Interstate 10 in Florida

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Interstate 10 marker

Interstate 10
Route information
Maintained by FDOT
Length:362.057 mi[1] (582.674 km)
Existed:1958 – present
Major junctions
West end: I‑10 towards Mobile, AL
  I‑110 in Pensacola
US 27 in Tallahassee
I‑75 near Lake City
East end: I‑95 in Jacksonville
Location
Counties:Escambia, Santa Rosa, Okaloosa, Walton, Holmes, Washington, Jackson, Gadsden, Leon, Jefferson, Madison, Suwannee, Columbia, Baker, Nassau, Duval
Highway system
SR 9BSR 10
SR 7Florida 8.svgSR 8A
 
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This article is about the section of Interstate 10 in Florida. For the entire length of the highway, see Interstate 10.

Interstate 10 marker

Interstate 10
Route information
Maintained by FDOT
Length:362.057 mi[1] (582.674 km)
Existed:1958 – present
Major junctions
West end: I‑10 towards Mobile, AL
  I‑110 in Pensacola
US 27 in Tallahassee
I‑75 near Lake City
East end: I‑95 in Jacksonville
Location
Counties:Escambia, Santa Rosa, Okaloosa, Walton, Holmes, Washington, Jackson, Gadsden, Leon, Jefferson, Madison, Suwannee, Columbia, Baker, Nassau, Duval
Highway system
SR 9BSR 10
SR 7Florida 8.svgSR 8A

The 362 miles (583 km) of Interstate 10 in Florida is the eastern most section of the east–west 2,460.34 miles (3,959.53 km) Interstate 10 (I-10) in the Southern United States. It is also the eastern end of the Interstate Highway known as the Christopher Columbus Transcontinental Highway, one of three coast to coast interstates, along with I-80 and I-90. The highway runs east from the Alabama border, traveling through the Panhandle of Florida, serving the major cities of Pensacola, Tallahassee, Lake City, and ending at Jacksonville, and carries the hidden Florida Department of Transportation designation of State Road 8 (SR 10).

Route description[edit]

Eastbound view of I-10 near Lake City and I 75

The interstate runs roughly parallel to U.S. Route 90 (US 90) but is a more direct route, bypassing the central cores of the cities. The interstate also runs through some of the least populated areas of the state.

The western terminus of I-10 is the Florida–Alabama state line at the Perdido River, just west of Pensacola, in Escambia County. Exit 7A, SR 297 (southbound), gives access to the Pensacola Naval Air Station and the National Museum of Naval Aviation. At exit 12, I-10 serves as the northern terminus of I-110, a spur route to central Pensacola.

The eastern terminus is located at I-95 in Downtown Jacksonville with an "End" I-10 sign.

History[edit]

Construction[edit]

I-10 west at the interchange for US 17 Alt south in Jacksonville

Prior to the construction of I-10, US 90 was the main east–west highway across the state.

The first section of I-10 in Florida was completed between Sanderson and Jacksonville in 1961. Construction on points westward continued in 1962. The route between Sanderson and Winfield was completed in 1963. By 1967, construction had been completed from the Alabama state line to SR 87, and was under construction from Falmouth to I-75. New construction extending I-10 east from SR 87 to Mossy Head began in 1968. The Falmouth to I-75 segment opened in 1969. Construction began in 1970 further extending I-10 westward from Mossy Head to DeFuniak Springs. New construction began in 1973 from DeFuniak Springs to Caryville and from Drifton to Capitola; the segment between Drifton and Falmouth opened that year. The Capitola to Drifton segment was completed the following year. Construction began between Caryville and Chipley in 1974, and from Chipley to Midway in 1975. The segment between Chipley and Midway was completed in 1977 except for a small portion between Kynesville and Oakdale; in 1978, the entire length of I-10, as well as the I-110 spur in Pensacola across the state opened along its original planned route.[2]

During the planning stage of construction, I-10 was placed just north of the central business district of Tallahassee, roughly along the current route of US 90 through town, while later a spur route was proposed to go to the core of the city. Both of these proposals were dropped and a route across the north side of the city was chosen. In 2008 the interstate stretch in Tallahassee was expanded to six lanes to alleviate congestion.

In 2002, I-10, along with most of Florida's interstates, switched over from a sequential exit numbering system to a mileage based exit numbering system.[3]

Rest area security concerns[edit]

I-10 west in Tallahassee

In 1993, a British tourist was killed at the Jefferson County Rest Area in a botched burglary by teens.[4][5] As a result, Florida rest stops were either patrolled or closed for at least two years when lawmakers approved cut-backs.[6] A number of rest areas are currently regularly patrolled at night by armed security, often private, due to a resurgence in rest area-related violent crime.[7]

Hurricane Ivan[edit]

On September 16, 2004, Hurricane Ivan made landfall near Pensacola, with the resulting storm surge causing heavy damage to the Interstate 10 bridge across Escambia Bay. As much as a quarter mile (400 m) of the bridge collapsed into the bay consisting of 58 bridge segments with an additional 66 segments knocked out of alignment, with most of the damage coming from the eastbound lanes.[8] A $26.5 million project was awarded the following day to Gilbert Southern/Massman and to the Parsons Corporation to make emergency repairs to the bridge. Work was completed on October 4 on the westbound bridge, restoring two-way traffic seven days ahead of schedule. The more heavily damaged eastbound bridge was completely repaired on November 20, just 66 days after Hurricane Ivan made landfall, and 27 days ahead of schedule. The contractor received $1.5 million in bonuses for the early completion. The commercial truck detour sent truck traffic into Alabama and I-65 to avoid the bridges.

The causeway that carries US 90 across the northern part of the same bay was also heavily damaged.

Exit list[edit]

CountyLocationMile[1]kmOld exit[3]New exitDestinationsNotes
Escambia 0.0000.000 I‑10 west – MobileAlabama state line (Perdido River)
 1.1[9]1.8Inspection station (eastbound only)
 3.4[9]5.5Weigh station
 4.4[9]7.1State of Florida welcome center (eastbound only)
 5.5238.88815
US 90 Alt. (SR 10)
Pine Forest7.09211.41327 SR 297 (Pine Forest Road) – Pensacola NAS, Perdido KeySigned as exits 7A (south) and 7B (north) eastbound
Brent / Ensley10.27016.528310 US 29 (Pensacola Boulevard / SR 95) – Pensacola, CantonmentSigned as exits 10A (south) and 10B (north)
 12.42219.991412 I‑110 south (SR 8A) – Pensacola, Pensacola Beach, AirportExit 6 on I-110; Northern terminus of I-110
Ferry Pass12.92820.806513 SR 291 (Davis Highway)
16.49526.546617 US 90 (SR 10A) – Pensacola, Pace
Escambia Bay16.549–
19.166[9]
26.633–
30.845
Escambia Bay Bridge
Santa Rosa 21.70034.923722 SR 281 north / SR 281 south – Milton, Gulf Breeze
 25.94641.756826 CR 191 – Milton, Bagdad
 27.158–
27.747[9]
43.707–
44.654
Bridge over Blackwater River
 28.41545.730928 CR 89 – Milton
 30.2[9]48.6Rest area
 31.26550.3161031 SR 87 – Fort Walton Beach, Milton, Navarre
Okaloosa 45.07272.5361145 CR 189 – Holt
Crestview56.30090.6061256 SR 85 – Crestview, Niceville
 60.0[9]96.6Rest area
WaltonEglin AFB69.482111.8201370 SR 285 – Niceville, Eglin AFB, Hurlburt Field
DeFuniak Springs84.588136.1311485 US 331 (SR 83) – DeFuniak Springs, Freeport
HolmesPonce de Leon96.018154.5261596 SR 81 – Ponce de LeonRest area in southeast corner
Washington 104.038167.43316104 CR 279 – Caryville
HolmesBonifay111.685179.74017112 SR 79 – Bonifay, Panama City Beach
WashingtonChipley119.680192.60618120 SR 77 – Chipley, Panama City
Jackson 129.833208.94619130 US 231 (SR 75) – Cottondale, Panama City
 133.2[9]214.4Rest area
Marianna136.441219.58120136 SR 276 – Marianna
 142.126228.73021142 SR 71 – Marianna, Blountstown
 152.041244.68622152 SR 69 – Grand Ridge, Blountstown
 155.6[9]250.4Weigh station
 158.011254.29423158 CR 286 – Sneads
Apalachicola River160.061–
161.220[9]
257.593–
259.458
Dewey M. Johnson Bridge
Gadsden 161.30[9]259.59Rest area
 165.729266.71524166 CR 270A – Chattahoochee
 174.093280.17625174 SR 12 – Quincy, Gretna, Greensboro
 180.963291.23226181 SR 267 – Quincy
Midway191.949308.91227192 US 90 (SR 10) – Midway, Quincy, Tallahassee
Ochlockonee River193.569–
193.798[9]
311.519–
311.888
Bridge
Leon 194.3[9]312.7Rest area
Tallahassee195.731314.99928196 SR 263 (Capital Circle Northwest) – Regional Airport
199.010320.27629199 US 27 (Monroe Street / SR 63) – State Capitol
202.678326.17930203 US 319 / SR 61 (Thomasville Road / Capital Circle Northeast / SR 261)
208.570335.66131209 US 90 (SR 10) – Tallahassee, MonticelloSigned as exits 209A (west) and 209B (east)
Jefferson 216.737348.80432217 SR 59
 225.055362.19133225 US 19 (Florida-Georgia Parkway / SR 57) – Monticello, Perry, Thomasville
 232.849374.73434233 CR 257
 234.8[9]377.9Rest area
Madison 241.217388.20135241 US 221 (SR 55) – Greenville, Perry
 251.520404.78236251 SR 14 – Madison, Perry
 258.106415.38137258 SR 53 – Madison
 261.771421.28038262 CR 255 – Lee
 263.3[9]423.7Weigh station
 264.9[9]426.3Rest area
Suwannee River268.142–
268.246[9]
431.533–
431.700
Bridge
Suwannee 270.6[9]435.5Inspection station
 274.642441.99339275 US 90 (SR 10) – Live Oak, Lee
 282.770455.07440283 US 129 (SR 51) – Live Oak, Jasper
 292.127470.13341292 CR 137 – Wellborn
 293.4[9]472.2Rest area (eastbound)
Columbia 294.4[9]473.8Rest area (westbound)
 296.199476.68642296 I‑75 (SR 93) – Tampa, ValdostaSigned as exits 296A (south) and 296B (north); exit 435 on I-75
 301.293484.88443301 US 41 (SR 25 / SR 100) – Lake City, White Springs
Lake City303.458488.36844303 US 441 (SR 47) – Lake City, Fargo
Baker 317.8[9]511.4Rest area
 323.827521.14945324 US 90 (SR 10) – Sanderson, Olustee
 326.750525.85346327 CR 229 – Sanderson, Raiford
 332.782535.56147333 CR 125 – Glen St. Mary
Macclenny335.145539.36448335 SR 121 – Macclenny, Lake Butler
 336.312541.24249336 SR 228 – Macclenny, Maxville
Nassau
No major junctions
Duval 343.879553.42050343 US 301 (SR 200) – Baldwin, Starke
 350.370563.866--350 SR 23 south (Cecil Commerce Center Parkway)
Whitehouse352.096566.64451351Chaffee Road (CR 115C) – Whitehouse
Marietta356.269573.35952355Marietta (Cahoon Road)Planned to be closed and replaced with Hammond Boulevard interchange, farther west[10]
Jacksonville356.838574.27553356 I‑295 (Beltway / SR 9A) – Daytona Beach, SavannahExit 21 on I-295
357.910576.00054357 SR 103 (Lane Avenue)
359.185578.05255358 SR 111 (Cassat Avenue / Edgewood Avenue)
359.895579.19556359Luna Street to Lenox Avenue / Highway AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
360.773580.60857360 SR 129 (McDuff Avenue)
361.046581.04758361 US 17 south / SR 228 west (Roosevelt Boulevard / SR 15 south) – NAS JaxWest end of US 17 / SR 15 / SR 228 overlap; westbound exit and eastbound entrance
361.642582.00659362Stockton Street - Riverside
362.057582.674---- I‑95 / US 17 north / SR 228 east (SR 9 / SR 15 north) – Jax Beaches, Daytona Beach, Downtown Jacksonville, SavannahI-95 exit 351B
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing

Interstate 10
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Alabama
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