Ilmenau

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Ilmenau
The town hall of Ilmenau
The town hall of Ilmenau
Coat of arms of Ilmenau
Ilmenau is located in Germany
Ilmenau
Coordinates50°41′2″N 10°55′10″E / 50.68389°N 10.91944°E / 50.68389; 10.91944Coordinates: 50°41′2″N 10°55′10″E / 50.68389°N 10.91944°E / 50.68389; 10.91944
Administration
CountryGermany
StateThuringia
DistrictIlm-Kreis
Town subdivisions6
MayorGerd-Michael Seeber (CDU)
Basic statistics
Area62.64 km2 (24.19 sq mi)
Elevation500 m  (1641 ft)
Population26,005 (31 December 2011)[1]
 - Density415 /km2 (1,075 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plateIK
Postal code98693
Area code03677
Websitewww.ilmenau.de
 
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Ilmenau
The town hall of Ilmenau
The town hall of Ilmenau
Coat of arms of Ilmenau
Ilmenau is located in Germany
Ilmenau
Coordinates50°41′2″N 10°55′10″E / 50.68389°N 10.91944°E / 50.68389; 10.91944Coordinates: 50°41′2″N 10°55′10″E / 50.68389°N 10.91944°E / 50.68389; 10.91944
Administration
CountryGermany
StateThuringia
DistrictIlm-Kreis
Town subdivisions6
MayorGerd-Michael Seeber (CDU)
Basic statistics
Area62.64 km2 (24.19 sq mi)
Elevation500 m  (1641 ft)
Population26,005 (31 December 2011)[1]
 - Density415 /km2 (1,075 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plateIK
Postal code98693
Area code03677
Websitewww.ilmenau.de

Ilmenau is a town located in the district of Ilm-Kreis, Thuringia, Germany.

Ilmenau is situated in the valley of the Ilm river, at an altitude of 431 metres (1,415 feet) above sea level,[2] and is the biggest town in Ilm-Kreis district, with 6,200 students studying at the Technische Universität Ilmenau. The surrounding area is marked by the Thuringian Forest and its mountains. The highest mountain of Ilmenau is the Kickelhahn (German for rooster, which is also found in the coat of arms of Ilmenau), with a height of 861 metres. The highest mountains of the Thuringian forest are the Schneekopf (meaning snow-head) with a height of 978 metres and the Großer Beerberg (982.9 meters), a few kilometres to the south-west of Ilmenau. Goethe also enjoyed staying in Ilmenau, mostly on holiday.

Contents

Etymology

The name comes from the German words Ulmen (i.e. Elms) and Aue (i.e. floodplain), in reference to the floodplain of the Ilm river, which was covered with elms before the foundation of the town. The "town animals" of Ilmenau are the hen and the goat.

Geography

Ilmenau sits between the Thuringian Forest to the southwest and the lower hills and plains of the Thüringer Becken (to the northeast). The mineral resources important in the history of Ilmenau were largely deposited as a result of the uplift of the metamorphic rock underlying the Thuringian Forest.[3]

Subdivisions

There are five nearby villages belonging to the town of Ilmenau:

Neighbouring municipalities

Sign at the beginning of the town area, reading "University town of Ilmenau, Ilm-Kreis.

Vicinity

Nearly 80,000 people live around the city in an area of 540 km2 (210 sq mi), which has Ilmenau as a centre of their work, school, shops and other supplies. The biggest towns and villages nearby are Gräfenroda (3,600 inhab.), Königsee (3,500 inhab.), Gehren (3,300 inhab.) and Langewiesen (3,200 inhab.).

History

Main station

Ilmenau was founded in the 13th century, it is first named in 1273. Since 1341 it has some town rights. Between 1660 and 1920 it belonged to Saxe-Weimar, earlier the majors about Ilmenau were the Käfernburger (from Arnstadt), the Schwarzburger (from Arnstadt, later Rudolstadt), and the Henneberger (from Meiningen).

Between 1471 to 1626, copper mining made an important contribution to the economy of Ilmenau. In 1611, these mines produced an estimated 38 tons of copper and 188 kg of silver. Production reached these levels again in the 1730s, during a brief revival of copper mining under the leadership of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Later, in the 19th and 20th centuries, fluorite and Braunstein (manganese ore) were mined here.[4][5][6]

In the early 19th century, Ilmenau was one of several places where people went for water cure treatments at hydropathic establishments. Ilmenau's hydropathic establishment was serviced by Drs Schwabe, Fitzler, Baumbach, and Preller.[2][7] Until 1870, Ilmenau stayed a small town of circa 3000 inhabitants, but then the industrial revolution reached the town. Some factories for porcelain (Graf von Henneberg Porzellan since 1777), glasswares (the Sophienhütte since 1852) and toys developed. In 1879 the town got a railway connection to Erfurt (north), 1881 to Gehren/Großbreitenbach (south-east) and 1904 to Schleusingen (south-west).

The university was founded in 1894 as Thüringisches Technikum. Now, it is the Technische Universität Ilmenau, where the ISWI takes place every two years. The FIL European Luge Championships 1934 took place in the town.

1952 the district Kreis Ilmenau was founded. It had an area of about 380 km2 (150 sq mi) with a population of circa 70,000 inhabitants. Ilmenau has been the capital of this district. In 1994 it was merged with Kreis Arnstadt in the North to the new district Ilm-Kreis with Arnstadt as capital.

Development of number of inhabitants

  • 1799: 2,001
  • 1849: 2,791
  • 1875: 3,760
  • 1885: 5,483
  • 1900: 10,419
  • 1925: 13,614
  • 1940: 17,279
  • 1945: 21,862
  • 1961: 17,000
  • 1977: 22,700
  • 1981: 28,749
  • 1987: 29,500
  • 1995: 28,514
  • 2000: 27,176
  • 2005: 26,713

Economy

Oldest building of the university

The economy of Ilmenau is marked by production of glasswares and some high-tech-industries like programming software. Ilmenau has a stronger economy than other Eastern German regions. The unemployment rate remains high at 11.3% (Oct. 2009), but it is getting smaller. Per capita annual earnings are about 14,000 Euros.

Land usage in the town of Ilmenau (red areas are urban, yellow are arable, and green are wooded.)

Ilmenau is the locale of the Technische Universität Ilmenau with circa 6,200 students.

Infrastructure

Ilmenau is crossed by the federal highways 4 (Erfurt-Nürnberg), 87 (Ilmenau-Leipzig) and 88 (Eisenach-Ilmenau-Jena). A motorway A 71 from Erfurt to Würzburg runs five kilometres to the north. There is still a railway to Erfurt while the other former railway lines to Schleusingen and Großbreitenbach are out of operation. The Nuremberg-Erfurt high-speed rail line nearby is under construction.

In the arts

International relations

Ilmenau is twinned with:

Notable persons

References

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Gemeinden, erfüllenden Gemeinden und Verwaltungsgemeinschaften" (in German). Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik. 2 July 2012. http://www.statistik.thueringen.de/datenbank/TabAnzeige.asp?tabelle=gg000102%7C%7C. 
  2. ^ a b Sutro (M.D.), Sigismund (1865). Lectures on the German Mineral Waters, and on their rational employment. With appendix on principal European spas and climatic health-resorts (2nd ed.). London: Longmans, Green & Co. p. 340. http://www.archive.org/stream/lecturesongerman00sutrrich#page/n5/mode/2up. Retrieved 13 December 2009.  Cites doctors practicing at Ilmenau's hydropathic establishment.
  3. ^ Hubert, Firma D (Last updated May 2008), "Geologische Karte (Geological Map)", Der Bergbau und die Interessengemeinschaft zur Erhaltung alter Bergmannstraditionen in Ilmenau (Mining and the community of interest for the preservation of old traditions in Ilmenau Bergmann - Google translation), http://www.ilmweb.de/bergbau/geo_kart.php, retrieved 13 December 2009 
  4. ^ "Bergbaurevier um Ilmenau - Historischer Abriss (Mining area, at Ilmenau - Historical overview)", City of Langewiesen website (translations via Google), Bergwerk page last updated 08.09.2009, http://www.langewiesen.de/Bergwerk/html/geschichte.html, retrieved 13 December 2009 
  5. ^ Hubert, Firma D (Last updated May 2008), "Geologie: Die Flouritlagerstätten des Ilmenau-Gehrener Reviers (Geology: The Flouritlagerstätten of Ilmenau-Gehrener coalfield)", Der Bergbau und die Interessengemeinschaft zur Erhaltung alter Bergmannstraditionen in Ilmenau (Mining and the community of interest for the preservation of old traditions in Ilmenau Bergmann), http://www.ilmweb.de/bergbau/geologie.php, retrieved 13 December 2009  Translations via Google.
  6. ^ Atlas of Minerals website
  7. ^ Abdy, E.S. (1842). "The Water Cure: Cases of disease cured by cold water". translated from the German. London: Charles Gilpin. http://www.archive.org/stream/watercurecasesd00falkgoog#page/n9/mode/1up. Retrieved 13 December 2009.  Ilmenau mentioned several places, but see p.vi for reference to Dr Fitzler.