Incheon International Airport

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Incheon International Airport
인천국제공항
仁川國際空港

Incheon Gukje Gonghang
Inch'ŏn Kukche Konghang
Incheon International Airport.jpg
ICN Terminal 1 skyview
Iiac.png
Incheon International Airport logo
IATA: ICNICAO: RKSI
WMO: 47113
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerGovernment of South Korea
OperatorIncheon International Airport Corporation (IIAC)
ServesSeoul Metro Area
LocationJung District, Incheon, South Korea
Hub for
Elevation AMSL23 ft / 7 m
Coordinates37°27′48″N 126°26′24″E / 37.46333°N 126.44000°E / 37.46333; 126.44000Coordinates: 37°27′48″N 126°26′24″E / 37.46333°N 126.44000°E / 37.46333; 126.44000
Websitewww.airport.kr
Map
ICN is located in South Korea
ICN
Location in South Korea
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
ftm
15R/33L12,3033,750Asphalt
15L/33R12,3033,750Asphalt
16/3413,1234,000Asphalt
Helipads
NumberLengthSurface
ftm
H16319Concrete
Statistics (2012)
Aircraft movements254,037
Passengers38,970,864
Tonnes of cargo2,456,724
Statistics from IIAC[1]
 
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Incheon International Airport
인천국제공항
仁川國際空港

Incheon Gukje Gonghang
Inch'ŏn Kukche Konghang
Incheon International Airport.jpg
ICN Terminal 1 skyview
Iiac.png
Incheon International Airport logo
IATA: ICNICAO: RKSI
WMO: 47113
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerGovernment of South Korea
OperatorIncheon International Airport Corporation (IIAC)
ServesSeoul Metro Area
LocationJung District, Incheon, South Korea
Hub for
Elevation AMSL23 ft / 7 m
Coordinates37°27′48″N 126°26′24″E / 37.46333°N 126.44000°E / 37.46333; 126.44000Coordinates: 37°27′48″N 126°26′24″E / 37.46333°N 126.44000°E / 37.46333; 126.44000
Websitewww.airport.kr
Map
ICN is located in South Korea
ICN
Location in South Korea
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
ftm
15R/33L12,3033,750Asphalt
15L/33R12,3033,750Asphalt
16/3413,1234,000Asphalt
Helipads
NumberLengthSurface
ftm
H16319Concrete
Statistics (2012)
Aircraft movements254,037
Passengers38,970,864
Tonnes of cargo2,456,724
Statistics from IIAC[1]
An Asiana Airlines Boeing 767-300 touching down at Incheon International Airport.

Incheon International Airport (IIA) (IATA: ICNICAO: RKSI) (Korean: 인천국제공항) is the largest airport in South Korea, the primary airport serving the Seoul National Capital Area, and one of the largest and busiest airports in the world. For seven years in a row (2005–2012), it was rated the best airport worldwide by Airports Council International.[2][3] The airport has a golf course, spa, private sleeping rooms, ice skating rink, a casino, indoor gardens and a Museum of Korean Culture. Airport authorities claim that average departure and arrival takes only 19 (60 minutes world-wide industry average) and 12 minutes (45 minutes) respectively, significantly lower than the rest of the world, making it one of the fastest airports in the world for customs processing.[2] Its duty-free shopping mall has been rated the world's best for three years in a row in 2012 by Business Traveler.[4] Incheon International Airport also claims that it has only a 0.0001% baggage mishandling rate.[5]

Located 48 km (30 mi) west of Seoul, the capital and largest city of South Korea, Incheon International Airport is the main hub for Korean Air, Asiana Airlines, Jeju Air, and Polar Air Cargo. The airport serves as a hub for international civilian air transportation and cargo traffic in East Asia. Incheon International Airport is also currently Asia's eighth busiest airport in terms of passengers, the world's fourth busiest airport by cargo traffic, and the world's eighth busiest airport in terms of international passengers in 2010. In 2011, 35,062,376 passengers used the airport.[6]

The airport opened for business in early 2001 to replace the older Gimpo International Airport, which now serves mostly domestic destinations plus shuttle flights to alternate airports in China, Japan, and Taiwan.

Overview[edit source | edit]

Incheon International Airport is located west of Incheon's city center, on an artificially created piece of land between Yeongjong and Yongyu islands. The two islands were originally separated by shallow sea. That area between the two islands was reclaimed for the construction project, effectively connecting the once separate Yeongjong and Yongyu islands. The reclaimed area as well as the two islands are all part of Jung-gu, an administrative district of Incheon.

It is connected to the mainland by Incheon International Airport Expressway (Expressway 130), a part of which is Yeongjong Bridge. The expressway also connects Gimpo International Airport to provide connections between domestic flight service with international air traffic, an advantage that makes it much easier to travel from southern Korean regions to Incheon, and then to airports all over the globe. Incheon Bridge serves as the second path to the southern part of Incheon city from October 2009. The airport is served by frequent bus service from all parts of South Korea as well as by traditional ferry service between Yeongjong pier and Incheon. Airport limousines operate around the clock from Seoul to Incheon, and several backup highway buses escort people from places within and outside Seoul.

The Incheon International Airport Railroad connects Incheon International Airport to Seoul Station in downtown Seoul. Non-Stop Express trains 43 minutes, and regular trains which stops at all stations takes 53 minutes to Seoul Station.

The airport holds an unbreakable record of being ranked the Best Airport Worldwide for 7 consecutive years by the Airports Council International (ACI)'s Airport Service Quality award from year 2005 to 2011, and was also rated the world's best among airports of its size (25-40m) and region (Asia-Pacific) in year 2012 due to the institution's decision to discontinue the Best Airport Worldwide category.

Seoul Incheon International Airport's terminal has 74 boarding gates altogether, with 44 in the main terminal and 30 in Concourse A.

History[edit source | edit]

Location of Incheon International Airport on reclaimed land joining Yeongjong and Yongyu Islands

After the Seoul Olympics of 1988, international air traffic to Korea increased. In the 1990s, it became apparent that Gimpo International Airport could not cope with the increase in air traffic. To reduce the load on Gimpo International Airport, construction of the Incheon airport began in November 1992. It was constructed on reclaimed land between Yeongjong Island and Youngyu Island, and took eight years to construct, with an additional six months to test. The airport was officially opened in March 2001.

Initially, there were numerous problems, mostly involving baggage handling, which required the system to be operated semi-automatically. Most of the problems were fixed within a month, and the airport began to operate normally.

Air traffic increased markedly, and by early 2002, it became apparent that the airport would be saturated by 2006. As a result, the construction of the second phase was initiated in February 2002. Originally, the construction was supposed to have ended by December 2008. Due to the Beijing Olympics in 2008, however, the construction schedule was modified to allow the construction to end by July 2008.

On 15 November 2006, the Airbus A380 landed at the airport as part of the first leg of its certification trip. Tests on the runways, taxiways, and ramps showed that the airport could handle the aircraft.

To further upgrade service, Incheon and major Korean logistics firm Hanjin Corporation (parent company of the Korean Flag Carrier, Korean Air) agreed on 10 January 2008 to build a nine-story hospital near the airport. Once construction is complete in 2011, the Yeongjong Medical Centre is expected to serve nearby residents and some of Korea's annual 30,000 medical tourists.[7]

Timeline[edit source | edit]

Inside Incheon International Airport

Construction stages[edit source | edit]

New satellite building under construction

The airport was originally planned to be built in three phases, incrementally increasing airport capacity as the demand grew. This was changed, however, to four phases after the airport was opened.

Phase 1[edit source | edit]

In Phase 1, the airport had a capacity of 30 million passengers per year, and a cargo capacity of 1.7 million metric tonnes yearly. In this phase, a passenger terminal with a floor space of 496,000 square metres (5,340,000 sq ft), two parallel runways, a control tower, an administrative building, a transportation centre (the Integrated Transportation Centre, designed by Terry Farrell & Partners and Samoo Architects & Engineers), and integrated operations centre, three cargo terminals, international business centre, and a government office building were constructed.

Phase 2[edit source | edit]

Phase 2 construction began in 2002, and was originally expected to be completed in December 2008. However, in an attempt to have the airport ready for the 2008 Beijing Olympics which took place in August 2008, the schedule was modified, and Phase 2 construction was completed on 20 June 2008. During this construction phase, a third parallel 4,000 metres (13,000 ft) long runway and a 13-hectare cargo terminal area were added. A 16.5 hectare concourse connected to the main passenger building via two parallel 870 metres (2,850 ft) long underground passageways was added, with a Mitsubishi Crystal Mover shuttle train APM shuttling passengers between the concourse and the main terminal.[8]

With the completion, the airport has an annual capacity of 410,000 flights, 44,000,000 passengers, and nearly 4,500,000 metric tonnes of cargo. Many long distance foreign carriers were moved to the new concourse, with Korean Air and Asiana Airlines continuing to use the existing terminal. In addition, there were numerous equipment upgrades during the phase, including the newer and better ASDE-X with MRI (Multi Radar Tracking) function, and the ADS-B (Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast) system with the RIMCAS (Runway Incursion Monitoring and Conflict Alert System) function. The installation of four additional sets of ASDE-X antennas is planned to reduce blind spots during heavy rainfall and in preparation for the new runway.

Phase 3[edit source | edit]

Plans to invest 4 trillion by 2017 to expand Incheon International Airport. The South Korean government plans to add a second passenger terminal in the northern field of the airport, and expand its existing cargo terminal and other infrastructure. The terminals will be connected with each other by the underground "Starline" train, which currently links the first terminal and the concourse. Upon completion, Incheon International Airport will be able to handle 62 million passengers and 5.8 million tonnes of cargo a year, up from the current capacity of 44 million passengers and 4.5 million tonnes. Construction began in 2011 with completion targeted for 2017. Plans for Incheon's expansion also include adding more aprons to park planes and extending a railway line to the city centre of Seoul about 70 kilometres (43 mi) away from the airport.[9]

Phase 4[edit source | edit]

Estimated to be completed in 2020, this is the final and the ultimate construction stage. Upon completion, the airport will have two passenger terminals, four satellite concourses, 128 gates, and five parallel runways (one exclusively for cargo flights). It will be able to handle 100 million passengers and 7 million metric tonnes of cargo annually, with further possible expansions. The airport is projected to be transformed into one of the top ten busiest in the world by 2020.

Operation facilities and infrastructure[edit source | edit]

Control tower[edit source | edit]

Incheon Airport – Traffic Centre

Located at the center of the airport, the 22 story Control Tower is 100.4 metres (329 ft) tall and is illuminated 24 hours a day. On its highest floor is located a parabolic antenna that is used by the Airport Surface Detection Equipment (ASDE) to detect all airplanes and obstacles within 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) of the tower. The upper floors are used by ground and tower controllers, while the lower floors are mostly for support operations. The control tower has a total area of 179 square meters, making it the 3rd largest in the world as of 2001.

Runways[edit source | edit]

There are three parallel paved asphalt runways in operation, 15R/33L, 15L/33R and 16/34. Runway 15R/33L and 15L/33R are each 3,750 metres (12,300 ft) long, 60 metres (200 ft) wide, and 1.05 metres (3 ft 5 in) thick. Runway 16/34 is 4,000 metres (13,000 ft) long. Runway 15R/33L is used mostly for departures, while runway 15L/33R is used mostly for arrivals. This is evident from the amount of rubber present on each runway; runway 15L/33R has more rubber on it due to the higher number of landings. A third parallel runway (16/34), 4,000 meters long, began operation in June 2008. Landing and takeoffs of most passenger flights are done on the new runway and the existing runway 15R/33L, while runway 15L/33R is mostly used for cargo flights for its proximity with the cargo terminals. Although the runways are labelled 33 and 34, all three runways have the same heading. Once Phase 4 construction is complete, the airport will have 4 parallel runways, two of which will be 3,750 meters long, and the other two 4,000 meters long. All runways are equipped with ILS CAT IIIb at both sides to allow for operation in visibility conditions as low as 50 meters. As of the date of upgrade, Incheon International Airport was the only airport in Asia to have full ILS CAT IIIb capability. The runway lights at Incheon International Airport (as well as the taxi lights) are tied into special computers at the control tower. Air Traffic Controllers can provide progressive taxiing to an aircraft by setting the computer to manipulate the taxi and runway lights so that it will lead them to their designated gate or parking stand.

Terminals, airlines and destinations[edit source | edit]

Main Terminal[edit source | edit]

The main passenger terminal (measuring 594,000 square metres) is the largest airport terminal in area in South Korea. The passenger terminal was designed by Curtis W. Fentress, FAIA, RIBA of Fentress Architects. It is 1,060 metres (3,480 ft) long, 149 metres (489 ft) wide, and 33 metres (108 ft) high. Its construction cost was 1.3816 trillion South Korean Won.[citation needed] The terminal has 44 boarding ports (all of which can accommodate the new Airbus A380), 50 customs inspection ports, 2 biological quarantine counters, 6 stationary and 14 portable passenger quarantine counters, 120 arrival passport inspection counters, 8 arrival security ports, 28 departure security ports, 252 check in counters, and 120 departure passport inspection counters.

Concourse[edit source | edit]

The passenger concourse was completed at the end of May 2008, and all foreign airlines use this terminal as of 10 June 2008. It is connected to the Main Terminal by two parallel 870-metre (2,850 ft) long underground passageways equipped with IATs (Intra Airport Transit). It has 30 gates and five lounges (Asiana Airlines/Star Alliance, Korean Air/SkyTeam, Cathay Pacific/Oneworld, Japan Airlines/Oneworld, and China Eastern Airlines/SkyTeam).

Airlines and destinations[edit source | edit]

Passenger airlines[edit source | edit]

There are currently over 90 airlines serving ICN. The largest carrier in terms of passenger numbers is Korean Air, followed by Asiana Airlines. Although all domestic flights depart from the main terminal, international gates are separated from the domestic gates. Passengers should note that even though non-Korean (foreign) carriers started to operate from concourse A on 10 June 2008, all check-in and immigration procedures are still conducted in the main passenger terminal.

Incheon has more Chinese destinations than Hong Kong International Airport[citation needed], and more Japanese destinations than Narita International Airport.[10]

Incheon Airport is a major connecting point between China and North America; as of July 2013, Korean Air operates between Incheon and 22 cities in Mainland China, and Asiana Airlines operates between Incheon and 21 cities in Mainland China. There had been a lack of non-stop flights between many Chinese cities and the United States, and low prices and territorial disputes between Japan and China have caused many Chinese to transit via Seoul.[11]

AirlinesDestinationsTerminal/
Concourse
AeroflotMoscow-SheremetyevoA
Aeroflot
operated by Vladivostok Air
Khabarovsk, VladivostokA
Air AstanaAlmatyA
Air BishkekBishkekA
Air CanadaToronto-Pearson, VancouverA
Air ChinaBeijing-Capital, Hangzhou, Hefei, Qingdao, Tianjin, YanjiA
Air FranceParis-Charles de GaulleA
Air IndiaDelhi, Hong KongA
Air MacauMacauA
AirAsia JapanTokyo-Narita (ends 26 October 2013)A
AirAsia XKuala LumpurA
AircalinNouméaA
All Nippon AirwaysNagoya-Centrair, Osaka-KansaiA
American AirlinesDallas/Fort WorthA
Asiana AirlinesAlmaty, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Busan, Cebu, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu, Chicago-O'Hare, Chongqing, Clark, Dalian, Da Nang, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Guilin, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Harbin, Hiroshima, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Huangshan, Istanbul-Atatürk, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta,[12] Jeju, Khabarovsk, Koror, Kota Kinabalu, Kumamoto, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Manila, Matsuyama, Miyazaki, Nagoya-Centrair, Naha, Nanchang, Nanjing, New York-JFK, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Qingdao, Saipan, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma, Sendai, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenzhen, Shizuoka, Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Takamatsu, Tashkent, Tianjin, Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita, Toyama, Vladivostok, Weihai, Xi'an, Yangon, Yanji, Yantai, Yonago, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk
Seasonal: Asahikawa
Charter: Haikou, Johor Bahru, Lijiang, Yancheng
Main
British AirwaysLondon-HeathrowA
Business AirBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Chiang Mai, Phuket, Hat YaiA
Cathay PacificHong Kong, Taipei-TaoyuanA
Cebu PacificCebu, Kalibo, ManilaA
China AirlinesTaipei-TaoyuanA
China Eastern AirlinesChangsha, Kunming, Nanjing, Qingdao, Shanghai-Pudong, Taiyuan, Weihai, Xi'an, Yancheng, YantaiA
China Southern AirlinesBeijing-Capital, Changchun, Dalian, Guangzhou, Harbin, Mudanjiang, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenyang, Yanji, ZhengzhouA
Czech AirlinesPragueA
Delta Air LinesDetroit, Seattle/Tacoma (begins 3 June 2014)[13]A
Eastar JetBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Kota Kinabalu, Osaka-Kansai, Phuket, Tokyo-NaritaMain & A
EmiratesDubaiA
Ethiopian AirlinesAddis AbabaA
Etihad AirwaysAbu DhabiA
EVA AirKaohsiung, Taipei-TaoyuanA
FinnairHelsinkiA
Garuda IndonesiaDenpasar/Bali, Jakarta-Soekarno-HattaA
Hawaiian AirlinesHonoluluA
Japan AirlinesTokyo-NaritaA
Jeju AirBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Cebu, Fukuoka, Guam, Guangzhou (begins 27 November 2013), Hong Kong, Manila, Nagoya-Centrair, Osaka-Kansai, Qingdao, Tokyo-NaritaMain & A
Jin AirBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Cebu, Chiang Mai (begins 30 October 2013), Clark, Guam, Hong Kong, Macau, Nagasaki, Naha,[14] Sapporo-Chitose, VientianeMain & A
KLMAmsterdamA
Korean AirAkita, Amsterdam, Aomori, Atlanta, Auckland, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Brisbane, Busan, Cebu, Changsha, Chiang Mai, Chicago-O'Hare, Colombo, Daegu, Dalian, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denpasar/Bali, Dubai, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Guam, Guangzhou, Hakodate, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Huangshan, Irkutsk, Istanbul-Atatürk, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Jeddah, Jeju, Jinan, Kagoshima, Kathmandu, Komatsu, Kota Kinabalu, Koror, Kuala Lumpur, Kunming, Las Vegas, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Malé, Manila, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Mumbai, Nadi, Nagasaki, Nagoya-Centrair, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta, New York-JFK, Niigata, Oita, Okayama, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Prague, Qingdao, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino, San Francisco, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Sapporo-Chitose, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shizuoka, Siem Reap, Singapore, St. Petersburg, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tashkent, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tianjin, Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Ulan Bator, Vancouver, Vienna, Vladivostok, Washington-Dulles, Weihai, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xiamen, Yangon, Yanji, Zhengzhou, Zürich
Seasonal: Cairo, London-Gatwick
Charter: Anchorage, Calgary, Oslo, Ürümqi, Zagreb
Main
Lao AirlinesVientianeA
LufthansaFrankfurt, MunichA
Malaysia AirlinesKuala LumpurA
Mandarin AirlinesKaohsiungA
MIAT Mongolian AirlinesUlan BatorA
PeachOsaka-KansaiA
Philippine AirlinesCebu, Kalibo, ManilaA
Qatar AirwaysDohaA
SAT AirlinesYuzhno-SakhalinskA
ScootSingapore, Taipei-TaoyuanA
Shandong AirlinesJinan, Qingdao, YantaiA
Shanghai AirlinesShanghai-PudongA
Shenzhen AirlinesShenzhenA
Sichuan AirlinesChengduA
Singapore AirlinesSan Francisco, SingaporeA
Sky Wings Asia AirlinesSiem ReapA
StarFlyerSeasonal: KitakyushuA
Thai Airways InternationalBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Phuket, Taipei-TaoyuanA
Tianjin AirlinesTianjinA
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul-AtatürkA
T'way AirlinesBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Fukuoka
Charter : Sanya, Shijiazhuang
Main & A
U AirlinesBangkok-SuvarnabhumiA
United AirlinesChicago-O'Hare, San Francisco, Tokyo-NaritaA
Uzbekistan AirwaysTashkentA
Vietnam AirlinesDa Nang, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh CityA
Xiamen AirlinesFuzhou, XiamenA
Yakutia AirlinesYakutskA
Zest AirwaysKalibo, ManilaA

Cargo airlines[edit source | edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Air China CargoBeijing-Capital, Shanghai-Pudong
Air France CargoParis-Charles de Gaulle
Air Hong KongHong Kong
Air IncheonQingdao, Tokyo-Haneda, Ulan Bator, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk
Air JapanNaha, Tokyo-Narita
AirBridgeCargo AirlinesMoscow-Domodedovo, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, St. Petersburg
ANA & JP ExpressOsaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita
Antonov AirlinesFairbanks
ANA CargoNaha, Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita
Asiana CargoAnchorage, Atlanta, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Brussels, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth,[15] Frankfurt, Gothenburg, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, London-Stansted, Los Angeles, Miami, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Domodedovo, Nagoya-Centrair, New York-JFK, Osaka-Kansai, Oslo-Gardermoen, Penang, Portland (OR),[16] San Francisco, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, St. Petersburg, Tianjin, Vienna, Yantai
Atlas AirChicago-O'Hare, Hong Kong
Aviacon ZitotransYekaterinburg
Cardig AirJakarta-Soekarno-Hatta
CargoluxLuxemburg
Cathay Pacific CargoHong Kong, Osaka-Kansai
China Cargo AirlinesShanghai-Pudong
China Postal AirlinesBeijing-Capital, Yantai
DHL Aviation operated by AeroLogicLeipzig/Halle[17]
Emirates SkyCargoDubai, Osaka-Kansai
Evergreen International AirlinesShanghai-Pudong
FedEx ExpressAnchorage, Beijing-Capital, Guangzhou, Los Angeles, Memphis, Newark, New York-JFK, Shanghai-Pudong
Grandstar CargoTianjin
Kalitta AirAnchorage, Chicago-O'Hare, New York-JFK
Korean Air CargoAmsterdam, Atlanta, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Boston, Brussels, Campinas, Chicago-O'Hare, Chennai, Cheongju, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Ho Chi Minh City, Istanbul-Ataturk, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Kuala Lumpur, Lima, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Manchester, Manila, Miami, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Navoiy, New York-JFK, Osaka-Kansai, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Qingdao, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Toronto-Pearson, Vienna, Xiamen, Zaragoza
Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse
Lufthansa CargoFrankfurt, Krasnoyarsk
MASkargoKuala Lumpur
Midex AirlinesAl Ain
Nippon Cargo AirlinesOsaka-Kansai, Shanghai-Pudong, Tokyo-Narita
Nordic Global AirlinesHelsinki
Polar Air CargoAnchorage, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Melbourne, Shanghai-Pudong, Taipei-Taoyuan
Polet AirlinesVoronezh
Qantas FreightChicago-O'Hare, Sydney
Qatar Airways CargoDoha
SAT Airlines CargoYuzhno-Sakhalinsk
SF AirlinesZhengzhou
Silk Way AirlinesBaku
Singapore Airlines CargoSingapore
Southern AirBeijing-Capital, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, New York-JFK, San Francisco
Tradewinds AirlinesSan Juan
Turkish Airlines CargoAlmaty, Bishkek, Istanbul-Ataturk [18]
UPS AirlinesAlmaty, Anchorage, Hong Kong, Indianapolis, Qingdao, Shenzhen, Taipei-Taoyuan, Zhengzhou
Volga-Dnepr AirlinesKrasnoyarsk
World AirwaysAnchorage, Hong Kong, Los Angeles
Yanda AirlinesBangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Yangtze River ExpressHangzhou, Qingdao

Cargo Terminal Complex[edit source | edit]

Korean Air planes awaiting departure
Korean Air A330 taxiing out at Incheon Airport

The Cargo Terminal Complex comprises six cargo terminals, five separate warehouses, All E/F Class 36 parking stands, and administration offices. Each cargo terminal is designed to provide each carrier with unique services, and a cargo warehouse – approximately 3,500 square metres (38,000 sq ft). They are separated into three areas: import, passing, and export. The logical manner in which the terminals were designed allow for a highly efficient operation. The cargo terminals also come with an advanced computer system that helps managers view individual package information, tracking information, storage information, etc. in real time. The terminals also feature various other high-tech technologies.

The Cargo Terminal Complex was designed to be able to process 1.7 million tons of cargo per year. However, due to the increased demands, the operators of Cargo A Terminal and Cargo B Terminal have opted to expand their facilities onto the land that is available nearby. As a result, the total processing ability of the complex is currently rated at 3.8 million tons per year. The C Terminal was unable to expand, however, due to the lack of direct airside access. Once Phase II expansion is complete, the airport will have a processing ability of around 4.9 million metric tons per year. This is because the expansion which was originally designed to allow an expansion to 4.5 million tons per year would be adding on top of the current processing ability, which includes the expansions by Korean Air Cargo and Asiana Cargo which were conducted separately on a piece of land that did not conflict with the airport expansion plans.

The Cargo Terminal Complex operates 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, nonstop. In addition, the automation systems had been upgraded. As a result, it is typical for the airport to output an extra 2 million tons per year processing capability than the original design.

A Terminal[edit source | edit]

Terminal A is operated by Korean Air Cargo. It is the largest cargo terminal by both size and capacity within the airport. It is able to process special types of cargo, such as those that require refrigeration or those that carry live animals. This facility had been expanded once on 2 March 2005 to allow for a total processing capability of 1.35 million tons per year. The terminal has an area of 60,000 square meters.

B Terminal[edit source | edit]

This cargo terminal is operated by Asiana Cargo. Although its capacity was to be expanded to 800,000 tons per year, the diminished demand for cargo transportation on Asiana originating from a pilot strike in 2005 has caused the plans to be modified. Currently, the terminals are capable of processing 750,000 tons per year. The terminal has an area of 40,000 square meters.

C Terminal[edit source | edit]

This cargo terminal is operated by the Incheon International Airport Foreign Carrier Cargo Terminal Company. Its users include FedEx, UPS, as well as other airlines. Due to its location, it could not expand its facilities, as with the other terminals, without conflicting with the existing plans for airport expansion. As a result, the IIAC is currently constructing a new terminal that would by operated by the IIAC Foreign Carrier Cargo Terminal Company. Once this new terminal is constructed, FedEx and UPS are expected to move into the new terminal, while other cargo operators are expected to use the existing terminal.

The terminal is 420 metres (1,380 ft) long, 120 metres (390 ft) wide, and 19.65 metres (64.5 ft) tall. Its first floor (warehouse) has a total area of 54,203.32 square meters, and other floors occupy 12,708.88 square meters. Its current total processing capability is 600,000 metrics tons per year. 51 different cargo companies use this complex.

AACT Terminal[edit source | edit]

This cargo terminal is operated by the Joint Company named AACT. Atlas Air Cargo and Sharp have a share. Its users include Polar Air Cargo, Qantas Freight, Finnair Cargo, as well as other airlines.

DHL Incheon Gateway[edit source | edit]

DHL Express owns and operates this gateway facility[clarification needed] for its operations in Korea, Japan, and Far East Russia. This cargo terminal is four stories tall with modern facilities.


Traffic and statistics[edit source | edit]

Traffic by calendar year[edit source | edit]

Traffic by calendar year
Passenger volumeChange over previous yearAircraft operationsCargo tonnage
200114,542,29086,8071,186,015
200220,924,171Increase043.9%126,0941,705,928
200319,789,874Decrease05.4%130,1851,843,055
200424,084,072Increase021.7%149,7762,133,444
200526,051,466Increase08.2%160,8432,150,139
200628,191,116Increase08.2%182,0072,336,571
200731,227,897Increase010.8%211,4042,555,580
200829,973,522Decrease04.0%211,1022,423,717
200928,549,770Decrease04.8%198,9182,313,002
201033,478,925Increase017.3%214,8352,684,499
201135,062,366Increase04.7%229,5802,539,222
201238,970,864Increase011.1%254,0372,456,724
Source: IIAC Airport Statistics[19]

Top Carriers[edit source | edit]

In 2012, the ten carriers with the largest percentage of passengers flying into, out of, or through Incheon are as follows:

Top Carriers (2012)[19]
RankCarrierDomestic
Passengers
International
Passengers
Total %
1South Korea Korean Air419,92914,058,31814,478,24737.15%
2South Korea Asiana Airlines191,0249,602,6809,793,70425.13%
3China China Southern Airlines1,158,4241,158,4242.97%
4Hong Kong Cathay Pacific1,046,3741,046,3742.69%
5China China Eastern Airlines977,691977,6912.51%
6Thailand Thai Airways International855,970855,9702.20%
7South Korea Jeju Air1,996790,976792,9722.03%
8China Air China753,201753,2011.93%
9South Korea Jin Air117654,555654,6721.68%
10Singapore Singapore Airlines598,304598,3041.54%

Accolades[edit source | edit]

Incheon International airport has won numerous awards since its opening, including:

YearAwardCategoryResultsRef
2009Airport Service Quality Awards
by Airports Council International
Best Airport WorldwideWon[25]
Best Airport in Asia-PacificWon
Best Airport by Size (25–40 million passenger)Won
2010Best Airport WorldwideWon[26]
2011Won.[27]

Accidents and incidents[edit source | edit]

Ground transport[edit source | edit]

A deluxe limousine bus at Incheon Airport bound for Jamsil Subway Station in Seoul.
A limousine bus at Incheon Airport bound for Jamsil Subway Station in Seoul

Bus[edit source | edit]

Airport buses are called limousine buses, and are available outside the arrival areas on the first floor. For standard limousine buses travel to Gimpo Airport & Songjeong Station costs around 5,000 won, while the fare for most routes to downtown Seoul is 9,000 - 10,000 won. Deluxe buses are express buses with wider seats costing 7,000 won to Gimpo and 14,000 - 15,000 won to most parts of Seoul.[29]

Limousine Bus[edit source | edit]

Limousine Bus (to Seoul)[edit source | edit]
KAL Limousine[edit source | edit]

Intercity Bus[edit source | edit]

Daejeon, Seosan, Cheonan, Cheongju, Chungju, Gwangju, Gunsan, Gwangyang, Mokpo, Yeosu, Jeonju, Dongdaegu, Gumi, Gimcheon, Masan, Changwon, Busan, Andong, Ulsan, Gangneung, Wonju, Chuncheon, Taebaek, Hongcheon

AREX 2000 series EMU with Commuter train service

Rail[edit source | edit]

The Incheon International Airport Railroad airport express (or AREX, and styled as A'REX) station is located in the Transport Centre adjacent to the main terminal building and provides high-speed services to Gimpo Airport and Seoul. The AREX trains can speed up to 120 km/h, almost two times faster than a normal subway train. Passengers can choose a high-speed service stopping only at Incheon and Seoul, which takes 43 minutes between Incheon and Seoul but departs only every half-hour; or the all-station service, with a slightly longer journey time of 53 minutes but a more frequent departure timetable of every six minutes. Many of the stations along the AREX line provide connections to the Incheon Subway and Seoul Metropolitan Subway.

Commuter railway stations[edit source | edit]

Express railway stations[edit source | edit]

Korea Train eXpress (planned)[edit source | edit]

Maglev[edit source | edit]

A maglev link is currently under construction. The first phase will be 6.1 km long spread over six stations taking riders from the airport toward the south-west of the island where a water park will be located. It will open in September 2013. Phase 2 will be 9.7 km long extending the line to the north-west of the island. Phase 3 will add 37.4 km making the line into a circle.

Car[edit source | edit]

The airport provides a short term parking lot for 4,000 cars and a long term parking lot for 6,000 cars. Shuttle services connect the long term parking lot to the passenger terminal and the cargo terminal. Car rental is located near the long term parking lot. Link to the main land is provided by the toll Yeongjong Bridge and an expressway. A second expressway on the Incheon Bridge connects the island with central Incheon.

Taxi[edit source | edit]

Taxis have three distinct colors: white (silver or yellow, orange) and black, and orange. "Normal taxis" (일반 택시; ilban taeksi) are colored in white or yellow with a colored plastic "taxi" cap on the top of the car. "Deluxe taxis" (모범 택시; mobeom taeksi) are black in color with gold accent/stripes with a plastic yellow "taxi" cap on the roof and are more expensive than regular taxis. Also available are "International Taxis" (국제 택시; gukjae taxi) which has the phrase 'International Taxis', written on the side. International taxis are rare in Seoul. These are orange in color, as the Normal versions. International taxis service English, Japanese, and Chinese speaking drivers. Information can be found on http://www.intltaxi.co.kr/ and reservations are available too.

Ferry[edit source | edit]

A ferry service connects Yeongjong-do to the mainland. However, the dock is located at considerable distance from the airport and an alternative means of transport must be sought upon arriving at the island to be able to get to the airport.

See also[edit source | edit]

References[edit source | edit]

  1. ^ "Incheon(ICN) International Airport - Airport Traffic(Summary)". Airport.kr. Retrieved 2013-07-04. 
  2. ^ a b "Incheon International named Best Airport Worldwide 7 years in a row". Rus Tourism News. 2012-02-21. Retrieved 2013-07-04. 
  3. ^ "Airport Service Excellence Awards". ACI website. 27 February 2008. Retrieved 24 September 2008. 
  4. ^ "인천공항 면세점, 3년연속 '세계 최고 면세점 선정' - Chosunbiz - 프리미엄 경제 파워". Biz.chosun.com. 2013-01-01. Retrieved 2013-07-04. 
  5. ^ "25 Reasons Incheon International Airport is the Best Airport in the World". Seulistic. 12 July 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2013. 
  6. ^ "ACI releases World Airport Traffic Report 2010" (PDF). 1 August 2011. Retrieved 29 April 2013. 
  7. ^ a b [1][dead link]
  8. ^ "Incheon Airport to Open New Concourse". Koreatimes.co.kr. 29 May 2008. Retrieved 28 November 2010. 
  9. ^ "Incheon Airport to Have New Terminal by 2017". Korea Herald. 29 June 2009. Retrieved 29 June 2009. 
  10. ^ Simms, James (18 January 2010). "Japanese Travelers' Seoul Train". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 19 January 2010. 
  11. ^ "Why Nearly Half of Asiana Passengers Were Chinese." The Wall Street Journal. July 7, 2013. Retrieved on July 19, 2013.
  12. ^ "Asiana Airlines". Chkin.flyasiana.com. Retrieved 2013-07-04. 
  13. ^ http://ca.finance.yahoo.com/news/delta-launches-seattle-seoul-hong-180000169.html
  14. ^ "Jin Air to restart daily Naha-Seoul flights". Japan Update. 2013-05-30. Retrieved 2013-07-04. 
  15. ^ "Asiana route highlights DFW, Incheon partnership". 7 September 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2013. 
  16. ^ 03/06/2011 3:19 pm. "Asiana comes to Oregon / June 2011 / News / Home". Air Cargo World. Retrieved 10 February 2012. 
  17. ^ "2013 summer schedule". Aero Logic. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  18. ^ Turkish Airlines Cargo Winter Schedule[dead link]
  19. ^ a b "IIAC Stats". Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  20. ^ [2][dead link]
  21. ^ "Premium Travelers Name Incheon International Top Airport Global Traveler Readers have Chosen the Airport as the Best in the World". PR Web Website. 21 January 2007. Retrieved 27 January 2006. 
  22. ^ "Singapore Changi Airport named World's Best Airport 2010". Worldairportawards.com. 23 March 2010. Retrieved 28 November 2010. 
  23. ^ "Hong Kong International Airport named World's Best Airport by passengers for 2011". Worldairportawards.com. Retrieved 2013-07-29. 
  24. ^ "Incheon International Airport is named the World's Best Airport in 2012 by airline travelers". Worldairportawards.com. Retrieved 2013-07-29. 
  25. ^ "ACI Airport Service Quality Awards 2009, Asia Pacific airports sweep top places in worldwide awards" Airports Council International. 16 February 2010. Retrieved 2012-04-13
  26. ^ "ASQ Award for winners for 2010". Airports Council International. Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  27. ^ "World's best airports announced -- Asia dominates". CNN Go. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 12 April 2012. 
  28. ^ Hradecky, Simon. "Incident: Asiana A321 near Seoul on Jun 17th 2011, aircraft under fire". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 18 June 2011. 
  29. ^ "From Incheon Airport to Seoul". Transit Information. Korean Tourism Agency. Retrieved 15 November 2012. 

External links[edit source | edit]