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Indiana has nine congressional districts. They were last redrawn after the 2010 census and took effect in 2013, following the 2012 elections. For a history of who has served in each district, see United States congressional delegations from Indiana#United States House of Representatives.
The first district lies in the northwest part of the state and includes all of Lake and Porter counties as well as a portion of LaPorte county. It is based in Gary, Indiana. The first district is the most consistently Democratic in Indiana. Democrats have held the district since 1931.
The second district lies in north-central part of the state and includes all of Elkhart, Fulton, Marshall, Miami, Pulaski, St. Joseph, Starke, Wabash, and portions of Kosciusko and LaPorte counties. It is centered on South Bend, Indiana and the Indiana portion of the Michiana region. Prior to the 2000 redistricting, district 2 was located in east-central Indiana.
The third district lies in northeast Indiana and includes all of Adams, Allen, DeKalb, Huntington, Jay, LaGrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells and Whitley counties as well as portions of Blackford and Kosciusko counties. The largest population center is in Fort Wayne. George W. Bush defeated John Kerry in this district 68% to 31%.
The 3rd district is represented by Marlin Stutzman, who won a Special Election, held due to Mark Souder's resignation.
The fourth district lies in west central and consists of the counties of Benton, Carroll, Cass, Clinton, Fountain, Jasper, Hendricks, Montgomery, Newton, Tippecanoe, Warren, White and a portion of Boone and Morgan counties. Prior to the 2000 census, most of the territory currently in the 4th was located in the 5th district; the old 4th was the Fort Wayne district, which is now the 3rd district.
The fifth district takes in the areas northeast of Indianapolis, including Grant, Hamilton, Madison and Tipton counties, and portions of Blackford, Boone, Howard and Marion counties and the cities of Zionsville, Carmel, Marion, Noblesville and part of Kokomo. The district is one of the most reliably Republican in America, having voted 71%-28% for George W. Bush in 2004. Before the 2000 census, the 5th district was located it what is now parts of the 1st, 2nd, and 4th districts.
The sixth district takes in a large portion of eastern Indiana and includes all of Bartholomew, Dearborn, Decatur, Delaware, Fayette, Franklin, Hancock, Henry, Jefferson, Jennings, Ohio, Randolph, Ripley, Rush, Shelby, Switzerland and Union counties and portions of Scott county, and including the cities of Anderson, Muncie and Richmond. The district voted 64%-35% for George W. Bush in 2004.
The seventh district is in the heart of Central Indiana and encompasses most of Marion County/Indianapolis. Previously known as the 10th district, the Democrats have held this seat since 1975. It was represented by longtime congressman Andy Jacobs from 1983 to 1997. The seat fell vacant when 11-year congresswoman Julia Carson died in December 2007. André Carson, Julia Carson's grandson, won the special election on March 11, 2008 to fill the seat. He was elected to a full term in the 2008 general election.
The eighth district runs along the western border of Indiana/Illinois as well as southwest Indiana. It is the largest district in area in Indiana. It has been nicknamed the "Bloody Eighth" for its hard-fought campaigns and political reversals. The district consists of the counties of Clay, Daviess, Dubois, Gibson, Greene, Knox, Martin, Owen, Parke, Perry, Pike, Posey, Spencer, Sullivan, Vanderburgh, Vermillion, Vigo and Warrick, and a portion of Crawford county and includes the cities of Terre Haute, Vincennes, and Evansville, Indiana's third largest city.
The ninth district lies in south-central Indiana, and consists of the counties of Brown, Clark, Floyd, Harrison, Jackson, Johnson, Lawrence, Monroe, Orange and Washington and portions of Crawford, Morgan and Scott counties. The chief candidates in 2006 were the Republican candidate and the then serving 9th district Congressman Mike Sodrel, Democratic candidate and previous (1999–2005) 9th district Congressman Baron Hill, and Libertarian candidate/Indiana University Southeast professor Eric Schansberg. This was the third time Sodrel and Hill have faced each other; Hill beat Sodrel by 9,485 votes in 2002 and Sodrel beat Hill by 1,425 votes in 2004. Hill beat Sodrel in 2006, and served in the 110th United States Congress.