Immokalee, Florida

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Immokalee, Florida
—  CDP  —
Location in Collier County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 26°25′16″N 81°25′22″W / 26.42111°N 81.42278°W / 26.42111; -81.42278Coordinates: 26°25′16″N 81°25′22″W / 26.42111°N 81.42278°W / 26.42111; -81.42278
Country United States
State Florida
County Collier
Area
 • Total8.1 sq mi (20.9 km2)
 • Land8.1 sq mi (20.9 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation33 ft (10 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total19,763
 • Density2,439.9/sq mi (945.6/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes34142-34143
Area code(s)239
FIPS code12-33250[1]
GNIS feature ID0284474[2]
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Immokalee, Florida
—  CDP  —
Location in Collier County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 26°25′16″N 81°25′22″W / 26.42111°N 81.42278°W / 26.42111; -81.42278Coordinates: 26°25′16″N 81°25′22″W / 26.42111°N 81.42278°W / 26.42111; -81.42278
Country United States
State Florida
County Collier
Area
 • Total8.1 sq mi (20.9 km2)
 • Land8.1 sq mi (20.9 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation33 ft (10 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total19,763
 • Density2,439.9/sq mi (945.6/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes34142-34143
Area code(s)239
FIPS code12-33250[1]
GNIS feature ID0284474[2]

Immokalee is an unincorporated area and a census-designated place (CDP) in Collier County, Florida, United States. The population was 19,763 at the 2000 census. It is part of the NaplesMarco Island Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit source | edit]

Originally the region was occupied by the Calusa Indians and centuries later occupied by the Seminole, after they moved down from the northern part of Florida. Initially the settlement was known as Gopher Ridge by the Seminole and Miccosukee Indians.[3] Immokalee means "My Home" in Seminole. [3]

When the swamps were drained in the region, agriculture became the dominant industry. European-American hunters, trappers, Indian traders, cowmen, and missionaries moved in before the development of permanent villages.[3] The first permanent settlement was founded in 1872. [3]

In 1921 the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad was extended south to Immokalee. [3]

The Immokalee area is heavily agricultural. It is one of the major centers of tomato growing in the United States.[4] In 1960, CBS News anchor Edward R. Murrow reported on the working conditions in the surrounding farms for his Harvest of Shame report for CBS Reports, which described the harsh lives of migrant workers.[3]

Geography[edit source | edit]

Immokalee is located at 26°25′16″N 81°25′22″W / 26.42111°N 81.42278°W / 26.42111; -81.42278 (26.421000, -81.422907)[5].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 8.1 square miles (21 km2), of which, 8.1 square miles (21 km2) of it is land and 0.12% is water.

Demographics[edit source | edit]

Historical populations
CensusPop.
19603,224
19703,76416.7%
198011,038193.3%
199014,12027.9%
200019,76340.0%
source:[6]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 19,763 people, 4,715 households, and 3,635 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 2,449.1 people per square mile (945.5/km²). There were 4,987 housing units at an average density of 618.0/sq mi (238.6/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 70.98% Hispanic, 18.03% African American, 3.19% White, 1.03% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 35.66% from other races, and 6.38% from two or more races.

There were 4,715 households out of which 49.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 20.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.9% were non-families. 13.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.91 and the average family size was 4.10.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 34.9% under the age of 18, 15.7% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 14.1% from 45 to 64, and 4.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 129.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 145.9 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $24,315, and the median income for a family was $22,628. Males had a median income of $17,875 versus $16,713 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $8,576. About 34.6% of families and 39.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.1% of those under age 18 and 26.9% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit source | edit]

Immokalee used to be served by the Seaboard Coast Line Railroad (formerly Atlantic Coast Line) which ran a branchline from Palmdale through Immokalee to Everglades City. The line used to generate considerable agricultural-related traffic. The rail line were cut back to Sunniland south of Immokalee in the 1950s and then abandoned to the mainline at Palmdale in the 1980s. This left Immokalee without rail service.

Government[edit source | edit]

Being unincorporated, the area has no municipal government of its own and is governed by Collier County, Florida.

Community and Education[edit source | edit]

Immokalee is the center of the region's agriculture industry and home to many immigrant and migrant families who work the vast fields which produce a large amount of the United States' fresh produce. Crops include cucumbers, bell peppers, citrus and about 90% of the nation's tomatoes that are harvested during the winter months.

Immokalee's public schools are operated by the District School Board of Collier County.

Elementary schools in Immokalee and serving Immokalee include Eden Park, Highlands, Lake Trafford, and Village Oaks. Pinecrest Elementary School, located outside of and adjacent to the CDP, serves a portion of the CDP. All residents are zoned to Immokalee Middle School and Immokalee High School, both located in the CDP.[7][8]

Landmarks and institutions[edit source | edit]

The federally recognized Seminole Tribe of Florida has one of its six reservations here: Immokalee, on which it operates one of its gaming casinos.

The Audubon Society's Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary is nearby.

Media[edit source | edit]

Immokalee is home to WCIW-LP, a low power community radio station owned and operated by the Coalition of Immokalee Workers. The station was built by numerous volunteers from Immokalee and around the country in December 2003 at the fifth Prometheus Radio Project barnraising. WCIW broadcasts music, news, and public affairs to listeners in Spanish, Haitian Creole and several indigenous languages, including Mam and Kan.

Notable natives and residents[edit source | edit]

See also[edit source | edit]

References[edit source | edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Mascia, Jennifer (June 15, 2011). "Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Immokalee, Fla.". New York Times. Retrieved 29 September 2012. 
  4. ^ Bittman, Mark (June 14, 2011). "The True Cost of Tomatoes". 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-07-17. 
  7. ^ "Attendance Zones Effective 2009-2010." District School Board of Collier County. Retrieved on September 18, 2009.
  8. ^ "Immokalee CDP, Florida." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on September 18, 2009.

External links[edit source | edit]