Interstate 10 in Florida

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Interstate 10 marker

Interstate 10
Route information
Maintained by FDOT
Length:362.262 mi[1] (583.004 km)
Existed:1958 – present
Major junctions
West end: I-10 at Alabama state line
  I-110 in Pensacola
I-75 near Lake City
I-295 in Jacksonville
East end: I-95 in Jacksonville
Location
Counties:Escambia, Santa Rosa, Okaloosa, Walton, Holmes, Washington, Jackson, Gadsden, Leon, Jefferson, Madison, Suwannee, Columbia, Baker, Nassau, Duval
Highway system
SR 9BSR 10
SR 7Florida 8.svgSR 8A
 
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Interstate 10 marker

Interstate 10
Route information
Maintained by FDOT
Length:362.262 mi[1] (583.004 km)
Existed:1958 – present
Major junctions
West end: I-10 at Alabama state line
  I-110 in Pensacola
I-75 near Lake City
I-295 in Jacksonville
East end: I-95 in Jacksonville
Location
Counties:Escambia, Santa Rosa, Okaloosa, Walton, Holmes, Washington, Jackson, Gadsden, Leon, Jefferson, Madison, Suwannee, Columbia, Baker, Nassau, Duval
Highway system
SR 9BSR 10
SR 7Florida 8.svgSR 8A

The 362.262 miles (583.004 km) of Interstate 10 in Florida is the eastern most section of the east–west 2,460.34 miles (3,959.53 km) Interstate 10 in the Southern United States. It is also the eastern end of the Interstate Highway known as the Christopher Columbus Transcontinental Highway, one of three coast to coast interstates, along with I-80 and I-90. The highway runs east from the Alabama border, traveling through the Panhandle of Florida, serving the major cities of Pensacola, Tallahassee, Lake City, and ending at Jacksonville, and carries the hidden Florida Department of Transportation designation of State Road 8.

Route description[edit]

Eastbound view of I-10 near Lake City and Interstate 75

The interstate runs roughly parallel to U.S. 90 but is a more direct route, bypassing the central cores of the cities. The interstate also runs through some of the least populated areas of the state.

The western terminus of Interstate 10 is the Florida and Alabama line at the Perdido River, just west of Pensacola, in Escambia County. Exit 7A, State Road 297 (southbound), gives access to the Pensacola Naval Air Station and the National Museum of Naval Aviation. At exit 12, I-10 serves as the northern terminus of Interstate 110, a spur route to central Pensacola.

The eastern terminus is located at Interstate 95 in Downtown Jacksonville with an "End" I-10 sign.

History[edit]

Construction[edit]

I-10 west at the interchange for US-Alt 17 south in Jacksonville

Prior to the construction of Interstate 10 U.S. Route 90 was the main east–west highway across the state.

The first section of I-10 in Florida was completed between Sanderson and Jacksonville in 1961. Construction on points westward continued in 1962. The route between Sanderson and Winfield was completed in 1963. By 1967, construction had been completed from the Alabama State Line to SR 87, and under construction from Falmouth to I-75. New construction extending I-10 east from SR 87 to Mossy Head began in 1968. The Falmouth to I-75 segment opened in 1969. Construction began in 1970 further extending I-10 westward from Mossy Head to DeFuniak Springs. New construction began in 1973 from DeFuniak Springs to Caryville and from Drifton to Capitola; the segment between Drifton and Falmouth opened that year. The Capitola to Drifton segment was completed the following year. Construction began between Caryville and Chipley in 1974, and from Chipley to Midway in 1975. The segment between Chipley and Midway was completed in 1977 except for a small portion between Kynesville and Oakdale; in 1978, the entire length of I-10, as well as the I-110 spur in Pensacola across the state opened along its original planned route.[2]

During the planning stage of construction, I-10 was placed just north of the central business district of Tallahassee, roughly along the current route of US 90 through town, while later a spur route was proposed to go to the core of the city. Both of these proposals were dropped and a route across the north side of the city was chosen. In 2008 the interstate stretch in Tallahassee was expanded to six lanes to alleviate congestion.

In 2002, I-10, along with most of Florida's interstates, switched over from a sequential exit numbering system to a mileage based exit numbering system.[3]

Rest area security concerns[edit]

Interstate 10 west in Tallahassee

In 1993, a British tourist was killed at the Jefferson County Rest Area in a botched burglary by teens.[4][5] As a result, Florida rest stops were either patrolled or closed for at least two years when lawmakers approved cut-backs.[6] A number of rest areas are currently regularly patrolled at night by armed security, often private, due to a resurgence in rest area-related violent crime.[7]

Hurricane Ivan[edit]

On September 16, 2004, Hurricane Ivan made landfall near Pensacola, with the resulting storm surge causing heavy damage to the Interstate 10 bridge across Escambia Bay. As much as a quarter mile (400 m) of the bridge collapsed into the bay consisting of 58 bridge segments with an additional 66 segments knocked out of alignment, with most of the damage coming from the eastbound lanes.[8] A $26.5 million project was awarded the following day to Gilbert Southern/Massman and to the Parsons Corporation to make emergency repairs to the bridge. Work was completed on October 4 on the westbound bridge, restoring two-way traffic seven days ahead of schedule. The more heavily damaged eastbound bridge was completely repaired on November 20, just 66 days after Hurricane Ivan made landfall, and 27 days ahead of schedule. The contractor received $1.5 million in bonuses for the early completion. The commercial truck detour sent truck traffic into Alabama and I-65 to avoid the bridges.

The causeway that carries U.S. Highway 90 across the northern part of the same bay was also heavily damaged.

Exit List[edit]

CountyLocationMile[9]kmExitDestinationsNotes
Florida–Alabama state line0.0000.000 I-10 west – MobileWestern continuation into Alabama
Escambia 4.1976.754Florida Welcome Center
Cantonment5.5238.8885
US 90 Alt. (Nine Mile Road Road) – Beulah, Ferry Pass
Ensley7.09211.4137 SR 297 (Pine Forest Road) – Perdido KeySigned as exits 7A (south) and 7B (north) eastbound; To NAS Pensacola
10.27016.52810 US 29 – Pensacola, CantonmentSigned as exits 10A (south) and 10B (north)
12.42219.99112 I-110 south – Pensacola, Pensacola BeachExit 6 on I-110; Northern terminus of I-110
Ferry Pass12.92820.80613 SR 291 (Davis Highway)Previously signed as Pensacola, University of West Florida
16.49526.54617 US 90 – Pensacola, Pace
Escambia Bay16.549–
19.166
26.633–
30.845
Escambia Bay Bridge
Santa RosaAvalon Beach21.70034.92322 SR 281 – Milton, Gulf Breeze
Pace25.94641.75626 CR 191 – Milton, Bagdad
Blackwater River27.385–
27.974
44.072–
45.020
Bridge
Santa RosaWard Basin28.41545.73028 CR 89 – Milton
 30.25848.696Santa Rosa County Rest Area
Gulf Breeze — Harold31.26550.31631 SR 87 – Fort Walton Beach, Navarre, MiltonTo Blackwater River State Park
OkaloosaHolt45.07272.53645 CR 189 – HoltTo Blackwater River State Park
Crestview56.30090.60656 SR 85 – Crestview, NicevilleTo Eglin AFB, Northwest Florida Regional Airport
 60.05196.643Okaloosa County Rest Area (Eastbound)
 60.27296.998Okaloosa County Rest Area (Westbound)
WaltonBottle Branch69.482111.82070 SR 285 – Niceville, Eglin AFB
DeFuniak Springs84.588136.13185 US 331 – DeFuniak Springs, Freeport
HolmesPonce de Leon96.018154.52696 SR 81 – Ponce de Leon, Holmes County Rest Area
Washington 104.038167.433104 CR 279 – Caryville
Holmes 111.685179.740112 SR 79 – Bonifay, Panama City Beach
WashingtonCrow119.680192.606120 SR 77 – Chipley, Panama City
Jackson 129.833208.946130 US 231 – Cottondale, Panama City
 133.162214.303Jackson County Rest Area
Marianna136.441219.581136 SR 276 – Marianna
Oakdale142.126228.730142 SR 71 – Marianna, Blountstown
 152.041244.686152 SR 69 – Grand Ridge, Blountstown
 155.295249.923Jackson County Weigh Station / Truck Comfort Station
 158.011254.294158 CR 286 – Sneads
Apalachicola River160.371–
161.513
258.092–
259.930
Bridge; CentralEastern Time Zone Border
Gadsden 161.515259.933Gadsden County Rest Area
 165.729266.715166 CR 270A – Chattahoochee, Lake Seminole
 174.093280.176174 SR 12 – Gretna, Greensboro
 180.963291.232181 SR 267 – Quincy
Midway191.949308.912192 US 90 – Midway, Quincy
Ochlockonee River193.160–
193.513
310.861–
311.429
Bridge
Leon 194.016312.238Leon County Rest area
Tallahassee195.731314.999196 SR 263 (Capital Circle Northwest) – Regional AirportTo State Capitol
199.010320.276199 US 27 (Monroe Street)To Fairgrounds, Civic Center, State Capitol
202.678326.179203 US 319 (Capital Circle Northeast) / SR 61 (Thomasville Road) – Tallahassee, ThomasvilleTo State Capitol
208.570335.661209 US 90 – Tallahassee, MonticelloSigned as exits 209A (west) and 209B (east)
Exit 209A: To Florida State University, Florida A&M University, State Capitol
Jefferson 216.737348.804217 SR 59
 225.055362.191225 US 19 (Florida-Georgia Parkway) – Monticello, Perry, Thomasville
 232.849374.734233 CR 257
 234.853377.959Jefferson County Rest Area
Aucilla River235.502–
235.587
379.004–
379.141
Bridge
Madison 241.217388.201241 US 221 – Greenville, Perry
 251.520404.782251 SR 14 – Madison, Perry
 258.106415.381258 SR 53 – Madison, Dowling Park
 261.771421.280262 CR 255 – Lee
 262.873423.053Madison County Weigh Station / Truck Comfort Station
 264.870426.267Madison County Rest Area
Suwannee River268.388–
268.492
431.929–
432.096
Bridge
Suwannee 274.642441.993275 US 90 – Live Oak, Lee
 282.770455.074283 US 129 – Live Oak, Jasper
 292.127470.133292 CR 137 – Wellborn
 293.183471.832Suwannee County Rest Area (Eastbound only)
Columbia 294.144473.379Columbia County Rest Area (Westbound only)
 296.199476.686296 I-75 – Tampa, St. Petersburg, ValdostaSigned as exits 296A (south) and 296B (north); Exit 435 on I-75
 301.293484.884301 US 41 – Lake City, White Springs
 303.458488.368303 US 441 – Lake City, Fargo
Baker 317.329510.692Baker County / Osceola National Forest Rest Area
 323.827521.149324 US 90 – Sanderson, OlusteeTo Olustee Battlefield Historic State Park
 326.750525.853327 CR 229 – Sanderson, Raiford
 332.782535.561333 CR 125 – Glen St. Mary
Macclenny335.145539.364335 SR 121 – Macclenny, Lake Butler
 336.312541.242336 SR 228 – Macclenny, Maxville
Nassau
No major junctions
DuvalJacksonville343.879553.420343 US 301 – Baldwin, Starke
350.370563.866350 SR 23 south (Cecil Commerce Center Parkway) – Whitehouse, Cecil FieldInterchange for the Brannen Field-Chaffee Expressway opened on October 1, 2009.[10]
Signed as "Cecil Commerce Center Parkway"
352.096566.644351Chaffee Road – WhitehouseFormer SR 23 interchange
SR 23 relocated to Brannen Field-Chaffee Expressway (See above)
356.269573.359355Cahoon Road South – MariettaPlanned to be closed and replaced with Hammond Boulevard interchange, further west.[11]
Signed only as "Marietta."
356.838574.275356 I-295 – St. Augustine, Savannah, International AirportExit 21 on I-295
357.910576.000357 SR 103 (Lane Avenue)
359.185578.052358 SR 111 (Cassat Avenue) / Edgewood Avenue
359.895579.195359Lenox Avenue, Edgewood AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
360.773580.608360 SR 129 (McDuff Avenue)
361.046581.047361 US 17 south (Roosevelt Boulevard) – NAS JacksonvilleWest end of US 17 overlap
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
361.642582.006362AStockton Street
362.262583.004362B-C I-95 – Daytona Beach, Downtown Jacksonville, Savannah, Jax BeachesEast end of US 17 overlap
US 17 continues on I-95 north
Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; split into 362B (north) and 362C (south)
Eastern national terminus of I-10
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing

Interstate 10
Previous state:
Alabama
FloridaNext state:
Terminus