kentucky–Ohio state line
OhioHamilton
Cincinnati0.22–
0.50
0.35–
0.80
1A I-75 north / US 50 west (River Road) / Fifth Street – Dayton
1BSecond Street, Third Street – Downtown Cincinnati, Riverfront
1.111.791C US 50 east (Columbia Parkway) to I-471 / US 52North end of US 50 overlap; northbound exit and southbound entrance
Lytle Tunnel
Sharp turn (40 mph or 64 km/h) in both directions
1.993.201D I-471 south – NewportSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
2.33–
2.48
3.75–
3.99
2 US 42 (Reading Road) / Florence Avenue, Gilbert Avenue
3.335.363William Howard Taft RoadSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
4.46–
6.03
7.18–
9.70
5Montgomery Road (US 22 / SR 3), Dana Avenue
Norwood6.75–
6.96
10.86–
11.20
6 SR 561 (Edwards Road, Smith Road)
Cincinnati8.0412.948ARidge Avenue southNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
8.0412.948B SR 562 – NorwoodSigned as exit 7 southbound
Columbia Township8.5113.708CRidge Avenue northNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
8.7514.088Kennedy Avenue, Ridge AvenueSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
9.91–
9.92
15.95–
15.96
9Red Bank Road – Fairfax
Silverton10.6817.1910Stewart RoadNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
Sycamore Township11.8119.0111Kenwood RoadNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
12.4420.0212 US 22 / SR 3 (Montgomery Road)
Montgomery14.1322.7414 SR 126 (Ronald Reagan Cross County Highway)
15.8025.4315Pfeiffer Road
17.51–
17.54
28.18–
28.23
17 I-275 to SR 32 / I-75Signed as exits 17A (east) and 17B (west) southbound
HamiltonWarren
county line
Symmes Township
Deerfield Township
19.88–
19.97
31.99–
32.14
19Mason Montgomery Road, Fields Ertel Road
Warren
Mason23.5337.8724Western Row Road, Kings Island DriveNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
25.3040.7225 SR 741 north (Kings Mills Road) – Mason
LebanonSouth Lebanon city line28.3345.5928 SR 48 – South Lebanon, Lebanon
Turtlecreek Township32.5652.4032 SR 123 – Morrow, Lebanon
Washington Township36.7459.1336Wilmington Road
Clinton
Chester Township45.1172.6045 SR 73 – Waynesville, Wilmington
Liberty Township50.74–
50.75
81.66–
81.67
50 US 68 – Xenia, Wilmington
Greene
Jefferson Township58.0193.3658 SR 72 – Sabina, Jamestown
Fayette
Octa65.33105.1465 US 35 (SR 435) – Xenia, Washington Court House
Jeffersonville69.49111.8369 SR 41 / SR 734 – South Solon, Jeffersonville, Washington Court House
Paint Township75.03120.7575 SR 38 – Bloomingburg, Midway
Madison
Pleasant Township84.27135.6284 SR 56 – Mount Sterling, London
Franklin
Pleasant Township94.15151.5294 US 62 / SR 3 – Grove City, Orient, Harrisburg
Jackson Township97.16156.3697 SR 665 (London-Groveport Road)Interchange fully opened August 17, 2012[6]
Grove City100.60161.90100Stringtown Road – Grove City
Jackson Township101.68163.64101 I-270 – Dayton, WheelingSigned as exits 101A (east) and 101B (west) northbound
Columbus103.86167.15104 SR 104 / Frank Road
105.43169.67105Greenlawn Avenue
106.33171.12106A I-70 west – DaytonSouth end of I-70 overlap; exit numbers switch to follow I-70's mileposts
106B SR 315 north – Worthington
107.07–
107.17
172.31–
172.47
100A US 23 south (High Street) / Front StreetNo northbound entrance; southbound exit is via exit 100B
107.41172.86100B US 23 north (Fourth Street) / Livingston Avenue (US 33)
107.90–
108.10
173.65–
173.97
107 I-70 east – WheelingNorth end of I-70 overlap
108.20174.13108AMain StreetNo northbound exit
108.63174.82108B US 40 (Broad Street)
108.93175.31Downtown C/D RoadsSouthbound exit and northbound entrance (under construction)
109.38176.03Leonard AvenueNorthbound exit only
109.16–
109.61
175.68–
176.40
109A I-670 – Port Columbus International Airport, DaytonSigned as exits 109A (west) and 109B (east, combined with Leonard Avenue exit) northbound
110.16177.29110AFifth AvenueNo northbound exit
110.68178.12110B11th Avenue
111.15178.8811117th Avenue
112.33180.78112Hudson Street
112.98181.82113Weber Road
113.46182.60114North Broadway
114.53184.32115Cooke Road
115.58186.01116Morse Road, Sinclair Road
117.53189.15117 SR 161 (Dublin-Granville Road)
119.21–
119.23
191.85–
191.88
119 I-270 – Dayton, WheelingSigned as exits 119A (east) and 119B (west) southbound
Delaware
121.45–
121.92
195.45–
196.21
121 SR 750 (Polaris Parkway) / Gemini PlaceEastern terminus of SR 750, connects using Gemini Place southbound
Berkshire Township130.64210.24131 US 36 / SR 37 – Delaware, Sunbury
Morrow
Bennington Township140.15225.55140 SR 61 – Sunbury, Mount Gilead, Galion
Franklin Township151.09243.16151 SR 95 – Fredericktown, Mount Gilead
Richland
Bellville165.25265.94165 SR 97 – Lexington, Bellville
Mansfield168.81271.67169 SR 13 – Mansfield, Bellville
Madison Township172.97278.37173 SR 39 – Mansfield, Lucas
Mifflin Township176.91284.71176 US 30 – Mansfield, Wooster
Ashland
Montgomery Township186.71300.48186 US 250 – Ashland, Wooster
Wayne
Congress Township196.31315.93196 SR 301 – West SalemNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
197.92318.52198 SR 539 – West Salem, Congress
Medina
Harrisville Township203.89328.13204 SR 83 – Lodi, Wooster
Westfield Township209.51337.17209 I-76 / US 224 – Lodi, AkronSigned as exits 209A (I-76/US 224 east) and 209B (US 224 west); western terminus of I-76 (Ohio)
Medina Township218.86352.22218 SR 18 – Akron, Medina
220.71355.20220 I-271 north – ErieNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
222.91358.74222 SR 3 – Hinckley, Medina
Brunswick226.03363.76226 SR 303 – Brunswick, Hinckley
Cuyahoga
Strongsville231.26372.18231 SR 82 (Royalton Road) – Strongsville, North RoyaltonSigned as exits 231A (east) and 231B (west) southbound
233.06375.07233 I-80 / Ohio Tpk. – Toledo, Youngstown
Middleburg Heights234.21376.92234 US 42 – Strongsville, Parma Heights
235.37378.79235Bagley Road – Berea, Middleburg Heights
Brook Park237.53382.27237Snow Road, Engle Road – Cleveland Hopkins International AirportSigned as exits 237A (east) and 237B (west) southbound
Brook ParkCleveland city line238.77384.26238 I-480 – Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, Toledo, YoungstownNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
Cleveland239.26385.05238 I-480 west / SR 237 south – Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, Berea, ToledoSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
240.57387.16240West 150th Street
241.85389.22242AWest 130th StreetSigned as exit 242 southbound
ClevelandLinndale city line242.41390.12242BBellaire RoadNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
Cleveland244.5393.5244Denison Avenue, West 65th StreetNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
245.48–
246.20
395.06–
396.22
245 US 42 / SR 3 / (Pearl Road, West 25th Street) / Fulton Road
246.6396.9246 SR 176 south – ParmaSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
246.98397.48247AWest 14th Street, Clark AvenueNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
247.56398.41247B I-490 east to I-77Northbound exit and southbound entrance
247.56398.41247B I-90 west – ToledoNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
247.81398.81 I-90 east – Downtown Cleveland
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Auxiliary routes[edit]

See also[edit]

Sports rivalries involving cities on I-71

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kentucky Transportation Cabinet, HIS Expanded Milepoint Route Log Extract, updated October 31, 2007
  2. ^ a b Ohio Department of Transportation Office of Technical Services: Straight Line Diagrams, current as of January 1, 2007
  3. ^ "Route Log and Finder List: Table 1 - Interstate System". FHWA. Retrieved 2007-07-09. 
  4. ^ Kleber, John E. (ed.). Encyclopedia of Louisville. p. 418. 
  5. ^ Ohio Department of Highways. "1957-1958 Biennial Report (excerpt)". Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  6. ^ "Transportation Partners Celebrate Opening of New Southern Gateway" (Press release). Ohio Department of Transportation District 6. 2012-08-16. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing